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maddiedufek
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  • 1. Women of theFrench Revolution By: Maddie Dufek, Victoria Durney, and Logan Cortez
  • 2. Their Main Goals• Remove the powerful, noble people and monarchy from France.• Get equal rights for everybody - rich and poor, men and women.
  • 3. Women in the 1700s…• were viewed to play domestic roles, not public/political roles (“Women and the Revolution”).• pleaded for an education (“Women and the Revolution”).• were usually peasants, shopkeepers, or laundresses (“Women and the Revolution”).• were defined by their gender and marriage relationship, and not by their job (“Women and the Revolution”).
  • 4. Women in the 1700sDoing things at home: cooking,knitting, and watching children.
  • 5. Starting to Participate• Women wanted to participate in every aspect of the revolution (“Women and the Revolution”).• Their participation was very controversial (“Women and the Revolution”).• Some women sent petitions to King Louis XVI after he didn’t let women draft grievances or name delegates at a meeting (“Women and the Revolution”).• Women rioted and attended political club meetings (“Women and the Revolution”).
  • 6. The Men’s Opinion.• The leaders of political parties insisted that politics were for men only (“Women’s Rights”).• They thought “Politics cannot be separated from the culture and the social arrangements in which it is grounded,” (“Women’s Rights”).• The leaders of the revolution wanted to reconstruct society (“Women’s Rights”).
  • 7. • On October 5, 1789, a group of lower class Parisian women gathered together (“Women of the French Revolution” 2).• They decided to march 12 miles to Verailles, in the rain, joined by many other women and men (“Women and the Revolution”).• Before the march, the women said, “men didn’t understand anything about the matter *of a revolution+ and that they wanted to play a role in affairs,” (“Women of the French Revolution” 3).• Their goal was to seize the King and his family (“Women of the French Revolution” 2).• They ended up breaking into the royal apartments and killing 2 bodyguards (“Women and the Revolution”).• After the march, King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette were forced to Paris (“Women and the French Revolution” 3).• Women as revolutionaries became a symbol of the power of the Revolution (“Women and the French Revolution” 2).
  • 8. Women of theRevolution!
  • 9. Olympe de Gouges • Olympe de Gouges is known to most for being a proto- feminist call for equality of women (“Olympe de Gouges”). • Olympe de Gouges published a book called the Declaration of the Rights of Woman and Citizen, as a wake-up call to women (“Women and the French Revolution” 2). • The book stated that “woman is born free and lives equal to man in her rights,” (“Women and the French Revolution” 2). • In 1793 (“Olympe de Gouges”), she was beheaded for getting mixed up in the republic (“Women and the French Revolution” 3).
  • 10. Some Controversies• When women appearead at a National Convention meeting in 1791, they were told, “Be a woman. The tender cares owing to infancy, household details, the sweet anxieties of maternity, these are your labors.” (“Women and the French Revolution” 3).• In July 1790, Marie-Jean Caritat, a leading aristocrat, published an article supporting full political rights for women. It caused a sensation for both men and women (“Women and the Revolution”).
  • 11. Changes that were Made• Women’s conditions did change from what they were in the beginning of the revolution (“Women and the French Revolution” 1).• Women were granted more rights in 1790, but they never gained full political equality during the revolution (“Women and the Revolution”).
  • 12. Works Cited• “Women and the Revolution.” Liberty, Equality, Fraternity: Exploring the French Revolution. Web. 15 May 2012. <http://chnm.gmu.edu/revolution/chap5a.html>.• 1. “Women and the French Revolution.” How Life Promotes Faith Rising. Web. 20 May 2012. <http://badgerdown.blogspot.com/2011/10/women-and-french-revolution.html>.• “Women’s Rights.” History 1C. Web. 20 May 2012. <http://www.csuchico.edu/~ktranschel/pages/h.01.frenchrev.html>.• 2. “Women and the French Revolution.” The French Revolution. Web. 23 May 2012. <http://faculty.fullerton.edu/nfitch/history110b/rev.html>.• 3. “Women and the French Revolution.” Web. 15 May 2012. <http://people.usd.edu/~clehmann/HWB/hwb_r/Womenrev.html>.• Headsman. “Olympe de Gouges.” Executed Today. 3 Nov. 2008. Web. 23 May 2012. <http://www.executedtoday.com/2008/11/03/1793-olympe-de-gouges-a-head-of-her-time/>.
  • 13. Works Cited (for pictures)• http://niki44.edu.glogster.com/the-french-revolution/• http://www.scrollpublishing.com/store/ModestDress.html• http://bjws.blogspot.com/2011_05_07_archive.html• http://www.ehow.com/info_8383421_powdered-wigs-worn-women- 1700s.html• http://www.oakhillclothiers.com/Catalog/1700s/WomensClothes/Accesso ries/tabid/95/Default.aspx• http://libcom.org/history/political-revolution-women-case-paris-darline- gay-levy-harriet-b-applewhite• http://www.onthisdeity.com/3rd-november-1793-–-the-death-of-olympe- de-gouges/

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