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Didactic Unit: Matter. Activities.

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Didactic Unit: Matter. Activities.

1. 1. DIDACTIC UNIT 1: MATTER ACTIVITIES SESSION 1: INTRODUCTION Listen to the song and complete the text. Compare with your partner. Matter has mass and takes up space It´s everything you see, _____ and taste. Matter is made of tiny molecules and atoms, Elements _____ protons, neutrons and electrons. Matter is the stuff that is all ______. Scientists have found some things that don´t count. Matter cannot be a ____ of energy, Like wind, sound, light or heat. Matter has ____ and takes up space Solid, liquid, gas are the three different _____. Matter has properties that tell what is like, It goes through ________and chemical changes. That´s right! Matter, matter, matter, matter Solid, liquid, ___are the three different states. These phases of matter change what ___ matter makes. If water is solid is ice, if it´s liquid is _____. If the water is a gas then it turns into water ______. Melting is going from a solid to a liquid. Evaporating is _____ from a liquid to a gas. Condensation is going from a gas to a ______. Freezing is going from a liquid to a solid. Matter has ____ and takes up space Solid, liquid, gas are the three different ______. Matter has properties that tell what is like. It goes through ________ and chemical changes. That´s right! We make careful observations to ____ us describe. Mass, volume, density and pressure, Size, shape, texture and ___________. Properties of matter can be chemical
2. 2. DIDACTIC UNIT 1: MATTER If oxidation takes place or if _________ is flammable. Matter can never be destroyed or created. A new _________can form with a chemical reaction. Matter has ____and takes up space Solid, liquid, gas are the three different ______. Matter has properties that tell what is like. It goes through ________ and chemical changes. That´s right! Matter, matter, matter, matter In a physical change, the object _____ the same. You can fold it, bend it, cut it, but the ______ still remains. A physical change doesn´t really change the matter. The matter ____ move from one state to another. In a chemical change a ___ substance is created. You can rust it, burn it, cook it, ___ you can´t reverse it. In a chemical change something new will form. ______ is given off or energy is absorbed. Matter has ____ and takes up space Solid, liquid, gas are the three different ______. Matter has properties that tell what is like. It goes through ________ and chemical changes. That´s right! (x2) Matter, matter, matter, matter http://youtu.be/gfP4lwdehuA ACTIVITIES
3. 3. ACTIVITIES DIDACTIC UNIT 1: MATTER SESSION 2: WHAT IS THE MATTER? Ask to your partner and write down the answers given. SET OF QUESTIONS (A) ANSWERS What are the fundamental properties of matter? How many states can matter be classified? Complete the sentence: - Liquids keep/ don´t keep the shape but can/cannot flow. What do you need to change liquid water into a gas? SET OF QUESTIONS (B) What is matter made of? Complete the sentence: - Solids keep/ don´t keep their shape and do/ do not flow. Do molecules in liquids touch each other? Complete the sentence: - Gases fill/ don´t fill the container they are in and can/cannot be compressed.. Watch: http://www.dvolver.com/live/movies-927946 ANSWERS
4. 4. ACTIVITIES DIDACTIC UNIT 1: MATTER SESSION 3: STATES OF MATTER. Watch the video and identify the processes which generate the changes in matter. Write the words in the arrows. CHANGES OF STATES SESSION 4: PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL CHANGE? Several phenomena are described below. Write a P in the boxes if it is a physical change or a C if it is a chemical change. a)We take an ice cube from the freezer and it melts. .................................... b) A car engine burns petrol.......................................................................... c) We model a figure from a piece of plasticine. ............................................ d)A cloud forms. ........................................................................................... e) A wet cloth dries on a clothesline. .............................................................. f) A nail that has been left in the open oxidizes. .............................................
5. 5. DIDACTIC UNIT 1: MATTER ACTIVITIES SESSION 5: DIFFERENT MATERIALS Listen to the speech and answer the questions at http://www.proprofs.com/quiz-school/story.php?title=NjAxOTMx Check what you have learnt. (http://www.slideshare.net/AnniePau/quiz-question ) SLIDES ANSWERS 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
6. 6. DIDACTIC UNIT 1: MATTER ACTIVITIES SESSIONS 6 : PURE SUBSTANCES AND MIXTURES. Read the lyrics of the song and look for the words you don´t understand in the dictionary. `Straight up, now tell me do you really want to separate a mixture. Oh,oh,oh Or is it just a solution (mixtures separate, they separate) Mixtures Separating The particles will settle again, decantation Or is it filtration Cause liquids pass right through the filter, no solids Another is heating Evaporation, distillation Spinning centrifuging It's separating a suspension Well then Let me see all the substances in mixtures Broken all in parts two or more Choose a method on what's in the mixture And on the physical, the properties Separating mixtures Broken into parts of two or more Choose a method on what's in the mixture And on the physical, the properties ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Place it in jars or settling Decantation is separating Insoluble particles and solids sink Separate from liquids and then we drain Would you look at that, a filter grabbin' stuff Pouring mixture in it, trappin particles Man that residue filter snatchin' it in Filtration separating liquids from solids Another method, things dissolved Evaporation soluble solids from a solvent
7. 7. DIDACTIC UNIT 1: MATTER ACTIVITIES Solutions heated till the liquid's a vapor evaporates From the heating solids left behind there, but Need a way to obtain pure solvent Taken from solution distillation's the way Boiling liquids, evaporated steam Condensates, to a new place Mixtures Separating The particles will settle again, decantation Or is it filtration Cause liquids pass right through the filter, no solids Another is heating Evaporation, distillation Spinning centrifuging It's separating a suspension Well then ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Let me see all the substances in mixtures Broken all in parts of two or more Choose a method on what's in the mixture And on the physical, the properties Separating mixtures Broken into parts of two or more Choose a method on what's in the mixture And on the physical, the properties Centrifuging happens in a cool machine Spinning quickly in the block, man it's keen They be separating solid particles From suspensions spinning circles Spins real fast centrifuge it goes The solid particles Are forced to the outside Cause centrifuge's spinning more Man the liquid can be poured off Filtered off, yeah filtered off A useful tool, analyze what's in it Know what's on my mind, yeah, chromatography is tight Yeah right it's tight
8. 8. DIDACTIC UNIT 1: MATTER ACTIVITIES Movin' slow cause dissolved in solution Piece of paper shows travel of substance ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Scientists identify they compare to get right Get right Mixtures Separating The particles will settle again, decantation Or is it filtration Cause liquids pass right through the filter, no solids Another is heating Evaporation, distillation Spinning centrifuging It's separating a suspension Well then Parr World Straight up now tell me do you really want to separate a mixture Oh, oh, oh Or is it just a solution Straight up I tell you I just really want to separate a mixture Oh, oh, oh Come on is it just a liquid, son (mixtures separate, they separate) Straight up now tell me do you really want to separate a mixture Oh, oh, oh Or is it just a solution Straight up I tell you I just really want to separate a mixture Oh, oh, oh Come on is it just a liquid, son (mixtures separate, they separate) Share your ideas with the group.
9. 9. ACTIVITIES DIDACTIC UNIT 1: MATTER Listen to some descriptions and write the corresponding word. DESCRIPTIONS 1 2 3 4 5 WORDS
10. 10. ACTIVITIES DIDACTIC UNIT 1: MATTER SESSION 7: LABORATORY EXPERIENCE. (This is an example of what to do with the chosen experiment? EXPERIMENTS What do you need? - A beaker - 50 ml of milk - 15 ml of vinegar Follow the process - Put 50 ml of milk in the beaker. - Add the 15 ml of vinegar. - Mix it. CHANGES YOU CAN SEE Does it change the color? Does it change the state of matter? Are there any products? Does it change the volume? Does it change the shape? A review of the unit http://www.proprofs.com/games/crossword/matter-4/ SESSION 8: ASSESMENT. IT IS A…. Physical change. Chemical Change WHY? (conclusions)
11. 11. ACTIVITIES DIDACTIC UNIT 1: MATTER SHELF- EVALUATION SHEET Circle the right face trying to be honest in your answers. I know what mater is , the three different states it has and their characteristics I can explain how matter states change I can name the processes that make the matter change its state. I know some characteristics of materials and their uses I understand the main differences between the physical and the chemical changes. I can talk about my experience with matter I identify pure substances and mixtures. My work on this unit: - Was excellent - Was good - Not bad - I have to work harder This unit was… Cool! TEST Not so bad… So boring…
12. 12. ACTIVITIES DIDACTIC UNIT 1: MATTER Name:...................................................................................................................................... Date:........................................................................................................................................ 1) A) Complete the following sentences Matter is everything that forms the _______________ and _______________ ________________________. Matter has two fundamental properties: ________________ and ________________ . B) Complete this table related to the general properties of matter: PROPERTY UNITS IT IS DEFINITION EXPRESSED IN The amount of matter an object has Volume 2) Give two examples of specific properties of matter. _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ 3) a) Write true (T) or false (F): A solid adapts to the form of the container in which it is held.......................... b) Condensation is produced by cooling down a gas............................................. c) A chemical change always produces products................................................. d) A physical change changes the mass and the type pf matter.............................. 4) Listen and write if it is a physical change (PC) or a chemical change (CC): a) .............................................. b) ............................................... c)...................................................... d)......................................................
13. 13. ACTIVITIES DIDACTIC UNIT 1: MATTER 5) Listen and write the correct word for each definition: a).......................................... c)............................................ b).......................................... d)............................................ 6) What is the difference between a pure substance and a mixture? ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ .................................................................................................................... 7) Explain the difference between natural materials and artificial materials. ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ ......................................................................................................................................