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Linguistic Science
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Linguistic Science

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Linguistic Science Linguistic Science Presentation Transcript

  • LINGUISTICS Language as a Faculty Language as an axiological system • Creativity • Imagery • Consensus • Sound and form • Roots and affixes • Paradigms • Meaning and sense • Competence and Use • Intention and effect
  • LANGUAGE AS A FACULTY Animals’ communication system Vs Humans’ communication system Reality VS Imagery: News, Jokes, Ironies, Stories, Lies. Meaning creation and use, sense and metaphors.
  • LANGUAGE AS AN AXIOLOGICAL SYSTEM PHONETICS Phoneme PHONOLOGY Phoneme MORPHOLOGY Morpheme SYNTAX Sentence GRAMMAR SEMANTICS Proposition PRAGMATICS Utterance PRESCRIPTIVE RULES MEANING SENSE CONTEXT USE View slide
  • PHONETICS Trubetzkoy, Palmer, Lado • Sound description • Sound transcription • Meaningful pairs • Allophones • Homophones • Clusters • Intonation • Pitch I P A Syllable division Speech markers View slide
  • PHONOLOGY , Palmer, Lado, Wilkins • Sound combination • Spelling rules • Phonic groups • Homophones • Stress Clause division Syllable division Punctuation
  • MORPHOLOGY • Word formation • Affixes: Preffixes, Suffixes, Infixes • Latin & Greek roots • Derivation: word form • Inflection: Number, tense, gender • Compound w. formation Categorization Meaning awareness Vocabulary expansion Lexicon
  • GRAMMAR • Categories • Sentence Order: SVC • Sentence Structures:DO, IO, CT, CI, CM • Agreements:Number, gender, tense. • Clauses • Sentence type Language description and prescription Ambiguity awareness Text analysis Translation
  • SYNTAX • Surface & deep structure • Transformations: Active Vs Passive, Reflexivization, Proniminalization, Tacit Subject, • Phrase structures: NP,VP, AP, PP • Phrase trees Language phenomena Sentence Ambiguity Text analysis Translation Chomsky, Fillmore, Baskin
  • SEMANTICS • Denotation & Connotation • Meaning relationships • Sense relationships • Figured speech • Mental models Ambiguity Semantic Web Semantic networks Corporate Semantics Fillmore, Putnam, Pinker
  • PRAGMATICS • Text - Context • Speech acts • Intention & effects • Conversation Analysis • Invisible meaning • Implications, Pressupositons • Intercultural studies Advertising campaigns CRM Translation Computat. Ling. Van Dijk, Putnam, Tannen, Schiffrin, Mumby