What is a Therapist? A: A person trained in the treatment and rehabilitation of clients or patients. B: A person trained in assisting people to heal. Functioning is not the goal. Functioning is a scale of measurement that supposedly indicates or reflects rehabilitation or healing but not necessarily! Lincoln Monthly Training
What is Culturally Responsive? Sharroky Hollie, Ph.D., Executive Director, The Center For Culturally Responsive Teaching and Learning 1. You can define it Something that you are, not that you do You are not confused about your identity You know who you are serving and not serving You don’t celebrate Black History Month Practice everyday in everyway Lincoln Monthly Training
What is Culturally Responsive? Classic Definition Gloria Ladson-Billings in Dreamkeepers: “ A pedagogy that empowers students intellectually, socially, emotionally, and politically by using cultural and historical referents to convey knowledge, to impart skills, and to change attitudes. (Therapists) practicing culturally relevant treatment know how to support (healing) in these students by consciously creating social interactions to help them meet the criteria of (personal) success, cultural competence, and critical consciousness.” Lincoln Monthly Training
Practitioner’s Definition Geneva Gay in Culturally Responsive Pedagogy (2000): “ The use of cultural knowledge, prior experiences, frames of reference, and performance styles of ethnically diverse students to make (therapeutic) encounters more relevant to, and effective for, them. It (treats) to and through the strengths of these students. It is culturally validating and affirming.” Lincoln Monthly Training
Definition for Therapists Socioculturally conscious, that is, recognizes that there are multiple ways of perceiving reality and that these ways are influenced by one’s location in the social order. Affirming views of (clients) from diverse backgrounds. Sees herself as both responsible for and capable of bringing about behavioral change that will make their experience in school more successful. Understiands how (clients) construct knowledge and is capable of promoting (clients) knowledge construction. Knows about the lives of her clients. Uses her knowledge about (clients) lives to design (treatment) that builds on what they alread know while stretching them beyond the familiar. Lincoln Monthly Training
Our Definition Hollie says in Validating and Affirming (2011) “ The validation and affirmation of the home culture and home language for the purposes of building and bridging the (client) to success in the culture of school and mainstream society. Simply put, CLR is going to where the students are culturally and linguistically for the aim of bringing them where they need to be academically. Metaphorically, CLR is the opposite of the sink and swim approach to teaching and learning. Lincoln Monthly Training
Something that you are, not that you do. Question: Are culturally responsive clinicians born or are they made? Lincoln Monthly Training
You are not confused about your own identity. Define yourself according to these 3 categories. Rule: You cannot use the same word twice! My racial identity is… My national identity is… My ethnic identity is… Lincoln Monthly Training
You know who you are serving or who you are not serving. Who are the underserved in your caseload/program/school/agency? Key term to remember is underserved : An underserved (client) is any (client) who is not successful therapeutically, socially, and/or behaviorally in school because the Program (Lincoln) as an institution is not being responsive to the student. Lincoln Monthly Training
Culturally Responsive Therapy Incorporate song : Use their favorite songs, analyze them and reference them appropriately (cultural consultation) in treatment. Use rhymes : Don’t try to rap but use rhyming phrases whenever possible. What do they say? “Don’t hate, congratulate.” Use mnemonic devices : For memory of goals, and rules; “Look before you leap into drama” (frog jumping into a pond) http://www.flocabulary.com/ Incorporate rhythm , harmony, call and response, question and answer, rhetorical questions, etc. DO NOT attempt to to use slang or cultural phrases that are not a part of your personal, cultural vocabulary. Lincoln Monthly Training
Culturally Responsive Western view of the world: Individual is the primary unit of society. Focusing in independence, self reliance, and functioning in society and obedience with the Law. Vs. African worldview: Survival of the tribe with the family as the primary unity of society. Focusing on interdependence, mutual reliance, and harmony with ones spirit, family and community and oneness with nature. Lincoln Monthly Training
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