networks inparliament-ccct

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networks inparliament-ccct

  1. 1. Social Networks in Dutch Parliament 1 Social Networks in Dutch Parliament Cooperation and opposition networks Maarten Marx Universiteit van Amsterdam CCCT Seminar 2011-01-21
  2. 2. Social Networks in Dutch Parliament 2 Content• PoliticalMashup project: aims• Network information in Parliamentary Proceedings• Debate graphs and graphs of debaters
  3. 3. Social Networks in Dutch Parliament 3 Politicalmashup project Connect political data.• 4 data sources Promises and actions of politicians Reactions on those in media and by general public• Connect data on Political entities Time Topics
  4. 4. Social Networks in Dutch Parliament 4 Data sourcesPromises • Election manifestos • Party websites and blogs • Twitter, personal blogs, YouTube, LinkedInActions Parliamentary proceedings, 1814–yesterdayReactions • News media • User generated content Fora, Twitter, Comments on news.
  5. 5. Social Networks in Dutch Parliament 5 Used technique Make implicit structure and information explicit.• text mining• data normalization• data integration
  6. 6. Social Networks in Dutch Parliament 6 Two main aims Make advanced search easy and possible.
  7. 7. Social Networks in Dutch Parliament 6 Two main aims Make advanced search easy and possible.• return speeches by Balkenende
  8. 8. Social Networks in Dutch Parliament 6 Two main aims Make advanced search easy and possible.• return speeches by Balkenende• about Irak
  9. 9. Social Networks in Dutch Parliament 6 Two main aims Make advanced search easy and possible.• return speeches by Balkenende• about Irak• in answers to interruptions by PVV members.
  10. 10. Social Networks in Dutch Parliament 6 Two main aims Make advanced search easy and possible.• return speeches by Balkenende• about Irak• in answers to interruptions by PVV members. Queries which mix Content and Structure
  11. 11. Social Networks in Dutch Parliament 7 Example• Wie heeft het in de Kamer over Hitler, en wat zeggen ze dan?• http://xml.politicalmashup.nl/rest/db/test/ HANsearchform.xquery?q=hitler• For comparison: same query with overheid.nl
  12. 12. Social Networks in Dutch Parliament 8 Aim 2 Make large-scale longitudinal and comparative analysis possible.• Queries which mix Content and Structure.• Extensive control on output format.• Export results to Excel, SPSS, GraphML, . . .
  13. 13. Social Networks in Dutch Parliament 9 Example (Vliegenthart)Query • ’immigra* OR minorit* OR ethni* OR asylum* OR (race AND relations) OR migrat*’ • ’Immgra* OR minderhe* OR vreemdeling OR ethni* OR asiel* OR (ras AND relaties) OR migra*’ • and in Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, . . .Data sources Hansard data of NL, UK, EU parliament, Scandinavian Parliaments.Periods As long as possible, NL: 1975–2010, UK 1935–2010, EU: 1999-2010, . . .Output . . .
  14. 14. Social Networks in Dutch Parliament 10 Example (continued)Output Excel file with for each speech in Parliament which matches the query: • date • speakername • speakerid • speaker-party • speechdocno • title of debate • number of characters of speech • number of paragraphs of speech • text of speech
  15. 15. Social Networks in Dutch Parliament 11 Content• PoliticalMashup project: aims• Network information in Parliamentary Proceedings• Debate graphs and graphs of debaters
  16. 16. Social Networks in Dutch Parliament 12 Networks from proceedingsCooperation Together creating and/or filing documents: (undirected graph) • motions • amendments • initiatief wetsvoorstelOpposition Debating a topic: directed graph (attackogram).
  17. 17. Social Networks in Dutch Parliament 13 Cooperation network data• Example• Data and analysis available at http://data.politicalmashup.nl/PoliticalMashup/ SocialNetworks/• Funky Visualizations
  18. 18. Social Networks in Dutch Parliament 14 Content• PoliticalMashup project: aims• Network information in Parliamentary Proceedings• Debate graphs and graphs of debaters
  19. 19. Social Networks in Dutch Parliament 15 Deeply nested structure in Proceedings• Rich data model• Meeting (1 Day) • Topic • Stage direction • Scene • Stage direction • Speech • Paragraph
  20. 20. Social Networks in Dutch Parliament 16 Several applications• Summarization of one debate.• Studying large collections of debates.• (Evolving) interruption networks of politicians and parties.
  21. 21. Social Networks in Dutch Parliament 17 Summary: Interruption Graphs• Summary of one debate [Kaptein, Kamps, M. 2008].• Recent Debate
  22. 22. Social Networks in Dutch Parliament 18 Large collections of debates• Debategraphs available for each debate since 1996:• http://data.politicalmashup.nl/debates/nl/• Debate on Davids Report
  23. 23. Social Networks in Dutch Parliament 19 Networks of people and parties• Network of debate-”friends” available for each politician:• http://data.politicalmashup.nl/politici/nl/02220.xml• Easy to lift to party level using our biographical database.
  24. 24. Social Networks in Dutch Parliament 20 Conclusions• Very rich (evolving) network data available.• Longitudinal analysis possible.• PoliticalMashup is happy to assist in data preparation.• We need to be pushed a little for the older stuff . . .• But it is easy to push us and we love to cooperate.
  25. 25. Social Networks in Dutch Parliament 21 ThanksNetworks Rob Mokken, Jaap Kamps, Rianne KapteinData collection and preparation Anne Schuth, Arjan Nusselder, Justin van Wees, Bart de Goede.Grants NWO, EU FP7, Koninklijke Bibliotheek, Tweede Kamer, Digitale Pioniers.

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