ECE PROJECTS ABSTRACT-COCKPIT WHITE BOX AUTOMATION SYSTEMS-AVIONICS/EMBEDDED
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ECE PROJECTS ABSTRACT-COCKPIT WHITE BOX AUTOMATION SYSTEMS-AVIONICS/EMBEDDED

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  • 1. ECE PROJECTS ABSTRACT COCKPIT WHITEBOX AUTOMATIONExisting System: The Black Box The Black Box in the cockpit is only been elemental in recording the audio part,happening in cockpit and apparently the control station at the ATC obtains the deferreddata as explained by Pilot and thus there is no automated system to obtain theinstantaneous reports happening there. Moreover if the Pilot the asks for the replay ofthe process that had gone through, in his past-journey span while on-board and still attraveling, its not possible for the Base Station to relay the Replay of the information.Proposed System: Here we propose a system of automated information to be available to the Base, andalso the instantaneous Relay of the Alert Levels and the Replay of the course of journey,the pilot had covered till the time back to him.Implementation: We split the project into 3 parts: 1. The Pilot’s side. 2. The External Hardware implementation. 3. The Control Base at ATC.
  • 2. The Pilot-Side: It consists of the interfaced software so as the Pilot to interactwith the system and the Sensors to give the details of theSpeed, Flight-Level, and the direction. It also consists of aninternal system to define its Call Sign (the name of the Flight)and the Unique Code for authentication of the Flight. All theabove details are sent to the Base-Station by Positionimplementation.The External Hardware Implementation: Its consists of the Transceiver(a Transmitter-Receiver pair)employed at both the Pilot and the Control Base side, theRS232C serial port, to read the received information, and anEmbedded Microcontroller to convert the RS232C signal intoCPU commands.The Control Base at ATC:
  • 3. Consists of the User Interface, The Database, The Read- File, and The Static Map File. Here it accumulates all the incoming informations from the Microcontroller, and Stores it into the database. It the then updates the User-Interface and simultaneously the Static Map, by mapping the Co-ordinates and other Dynamic Details into the Static Map. The whole process is converted into a Read file, that contains all the Dynamic and Static Parameters. Any Replay request from the pilot or the Alert Levels is taken into account and Relayed to the Pilot taken from the Read-File.Requirement Specifications: Hardware Requirements: • Transceivers • RS232C serial port • PIC Embededed Microcontroller • Specifications Based Systems. Software Requirements: • VB • PIC Microcontroller Simulator
  • 4. Block Diagram: Transmitter Module Receiver Module Receiver Module Transmitter Pic Module Microcontroller 16F877 PIC LCD Display Microcontroller PIC16F877 Motor Driver Circuits Stepper MotorPower with MechanicalSupply Processing Circuits model Unit Infrared Level Potentiometer Speed Sensor Sensors (Direction) (Proximity)
  • 5. Company Profile: Airport Authority of India(AAI) AAI, a Govt.of India Organisation, was constituted by an Act of Parliament and came into being on 1st April, 1995 by merging National Airports Authority and International Airports Authority of India, manages 126 airports, which include 11 international airports, 89 domestic airports and 26 civil enclaves at Defence airfields. All major air-routes over Indian landmass are Radar covered (24 Radar installations at 11 locations) along with VOR/DVOR coverage (72 installations), at Calcutta and Chennai Air Traffic Control Centers, co- located with Distance Measuring Equipment (71 installations), 39 runways provided with ILS installations with Night Landing Facilities at 36 airports and Automatic Message Switching System at 15 airports. Functions: • Control and management of the Indian airspace extending beyond the territorial limits of the country, as accepted by ICAO • Provision of visual aids. • Provision of Communication and Navigational aids viz. ILS, DVOR, DME, Radar, etc. of AAI: Air-Traffic Controller (ATC): • The air traffic control system is a vast network of people and equipment that ensure the safe operation of commercial and private aircraft. Air traffic controllers coordinate the movement of air traffic to make certain that planes stay a safe distance apart. Their immediate concern is safety, but controllers also must direct planes efficiently to minimize delays. • ATCs control and monitor movement of aircraft taking off, landing, and when en route in designated controlled airspace. Pilots of air craft are in a 2-way radio communication with controllers and ATCs also keep them informed about changes in weather conditions and other details. • Relying on radar and visual observation, employed at the Control Tower, ATCs closely monitor each plane to ensure that there is a safe distance between all aircraft horizontally, vertically and directionally, and to guide pilots between the hanger or ramp and the airport’s airspace.
  • 6. Company Profile: Airport Authority of India(AAI) AAI, a Govt.of India Organisation, was constituted by an Act of Parliament and came into being on 1st April, 1995 by merging National Airports Authority and International Airports Authority of India, manages 126 airports, which include 11 international airports, 89 domestic airports and 26 civil enclaves at Defence airfields. All major air-routes over Indian landmass are Radar covered (24 Radar installations at 11 locations) along with VOR/DVOR coverage (72 installations), at Calcutta and Chennai Air Traffic Control Centers, co- located with Distance Measuring Equipment (71 installations), 39 runways provided with ILS installations with Night Landing Facilities at 36 airports and Automatic Message Switching System at 15 airports. Functions: • Control and management of the Indian airspace extending beyond the territorial limits of the country, as accepted by ICAO • Provision of visual aids. • Provision of Communication and Navigational aids viz. ILS, DVOR, DME, Radar, etc. of AAI: Air-Traffic Controller (ATC): • The air traffic control system is a vast network of people and equipment that ensure the safe operation of commercial and private aircraft. Air traffic controllers coordinate the movement of air traffic to make certain that planes stay a safe distance apart. Their immediate concern is safety, but controllers also must direct planes efficiently to minimize delays. • ATCs control and monitor movement of aircraft taking off, landing, and when en route in designated controlled airspace. Pilots of air craft are in a 2-way radio communication with controllers and ATCs also keep them informed about changes in weather conditions and other details. • Relying on radar and visual observation, employed at the Control Tower, ATCs closely monitor each plane to ensure that there is a safe distance between all aircraft horizontally, vertically and directionally, and to guide pilots between the hanger or ramp and the airport’s airspace.
  • 7. Company Profile: Airport Authority of India(AAI) AAI, a Govt.of India Organisation, was constituted by an Act of Parliament and came into being on 1st April, 1995 by merging National Airports Authority and International Airports Authority of India, manages 126 airports, which include 11 international airports, 89 domestic airports and 26 civil enclaves at Defence airfields. All major air-routes over Indian landmass are Radar covered (24 Radar installations at 11 locations) along with VOR/DVOR coverage (72 installations), at Calcutta and Chennai Air Traffic Control Centers, co- located with Distance Measuring Equipment (71 installations), 39 runways provided with ILS installations with Night Landing Facilities at 36 airports and Automatic Message Switching System at 15 airports. Functions: • Control and management of the Indian airspace extending beyond the territorial limits of the country, as accepted by ICAO • Provision of visual aids. • Provision of Communication and Navigational aids viz. ILS, DVOR, DME, Radar, etc. of AAI: Air-Traffic Controller (ATC): • The air traffic control system is a vast network of people and equipment that ensure the safe operation of commercial and private aircraft. Air traffic controllers coordinate the movement of air traffic to make certain that planes stay a safe distance apart. Their immediate concern is safety, but controllers also must direct planes efficiently to minimize delays. • ATCs control and monitor movement of aircraft taking off, landing, and when en route in designated controlled airspace. Pilots of air craft are in a 2-way radio communication with controllers and ATCs also keep them informed about changes in weather conditions and other details. • Relying on radar and visual observation, employed at the Control Tower, ATCs closely monitor each plane to ensure that there is a safe distance between all aircraft horizontally, vertically and directionally, and to guide pilots between the hanger or ramp and the airport’s airspace.
  • 8. Company Profile: Airport Authority of India(AAI) AAI, a Govt.of India Organisation, was constituted by an Act of Parliament and came into being on 1st April, 1995 by merging National Airports Authority and International Airports Authority of India, manages 126 airports, which include 11 international airports, 89 domestic airports and 26 civil enclaves at Defence airfields. All major air-routes over Indian landmass are Radar covered (24 Radar installations at 11 locations) along with VOR/DVOR coverage (72 installations), at Calcutta and Chennai Air Traffic Control Centers, co- located with Distance Measuring Equipment (71 installations), 39 runways provided with ILS installations with Night Landing Facilities at 36 airports and Automatic Message Switching System at 15 airports. Functions: • Control and management of the Indian airspace extending beyond the territorial limits of the country, as accepted by ICAO • Provision of visual aids. • Provision of Communication and Navigational aids viz. ILS, DVOR, DME, Radar, etc. of AAI: Air-Traffic Controller (ATC): • The air traffic control system is a vast network of people and equipment that ensure the safe operation of commercial and private aircraft. Air traffic controllers coordinate the movement of air traffic to make certain that planes stay a safe distance apart. Their immediate concern is safety, but controllers also must direct planes efficiently to minimize delays. • ATCs control and monitor movement of aircraft taking off, landing, and when en route in designated controlled airspace. Pilots of air craft are in a 2-way radio communication with controllers and ATCs also keep them informed about changes in weather conditions and other details. • Relying on radar and visual observation, employed at the Control Tower, ATCs closely monitor each plane to ensure that there is a safe distance between all aircraft horizontally, vertically and directionally, and to guide pilots between the hanger or ramp and the airport’s airspace.