Comparatives and superlatives

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  • 1. THE COMPARATIVE AND THE SUPERLATIVE
  • 2.
        • THE COMPARATIVE
            • ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS
              • NOUNS
  • 7.
      COMPARATIVES – SUPERIORITY
    • We add -ER to:
    • 8. One syllable adjectives
    • 9. cheap – cheap er sweet – sweet er tall – tall er
    • 10. If the adjective ends in consonant + vowel + consonant, the consonant
    • 11. is do ubled.
    • 12. thin – thin ner big – big ger slim – slim mer
    • 13. Two syllable adjectives which end in consonant + y, -ow, -er
    • 14. pretty - pretti er clever - cleverer narrow – narrow er
  • 15.
      A house is smaller than a skyscraper. A street is narrower than an avenue Dubai is drier than Paris
  • 16.
    • We use MORE with other two syllable adjectives, adjectives of more
    • 17. than two syllables and adverbs of two or more syllables
    • 18. intelligent – more intelligent dangerously – more dangerously
    • 19. Some adjectives have an irregular form
    • 20. good – better bad – worse far – farther / further
    • 21. The city is more populated than
    • 22. the country
    • 23. The city is worse than the country
  • 24.
      EQUALITY We compare things, animals or people at the same level. The structure is always as + ADJ + as
        As intelligent as as brave as as happy as
      INFERIORITY We compare things, animals or people at a different level. The structure is always: less + ADJ + than
        Less expensive than less crowded than
  • 25.
      Lalin is less attractive than Madrid The tramway isn't as fast as the underground Driving is less eco-friendly than cycling.
  • 26.
      SUPERIORITY More + NOUN + than London produces more rubbish than Lalin
    • In New York there are more
    • 27. skyscrapers than in London
  • 28.
      EQUALITY As much + uncountable noun + as As many + countable noun + as In the country there aren't as many traffic jams as in the city In the country there isn't as much pollution as in the city
  • 29.
      INFERIORITY Less + NOUN + than In Lalin there are less parks than in A Coruña Lalin has less population than Santiago
  • 30.
      SUPERLATIVE
    • We add -EST to:
    • 31. One syllable adjectives
    • 32. cheap – cheap est sweet – sweet est tall – tall est
    • 33. If the adjective ends in consonant + vowel + consonant, the consonant
    • 34. is do ubled.
    • 35. thin – thin nest big – big gest slim – slim mest
    • 36. Two syllable adjectives which end in consonant + y, -ow, -er
    • 37. pretty - pretti est clever - cleverest narrow – narrow est
  • 38.
      Burj Dubai is the tallest building in the world Tokio is the biggest city in the world Hyde Park is the largest park in London
  • 39.
    • We use THE MOST with other two syllable adjectives, adjectives of
    • 40. more than two syllables and adverbs of two or more syllables
    • 41. intelligent – the most intelligent dangerous – the most dangerous
    • 42. Some adjectives have an irregular form
    • 43. good – best bad – worst far – farthest / furthest
    • 44. Oslo is the most expensive city
    • 45. in the world
    • 46. The Louvre is one of the best museums
    • 47. in the world
  • 48.
      Activities
    • Grammar explanation
    • 49. Youtube video with songs
    • 50. Grammar revision
    • 51. Comparative and superlative
    • 52. Superlative
    • 53. Listening