Motivation can be described as an internal state, that activates, directs and sustains behaviour towards achieving a set goal.
In elite sport; motivation can easily be studies and observed through watching athletes that go beyond the realm of pain and discomfort to achieve a goal. E.G (A marathon runner in the last two kilometres)
What drives the athlete to keep pushing?
Motivation is the principle / driving force behind an athlete pushing on through pain and or completing an activity which may require extreme mental strength.
Anxiety: (is predominantly a psychological process characterised by fear or apprehension in anticipation of confronting a situation perceived to be potentially threatening.)
Anxiety is extremely complex
At the top of anxiety = it disrupts focus, concentration and can affect Muscular control We all feel anxiety in different ways every day! = At the extreme and Especially in sport anxiety can contribute to poorer performance. It can be called = choking
TRAIT = The general level of stress that an individual can handle. -It is evident in day to day activities we deal with -It ranges from one person to another -If well trained in public speaking (no probs) if not then anxiety will set in -Can be controlled by relaxation techniques or progressive Muscular relaxation STATE: Is a more specific type of anxiety, eg it can fluctuate, -eg when an athlete has a penalty goal. -It comes from a fear of failure -It can contribute to a feeling of mental and physical paralysis preventing normal actions -Some sports have modified their equipment to try and accommodate state anxiety -E.G long handle golf putters
Levels of arousal are very much dependant on the athlete.
Those athletes who have high anxiety usually will require less arousal
Those athletes who have a low anxiety level will require more arousal
A surfer performs really poor due to a lack of motivation and energy due to poor performance prior. Low arousal A golfer performs a put poorly due to a high level of motivation and anxiety (they become to tense) high arousal