MA. ANGELA FAITH O. GALLARDO
•Literature (from Latin litterae (plural); letter)
•is the art of written work
•The word literature literally means "things made from
Literature, besides from being an art form used
preserves cultural ideals, customs, and morals
written word gives us a deeper context into the
lives and livelihood of people distinct from
window into another person's or people's world,
literature also challenges the reader to
profoundly ponder the art form itself
is so important because it's a glimpse of history
it tells the story of the centuries before us
Myth- a traditional story in prose concerning
details of gods and demigods and the
creation of the world and its inhabitants.
Examples: a. Visayan creation myth
b. Tungkung Langit and Alunsina
Ethiological Legends- legends which explain
how things came to be, why things are as
Examples: a. Legend of Mayon Volcano
b. Legend of the Tagalog
Heroic Narrative or Epic- folk epics which narrate
the adventures of tribal heroes which embody
in themselves the ideals and values of the group.
Examples: a. Lam-ang b. Ullalim c. Ibalon
d. Indarapatra and Sulayman
Folk Tales- prose narrative regarded as
Animal Tale- a folktale using animals as
The Monkey and the Turtle
The Cow and the Carabao
Folk Speech- simplest form of oral literature
Riddles- description of object in terms intended
to suggest something entirely different
Proverbs- short popular sayings that express
effectively some commonplace truth or useful
Folk Songs- verses set into music by the
members of the community.
Ex. 1. Manang Biday 2. Dandansoy
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