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INTRO Approaches to successful integration of bees into the urban environment as part of local food initiatives Liam Devan...
CLIMATE CHANGE EFFECTS OVER TIME GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY CLIMATE CHANGE EFFECTS OVER TIME Incr...
POPULATION / TRANSPORT COSTS GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY POPULATION / TRANSPORT COSTS Developing N...
FUEL CROPS / CLIMATE GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY FUEL CROPS & CLIMATE Responsible for 30% loss of ...
PEAK OIL EFFECTS GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY PEAK OIL -  SHARP SUDDEN DECLINE! 95% of the food we ...
CURRENT UK AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY MONOCROPPING HABITAT DESTRUCTION CUR...
IMPORTANCE OF POLLINATION IN FOOD CHAIN GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY THE IMPORTANCE OF POLLINATION ...
CHANGE FOOD POLICY GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY CHANGE FOOD POLICY <ul><li>Energy Intensive   vs.  ...
CHANGE FOOD INFRASTRUCTURE GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY <ul><li>Introduction of widescale urban api...
COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION MODEL GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION MODEL
BUMBLE BEES=HONEY GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY Media Equates Bumble Bees with Honey Wrong associati...
MEDIA INFLUENCE=CONFUSION GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY MEDIA INFLUENCE = CONFUSION HONEY BEE? WASP?...
MEDIA INFLUENCE=FEAR GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY AFRICAN KILLER BEE’S STINGS = DEATH MEDIA INFLUEN...
FEAR=ANGER GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY PROBLEMS WITH URBAN INTEGRATION FEAR  =  ANGER
VANDALISM OF HIVES GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY PROBLEMS WITH URBAN INTEGRATION LEADING TO DIRECT V...
INFORM YOUR COMMUNITY GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY INFORM YOUR COMMUNITY DOOR POST NEIGHBOURS MEET ...
DISCUSS POTENTIAL HIVE SITES GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION DISCUSS POTENTIAL...
ENLISTING COMMUNITY VOLUNTEERS GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY ENLISTING COMMUNITY VOLUNTEERS MANY HAN...
RIVER ISLAND EFFECT GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY RIVER ISLAND EFFECT ASSISTS IN EARLY BLOOMS  & HON...
ALL VACANT SPACE UTILISED GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY ALL  VACANT  SPACE  UTILISED Recycle any con...
PLACING IDIVIDUAL HIVES GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY PLACING INDIVIDUAL HIVES Garage & Patio Roofs ...
INTEGRATING URBAN APIARIES GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY INTEGRATING URBAN APIARIES Part of a sustai...
CRITERIA FOR CHOOSING A SITE GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY CRITERIA FOR CHOOSING  A  SITE Protected ...
REQUIREMENTS OF STRUCTURE - humans GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY REQUIREMENTS OF STRUCTURE <ul><li>H...
REQUIREMENTS OF STRUCTURE - bees GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY REQUIREMENTS OF STRUCTURE <ul><li>BEE...
CREATION OF A BIODIVERSITY ENGINE GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY CREATION OF A  BIODIVERSITY  ENGINE
HORIZONTAL HIVE – EASIEST ACCESS GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY HORIZONTAL HIVE S -  Easiest access f...
INDIVIDUAL HIVE IDENTIFICATION GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY I ND I V I DUAL H I VE   I DENT I F I C...
THREE YEAR FIELD TEST CONCLUSIONS GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY THREE YEAR  FIELD  TEST CONCLUSIONS ...
A NEW GENERATION OF BEEKEEPERS GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY A NEW GENERATION OF BEEKEEPERS TRAINING...
A SENSE OF PURPOSE GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY A SENSE OF PURPOSE Youth have positive roles Gender...
ACKNOWLEDGING ACHIEVEMENTS GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT ACKNOWLEDGING ACHIEVE...
LOCAL HIVE PRODUCE GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY LOCAL HIVE PRODUCE HONEY CUT  COMB MEADS CANDLES PO...
SALES = INCENTIVISATION GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY SALES  = INCENTIVISATION Local Community Event...
COMMUNITY ROOF APICULTURE GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY COMMUNITY ROOF APICULTURE A  Green Oasis   o...
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Liam Devany Apimondia 2009

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Presentation by Lam Devany at the 2009 Apimondia conference in Montpellier.

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Transcript of "Liam Devany Apimondia 2009"

  1. 1. INTRO Approaches to successful integration of bees into the urban environment as part of local food initiatives Liam Devany PhD Researcher University of Glamorgan GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER
  2. 2. CLIMATE CHANGE EFFECTS OVER TIME GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY CLIMATE CHANGE EFFECTS OVER TIME Increased Temperature & Precipitation
  3. 3. POPULATION / TRANSPORT COSTS GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY POPULATION / TRANSPORT COSTS Developing Nations Fuel / Transport Costs Some Typical Supermarket Food Miles Green Beans 3,600 miles from Kenya Apples 4,700 miles from the USA Onions 12,000 miles from Australia Carrots - 51,000 miles from South Africa Richer economies demand more food
  4. 4. FUEL CROPS / CLIMATE GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY FUEL CROPS & CLIMATE Responsible for 30% loss of crops per year currently Biofuel Acreage Climate Change Food vs Fuel Yield Reductions By 2010, 30% corn and 23% soybeans will be fuel Yields fall 3-5% every 1ºF increase Average temp. rise 1.8ºF by 2030
  5. 5. PEAK OIL EFFECTS GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY PEAK OIL - SHARP SUDDEN DECLINE! 95% of the food we eat in UK is oil-dependent 81% of our food came from outside the UK last year
  6. 6. CURRENT UK AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY MONOCROPPING HABITAT DESTRUCTION CURRENT UK AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES LARGE-SCALE PESTICIDE SPRAYING
  7. 7. IMPORTANCE OF POLLINATION IN FOOD CHAIN GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY THE IMPORTANCE OF POLLINATION IN FOOD CHAIN Bees are responsible for 80% of our food via pollination
  8. 8. CHANGE FOOD POLICY GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY CHANGE FOOD POLICY <ul><li>Energy Intensive vs. Low Energy Methods </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce frozen and packaged food consumption drastically </li></ul><ul><li>Manufactured groceries replaced by local production </li></ul><ul><li>As much food as possible to be grown locally </li></ul><ul><li>Food transportation reduced to 100 miles or less </li></ul><ul><li>Organic food eliminates pesticides, herbicides & fertilisers </li></ul><ul><li>Adopt Agrarian over Industrial agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>15-25% of workforce will be required for food production </li></ul><ul><li>Labour intensive farming better for soil and more productive </li></ul><ul><li>5:1 total energy reduction </li></ul>
  9. 9. CHANGE FOOD INFRASTRUCTURE GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY <ul><li>Introduction of widescale urban apiculture </li></ul><ul><li>Show people how to farm food in an urban environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce diet related problems, increase exercise. </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce the environmental impact of food in London. </li></ul><ul><li>Increase the affordability of healthy, sustainable food in London to make it accessible to all. </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce the amount of food waste and increase composting. </li></ul><ul><li>Utilise food waste as a fertiliser to divert from landfill. </li></ul><ul><li>Utilise Rainwater to conserve on mains water supplies. </li></ul>CHANGE FOOD INFRASTRUCTURE
  10. 10. COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION MODEL GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION MODEL
  11. 11. BUMBLE BEES=HONEY GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY Media Equates Bumble Bees with Honey Wrong associations are established at an early age
  12. 12. MEDIA INFLUENCE=CONFUSION GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY MEDIA INFLUENCE = CONFUSION HONEY BEE? WASP? Public has difficulty distinguishing honey bees from wasps
  13. 13. MEDIA INFLUENCE=FEAR GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY AFRICAN KILLER BEE’S STINGS = DEATH MEDIA INFLUENCE = FEAR
  14. 14. FEAR=ANGER GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY PROBLEMS WITH URBAN INTEGRATION FEAR = ANGER
  15. 15. VANDALISM OF HIVES GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY PROBLEMS WITH URBAN INTEGRATION LEADING TO DIRECT VANDALISM OF INDIVIDUAL HIVES
  16. 16. INFORM YOUR COMMUNITY GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY INFORM YOUR COMMUNITY DOOR POST NEIGHBOURS MEET & EXPLAIN APICULTURE
  17. 17. DISCUSS POTENTIAL HIVE SITES GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION DISCUSS POTENTIAL HIVE SITES
  18. 18. ENLISTING COMMUNITY VOLUNTEERS GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY ENLISTING COMMUNITY VOLUNTEERS MANY HANDS MAKE LIGHT WORK
  19. 19. RIVER ISLAND EFFECT GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY RIVER ISLAND EFFECT ASSISTS IN EARLY BLOOMS & HONEY YIELDS?
  20. 20. ALL VACANT SPACE UTILISED GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY ALL VACANT SPACE UTILISED Recycle any containers for growing Nectar rich plants
  21. 21. PLACING IDIVIDUAL HIVES GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY PLACING INDIVIDUAL HIVES Garage & Patio Roofs City Parks & Allotments
  22. 22. INTEGRATING URBAN APIARIES GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY INTEGRATING URBAN APIARIES Part of a sustainable biodiversity plan Greening Cities Converting flat roofs
  23. 23. CRITERIA FOR CHOOSING A SITE GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY CRITERIA FOR CHOOSING A SITE Protected from public by fence Sheltered from elements by large trees E asy bee visibility of hive entrances Surrounding environment lacks prime pollinators
  24. 24. REQUIREMENTS OF STRUCTURE - humans GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY REQUIREMENTS OF STRUCTURE <ul><li>HUMANS </li></ul><ul><li>Small footprint for 16 hives </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated Pest Management </li></ul><ul><li>Easy maintenance of each hive </li></ul><ul><li>Adjustable outer entrances </li></ul><ul><li>Minimum use of materials </li></ul><ul><li>Anti vandal doors </li></ul><ul><li>Disabled access ramp </li></ul><ul><li>Solar powered lighting </li></ul><ul><li>Rainwater Harvesting </li></ul>
  25. 25. REQUIREMENTS OF STRUCTURE - bees GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY REQUIREMENTS OF STRUCTURE <ul><li>BEES </li></ul><ul><li>Each hive sealed on the inside </li></ul><ul><li>Thermal retention and dryness </li></ul><ul><li>Large landing strips </li></ul><ul><li>Double layer element protection </li></ul><ul><li>Easy bee escape when hives are opened </li></ul><ul><li>Easy identification of hives by through shape & colour </li></ul><ul><li>Access to water source for drinking – rain barrels </li></ul>
  26. 26. CREATION OF A BIODIVERSITY ENGINE GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY CREATION OF A BIODIVERSITY ENGINE
  27. 27. HORIZONTAL HIVE – EASIEST ACCESS GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY HORIZONTAL HIVE S - Easiest access for all ages <ul><li>HIVE COMPONENTS </li></ul><ul><li>Separate crown boards cover the brood ( entrance) and honey chamber to minimise disturbance </li></ul><ul><li>Full mesh floor for varroa drop - through & venti l ation </li></ul><ul><li>Easy disassembly - using dowel rods </li></ul><ul><li>All frames Langstroth Brood x 20 </li></ul><ul><li>Made of White Pine </li></ul><ul><li>Sliding trays with gel sheets to catch hive debris and count varroa </li></ul>
  28. 28. INDIVIDUAL HIVE IDENTIFICATION GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY I ND I V I DUAL H I VE I DENT I F I CAT I ON Adjustable Hive Entrance Hive Entrance Colours & Shapes
  29. 29. THREE YEAR FIELD TEST CONCLUSIONS GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY THREE YEAR FIELD TEST CONCLUSIONS <ul><li>20 frames brood size were filled in each horizontal hive </li></ul><ul><li>Honey yields were double outside hives in same location </li></ul><ul><li>Internal temperatures 15º F warmer inside structure </li></ul><ul><li>Ambient moisture reduced by 35% in internal hives </li></ul><ul><li>Structure retained full weather proof integrity </li></ul><ul><li>Bees drank rainwater from barrel by addition of water lillies </li></ul><ul><li>Observable b ee recognition of separate colonies </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiversity Park a udit showed 2 5% species increase in 3 year s </li></ul><ul><li>Vandalism - none </li></ul><ul><li>Bee Exits failed in skylight – adjustable ones installed </li></ul><ul><li>Solar panel did not provide enough internal lighting </li></ul>
  30. 30. A NEW GENERATION OF BEEKEEPERS GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY A NEW GENERATION OF BEEKEEPERS TRAINING COVERS AGES 10 – 18 YEARS
  31. 31. A SENSE OF PURPOSE GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY A SENSE OF PURPOSE Youth have positive roles Genders have equal status Children learn young
  32. 32. ACKNOWLEDGING ACHIEVEMENTS GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT ACKNOWLEDGING ACHIEVEMENTS
  33. 33. LOCAL HIVE PRODUCE GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY LOCAL HIVE PRODUCE HONEY CUT COMB MEADS CANDLES POLISHES POLLEN PROPOLIS
  34. 34. SALES = INCENTIVISATION GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY SALES = INCENTIVISATION Local Community Events Minimum Transport Costs Wider area Farmer’s Markets Cheaper Prices
  35. 35. COMMUNITY ROOF APICULTURE GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY COMMUNITY ROOF APICULTURE A Green Oasis on our Urban Rooftop s
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