Community Greenhouse Gas Solutions
               Prioritizing Emissions-Reducing Strategies




MICHAELCONRARDY
   GAVINF...
Cost-Effectiveness
Geographic Constraints
  Political Feasibility
“We simply must do everything
 we can in power to slow down
global warming before it is too
 late... I say the debate is o...
Annual California Greenhouse Gas Emissions
                    (in million tonnes of CO2 equivalent)
480
                 ...
Annual California Greenhouse Gas Emissions
           (in million tonnes of CO2 equivalent)




                          ...
Annual California Greenhouse Gas Emissions
                    (in million tonnes of CO2 equivalent)
480
                 ...
Annual California Greenhouse Gas Emissions
                     (in million tonnes of CO2 equivalent)



1990          200...
Annual California Greenhouse Gas Emissions
                      (in million tonnes of CO2 equivalent)
500

 1990         ...
Community
Significance
Ventura, CA
Ventura, CA
        Our Case Study




Environmentally Inspired
  Proximity to UCSB
   CCAR Reported
Ventura Emissions Baseline   2007
Ventura Emissions Baseline     2007

                       Gasoline
 750,305 tonnes CO2e



                        Elect...
Emissions Reduction
                        900000
Metric Tonnes of CO2e




                        600000




          ...
Emissions Reduction
                        900000
Metric Tonnes of CO2e




                        600000




          ...
Emissions Reduction
                        900000
                                           U
                          ...
Emissions Reduction
                        900000
                                              U
                       ...
Emissions Reduction
                        900000
                                              U
                       ...
consumption
paveme         Urban                            agricultu




                                                ...
consumption
paveme         Urban                            agricultu




                                                ...
Efficient  Low Carbon
LED Lighting                 Fuel
  Ceiling           Renewable Portfoli
            Water Heaters
 ...
Low Flow
 Toilets   Rainwater
           Collection
            Efficient
            Showers
Water Savings
Water Savings


                                    50%
      Ventura, CA’s Municipal GHG Emissions
                      ...
Water Savings
Water Savings




                19
Water Savings
Water Savings
Efficient  Low Carbon
LED Lighting                 Fuel
  Ceiling           Renewable Portfoli
            Water Heaters
 ...
LED Lighting Efficient
  Ceiling Water Heaters
           Compact
Insulation
         Fluorescent
            Lamps
    Ef...
Building Efficiency
Building Efficiency


                               48%
         United States GHG Emissions
                        (Arch...
Building Efficiency
Lighting
Building Efficiency
Lighting
Building Efficiency
Lighting
HVAC
Building Efficiency
Lighting
HVAC
Insulation
Efficient  Low Carbon
LED Lighting                 Fuel
  Ceiling           Renewable Portfoli
            Water Heaters
 ...
Low Carbon
                      Fuel
                   Traffic Signal
  Tire                Timing

Pressure         Pub...
Transportation
Transportation



                               38%
        2004 California GHG Commission, 2008)
                    (Ca...
Transportation
Vehicle Miles Traveled (VMT)
Transportation
Vehicle Miles Traveled (VMT)
Miles Per Gallon (MPG)
Transportation
Vehicle Miles Traveled (VMT)
Miles Per Gallon (MPG)
Low Carbon Fuel
Geographic




Economic




 Political
Geographic   Climate

             Built Environment

Economic     Transportation

             Demographics

            ...
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Geographic
                 Strategy-by-Strategy
                  Net Present Value
                ...
Geographic
             Customizable Preferences
                  Adjustable Discount Rate
               Adjustable Leve...
Demo
Reduction to 1990 levels by 2020
Reduction to 1990 levels by 2020
                        900000
Metric Tonnes of CO2e




                        600000

...
Reduction to 1990 levels by 2020
                        900000
                                               U
         ...
Reduction to 1990 levels by 2020
                        900000
                                                  U
      ...
Reduction to 1990 levels by 2020




                  Low Flow Showerheads
                  LED lights
                 ...
Fuel Efficiency Standard
Renewable Energy Portfolio
Low Carbon Fuel Standard
  Tire Pressure Program
    Low Flow Showers
 ...
Fuel Efficiency Standard
Renewable Energy Portfolio
Low Carbon Fuel Standard     $55,400,000
  Tire Pressure Program
    Lo...
2050 Reductions




Estimated 1990   City’s Political     50%           100%
   Emissions       Feasibility      Feasibili...
2050 Reductions
                     1200000



                      900000
Metric Tonnes CO2e




                      ...
2050 Reductions
                     1200000



                      900000
Metric Tonnes CO2e




                      ...
2050 Reductions
                     1200000
                                                                             ...
2050 Reductions
                     1200000
                                                                             ...
2050 Reductions
                     1200000
                                                                             ...
2050 Reductions
                     1200000
                                                                             ...
2050 Reductions
                     1200000
                                                                             ...
Assumptions


Increased Home Insulation




                        Solar Photovoltaic Panels
Assumptions

                                                    City 1990 Emissions
Increased Home Insulation            ...
Public Transportation



Planting Trees
Next Steps
                 Public Transportation

                                         Increased Accuracy of
        ...
Increased Fuel Efficiency




Cool Roofs
Conclusions

             Increased Fuel Efficiency    Starting Point for
                                          Communit...
Acknowledgments
Craig Whan, Rob Larkin & Gabriel Brown (AECOM)
       Oran Young & Sarah Anderson (Bren School)
          ...
“The 21st century will see monumental change.
Either the human race will use its knowledge and
  skills and change the way...
“The 21st century will see monumental change.
Either the human race will use its knowledge and
  skills and change the way...
brenaecom.org/safeguard
My Graduate Thesis Presentation
My Graduate Thesis Presentation
My Graduate Thesis Presentation
My Graduate Thesis Presentation
My Graduate Thesis Presentation
My Graduate Thesis Presentation
My Graduate Thesis Presentation
My Graduate Thesis Presentation
My Graduate Thesis Presentation
My Graduate Thesis Presentation
My Graduate Thesis Presentation
My Graduate Thesis Presentation
My Graduate Thesis Presentation
My Graduate Thesis Presentation
My Graduate Thesis Presentation
My Graduate Thesis Presentation
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My Graduate Thesis Presentation

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Working with AECOM Environment, we address climate change mitigation at the community scale by providing recommendations for effective strategies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (GHG). We performed cost-benefit analyses on 20 GHG reduction strategies such as installing efficient appliances, taking public transit and installing solar panels. Combined with relevant geographic requirements, these analyses informed development of our software model and serve as the basis for tailored GHG reduction plans. Dubbed SAFEGUARD, our software prioritizes reduction strategies based on cost effectiveness.

SAFEGUARD addresses the political feasibility of implementing strategies by allowing the user to override the software’s economic prioritization. Accompanying the software is a user manual and detailed methods describing the processes used to build the model and determine the required inputs. We have created a useful tool for consultants and governments to determine optimal greenhouse gas reduction strategies at the community scale.

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  • Ventura already completed local government inventory, but we need to address community-wide emissions
    No protocol for conducting community inventories
    Sources included: electricity, natural gas, transportation fuels, waste generation (table)
    **insert graph
  • Ventura already completed local government inventory, but we need to address community-wide emissions
    No protocol for conducting community inventories
    Sources included: electricity, natural gas, transportation fuels, waste generation (table)
    **insert graph
  • Ventura already completed local government inventory, but we need to address community-wide emissions
    No protocol for conducting community inventories
    Sources included: electricity, natural gas, transportation fuels, waste generation (table)
    **insert graph
  • Ventura already completed local government inventory, but we need to address community-wide emissions
    No protocol for conducting community inventories
    Sources included: electricity, natural gas, transportation fuels, waste generation (table)
    **insert graph
  • Ventura already completed local government inventory, but we need to address community-wide emissions
    No protocol for conducting community inventories
    Sources included: electricity, natural gas, transportation fuels, waste generation (table)
    **insert graph
  • Ventura already completed local government inventory, but we need to address community-wide emissions
    No protocol for conducting community inventories
    Sources included: electricity, natural gas, transportation fuels, waste generation (table)
    **insert graph
  • Ventura already completed local government inventory, but we need to address community-wide emissions
    No protocol for conducting community inventories
    Sources included: electricity, natural gas, transportation fuels, waste generation (table)
    **insert graph









  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at




















  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at
  • Break to Justin: Big Wordle explosion of the strategies we chose, then highlight the examples we'll look at














  • Assumptions
    Community goals inline w/AB 32
    Cost and benefit averages
    but changeable
    Limitations
    Strategy overlaps
    Applicability
    Outside of CA?
    Scalable?














  • all the strategies combined let us achieve a 60% reduction in emissions from business as usual
  • all the strategies combined let us achieve a 60% reduction in emissions from business as usual
  • all the strategies combined let us achieve a 60% reduction in emissions from business as usual
  • all the strategies combined let us achieve a 60% reduction in emissions from business as usual
  • all the strategies combined let us achieve a 60% reduction in emissions from business as usual
  • all the strategies combined let us achieve a 60% reduction in emissions from business as usual
  • all the strategies combined let us achieve a 60% reduction in emissions from business as usual
  • all the strategies combined let us achieve a 60% reduction in emissions from business as usual
  • all the strategies combined let us achieve a 60% reduction in emissions from business as usual




  • -we’ve been pleasantly surprised at the
  • -we’ve been pleasantly surprised at the
  • -we’ve been pleasantly surprised at the
  • -we’ve been pleasantly surprised at the
  • -help communities get started with answering the question of reducing emissions
    -consulting companies can streamline their work as they enter into this emerging field
    -one of the first attempts to prioritize strategies at the community level
  • -help communities get started with answering the question of reducing emissions
    -consulting companies can streamline their work as they enter into this emerging field
    -one of the first attempts to prioritize strategies at the community level
  • -help communities get started with answering the question of reducing emissions
    -consulting companies can streamline their work as they enter into this emerging field
    -one of the first attempts to prioritize strategies at the community level
  • -help communities get started with answering the question of reducing emissions
    -consulting companies can streamline their work as they enter into this emerging field
    -one of the first attempts to prioritize strategies at the community level
  • feel free to try this out for yourself, the web address will show in just a minute







  • My Graduate Thesis Presentation

    1. 1. Community Greenhouse Gas Solutions Prioritizing Emissions-Reducing Strategies MICHAELCONRARDY GAVINFEIGER ALLISONKING AARONSOBEL JUSTINWHITTET advised by ORANYOUNG
    2. 2. Cost-Effectiveness Geographic Constraints Political Feasibility
    3. 3. “We simply must do everything we can in power to slow down global warming before it is too late... I say the debate is over. We know the science.We see the threat and we know the time for action is now.” -Arnold Schwarzenegger Governor, California
    4. 4. Annual California Greenhouse Gas Emissions (in million tonnes of CO2 equivalent) 480 2005 2000 440 1990 1995 400 Source: California Air Resources Board, 2009
    5. 5. Annual California Greenhouse Gas Emissions (in million tonnes of CO2 equivalent) Source: California Air Resources Board, 2009
    6. 6. Annual California Greenhouse Gas Emissions (in million tonnes of CO2 equivalent) 480 2005 AB-32 2000 440 1990 2020 1995 400 Source: California Air Resources Board, 2009
    7. 7. Annual California Greenhouse Gas Emissions (in million tonnes of CO2 equivalent) 1990 2005 2050 Source: California Air Resources Board, 2009
    8. 8. Annual California Greenhouse Gas Emissions (in million tonnes of CO2 equivalent) 500 1990 2005 Executive Order S-3-05 250 2050 0 Source: California Air Resources Board, 2009
    9. 9. Community Significance
    10. 10. Ventura, CA
    11. 11. Ventura, CA Our Case Study Environmentally Inspired Proximity to UCSB CCAR Reported
    12. 12. Ventura Emissions Baseline 2007
    13. 13. Ventura Emissions Baseline 2007 Gasoline 750,305 tonnes CO2e Electricity Natural Gas Diesel Waste
    14. 14. Emissions Reduction 900000 Metric Tonnes of CO2e 600000 2020 Emissions 300000 Waste Diesel Gasoline Natural Gas Electricity 0 2007 2020
    15. 15. Emissions Reduction 900000 Metric Tonnes of CO2e 600000 2020 Emissions 300000 Waste Diesel Gasoline Natural Gas Electricity 0 2007 2020
    16. 16. Emissions Reduction 900000 U BA Metric Tonnes of CO2e 600000 2020 Emissions 300000 Waste Diesel Gasoline Natural Gas Electricity 0 2007 2020
    17. 17. Emissions Reduction 900000 U BA Re du ctio nT arg et Metric Tonnes of CO2e 600000 2020 Emissions 300000 Waste Diesel Gasoline Natural Gas Electricity 0 2007 2020
    18. 18. Emissions Reduction 900000 U BA Re du ctio nT arg et Metric Tonnes of CO2e 600000 2020 Emissions 300000 Waste Diesel Gasoline Natural Gas Electricity 0 2007 2020
    19. 19. consumption paveme Urban agricultu reduce materi new technology reduction ideas idling monitoring fleets community population Behavio Forests composting change landfills buildings work solar & auditing density lawn Wa cooling lights low green limits Aaron ho me off-set improve heatshare growth ffic tra gardening fuel carsoff-peak Allison recovery Justin carpooli Aaron ump landscaping reco very public geothermal anting ng reduce use driver ownershi investments natural cal domestic minimum competition
    20. 20. consumption paveme Urban agricultu reduce materi new technology reduction ideas idling monitoring fleets community population Behavio Forests composting change landfills buildings work solar & auditing density lawn Wa cooling lights low green limits Aaron ho me off-set improve heatshare growth ffic tra gardening fuel carsoff-peak Allison recovery Justin carpooli Aaron ump landscaping reco very public geothermal anting ng reduce use driver ownershi investments natural cal domestic minimum competition
    21. 21. Efficient Low Carbon LED Lighting Fuel Ceiling Renewable Portfoli Water Heaters Compact Standards Methane Electricity Traffic Signal Insulation LED Timing Tire Fluorescent Street Pressure Lamps Public Efficient Air Tree Conditioning Low Flow Lights Plantin California Fuel Toilets Transit Rainwater g Efficiency Collection Efficient BikeCool Roofs Standards Showers Infrastructu
    22. 22. Low Flow Toilets Rainwater Collection Efficient Showers
    23. 23. Water Savings
    24. 24. Water Savings 50% Ventura, CA’s Municipal GHG Emissions (Ventura Environmental Services, 2007)
    25. 25. Water Savings
    26. 26. Water Savings 19
    27. 27. Water Savings
    28. 28. Water Savings
    29. 29. Efficient Low Carbon LED Lighting Fuel Ceiling Renewable Portfoli Water Heaters Compact Standards Methane Electricity Traffic Signal Insulation LED Timing Tire Fluorescent Street Pressure Lamps Public Efficient Air Tree Conditioning Low Flow Lights Plantin California Fuel Toilets Transit Rainwater g Efficiency Collection Efficient BikeCool Roofs Standards Showers Infrastructu
    30. 30. LED Lighting Efficient Ceiling Water Heaters Compact Insulation Fluorescent Lamps Efficient Air Conditioning Cool Roofs
    31. 31. Building Efficiency
    32. 32. Building Efficiency 48% United States GHG Emissions (Architecture 2030, 2009)
    33. 33. Building Efficiency Lighting
    34. 34. Building Efficiency Lighting
    35. 35. Building Efficiency Lighting HVAC
    36. 36. Building Efficiency Lighting HVAC Insulation
    37. 37. Efficient Low Carbon LED Lighting Fuel Ceiling Renewable Portfoli Water Heaters Compact Standards Methane Electricity Traffic Signal Insulation LED Timing Tire Fluorescent Street Pressure Lamps Public Efficient Air Tree Conditioning Low Flow Lights Plantin California Fuel Toilets Transit Rainwater g Efficiency Collection Efficient BikeCool Roofs Standards Showers Infrastructu
    38. 38. Low Carbon Fuel Traffic Signal Tire Timing Pressure Public Transit California Fuel Efficiency Bike Standards Infrastructu
    39. 39. Transportation
    40. 40. Transportation 38% 2004 California GHG Commission, 2008) (California Energy Emissions
    41. 41. Transportation Vehicle Miles Traveled (VMT)
    42. 42. Transportation Vehicle Miles Traveled (VMT) Miles Per Gallon (MPG)
    43. 43. Transportation Vehicle Miles Traveled (VMT) Miles Per Gallon (MPG) Low Carbon Fuel
    44. 44. Geographic Economic Political
    45. 45. Geographic Climate Built Environment Economic Transportation Demographics Utilities Political
    46. 46. Cost-Benefit Analysis Geographic Strategy-by-Strategy Net Present Value Payback Period Economic Cost-Effectiveness Optimized Strategy Choices Highest (Emissions/Dollar) Ratio Political
    47. 47. Geographic Customizable Preferences Adjustable Discount Rate Adjustable Level of Application Ability to Override Economic Economic Analysis(Force a Strategy or Veto it) Minimize Payback Time or Minimize Upfront Cost Political
    48. 48. Demo
    49. 49. Reduction to 1990 levels by 2020
    50. 50. Reduction to 1990 levels by 2020 900000 Metric Tonnes of CO2e 600000 State Strategies 300000 Selected Strategies Waste Diesel Gasoline Natural Gas Electricity 0 2007 2020
    51. 51. Reduction to 1990 levels by 2020 900000 U BA Metric Tonnes of CO2e 600000 State Strategies 300000 Selected Strategies Waste Diesel Gasoline Natural Gas Electricity 0 2007 2020
    52. 52. Reduction to 1990 levels by 2020 900000 U BA Re du ctio nT arg et Metric Tonnes of CO2e 600000 State Strategies 300000 Selected Strategies Waste Diesel Gasoline Natural Gas Electricity 0 2007 2020
    53. 53. Reduction to 1990 levels by 2020 Low Flow Showerheads LED lights Efficient Water Heaters CFL lights Public Transit Bicycle Infrastructure
    54. 54. Fuel Efficiency Standard Renewable Energy Portfolio Low Carbon Fuel Standard Tire Pressure Program Low Flow Showers LED Lighting Water Heaters CFL Bulbs Public Transit Bicycle Infrastructure
    55. 55. Fuel Efficiency Standard Renewable Energy Portfolio Low Carbon Fuel Standard $55,400,000 Tire Pressure Program Low Flow Showers annual savings LED Lighting Water Heaters CFL Bulbs $68,000,000 Public Transit Bicycle Infrastructure upfront capital cost
    56. 56. 2050 Reductions Estimated 1990 City’s Political 50% 100% Emissions Feasibility Feasibility Feasibility
    57. 57. 2050 Reductions 1200000 900000 Metric Tonnes CO2e 600000 300000 0 Estimated 1990 City’s Political 50% 100% Emissions Feasibility Feasibility Feasibility
    58. 58. 2050 Reductions 1200000 900000 Metric Tonnes CO2e 600000 300000 0 Estimated 1990 City’s Political 50% 100% Emissions Feasibility Feasibility Feasibility
    59. 59. 2050 Reductions 1200000 BAU 900000 Metric Tonnes CO2e 600000 300000 0 Estimated 1990 City’s Political 50% 100% Emissions Feasibility Feasibility Feasibility
    60. 60. 2050 Reductions 1200000 BAU 900000 Metric Tonnes CO2e 600000 300000 2050 Target 80% below 1990 0 Estimated 1990 City’s Political 50% 100% Emissions Feasibility Feasibility Feasibility
    61. 61. 2050 Reductions 1200000 BAU 900000 Metric Tonnes CO2e 600000 300000 2050 Target 80% below 1990 0 Estimated 1990 City’s Political 50% 100% Emissions Feasibility Feasibility Feasibility
    62. 62. 2050 Reductions 1200000 BAU 900000 Metric Tonnes CO2e 600000 300000 2050 Target 80% below 1990 0 Estimated 1990 City’s Political 50% 100% Emissions Feasibility Feasibility Feasibility
    63. 63. 2050 Reductions 1200000 BAU 900000 Metric Tonnes CO2e 600000 300000 2050 Target 80% below 1990 0 Estimated 1990 City’s Political 50% 100% Emissions Feasibility Feasibility Feasibility
    64. 64. Assumptions Increased Home Insulation Solar Photovoltaic Panels
    65. 65. Assumptions City 1990 Emissions Increased Home Insulation scaled to CA 1990 Strategy Assumptions BAU Growth 1% Discount Rate 4% Solar Photovoltaic Panels
    66. 66. Public Transportation Planting Trees
    67. 67. Next Steps Public Transportation Increased Accuracy of Political Feasibility Planting Trees More Strategies Utilization
    68. 68. Increased Fuel Efficiency Cool Roofs
    69. 69. Conclusions Increased Fuel Efficiency Starting Point for Communities Communities & Consultancies Cool Roofs First Attempts to Prioritize Strategies
    70. 70. Acknowledgments Craig Whan, Rob Larkin & Gabriel Brown (AECOM) Oran Young & Sarah Anderson (Bren School) Joe Yahner (City of Ventura, CA) Our Friends & Family
    71. 71. “The 21st century will see monumental change. Either the human race will use its knowledge and skills and change the way it interacts with the environment, or the environment will change the way it interacts with its inhabitants.”
    72. 72. “The 21st century will see monumental change. Either the human race will use its knowledge and skills and change the way it interacts with the environment, or the environment will change the way it interacts with its inhabitants.” -Ernst von Weizsäcker Former Dean, Bren School & Author of Factor 5
    73. 73. brenaecom.org/safeguard
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