The OER university (#OERu)         Kiwi ingenuity favours         pragmatism above pretence         Wayne Mackintosh      ...
Kiwi open education pioneers                                        OER Asia        “The dichotomy between management and ...
A return to tradition?                                     WE MUST BE FREEShare, Remix, Reuse“Legitimate plagiarism? ”    ...
We dont need no education?In the open source world,we have a few of “rock stars”In open education, is seemseveryone wants ...
The OER Foundation The Open Education Resource (OER) Foundation is an independent, not-for-profit organisation that provid...
WikiEducator                                     Were turning                                     the digital divide      ...
OER is a renewable & sustainable resource  How do we achieve sustainable OER  projects?        Jason Scragz http://www.fli...
OER Funding models for projects Endowment model Donations model Conversion model                            Stephen Downes...
OER is a renewable & sustainable resource  How do we achieve sustainable OER  projects?   How will your institution remain...
Doing the OERu numbersCost of a 4-year degree(Excluding text book and living costs)                   OERu (USQ)          ...
Smart philanthropy     Giving is receiving     Parallel learning universe|New business     Luis Argerich http://www.flickr...
Bootstrapping OERu for future sustainability       Design an ecosystem for       mainstreaming OER          Compelling vis...
Reasons for joining the OERu
Strike the right balance                  OPEN                         SUSTAINABLE                education               ...
Tragedy of the commons? Shoulders of giants … “They hang the man and flog the woman Who steals the goose from off the comm...
Sharing knowledge freely2008 Bourewa excavationsDirected by Prof Patrick Nunn                                P. Nunn
Disruptive innovation?The fundamentalsstay the same … just               WE MUST BE FREEthe way we do                     ...
Innovation & new technology  Ice harvesting     Once the largest industry in America     In 1850 – invention of “artificia...
Red Open Education herrings                                                RED HERRING                                    ...
What do educators say about OER quality?    Im reluctant to use teaching materials and creative    works generated by othe...
OERuA model reincarnated?University of LondonExternal SystemOPENweb IPOPENToday the original “examination-only” conceptsud...
The OER university concept                                Free learning                                opportunities for  ...
The BIG & small context Unsatisfied demand OER cost behaviours                      Growing OER base                      ...
Unsatisfied demand for HE     100 million additional places     By 2025                                                   ...
Slide 16
Cost levers for OERu Marginal Cost = ZERO Collaborative development = Cheaper the going it alone     Luis Argerich http://...
So what have we got? ... INPUTS for the OERu logic model: OpenCourseWare Open Access Journals OER and OEP Open Distance Le...
The OER university concept                                Free learning                                opportunities for  ...
OERu – Logic model & plan for action                                23 Feb 2011http://wikieducator.org/OERu   +200 partici...
The OERu logic model
OERu 2011.11 meeting of anchor partners                                          160 people from                          ...
The view from an OERu partner     Traditional model          OERu model
Open planning for open education futures                                                                                  ...
Rules of the OERu game ...  OERTen partners agree ...   Credential OER learners (cost recovery)   Assemble minimum of 2 OE...
Mechanics of OERu operations ...   OERu does not confer degrees (anchor partners do)   OERu anchor partners retain decisio...
Technology requirements to set learning free  Open planning and development  Collaborative development environment   Suppo...
Open planning and implementation
OERu course materials in WikiEducator
Online and print-based delivery          Blogs                   LMS
OERu learning environment
Peer learning support       Ask OERu
Calibrating sustainable innovation …Next steps …  No new money required  Recurrent cost recouped  OERu is low cost, low ri...
Free learning for all students worldwide               “This is not theoretical speculation,               it is entirely ...
OERu: Kiwi ingenuity favours pragmatism above pretence
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OERu: Kiwi ingenuity favours pragmatism above pretence

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Keynote address at 2012 New Zealand National Conference on Learning and Teaching

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OERu: Kiwi ingenuity favours pragmatism above pretence

  1. 1. The OER university (#OERu) Kiwi ingenuity favours pragmatism above pretence Wayne Mackintosh Commonwealth of Learning Chair in OER Anthony Mackintosh
  2. 2. Kiwi open education pioneers OER Asia “The dichotomy between management and leadership, namely doing things right versus doing the right thing.” “Today we are making history” Phil Ker, CEO, Otago Polytechnic OERu inaugural meeting 23 February 2011, Dunedin
  3. 3. A return to tradition? WE MUST BE FREEShare, Remix, Reuse“Legitimate plagiarism? ” WE MUST BE OPEN Woodleywonderworks, http://www.flickr.com/photos/wwworks/1291468732/
  4. 4. We dont need no education?In the open source world,we have a few of “rock stars”In open education, is seemseveryone wants to be a rock starSharing to LEARN | Learning to SHARE http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Pink_floyd_live_8_london.jpg http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Opensource.svg Tradmark of opensource.org 4 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Heckert_GNU_white.svg GNU logo used under FSF permissions
  5. 5. The OER Foundation The Open Education Resource (OER) Foundation is an independent, not-for-profit organisation that provides leadership, networking and support for educators and educational institutions to achieve their objectives through Open Education. “OER is a sustainable and renewable resource”OERs are materials used to support education that may befreely accessed, reused, modified and shared by anyone.Stephen Downes 2011
  6. 6. WikiEducator Were turning the digital divide into digital dividends using free content and open networks. We hope you can help us. Inaugural recipient of the Voted best educational award for Exemplary Open wiki, Steven Downes, Education Resource Dec 2007 (OER) practices
  7. 7. OER is a renewable & sustainable resource How do we achieve sustainable OER projects? Jason Scragz http://www.flickr.com/photos/scragz/132300147/ James Woolley http://www.flickr.com/photos/xtrato/6159728957
  8. 8. OER Funding models for projects Endowment model Donations model Conversion model Stephen Downes Membership model Sponsorship model Governmental model OER as add­on | OER as core business OER as project | OER as ecosystem Terry Brown http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Stephen_Downes_2009_cropped.jpg DaveBleasdale http://www.flickr.com/photos/sidelong/3465884519/in/photostream/ Luis Argerich http://www.flickr.com/photos/lrargerich/3029485203 James Cridland http://www.flickr.com/photos/jamescridland/2272701122
  9. 9. OER is a renewable & sustainable resource How do we achieve sustainable OER projects? How will your institution remain sustainable without OER? Jason Scragz http://www.flickr.com/photos/scragz/132300147/ James Woolley http://www.flickr.com/photos/xtrato/6159728957
  10. 10. Doing the OERu numbersCost of a 4-year degree(Excluding text book and living costs) OERu (USQ) Otago USA (OERu using Polytechnic (Median Tuition course- based (Tuition cost) cost 4-year portfolio) public university) BA (Hons) US$6,759 US$19,452 US$26,312 (Note: USA figures based on Delta Cost Project for 2008) “ As a founding anchor partner in the OERu, USQ is proud to give students worldwide, the ability to access university level courses and where cost has been removed as a barrier to learning.” Jan Thomas, Vice-Chancellor USQ DaveBleasdale http://www.flickr.com/photos/sidelong/3465884519/in/photostream/ Luis Argerich http://www.flickr.com/photos/lrargerich/3029485203 James Cridland http://www.flickr.com/photos/jamescridland/2272701122
  11. 11. Smart philanthropy Giving is receiving Parallel learning universe|New business Luis Argerich http://www.flickr.com/photos/lrargerich/3029485203 James Cridland http://www.flickr.com/photos/jamescridland/2272701122 James Cridland http://www.flickr.com/photos/jamescridland/2272701122 Asenat29 http://www.flickr.com/photos/72153088@N08/6510934443/
  12. 12. Bootstrapping OERu for future sustainability Design an ecosystem for mainstreaming OER Compelling vision aligned with core university valuessource everything Open Generate competitive advantage for network partners the network effect Leverage Smart solutions for scalability – ie no new staff needed for growth Minimise risk – recurrent cost for OERu partners is guaranteed Dont innovate on too many fronts 13Wayne Mackintosh, personal image
  13. 13. Reasons for joining the OERu
  14. 14. Strike the right balance OPEN SUSTAINABLE education = education Quality OER + OEP = Cost Access Pink Sherbet Photography: http://www.flickr.com/photos/pinksherbet/233228813/ Fdecomite: http://www.flickr.com/photos/fdecomite/2361500377/in/photostream/
  15. 15. Tragedy of the commons? Shoulders of giants … “They hang the man and flog the woman Who steals the goose from off the common But leave the greater villain loose Who steals the common from off the goose.” Anonymous protest poem 1764 or 1821. Eben Moglen Isaac Newton Luis Steothis Bernard Shouters - Robert Merton • Anonymous noteWill the academy remain thirsty on the village green ?Richard Taylor http://www.flickr.com/photos/34094515@N00/374081831/Elliot Brown http://www.flickr.com/photos/ell-r-brown/with/4328818484/
  16. 16. Sharing knowledge freely2008 Bourewa excavationsDirected by Prof Patrick Nunn P. Nunn
  17. 17. Disruptive innovation?The fundamentalsstay the same … just WE MUST BE FREEthe way we do WE MUST BE OPENbusiness changes.” June 22, 2009, Kodak announced Kodachrome would no longer be manufactured. Findicons http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Camera_Icon.png Kungfuman http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Kodachrome_200.jpg
  18. 18. Innovation & new technology Ice harvesting Once the largest industry in America In 1850 – invention of “artificial” ice makers (Reusable) digital learning resources Ice harvesting or new innovation?ElementaryTechTeacher, http://www.flickr.com/photos/7855946@N08/3264547221/
  19. 19. Red Open Education herrings RED HERRING “rhetorical tactic of diverting attention away from an item of The sky is falling significance” Wikipedia Poor quality (a.k.a poor quality materials are embarrassing) Andrew Gray http://www.flickr.com/photos/shimgray/2237055822/ Laurel Russwurm http://www.flickr.com/photos/laurelrusswurm/4132122784/#/ Slide 10
  20. 20. What do educators say about OER quality? Im reluctant to use teaching materials and creative works generated by other authors because there is no guarantee of the quality of the materials 90 80 78% 70 60 50 Agree 40 Disagree 30 22% 20 10 N = 758 0 Percentage
  21. 21. OERuA model reincarnated?University of LondonExternal SystemOPENweb IPOPENToday the original “examination-only” conceptsuddenly looks very modern – Sir John Daniel Captain-tucker http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Danaus_plexippus_emerging_from_chrysalis_01.jpg Derek Ramsey: WMF Commons: File:Monarch_Butterfly_Danaus_plexippus_Pupation_2419px.jpg Derek Ramsey: WMF Commons: File:Monarch_Butterfly_Danaus_plexippus_Pupation_2419px.jpg Armon: WMF Commons File:Monarch_Butterfly_Chrysalis.JPG
  22. 22. The OER university concept Free learning opportunities for all students Adapted from Taylor 2007 worldwide
  23. 23. The BIG & small context Unsatisfied demand OER cost behaviours Growing OER base Free-tuition courses Existing protocols (e.g. APL) Jimmy Flink http://www.flickr.com/photos/jimmyroq/146827389/ juicyverve http://www.flickr.com/photos/juicyverve/2531105062/ bucklava http://www.flickr.com/photos/9229859@N02/2762432629/ Francisca Uloa http://www.flickr.com/photos/alosojos/346887379/
  24. 24. Unsatisfied demand for HE 100 million additional places By 2025 Slide 10 http://www.flickr.com/photos/jamescridland/613445810/sizes/m/in/photostream/
  25. 25. Slide 16
  26. 26. Cost levers for OERu Marginal Cost = ZERO Collaborative development = Cheaper the going it alone Luis Argerich http://www.flickr.com/photos/lrargerich/3029485203 James Cridland http://www.flickr.com/photos/jamescridland/2272701122
  27. 27. So what have we got? ... INPUTS for the OERu logic model: OpenCourseWare Open Access Journals OER and OEP Open Distance Learning experience Open protocols for APL Melissa Sanders http://www.flickr.com/photos/themissiah/3491328675/ Ricky http://www.flickr.com/photos/8656572@N04/4855311898/
  28. 28. The OER university concept Free learning opportunities for all students Adapted from Taylor 2007 worldwide
  29. 29. OERu – Logic model & plan for action 23 Feb 2011http://wikieducator.org/OERu +200 participants +46 Countries
  30. 30. The OERu logic model
  31. 31. OERu 2011.11 meeting of anchor partners 160 people from 41 countriesOERu anchor partner decisions Bachelor of general studies Prototype courses during 2012 Formal launch of the OERu 2013 Slide 16
  32. 32. The view from an OERu partner Traditional model OERu model
  33. 33. Open planning for open education futures Remote Tweets: @dendroglyph The cast of players at OERu meeting gives this event and its outcomes instant credibility I can feel the buzz in the room in Dunedin, NZ. Let the Genie out of the bottle! Public domain and free content images sourced from http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page
  34. 34. Rules of the OERu game ... OERTen partners agree ... Credential OER learners (cost recovery) Assemble minimum of 2 OER-based courses (for agreed credential) Course credit transfer among OERu partners (for agreed credential) Gold or silver member of the OER Foundation Dawn Huczek: http://www.flickr.com/photos/31064702@N05/4697850589/in/photostream/
  35. 35. Mechanics of OERu operations ... OERu does not confer degrees (anchor partners do) OERu anchor partners retain decision-making autonomy, eg: - Price for assessment and credential services - Local matriculation requirements - Courses and credentials provided under OERu network Recognition of prior learning (RPL) protocols provide precedent for recognising OER learning, however: - Existing RPL systems are expensive - Dont scale well. Dawn Huczek: http://www.flickr.com/photos/31064702@N05/4697850589/in/photostream/
  36. 36. Technology requirements to set learning free Open planning and development Collaborative development environment Support multiple delivery platforms (LMSs CMSs) Scalability Detailed version control Major Nelson: http://flickr.com/photos/majornelson/134012349/ Slide 19
  37. 37. Open planning and implementation
  38. 38. OERu course materials in WikiEducator
  39. 39. Online and print-based delivery Blogs LMS
  40. 40. OERu learning environment
  41. 41. Peer learning support Ask OERu
  42. 42. Calibrating sustainable innovation …Next steps … No new money required Recurrent cost recouped OERu is low cost, low risk But high IMPACT innovation Dongio: Watercolour painter dedicated to the public domain Slide 20 Hugiene Matters http://www.flickr.com/photos/hygienematters/4273036775/
  43. 43. Free learning for all students worldwide “This is not theoretical speculation, it is entirely viable.” Jim Taylor AM You are free to join us ... Paul (Dex) http://www.flickr.com/photos/dexxus/3146028811/ Compilation: Chad Miller, James Almond, Wayne Mackintosh See: http://wikieducator.org/File:OER-University-concept.png

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