Brief introduction about the author William Shakespeare was an Englishpoet and playwright, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the worlds pre-eminentdramatist. His surviving works, includingsome collaborations, consist of about 38 plays, 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems, and several other poems.
Some prominent leaderswho were assassinated
Hi! I am Kakoli Sengupta. You saw some pictures in the previous slide. These picturesare of the famous leaders who were assassinated in the past.Now I will tell you about Rome,capital of Italy and the story ofone of its powerful general and conqueror who wasassassinated. He was known as Julius Caesar.
About the ancient city of RomeAncient Rome was a thriving civilization that grew on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 8th century BC. Located along the Mediterranean Sea and centered on the city of Rome, itexpanded to one of the largest empires in the ancient world
Gaius Julius Caesar• Full Name - GAIUS JULIUS CAESAR• Birth - JULY12,100 B C or 102 B C• Death - MARCH15,44 B C• Father - GAIUS JULIUS CAESAR• Mother - AURELIA COTTA• Offspring - 1).JULIA CAESARIS 2).CAESARION• Consort -1) POMPEIA (68 B C -63 B ) -2)CALPURNIA PISONIS (59 B C - 44 BC)
Introduction to the Characters• Calpurnia: Caesar’s wife.• Mark Antony: Caesar’s most loyal friend.• Marcus Brutus: Caesar’s great friend who joins the conspiracy because of his great love for Rome and for democracy.• Cassius: Inspirer and organizer of the conspiracy.• Decius Brutus: Co- conspirator in Caesar’s assassination.
The Story begins…Once upon a time there was a ruler namedJulius Caesar who returned to Rome afterdefeating the sons of Pompey. The peopleof Rome celebrated his victorious returnand Mark Antony offered him the crownwhich he refused. Jealous of Caesar’sgrowing power and afraid he may one daybecome a dictator Cassius instigated aconspiracy to murder Caesar. He realizedthat to gain legitimacy in the eyes of theRomans, he must win over the nobleMarcus Brutus to his side for Brutus wasthe most trusted and respected person inRome. Marcus was a close friend of Caesar.He joined the group of senators because ofhis love for Rome.
One day a soothsayer / fortune –teller came and warned Caesar to"beware the Ides of March”, which heignored because of his arrogance.After ignoring the soothsayer as wellas his wife, Calpurnia’s own dream inwhich she saw the death of Caesar, hewent to the senate- house.
The conspirators created a superficialmotive for the assassination by meansof a petition brought by MetellusCimber, pleading on behalf of hisbanished brother, Publius Cimber. AsCaesar predictably, rejected thepetition, Casca grazed Caesar in theback of his neck, and the othersfollowed in stabbing him; Brutus waslast among them. At this point, Caesaruttered the famous line “Et tu,Brute?” ("You too, Brutus?").
After the death of CaesarThe conspirators made it clear that theycommitted this act for Rome, not for theirown purposes. After Caesars death, Brutusdelivered an oration defending his actions,and for the moment, the crowd was on hisside. However, Mark Antony, with a subtleand eloquent speech over Caesarscorpse—began with the much-quoted"Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend meyour ears"—deftly turned public opinionagainst the assassins by manipulating theemotions of the common people, incontrast to the rational tone of Brutussspeech. Antony roused the mob to drivethe conspirators from Rome. Amid theviolence, an innocent poet, Cinna, wasconfused with the conspirator Lucius Cinnaand was murdered by the mob.
After this the armies of Antony andOctavius Caesar (nephew of JuliusCaesar) clashed with those of Brutusand Cassius at Philippi and Sardis.During the battle, Cassius committedsuicide after he heard of the captureof his best friend, Titinius.Titinius, who wasnt reallycaptured, saw Cassiuss corpse andcommits suicide. However, Brutuswon the battle. Brutus, with a heavyheart, battled again the next day. Heloses and committed suicide.
The story ends with a tributeto Brutus by Antony, whoproclaims that Brutus hasremained "the noblest Roman ofthem all" as he was the onlyconspirator who acted for thegood of Rome.