ZIGBEE Based Patient         Monitoring System&PC           Interfacing to gsmThe HEART BEATHeart rate is a term used to d...
The pulse is the most commonly used method of measuring the heartrate. This method may be inaccurate in cases of low cardi...
The name "ZigBee" is derived from the erratic zigging patterns manybees make between flowers when collecting pollen. This ...
the computer. For sensing body temperature we have used thermistor            as a transducer. These information can be st...
H  89, Rangarajapuram main road, Kodambakkam, Chennai-24.URL:www.maastechindia.com Mobile:98402 34766, 98841 01622
H  89, Rangarajapuram main road, Kodambakkam, Chennai-24.URL:www.maastechindia.com Mobile:98402 34766, 98841 01622
H  89, Rangarajapuram main road, Kodambakkam, Chennai-24.URL:www.maastechindia.com Mobile:98402 34766, 98841 01622
H  89, Rangarajapuram main road, Kodambakkam, Chennai-24.URL:www.maastechindia.com Mobile:98402 34766, 98841 01622
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ZIGBEE PROJECTS ABSTRACT-Zigbee based patient parameter monitoring system pc interface

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Transcript of "ZIGBEE PROJECTS ABSTRACT-Zigbee based patient parameter monitoring system pc interface"

  1. 1. ZIGBEE Based Patient Monitoring System&PC Interfacing to gsmThe HEART BEATHeart rate is a term used to describe the frequency of the cardiaccycle. It is considered one of the four vital signs. Usually it iscalculated as the number of contractions (heart beats) of the heart inone minute and expressed as "beats per minute" (bpm). See "Heart"for information on embryofetal heart rates. The heart beats up to 120times per minute in childhood.When resting, the average adult human heart beats at about 70 bpm(males) and 75 bpm (females); however, this rate varies amongpeople and can be significantly lower in athletes. The infant/neonatalrate of heartbeat is around 130-150 bpm, the toddlers about 100–130bpm, the older childs about 90–110 bpm, and the adolescents about80–100 bpm. 89, Rangarajapuram main road, Kodambakkam, Chennai-24. URL:www.maastechindia.com Mobile:98402 34766, 98841 01622
  2. 2. The pulse is the most commonly used method of measuring the heartrate. This method may be inaccurate in cases of low cardiac output, ashappens in some arrhythmias, where the heart rate may beconsiderably higher than the pulse rate.Monitoring Body TemperatureNormal human body temperature, also known as normothermia oreuthermia, is a concept that depends upon the place in the body atwhich the measurement is made, and the time of day and level ofactivity of the person. There is no single number that represents anormal or healthy temperature for all people under all circumstancesusing any place of measurement.Different parts of the body have different temperatures. Rectal andvaginal measurements, or measurements taken directly inside thebody cavity, are typically slightly higher than oral measurements, andoral measurements are somewhat higher than skin temperature. Thecommonly accepted average core body temperature (taken internally)is 37.0 °C (98.6 °F). The typical oral (under the tongue) measurementis 36.8±0.7 °C, or 98.2±1.3 °F.The time of day and other circumstances also affects the bodystemperature. The core body temperature of an individual tends tohave the lowest value in the second half of the sleep cycle; the lowestpoint, called the nadir, is one of the primary markers for circadianrhythms. The body temperature also changes when a person ishungry, sleepy, or cold. So it is must to keep monitoring the bodytemperature of a patient.What is Zigbee: 89, Rangarajapuram main road, Kodambakkam, Chennai-24. URL:www.maastechindia.com Mobile:98402 34766, 98841 01622
  3. 3. The name "ZigBee" is derived from the erratic zigging patterns manybees make between flowers when collecting pollen. This is evocative ofthe invisible webs of connections existing in a fully wirelessenvironment.. ZigBee is the name of a specification for a suite of highlevel communication protocols using small, low-power digital radiosbased on the IEEE 802.15.4 standard for wireless personal areanetworks (WPANs), such as wireless headphones connecting with cellphones via short-range radio. The technology is intended to be simplerand cheaper than other WPANs, such as Bluetooth. ZigBee is targetedat radio-frequency (RF) applications which require a low data rate,long battery life, and secure networking.Idea Using this Zigbee Technology we designed a system whichregularly monitors a Person’s Heart beat rate and body temperatureand reports to a system connected on a network through wirelessmedia.Working of the project: Any old person, or a heart patient needs for constant monitoringof their Heartbeat and body temperature. Our project can be kepteven in houses, where we can constantly monitor the above saidparameters. This project can also be used in the ICU or in operationTheaters to identify the Heart Beat Rate and body temperature of thepatient. The sensor used for this detection can he simply housed onthe patient’s finger. The sensor detects pumping of the heart andproduces a voltage output. This is then transferred to the computer.In the computer the output is plotted with respect to the real time tothe heart beat rate. The Heartbeat Rate per minute is also given on 89, Rangarajapuram main road, Kodambakkam, Chennai-24. URL:www.maastechindia.com Mobile:98402 34766, 98841 01622
  4. 4. the computer. For sensing body temperature we have used thermistor as a transducer. These information can be stored on the computer and can be used to analyze a status of the patient. Information in Doctors Mobile: The heart beat rate and temperature is sent to a doctor’s mobile phone in abnormal cases Remote Mobile Phone: Mobile Phone cpu Abnrmal Nokia Heartbeat 3310 65BPM RS 232Patient 1 Power Voltage Supply PIC Divider Microcontroller PIC16F877 Heart Beat Sensor Voltage Thermistor Follower 89, Rangarajapuram main road, Kodambakkam, Chennai-24. URL:www.maastechindia.com Mobile:98402 34766, 98841 01622
  5. 5. H 89, Rangarajapuram main road, Kodambakkam, Chennai-24.URL:www.maastechindia.com Mobile:98402 34766, 98841 01622
  6. 6. H 89, Rangarajapuram main road, Kodambakkam, Chennai-24.URL:www.maastechindia.com Mobile:98402 34766, 98841 01622
  7. 7. H 89, Rangarajapuram main road, Kodambakkam, Chennai-24.URL:www.maastechindia.com Mobile:98402 34766, 98841 01622
  8. 8. H 89, Rangarajapuram main road, Kodambakkam, Chennai-24.URL:www.maastechindia.com Mobile:98402 34766, 98841 01622

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