Driver TrainingLongerCombinationVehicles
LCV Training Rules Issued March 30, 2004 Effective June 1, 2004 49 CFR Part 380,380.101 – 380.4011a
LCV Training Rules 35,000 LCV drivers initially No grandfatheringafter June 2005 1,200 trained annually1b
LCVs DefinedLonger Combination Vehicle:any combination of a truck-tractorand two or more trailers or semi-trailers which o...
LCVs Defined “National System of Interstate andDefense Highways” = interstatehighway system www.fhwa.dot.gov/reports/rou...
LCVs Defined Gross vehicle weight = scale weight Total, actual weight ofall vehicles in thecombination plusall cargo and...
Most Common LCVs1f
Where Can LCVs Operate?Not all states allows LCVs 1956: more than 20 states givenoption to allow LCVs. Not all statesexer...
Where Can LCVs Operate? Western states Some turnpikes Type of LCVsallowed differsfrom state to state1h
“No motor carrier shall…”…allow a driver to operate an LCVunless driver has: LCV Driver-Training Certificate orCertificat...
Who Qualifies For Training?“Present evidence” that you had thefollowing in previous 6 months: Valid Class A CDL with doub...
Who Qualifies For Training? One driver’s license No CDL suspension,revocation, or cancellation No “major offense” convi...
Who Qualifies For Training? No convictions for violating OOSorders No more than 1 “serioustraffic violation” convictionw...
Training includes… Written knowledge test (classroom)– Given by any qualifieddriver-instructor– Passing score = 80% Skil...
Training Outline1. Orientation– LCVs in Trucking– Regulations– Driver Qualifications– Vehicle Configuration Factors3a
Training Outline (cont’d)2. Basic Operation– Coupling/Uncoupling– Basic Control & Handling– Basic Manuevers– Turning, Stee...
Training Outline (cont’d)3. Safe Operating Practices– Interacting with Traffic– Speed and Space Management– Night Operatio...
Training Outline (cont’d)4. Advanced Operations– Hazard Perception– Hazardous Situations– Maintenance andTroubleshooting3d
Training Outline (cont’d)5. Non-Driving Activities– Routes and Trip Planning– Cargo and WeightConsiderations3e
LCVs in TruckingAdvantages: Productivity Cost Traffic Air Emissions4a
LCVs in TruckingDisadvantages: Safety Pavement Damage Infrastructure Damage Parking4b
The Driver’s Role Inspections Weight Distribution Safe Operationand Delivery Qualifications4c
Code of Federal Regulations Title 49 = Transportation Ch. III = FMCSA Subch. B = FMCSRs Parts 350-399 Title 23 = High...
Code of Federal Regulations Title 49 = Transportation Ch. V = NHTSA Part 571 = Safety Standards Ch. I = PHMSA Subch. ...
State & Local Regulations States set size & weight limits Local LawsIgnorance of the lawis no excuse!5c
Driver QualificationsAre you qualified to drive? Federal rules (49 CFR)– Part 380: LCV and Entry-Level Training– Part 382...
Medical Exams 391.41 - 391.45 Qualified, licensed medical examiner Every 2 years Carry your medical card,and keep it c...
Medical Exams Limb loss orimpairment Insulin use Cardiovasculardisease Respiratorydysfunction Blood pressure6c Muscu...
Medical ExamsState qualification rules: Intrastate operations only Additional exemptions WaiversCheck with the state fo...
Drug & Alcohol TestingDrug & Alcohol Testing – Part 382 CDL drivers only Tests required:– Pre-employment– Random (50% dr...
Drug & Alcohol TestingTest failure, refusal, or tampering = Immediate removal from driving Referral to SAP Evaluation a...
Refusal Fail to appear for any test Fail to remain at testing site Fail to provide urine specimen Fail to allow observ...
Driver QualificationsA healthy driver is a safe driver! Diet & Tobacco Use Exercise Alcohol & Drug Use/Abuse Fatigue6h
Diet6i
Exercise Reduces stress Helps you sleep Reduces injuries Improves immunity Lowers heart attack risk Lowers body fat,...
Alcohol & Drugs Drug/alcohol testing Addiction & alcoholism Affects health Affects family Affects employer Affects o...
Driver QualificationsWhat about prescriptions?“…pursuant to the instructions of alicensed medical practitioner … whohas ad...
Fatigue Stimulants are no substitute Sleep can’t be banked, butyou can go into debt Take a break every 3 hours 7-8 hou...
Fighting Fatigue Get more sleep! Stay healthy Eat leaner food Check your prescriptions – isfatigue a side effect? Do ...
Vehicle Configurations7a
Vehicle Configurations7b
7c
Basic Operation Coupling/Uncoupling Basic Control & Handling Basic Maneuvers Turning, Steering,Tracking Proficiency D...
Safe Operating Practices Interacting with Traffic Speed and Space Management Night Operations Extreme Driving Conditio...
Advanced Operations Hazard Perception Hazardous Situations Maintenance andTroubleshooting10a
Route & Trip PlanningThe art of getting from pointA to point B safely, legally,and on time before youget behind the wheel....
Route & Trip PlanningSize limitations Appendix C of Part 658Weight limitations Federal bridge formula State formulas A...
Route & Trip PlanningFactors to consider: Hours needed Total miles Time of day City vs. highway driving Hours-of-serv...
Route & Trip PlanningPermits Vehicle registration (IRP) Operating authority Fuel/mileage tax (IFTA) Oversize/overweigh...
Route & Trip PlanningLocal access & reasonable access rule 49 CFR 658.19 Staging areas and access zones11e
Cargo & WeightCargo documentation Proper Bill of Ladingfor all cargoLoading considerations12a
Cargo & WeightCargo securement 49 CFR Part 393, Subpart I Prevent movement in everydirectionUnloading cargo12b
Cargo & WeightWeight distribution, loadsequencing, trailer placement Axle weight distribution Placement on trailer Effe...
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Longer Combustion Vehicles Slideshow

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Longer Combustion Vehicles Slideshow

  1. 1. Driver TrainingLongerCombinationVehicles
  2. 2. LCV Training Rules Issued March 30, 2004 Effective June 1, 2004 49 CFR Part 380,380.101 – 380.4011a
  3. 3. LCV Training Rules 35,000 LCV drivers initially No grandfatheringafter June 2005 1,200 trained annually1b
  4. 4. LCVs DefinedLonger Combination Vehicle:any combination of a truck-tractorand two or more trailers or semi-trailers which operate on the“National System of Interstate andDefense Highways” in interstatecommerce with a gross vehicleweight (GVW) greater than 80,000pounds.1c
  5. 5. LCVs Defined “National System of Interstate andDefense Highways” = interstatehighway system www.fhwa.dot.gov/reports/routefinderhas list of highways1d
  6. 6. LCVs Defined Gross vehicle weight = scale weight Total, actual weight ofall vehicles in thecombination plusall cargo and people≤ 80,000 # = exempt1e
  7. 7. Most Common LCVs1f
  8. 8. Where Can LCVs Operate?Not all states allows LCVs 1956: more than 20 states givenoption to allow LCVs. Not all statesexercised that option. 1991: law prohibited states fromfurther increasing size/weight ofcombination vehicles.1g
  9. 9. Where Can LCVs Operate? Western states Some turnpikes Type of LCVsallowed differsfrom state to state1h
  10. 10. “No motor carrier shall…”…allow a driver to operate an LCVunless driver has: LCV Driver-Training Certificate orCertificate of Grandfathering CDL Endorsement(s)1i
  11. 11. Who Qualifies For Training?“Present evidence” that you had thefollowing in previous 6 months: Valid Class A CDL with double/tripleendorsement Driving experience* in Class Avehicle*Evidence = employer’s written statement2a
  12. 12. Who Qualifies For Training? One driver’s license No CDL suspension,revocation, or cancellation No “major offense” convictions whileoperating CMV No “railroad-highway grade crossing”convictions while operating CMV2b
  13. 13. Who Qualifies For Training? No convictions for violating OOSorders No more than 1 “serioustraffic violation” convictionwhile operating CMV No convictions for violating trafficcontrol laws in connection with crashinvolving a CMV2c
  14. 14. Training includes… Written knowledge test (classroom)– Given by any qualifieddriver-instructor– Passing score = 80% Skills test, including actual operationof LCV (behind-the-wheel)– Given only by qualified LCV skillsinstructor2d
  15. 15. Training Outline1. Orientation– LCVs in Trucking– Regulations– Driver Qualifications– Vehicle Configuration Factors3a
  16. 16. Training Outline (cont’d)2. Basic Operation– Coupling/Uncoupling– Basic Control & Handling– Basic Manuevers– Turning, Steering, Tracking– Proficiency Development3b
  17. 17. Training Outline (cont’d)3. Safe Operating Practices– Interacting with Traffic– Speed and Space Management– Night Operations– Extreme Driving Conditions– Security Issues– Proficiency Development3c
  18. 18. Training Outline (cont’d)4. Advanced Operations– Hazard Perception– Hazardous Situations– Maintenance andTroubleshooting3d
  19. 19. Training Outline (cont’d)5. Non-Driving Activities– Routes and Trip Planning– Cargo and WeightConsiderations3e
  20. 20. LCVs in TruckingAdvantages: Productivity Cost Traffic Air Emissions4a
  21. 21. LCVs in TruckingDisadvantages: Safety Pavement Damage Infrastructure Damage Parking4b
  22. 22. The Driver’s Role Inspections Weight Distribution Safe Operationand Delivery Qualifications4c
  23. 23. Code of Federal Regulations Title 49 = Transportation Ch. III = FMCSA Subch. B = FMCSRs Parts 350-399 Title 23 = Highways Ch. I = Federal Highway Administration Part 658 = Length, Width, and WeightLimits 658.23 & Appendix C = LCV Limits5a
  24. 24. Code of Federal Regulations Title 49 = Transportation Ch. V = NHTSA Part 571 = Safety Standards Ch. I = PHMSA Subch. C = Hazardous Materials Regulations5b
  25. 25. State & Local Regulations States set size & weight limits Local LawsIgnorance of the lawis no excuse!5c
  26. 26. Driver QualificationsAre you qualified to drive? Federal rules (49 CFR)– Part 380: LCV and Entry-Level Training– Part 382: Drug/Alcohol Testing– Part 383: CDL (and LCV endorsement)– Part 391: Qualifications6a
  27. 27. Medical Exams 391.41 - 391.45 Qualified, licensed medical examiner Every 2 years Carry your medical card,and keep it current!6b
  28. 28. Medical Exams Limb loss orimpairment Insulin use Cardiovasculardisease Respiratorydysfunction Blood pressure6c Muscular, joint, orvascular disease Epilepsy Psychiatricdisorders Vision Hearing Drug use / alcoholabuse
  29. 29. Medical ExamsState qualification rules: Intrastate operations only Additional exemptions WaiversCheck with the state for details.6d
  30. 30. Drug & Alcohol TestingDrug & Alcohol Testing – Part 382 CDL drivers only Tests required:– Pre-employment– Random (50% drug, 10% alcohol)– Reasonable suspicion– Post-accident– Return-to-duty & follow-up6e
  31. 31. Drug & Alcohol TestingTest failure, refusal, or tampering = Immediate removal from driving Referral to SAP Evaluation and treatment Return-to-duty & follow-up testing6f
  32. 32. Refusal Fail to appear for any test Fail to remain at testing site Fail to provide urine specimen Fail to allow observation Fail to provide sufficient amount Fail or decline second test Fail to cooperate Medical Review Officer (MRO) reportsadulterated or substituted test result6g
  33. 33. Driver QualificationsA healthy driver is a safe driver! Diet & Tobacco Use Exercise Alcohol & Drug Use/Abuse Fatigue6h
  34. 34. Diet6i
  35. 35. Exercise Reduces stress Helps you sleep Reduces injuries Improves immunity Lowers heart attack risk Lowers body fat, cholesterol, BP6j
  36. 36. Alcohol & Drugs Drug/alcohol testing Addiction & alcoholism Affects health Affects family Affects employer Affects other drivers6k
  37. 37. Driver QualificationsWhat about prescriptions?“…pursuant to the instructions of alicensed medical practitioner … whohas advised the driver that thesubstance will not adversely affectthe drivers ability to safely operatea commercial motor vehicle.”6l
  38. 38. Fatigue Stimulants are no substitute Sleep can’t be banked, butyou can go into debt Take a break every 3 hours 7-8 hours sleep6m
  39. 39. Fighting Fatigue Get more sleep! Stay healthy Eat leaner food Check your prescriptions – isfatigue a side effect? Do you have a treatable sleepdisorder?6n
  40. 40. Vehicle Configurations7a
  41. 41. Vehicle Configurations7b
  42. 42. 7c
  43. 43. Basic Operation Coupling/Uncoupling Basic Control & Handling Basic Maneuvers Turning, Steering,Tracking Proficiency Development8a
  44. 44. Safe Operating Practices Interacting with Traffic Speed and Space Management Night Operations Extreme Driving Conditions Security Issues Proficiency Development9a
  45. 45. Advanced Operations Hazard Perception Hazardous Situations Maintenance andTroubleshooting10a
  46. 46. Route & Trip PlanningThe art of getting from pointA to point B safely, legally,and on time before youget behind the wheel.Confirm states you will beoperating in, highways traveled, andany special permits required prior toleaving!11a
  47. 47. Route & Trip PlanningSize limitations Appendix C of Part 658Weight limitations Federal bridge formula State formulas Appendix C of Part 65811b
  48. 48. Route & Trip PlanningFactors to consider: Hours needed Total miles Time of day City vs. highway driving Hours-of-service regulations LCV restrictions Weather conditions11c
  49. 49. Route & Trip PlanningPermits Vehicle registration (IRP) Operating authority Fuel/mileage tax (IFTA) Oversize/overweightContact state for permit requirements!11d
  50. 50. Route & Trip PlanningLocal access & reasonable access rule 49 CFR 658.19 Staging areas and access zones11e
  51. 51. Cargo & WeightCargo documentation Proper Bill of Ladingfor all cargoLoading considerations12a
  52. 52. Cargo & WeightCargo securement 49 CFR Part 393, Subpart I Prevent movement in everydirectionUnloading cargo12b
  53. 53. Cargo & WeightWeight distribution, loadsequencing, trailer placement Axle weight distribution Placement on trailer Effects on handling12c

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