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Liam Devany Apimondia 2009
 

Liam Devany Apimondia 2009

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Presentation by Lam Devany at the 2009 Apimondia conference in Montpellier.

Presentation by Lam Devany at the 2009 Apimondia conference in Montpellier.

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    Liam Devany Apimondia 2009 Liam Devany Apimondia 2009 Presentation Transcript

    • INTRO Approaches to successful integration of bees into the urban environment as part of local food initiatives Liam Devany PhD Researcher University of Glamorgan GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER
    • CLIMATE CHANGE EFFECTS OVER TIME GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY CLIMATE CHANGE EFFECTS OVER TIME Increased Temperature & Precipitation
    • POPULATION / TRANSPORT COSTS GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY POPULATION / TRANSPORT COSTS Developing Nations Fuel / Transport Costs Some Typical Supermarket Food Miles Green Beans 3,600 miles from Kenya Apples 4,700 miles from the USA Onions 12,000 miles from Australia Carrots - 51,000 miles from South Africa Richer economies demand more food
    • FUEL CROPS / CLIMATE GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY FUEL CROPS & CLIMATE Responsible for 30% loss of crops per year currently Biofuel Acreage Climate Change Food vs Fuel Yield Reductions By 2010, 30% corn and 23% soybeans will be fuel Yields fall 3-5% every 1ºF increase Average temp. rise 1.8ºF by 2030
    • PEAK OIL EFFECTS GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY PEAK OIL - SHARP SUDDEN DECLINE! 95% of the food we eat in UK is oil-dependent 81% of our food came from outside the UK last year
    • CURRENT UK AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY MONOCROPPING HABITAT DESTRUCTION CURRENT UK AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES LARGE-SCALE PESTICIDE SPRAYING
    • IMPORTANCE OF POLLINATION IN FOOD CHAIN GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY THE IMPORTANCE OF POLLINATION IN FOOD CHAIN Bees are responsible for 80% of our food via pollination
    • CHANGE FOOD POLICY GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY CHANGE FOOD POLICY
      • Energy Intensive vs. Low Energy Methods
      • Reduce frozen and packaged food consumption drastically
      • Manufactured groceries replaced by local production
      • As much food as possible to be grown locally
      • Food transportation reduced to 100 miles or less
      • Organic food eliminates pesticides, herbicides & fertilisers
      • Adopt Agrarian over Industrial agriculture
      • 15-25% of workforce will be required for food production
      • Labour intensive farming better for soil and more productive
      • 5:1 total energy reduction
    • CHANGE FOOD INFRASTRUCTURE GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY
      • Introduction of widescale urban apiculture
      • Show people how to farm food in an urban environment.
      • Reduce diet related problems, increase exercise.
      • Reduce the environmental impact of food in London.
      • Increase the affordability of healthy, sustainable food in London to make it accessible to all.
      • Reduce the amount of food waste and increase composting.
      • Utilise food waste as a fertiliser to divert from landfill.
      • Utilise Rainwater to conserve on mains water supplies.
      CHANGE FOOD INFRASTRUCTURE
    • COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION MODEL GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION MODEL
    • BUMBLE BEES=HONEY GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY Media Equates Bumble Bees with Honey Wrong associations are established at an early age
    • MEDIA INFLUENCE=CONFUSION GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY MEDIA INFLUENCE = CONFUSION HONEY BEE? WASP? Public has difficulty distinguishing honey bees from wasps
    • MEDIA INFLUENCE=FEAR GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY AFRICAN KILLER BEE’S STINGS = DEATH MEDIA INFLUENCE = FEAR
    • FEAR=ANGER GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY PROBLEMS WITH URBAN INTEGRATION FEAR = ANGER
    • VANDALISM OF HIVES GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY PROBLEMS WITH URBAN INTEGRATION LEADING TO DIRECT VANDALISM OF INDIVIDUAL HIVES
    • INFORM YOUR COMMUNITY GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY INFORM YOUR COMMUNITY DOOR POST NEIGHBOURS MEET & EXPLAIN APICULTURE
    • DISCUSS POTENTIAL HIVE SITES GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION DISCUSS POTENTIAL HIVE SITES
    • ENLISTING COMMUNITY VOLUNTEERS GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY ENLISTING COMMUNITY VOLUNTEERS MANY HANDS MAKE LIGHT WORK
    • RIVER ISLAND EFFECT GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY RIVER ISLAND EFFECT ASSISTS IN EARLY BLOOMS & HONEY YIELDS?
    • ALL VACANT SPACE UTILISED GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY ALL VACANT SPACE UTILISED Recycle any containers for growing Nectar rich plants
    • PLACING IDIVIDUAL HIVES GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY PLACING INDIVIDUAL HIVES Garage & Patio Roofs City Parks & Allotments
    • INTEGRATING URBAN APIARIES GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY INTEGRATING URBAN APIARIES Part of a sustainable biodiversity plan Greening Cities Converting flat roofs
    • CRITERIA FOR CHOOSING A SITE GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY CRITERIA FOR CHOOSING A SITE Protected from public by fence Sheltered from elements by large trees E asy bee visibility of hive entrances Surrounding environment lacks prime pollinators
    • REQUIREMENTS OF STRUCTURE - humans GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY REQUIREMENTS OF STRUCTURE
      • HUMANS
      • Small footprint for 16 hives
      • Integrated Pest Management
      • Easy maintenance of each hive
      • Adjustable outer entrances
      • Minimum use of materials
      • Anti vandal doors
      • Disabled access ramp
      • Solar powered lighting
      • Rainwater Harvesting
    • REQUIREMENTS OF STRUCTURE - bees GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY REQUIREMENTS OF STRUCTURE
      • BEES
      • Each hive sealed on the inside
      • Thermal retention and dryness
      • Large landing strips
      • Double layer element protection
      • Easy bee escape when hives are opened
      • Easy identification of hives by through shape & colour
      • Access to water source for drinking – rain barrels
    • CREATION OF A BIODIVERSITY ENGINE GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY CREATION OF A BIODIVERSITY ENGINE
    • HORIZONTAL HIVE – EASIEST ACCESS GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY HORIZONTAL HIVE S - Easiest access for all ages
      • HIVE COMPONENTS
      • Separate crown boards cover the brood ( entrance) and honey chamber to minimise disturbance
      • Full mesh floor for varroa drop - through & venti l ation
      • Easy disassembly - using dowel rods
      • All frames Langstroth Brood x 20
      • Made of White Pine
      • Sliding trays with gel sheets to catch hive debris and count varroa
    • INDIVIDUAL HIVE IDENTIFICATION GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY I ND I V I DUAL H I VE I DENT I F I CAT I ON Adjustable Hive Entrance Hive Entrance Colours & Shapes
    • THREE YEAR FIELD TEST CONCLUSIONS GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY THREE YEAR FIELD TEST CONCLUSIONS
      • 20 frames brood size were filled in each horizontal hive
      • Honey yields were double outside hives in same location
      • Internal temperatures 15º F warmer inside structure
      • Ambient moisture reduced by 35% in internal hives
      • Structure retained full weather proof integrity
      • Bees drank rainwater from barrel by addition of water lillies
      • Observable b ee recognition of separate colonies
      • Biodiversity Park a udit showed 2 5% species increase in 3 year s
      • Vandalism - none
      • Bee Exits failed in skylight – adjustable ones installed
      • Solar panel did not provide enough internal lighting
    • A NEW GENERATION OF BEEKEEPERS GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY A NEW GENERATION OF BEEKEEPERS TRAINING COVERS AGES 10 – 18 YEARS
    • A SENSE OF PURPOSE GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY A SENSE OF PURPOSE Youth have positive roles Genders have equal status Children learn young
    • ACKNOWLEDGING ACHIEVEMENTS GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT ACKNOWLEDGING ACHIEVEMENTS
    • LOCAL HIVE PRODUCE GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY LOCAL HIVE PRODUCE HONEY CUT COMB MEADS CANDLES POLISHES POLLEN PROPOLIS
    • SALES = INCENTIVISATION GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY SALES = INCENTIVISATION Local Community Events Minimum Transport Costs Wider area Farmer’s Markets Cheaper Prices
    • COMMUNITY ROOF APICULTURE GLAMORGAN U K APIMONDIA 2009 MONTPELIER LIAM DEVANY COMMUNITY ROOF APICULTURE A Green Oasis on our Urban Rooftop s