Linguistic Science

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Linguistic Science

  1. 1. LINGUISTICS Language as a Faculty Language as an axiological system • Creativity • Imagery • Consensus • Sound and form • Roots and affixes • Paradigms • Meaning and sense • Competence and Use • Intention and effect
  2. 2. LANGUAGE AS A FACULTY Animals’ communication system Vs Humans’ communication system Reality VS Imagery: News, Jokes, Ironies, Stories, Lies. Meaning creation and use, sense and metaphors.
  3. 3. LANGUAGE AS AN AXIOLOGICAL SYSTEM PHONETICS Phoneme PHONOLOGY Phoneme MORPHOLOGY Morpheme SYNTAX Sentence GRAMMAR SEMANTICS Proposition PRAGMATICS Utterance PRESCRIPTIVE RULES MEANING SENSE CONTEXT USE
  4. 4. PHONETICS Trubetzkoy, Palmer, Lado • Sound description • Sound transcription • Meaningful pairs • Allophones • Homophones • Clusters • Intonation • Pitch I P A Syllable division Speech markers
  5. 5. PHONOLOGY , Palmer, Lado, Wilkins • Sound combination • Spelling rules • Phonic groups • Homophones • Stress Clause division Syllable division Punctuation
  6. 6. MORPHOLOGY • Word formation • Affixes: Preffixes, Suffixes, Infixes • Latin & Greek roots • Derivation: word form • Inflection: Number, tense, gender • Compound w. formation Categorization Meaning awareness Vocabulary expansion Lexicon
  7. 7. GRAMMAR • Categories • Sentence Order: SVC • Sentence Structures:DO, IO, CT, CI, CM • Agreements:Number, gender, tense. • Clauses • Sentence type Language description and prescription Ambiguity awareness Text analysis Translation
  8. 8. SYNTAX • Surface & deep structure • Transformations: Active Vs Passive, Reflexivization, Proniminalization, Tacit Subject, • Phrase structures: NP,VP, AP, PP • Phrase trees Language phenomena Sentence Ambiguity Text analysis Translation Chomsky, Fillmore, Baskin
  9. 9. SEMANTICS • Denotation & Connotation • Meaning relationships • Sense relationships • Figured speech • Mental models Ambiguity Semantic Web Semantic networks Corporate Semantics Fillmore, Putnam, Pinker
  10. 10. PRAGMATICS • Text - Context • Speech acts • Intention & effects • Conversation Analysis • Invisible meaning • Implications, Pressupositons • Intercultural studies Advertising campaigns CRM Translation Computat. Ling. Van Dijk, Putnam, Tannen, Schiffrin, Mumby

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