Education? Social Service? Government agency? Nonprofit? Advocacy agency?
Educators? Therapists? Case managers? Line staff? Administrators?
How long? 5 years? 10 years? 20 years?
How many do you work with? 1-10? Over 10? Over 50? Over 100?
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Lincoln Monthly Training Why are you here? What are you looking to gain? 1. What do you expect/hope to get out of this training? 2. What is your biggest challenge working with Black boys? 3. What do you personally struggle with in working with black boys? 4. Where have you been particularly successful in working with Black boys?
Talk about your student and share your reflections:
Who this student was
Why they impacted you
How you responded (what was the impact)
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How are they targeted? Lincoln Monthly Training Suspension/ Expulsion Drop out Low graduation Special Ed/ ADHD Remedial/ Tracking Disease Illness Low quality of life Discrimination is psychological warfare Homicide Prison Environmental hazards Profiling Education Health Safety
Overt domination and exploitation of people, resources, and thought
Who is the Oppressor? Lincoln Monthly Training
Secondary Oppressors or sub-oppressors
Black on black crime
Negative self image
Inability to name source of oppression
Inability to identify the existence of being oppressed
Acceptance of negative stereotypes and labels into self concept
Inability to actively resist structural oppression
What does oppression look like? Lincoln Monthly Training
Leverage power and authority
Threats of consequences
Deny them a ‘choice or a voice’
Forget they are children
Refuse to apologize
Treat them like adults
Fail to hold them accountable
Black boys are limited culturally, in what they can express and how they can express it
Care, concern, fear, hurt, sadness, shame, embarrassment,
Most of our students are acutely aware of their positioning in U.S. society (social reproduction) which is the bottom.
Risk vs. Protective Factors Lincoln Monthly Training
Environment (liquor store)
SES (income, class, social status)
Race (“old and black”)
Lack of nutrition
Broken family structure
Access to resources
Internal motivation, drive, determination, talent
Strength-Based Seek to see all behaviors as strengths or hidden strengths Lincoln Monthly Training
Name some of the hidden strengths that Black boys exhibit (harmful behaviors)?
Flashy < Creative & expressive
Persistent < Resilient
Bold < Courageous
Outspoken < Honest & transparent
Moody < Passionate & compassionate
Strength-Based "Men are whipped oftenist who are whipped easiest.“ Lincoln Monthly Training
“ The strength of someone who has endured the greatest hardship is best equipped for creating great social change.”
Fredrick Douglass was born into slavery. A ‘foster’ child, dropped off at 6 by his grandmother who disappeared.
At 16, he fought back, struggling for 2 hours.
Douglass escaped slavery and rose to become an advisor to President Lincoln during civil war.
Miss. Sen. Blanche Bruce, former slave Ala. Rep. Jeremiah Haralson, former slave 21 elected to House, 10 former slaves 2 elected to Senate, 1 former slave Mississippi, Alabama, Virginia, Florida, North & South Carolina, Louisiana From 1870 - 1901 Booker T Washington founded Tuskeegee in 1881 & met with T. Roosevelt in 1901 WEB DuBois earned a Ph.D. from Harvard 1895
America’s Response Minstrel, Jim Crow 1876, Birth of a Nation 1915 & Lynchings mostly targeting urban Black males Lincoln Monthly Training Slide 13
Nothing New? Lincoln Monthly Training The myth of the juvenile Superpredator, John Dilulio, Princeton 1990’s Crack baby myth, immoral and beastly violent “ Tough on crime” laws target urban Black Males 3- strikes, juveniles as adults, crack laws, gang laws
Internalized impressions of Black males in the media and broader society do impact and contribute to your impression and assumptions about the Black boys you work with.
Write down as many Black men in the media, larger culture, world, that you can think of.
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Internalized Impression Put a – or a + by each name and tally up the results. Lincoln Monthly Training
Lincoln Monthly Training Social Commentary Responses to Current Oppression “ Straight Outta Compton” Historical Connection “ Express Yourself” Why do these N*** have an attitude? Would you run from the police if you haven’t done anything wrong? What if your very existence was treated as “wrong”?
Lincoln Monthly Training Oakland Story His Context Youth Movement Records His Message “ Deep east Oakland” Does THIS brotha have an attitude? Wrong place at the wrong time? How about the wrong Race at the wrong time?
The Persistent Perception Lincoln Monthly Training Hypermasculine Oversexed Violent animal rage Fearless dangerous
The Service Lincoln Monthly Training 1. Too hard on them, negative assumptions 2. Too easy on them, low expectations, feel sorry for them 3. Afraid of them, reinforcing stereotypes Service must be Firm and Caring
Lincoln Monthly Training Alignment Program Needs/ Goals Client Needs/ Goals This is where the work should be
The Culture (of black male success) Lincoln Monthly Training The Agencies that support Black Males -Youth UpRising -Leadership Excellence (Camp Akili, Freedom Schools) -Mentoring Center -100 Black Men (Man Up!) -OUSD, Office of African American Achievement The Research that feeds Black Male policy -Urban Strategies Council -Policy Link -Alameda County -Black male scholars -US Census
Strengths Based Practice How can we raise OUR bar? 1. What do you do well with Black boys? 2. Where can you improve? 3. How can you strengthen your work with Black boys? Lincoln Monthly Training