Comparatives and superlatives
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Comparatives and superlatives

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    Comparatives and superlatives Comparatives and superlatives Presentation Transcript

    • THE COMPARATIVE AND THE SUPERLATIVE
          • THE COMPARATIVE
              • ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS
                    • Superiority
                    • Equality
                    • Inferiority
                • NOUNS
                    • Superiority
                    • Equality
                    • Inferiority
      • COMPARATIVES – SUPERIORITY
      • We add -ER to:
      • One syllable adjectives
      • cheap – cheap er sweet – sweet er tall – tall er
      • If the adjective ends in consonant + vowel + consonant, the consonant
      • is do ubled.
      • thin – thin ner big – big ger slim – slim mer
      • Two syllable adjectives which end in consonant + y, -ow, -er
      • pretty - pretti er clever - cleverer narrow – narrow er
      • A house is smaller than a skyscraper. A street is narrower than an avenue Dubai is drier than Paris
      • We use MORE with other two syllable adjectives, adjectives of more
      • than two syllables and adverbs of two or more syllables
      • intelligent – more intelligent dangerously – more dangerously
      • Some adjectives have an irregular form
      • good – better bad – worse far – farther / further
      • The city is more populated than
      • the country
      • The city is worse than the country
      • EQUALITY We compare things, animals or people at the same level. The structure is always as + ADJ + as
          As intelligent as as brave as as happy as
        INFERIORITY We compare things, animals or people at a different level. The structure is always: less + ADJ + than
          Less expensive than less crowded than
      • Lalin is less attractive than Madrid The tramway isn't as fast as the underground Driving is less eco-friendly than cycling.
      • SUPERIORITY More + NOUN + than London produces more rubbish than Lalin
      • In New York there are more
      • skyscrapers than in London
      • EQUALITY As much + uncountable noun + as As many + countable noun + as In the country there aren't as many traffic jams as in the city In the country there isn't as much pollution as in the city
      • INFERIORITY Less + NOUN + than In Lalin there are less parks than in A Coruña Lalin has less population than Santiago
      • SUPERLATIVE
      • We add -EST to:
      • One syllable adjectives
      • cheap – cheap est sweet – sweet est tall – tall est
      • If the adjective ends in consonant + vowel + consonant, the consonant
      • is do ubled.
      • thin – thin nest big – big gest slim – slim mest
      • Two syllable adjectives which end in consonant + y, -ow, -er
      • pretty - pretti est clever - cleverest narrow – narrow est
      • Burj Dubai is the tallest building in the world Tokio is the biggest city in the world Hyde Park is the largest park in London
      • We use THE MOST with other two syllable adjectives, adjectives of
      • more than two syllables and adverbs of two or more syllables
      • intelligent – the most intelligent dangerous – the most dangerous
      • Some adjectives have an irregular form
      • good – best bad – worst far – farthest / furthest
      • Oslo is the most expensive city
      • in the world
      • The Louvre is one of the best museums
      • in the world
      • Activities
      • Grammar explanation
      • Youtube video with songs
      • Grammar revision
      • Comparative and superlative
      • Superlative
      • Listening