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Nutrition1
 

Nutrition1

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Basics of Nutrition

Basics of Nutrition

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    Nutrition1 Nutrition1 Presentation Transcript

    • Nutrition You are what you eat!
    • The Old Pyramid…
    • The NEW Pyramid
    • Six Classes of Essential Nutrients
      • Carbohydrates
      • Proteins
      • Fats
      • Vitamins
      • Minerals
      • Water
    • Carbohydrates
      • A chemical that is made up of one or more sugars chained together
      • Two kinds: sugars and starches
      • Sugar found in foods like sugar, honey, fruits
      • Starches found in foods like rice, bread, pasta, cereal
      • Some starches have fiber in them
    •  
    • Proteins
      • Nutrients that help build and heal body tissue as well as build muscle
      • Made up of smaller parts called amino acids- think of them as building blocks
      • Foods that have protein are chicken, fish, pork, beef, beans, nuts, tofu, cheese, eggs, and soy
    •  
    • Fats
      • Fats are energy-storage nutrients that help to store some vitamins
      • Bodies need very small amounts of fat to stay healthy
      • Help your body produce hormones
      • Solid fats can be found in butter, sour cream, and cream cheese
      • Liquid fats are found in cooking oil and salad dressings
    •  
    • Vitamins
      • Organic compounds that control body functions
      • Helps your body use energy
      • Almost all foods contain vitamins
      • Vitamins include things like Vitamins A, B, C, and D
    •  
    • Minerals
      • Elements that are necessary for good health
      • You only need very small amounts
      • Minerals include calcium, potassium, sodium, iron, and many others
      • Minerals can be found in most foods and drinks
    •  
    • Water
      • Made of two parts hydrogen and one part oxygen
      • Body needs water to perform many functions
      • Functions include digestion, waste, temperature regulation by sweat, etc.
      • Need 8-10 cups a day!!!
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