There is a section in the Occupational Health and Safety Act that states the safety regulations for Fire and Explosion hazards in the workplace. The first subsection of section 45 briefly states that when workers are around places of hazard near marine equipment the employer is responsible for instituting a series of tests and inspections to make sure it is safe to be around before any work starts. The second subsection briefly states that where ever hazardous vapors or liquids arise in the workplace there shall always be a means of ventilation to get rid of it. The final part of the Fire and explosion section states that where ever hazardous substances arise from material or epuipment, not the work process, all the potential sources of ignition have to be removed, controlled, or eliminated.
The first section of this presentation is about Fire. Fires are a big problem, in our country we have about 55 300 fire incidents and 337 deaths annually. Including about 1.42 billion dollars in damage from fire related incidents.
The occupational health and safety act has a section that deals with fire and explosion on the job, it states that…
45. (1) When workers are employed in or about bilges, tanks, compartments or cargo spaces of marine equipment and where there is a possibility of the presence of volatile or flammable substances, gases or vapors, the employer shall institute a system of inspections and tests to determine whether they are present before any work is undertaken.
(2) Where volatile or flammable substances gases or vapors are present, or arise from the work process, the hazard shall be removed or controlled by ventilation or other effective means.
(3) Where volatile flammable substances, gases or vapors are present, or arise out of materials and equipment used, or arise from the work process, all existing or potential sources of ignition shall be controlled or eliminated.
This type of fire is a fire where a metal used in the workplace is unstable and catches on fire. Or the metal could be stationary and because of certain environment conditions, and its chemical compound it could spontaneously react and combust.
Chemical Explosions : These are the most common types of explosions that occur, mostly in areas that use it during the job operation such as ammunition testing areas. This type includes such explosions like Gunpowder, TNT, and Dynamite
Nuclear Explosions : is an explosion derived from the fission or fusion in a nuclear reaction, even the smallest nuclear weapon is powerful enough to destroy an entire city, making them a deadly hazard.
Mechanical Explosions : These are completely physical, mechanical explosions occur when a tightly sealed container under pressure encounters a break, at which point it releases its gases or liquids rapidly causing an explosion.