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Asp.Net MVC Framework Design Pattern

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Asp.Net MVC Framework Design Pattern

Asp.Net MVC Framework Design Pattern

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  • 1. The ASP.NET MVC Framework Sarang Datye sarang.datye@microsoft.com http://www.dotnetbetaworks.com
  • 2. ASP.NET MVC is… A new Web Project Type for ASP.NET. An option. More control over your <html/> A more easily Testable Framework. Not for everyone.
  • 3. What’s the Point? This is not Web Forms 4.0 It’s about alternatives. Car vs. Motorcycle. Flexible Extend it. Or not. Fundamental Part of System.Web and isn’t going anywhere. Plays Well With Others Feel free to use NHibernate for Models, Brail for Views and Whatever for Controllers. Keep it simple and DRY
  • 4. Goodness – Driving Goals Maintain Clean Separation of Concerns Easy Testing Red/Green TDD Highly maintainable applications by default Extensible and Pluggable Support replacing any component of the system
  • 5. Goodness – Driving Goals Enable clean URLs and HTML SEO and REST friendly URL structures Great integration within ASP.NET All the same providers still work Membership, Session, Caching, etc. ASP.NET Designer Surface in VS2008
  • 6. MVC Model View Controller
  • 7. A Little More Detail •Browser requests /Products/ Model •Route is determined •Controller is activated •Method on Controller is invoke •Controller does some stuff •Renders View, passing in custom ViewData •URLs are rendered, pointing to other Controller View Controllers
  • 8. Even More Detail – Request Flow • You can futz at each step Request in the process HTTP Http Controller Response Routing Handler Route View Route View Handler Engine
  • 9. Extensibility Views Controllers Models Routes …are all Pluggable
  • 10. Demo – Complete Application It’s your thing. Do what you wanna do.
  • 11. What’s the Point? This is not Web Forms 4.0 It’s about alternatives. Car vs. Motorcycle. Flexible Extend it. Or not. Fundamental Part of System.Web and isn’t going anywhere. Plays Well With Others Feel free to use NHibernate for Models, Brail for Views and Whatever for Controllers. Keep it simple and DRY
  • 12. URL Routing – Pretty URIs Developers adds Routes to a global RouteTable Mapping creates a RouteData - a bag of key/values RouteTable.Routes.Add( new Route(quot;blog/bydate/{year}/{month}/{day}quot;, new MvcRouteHandler()){ Defaults = new RouteValueDictionary { {quot;controllerquot;, quot;blogquot;}, {quot;actionquot;, quot;showquot;} }, Constraints = new RouteValueDictionary { {quot;yearquot;, @quot;d{1.4}quot;}, {quot;monthquot;, @quot;d{1.2}quot;}, {quot;dayquot;, @quot;d{1.2}quot;}} })
  • 13. Testing Controller Actions No requirement to test within ASP.NET runtime. Use RhinoMocks or TypeMock Create Test versions of the parts of the runtime you want to stub [TestMethod] public void ShowPostsDisplayPostView() { TestPostRepository repository = new TestPostRepository(); TestViewEngine viewEngine = new TestViewEngine(); BlogController controller = new BlogController(…); controller.ShowPost(2); Assert.AreEqual(quot;showpostquot;,viewEngine.LastRequestedView); Assert.IsTrue(repository.GetPostByIdWasCalled); Assert.AreEqual(2, repository.LastRequestedPostId); }
  • 14. Controller Base Controller Class Basic Functionality most folks will use IController Interface Ultimate Control for the Control Freak IControllerFactory For plugging in your own stuff (IOC, etc)
  • 15. Basic Controller Handling Scenarios, Goals and Design URLs route to controller “actions”, not pages – mark actions in Controller. Controller executes logic, chooses view. All public methods are accessible public void ShowPost(int id) { Post p = PostRepository.GetPostById(id); if (p != null) { RenderView(quot;showpostquot;, p); } else { RenderView(quot;nosuchpostquot;, id); } }
  • 16. Controller Base Class public class Controller : IController { … protected virtual void Execute(ControllerContext controllerContext); protected virtual void HandleUnknownAction(string actionName); protected virtual bool InvokeAction(string actionName); protected virtual void InvokeActionMethod(MethodInfo methodInfo); protected virtual bool OnError(string actionName, MethodInfo methodInfo, Exception exception); protected virtual void OnActionExecuted(FilterExecutedContext filterContext); protected virtual bool OnActionExecuting(FilterExecutedContext filterContext); protected virtual void RedirectToAction(object values); protected virtual void RenderView(string viewName, string masterName, object viewData); }
  • 17. Controller – Regular APIs public class Controller : IController { … protected virtual void Execute(ControllerContext controllerContext); protected virtual void HandleUnknownAction(string actionName); protected virtual bool InvokeAction(string actionName); protected virtual void InvokeActionMethod(MethodInfo methodInfo); protected virtual bool OnError(string actionName, MethodInfo methodInfo, Exception exception); protected virtual void OnActionExecuted(FilterExecutedContext filterContext); protected virtual bool OnActionExecuting(FilterExecutedContext filterContext); protected virtual void RedirectToAction(object values); protected virtual void RenderView(string viewName, string masterName, object viewData); }
  • 18. Controller – Customization APIs public class Controller : IController { … protected virtual void Execute(ControllerContext controllerContext); protected virtual void HandleUnknownAction(string actionName); protected virtual bool InvokeAction(string actionName); protected virtual void InvokeActionMethod(MethodInfo methodInfo); protected virtual bool OnError(string actionName, MethodInfo methodInfo, Exception exception); protected virtual void OnActionExecuted(FilterExecutedContext filterContext); protected virtual bool OnActionExecuting(FilterExecutedContext filterContext); protected virtual void RedirectToAction(object values); protected virtual void RenderView(string viewName, string masterName, object viewData); }
  • 19. Controller – Test Hooks public class Controller : IController { … protected virtual void Execute(ControllerContext controllerContext); protected virtual void HandleUnknownAction(string actionName); protected virtual bool InvokeAction(string actionName); protected virtual void InvokeActionMethod(MethodInfo methodInfo); protected virtual bool OnError(string actionName, MethodInfo methodInfo, Exception exception); protected virtual void OnActionExecuted(FilterExecutedContext filterContext); protected virtual bool OnActionExecuting(FilterExecutedContext filterContext); protected virtual void RedirectToAction(object values); protected virtual void RenderView(string viewName, string masterName, object viewData); }
  • 20. © 2008 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.