Biofuels for kentucky

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Biomass from forestry and agriculture is the best green energy source for Kentucky. This presentation shows the sources and uses of biomass in Kentucky.

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Biofuels for kentucky

  1. 1. Biomass: Green & Sustainable Energy for Kentucky Tom Kimmerer, PhD Moore Ventures LLC Copyright 2010 Moore Ventures LLC, All Rights Reserved
  2. 2. What is Green Energy? ? ? US Department of Energy, US Department of Defense, Moore Ventures
  3. 3. Green Energy is Carbon Neutral ? ? US Department of Energy, US Department of Defense, Moore Ventures
  4. 4. Renewable Energy in Kentucky Wind US Department of Energy
  5. 5. Renewable Energy in Kentucky Wind US Department of Energy
  6. 6. Renewable Energy in Kentucky Deep Geothermal US Department of Energy
  7. 7. Biomass Resources US Department of Energy
  8. 8. Biomass is carbon neutral Moore Ventures
  9. 9. What to do with Biomass Poet Cellulosic Ethanol Plant, South Dakota Power Plant, Kentucky, photo by Moore Ventures
  10. 10. How To Use Biomass Source: McDade & Campbell, UC Merced,
  11. 11. US Biopower – Direct Combustion Current Production: 4 Quadrillion BTU Current Capacity: 11 GW All other renewables: 3.4 Quads Pictures courtesy of www.industcards.com , CMS Energy and Moore Ventures
  12. 12. US Biopower GIS by Moore Ventures
  13. 13. <ul><li>Routes to Combustion: </li></ul><ul><li>Co-firing (5-50%) </li></ul><ul><li>Conversion of existing coal plants </li></ul><ul><li>Greenfield construction </li></ul>US Biopower – Direct Combustion Well established, growing demand Moore Ventures
  14. 14. <ul><li>Pyrolysis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>500-800 C </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gas and/or liquid products </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feedstock </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Biomass </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>MSW </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sewage sludge </li></ul></ul></ul>US Biopower – Gasification Plants under construction now Diagram from Nexterra.ca
  15. 15. Biorefineries Near future: 3-5 Years Moore Ventures
  16. 16. Biofuel Resources US Department of Energy, Moore Ventures
  17. 17. Regional Resources Regional Land Cover. Forests in green Moore Ventures
  18. 18. Biofuel Resources - Wood Moore Ventures, US Department of Energy
  19. 19. Biofuel Resources <ul><li>Waste Wood </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Disaster Wood </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Urban Wood </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ROW Wood </li></ul></ul>Moore Ventures
  20. 20. Disaster Wood – Emerald Ash Borer Source: emeraldashborer.info, from USDA Forest Service
  21. 21. Biofuel Resources <ul><li>Natural Forests </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Slash & Tops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low Grade Wood </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smallwood </li></ul></ul>Moore Ventures
  22. 22. Biofuel Resources <ul><li>Natural Forests </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improving forest health </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Market opportunities for low-grade wood </li></ul></ul>Moore Ventures
  23. 23. Forest Residue Challenges <ul><li>Lack of equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of knowledge </li></ul>US Department of Energy
  24. 24. Biopower Biofuels Sawmill Mulch Bedding Other Products Pellets Ethanol Pulp Mill TIMBER PURCHASING AND HARVESTING Mixed Chips Large Roundwood Small roundwood and Clean chips Clean chips Bark, sawdust, shavings Moore Ventures
  25. 25. Biofuel Resources <ul><li>Plantations </li></ul>National Renewable Energy Lab
  26. 26. Biofuel Sequence <ul><li>Waste Wood > Natural Forests > Plantations </li></ul>Moore Ventures, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
  27. 27. Sustainable Biomass Example for a KY biomass plant Source Annual Dry Tons within 100-mile radius Green Residue 1.3 million Urban Residue + ROW 659,000 Mill Waste 336,000 EAB Forest Add 4.8 million EAB Urban Add 2.3 million Additional green residue via barge 2.3 million
  28. 28. The 80-20-20 Solution <ul><li>80% Energy Conservation </li></ul><ul><li>20% Solar </li></ul><ul><li>20% Biomass </li></ul>Moore Ventures, US Department of Energy
  29. 29. Kentucky’s Energy - The Past Moore Ventures
  30. 30. Kentucky’s Energy - The Future Moore Ventures
  31. 31. Questions & Comments <ul><li>Call me at 859-243-8895 </li></ul><ul><li>Email me at [email_address] </li></ul>Moore Ventures

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