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Di Rienzo Symposium

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Symposium on “Human rights in Education: Freedom of Expression in the Classroom”. European Court of Human Rights …

Symposium on “Human rights in Education: Freedom of Expression in the Classroom”. European Court of Human Rights
Strasbourg, France, 24-25 November 2011

Presentation:
United Nations – Convention on the Rights of the Child
article 12
“States Parties shall assure to the child who is capable of forming his or her own views the right to express those views freely in all matters affecting the child, the views of the child being given due weight in accordance with the age and maturity of the child”.
A bridge to democratic participation at school

Dr. Massimo Di Rienzo
Save the Children Italy – Education Unit
m_dirienzo@hotmail.com

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  • 1. Symposium on “Human rights in Education: Freedom of Expression in the Classroom” European Court of Human Rights   Strasbourg, France, 24-25 November 2011 “States Parties shall assure to the child who is capable of forming his or her own views the right to express those views freely in all matters affecting the child, the views of the child being given due weight in accordance with the age and maturity of the child” United Nations – Convention on the Rights of the Childarticle 12, a bridge to democratic participation at school dr. Massimo Di Rienzo Save the Children Italy – Education Unit m_dirienzo@hotmail.com
  • 2. Symposium on “Human rights in Education: Freedom of Expression in the Classroom” European Court of Human Rights   Strasbourg, France, 24-25 November 2011• Should be listening• Should be able to give due weight …the views of the child being given due weight in accordance with the age and maturity of the child” “States Parties shall assure to the child who is capable of forming his or her own views the right to express those views freely in all matters affecting the child… • Must be informed • Should be able to expressRIGHTS PEDAGOGY
  • 3. Symposium on “Human rights in Education: Freedom of Expression in the Classroom” European Court of Human Rights   Strasbourg, France, 24-25 November 2011What experiences… FORUM of the students on the 1 implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child FORUM is a final event of a training process aimed at helping secondary school kids in: • Focussing on a specific topic which is strongly related to their lives… • …reading up on it… • …discussing in the classroom… • …writing up common positions under the form of a “motion”… • …reading up the motion in front of institutional “duty bearers” Organization of FORUM PREPARATION MEETINGS MOTION WRITING MEETINGS FORUM 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
  • 4. Symposium on “Human rights in Education: Freedom of Expression in the Classroom” European Court of Human Rights   Strasbourg, France, 24-25 November 2011What experiences… FORUM of the students on the 1 implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child MOTION A formal motion is a statement made by a whole classroom during the FORUM final meeting describing what is to be done and how it is to be accomplished. …for instance… The classroom asks the following: • The Municipality of Rome should create more appropriate spaces for kids close to town centres. They should be held in check and open to everyone. • The school principal should foster “ability to listen” in the classrooms
  • 5. Symposium on “Human rights in Education: Freedom of Expression in the Classroom” European Court of Human Rights   Strasbourg, France, 24-25 November 2011What experiences… 2 l’AquilAltrA …is an initiative addressed to both teachers and children which experienced a recent strong earthquake in the city of l’Aquila. NEEDS ANALYSIS Children had to move to different schools… relations were cut and threat for the future was the main feeling • 2009 April 6th… earthquake • 2009 April 9th… emergency action • 2009 October to 2010 May...Training for children • 2010 November to 2011 April… Training for teachers
  • 6. Symposium on “Human rights in Education: Freedom of Expression in the Classroom” European Court of Human Rights   Strasbourg, France, 24-25 November 2011What experiences… 2 l’AquilAltrA In late 2010 teachers asked us to continue the project. They wanted to develop new approaches for improving participation of children in their classrooms. Focus on… BREAKING ALL THE ROLES Teachers were invited to plan their lessons with creative non- formal approaches, aimed at breaking all the roles in teaching… OUTCOME …how does it feel to come out of the role of “teacher” “Sometimes we think we give enough space and time to kids in our classrooms, but it is more in purpose than in practice” “This training helped me better organize the work in the classroom, as I intended when I started working and never managed to do” “Exploring different ways of managing the lesson in the classroom made it easier for kids to be more involved”
  • 7. Symposium on “Human rights in Education: Freedom of Expression in the Classroom” European Court of Human Rights   Strasbourg, France, 24-25 November 2011What experiences… 2 l’AquilAltrA Project sample • Teachers decide to let the children choose a topic, prepare and manage the lesson. • During the lesson teachers try to boicot, talking over and asking stupid questions. • Children could not complete the lesson. • Children argue with teachers about responsability of preparing and managing the lesson Children were very upset about teachers behavement, they really made a big effort to prepare the lesson…
  • 8. Symposium on “Human rights in Education: Freedom of Expression in the Classroom” European Court of Human Rights   Strasbourg, France, 24-25 November 2011Lessons learnt… ALWAYS CHECK OUT WHAT IS THE STARTING POINT BOTH FOR RIGHT HOLDERS AND FOR DUTY BEARERS DEFINE SPACE FOR PARTICIPATION WITH RIGHT HOLDERS AND DUTY BEARERS IN THE FIRST TIME EXPLORE THE POWER OF NON-FORMAL EDUCATION
  • 9. Symposium on “Human rights in Education: Freedom of Expression in the Classroom” European Court of Human Rights   Strasbourg, France, 24-25 November 2011Lessons learnt… ALWAYS CHECK OUT WHAT IS THE STARTING POINT BOTH FOR RIGHT HOLDERS AND FOR DUTY BEARERSEMPOWERMENT CONSULTATIVE DECISION-MAKING SELF-INITIATED and PROCESSES PROCESSES SELF-MANAGEDCHILDREN (RH): PROCESSESBuilding up capacities for CHILDREN (RH): CHILDREN (RH):free expression Building up capacities for Building up decision- CHILDREN (RH): they organizing opinions into making capacities have no need to beADULTS (DB): communication schemes trainedImproving skills for better ADULTS (DB):listening and ADULTS (DB): Learning Learning how to ADULTS (DB): Learningunderstanding how to give due weight manage inclusive how to make a step to opinions and how to decision-making beyond manage decisions processes
  • 10. Symposium on “Human rights in Education: Freedom of Expression in the Classroom” European Court of Human Rights   Strasbourg, France, 24-25 November 2011Lessons learnt… DEFINE SPACE FOR PARTICIPATION IN THE FIRST TIME local For example, new ideas for government re-qualifying a dismissed teachers area teachers school For example, negotiating school principle rules for peacefully living in principle teacher common spaces students For example, planning contents of lessons during the school year …democratic participation has its rules
  • 11. Symposium on “Human rights in Education: Freedom of Expression in the Classroom” European Court of Human Rights   Strasbourg, France, 24-25 November 2011Lessons learnt… EXPLORE THE POWER OF NON-FORMAL EDUCATION KNOWLEDGE COMES OUT OF INTERPERSONAL AND COOPERATIVE NEGOTIATIONS KNOWLEDGE OF MEANINGS IS A SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION. IT CANNOT BE TRANSFERRED FROM ONE PERSON TO ANOTHER
  • 12. Symposium on “Human rights in Education: Freedom of Expression in the Classroom” European Court of Human Rights   Strasbourg, France, 24-25 November 2011 …the challangeHOW TO:Shift from experimental to ordinarydemocratic participation “Participation should be an institutional, professional and personal attitude more than an occasional practice, as it raises expectations and may cause huge frustrations if it is not properly designed”
  • 13. Symposium on “Human rights in Education: Freedom of Expression in the Classroom” European Court of Human Rights   Strasbourg, France, 24-25 November 2011 HOW TO: Shift from experimental to ordinary democratic participation1 Consultation on the draft Council of Europe Recommendation on child and youth participation • undertake an assessment of the extent to which children and young people’s opinions are heard and taken seriously in existing legislation, policies and practices • assign, if not in existence responsibility to a government department or agency to drive, oversee and monitor implementation of this strategy and to ensure that child and youth participation is mainstreamed through decision and policy making structures
  • 14. Symposium on “Human rights in Education: Freedom of Expression in the Classroom” European Court of Human Rights   Strasbourg, France, 24-25 November 2011 HOW TO: Shift from experimental to ordinary democratic participation2 Consultation on the draft Council of Europe Recommendation on child and youth participation • promote training on child and youth participation for teachers • provide children and young people with information on their right to participate • make children and young people’s rights, including the right to be heard, a mandatory component of school curricula
  • 15. Symposium on “Human rights in Education: Freedom of Expression in the Classroom” European Court of Human Rights   Strasbourg, France, 24-25 November 2011 HOW TO: Shift from experimental to ordinary democratic participation3 Consultation on the draft Council of Europe Recommendation on child and youth participation • promote all forms of active participation by children and young people in educational establishments, notably through pupils’ councils having the possibility to express views on all aspects of school life • provide education in a way that respects the inherent dignity of the child and young person and enables free expression of her/his views and participation in school life, for example through using interactive teaching methods and the recognition of non-formal education and informal learning
  • 16. Symposium on “Human rights in Education: Freedom of Expression in the Classroom” European Court of Human Rights   Strasbourg, France, 24-25 November 2011HOW TO:Shift from experimental to ordinary democratic participation …is about …finding indicators …is about …understandingthe added value of free expression …is about …teaching in a different way
  • 17. Symposium on “Human rights in Education: Freedom of Expression in the Classroom” European Court of Human Rights   Strasbourg, France, 24-25 November 2011Ideas… SCHOOLS OF PARTICIPATION • Schools self-assessing the level of participation • Depending on the level accomplished, the CERTIFICATORY AGENCY provides a different training format both for teachers and for children • Schools are granted with a certificate “School of participation” UNDERADIO.IT • Webradio broadcasting the free voice of 24 classrooms coming from Rome outskirts • Starting from November 28th • Tune in at www.underadio.savethechildren.it
  • 18. Symposium on “Human rights in Education: Freedom of Expression in the Classroom” European Court of Human Rights   Strasbourg, France, 24-25 November 2011Ideas… SCHOOLS OF PARTICIPATION… assessing the SPAN of participation QUALITY OF SELF- INITIATED and SELF- MANAGED QUALITY OF PROCESSES DECISION-MAKING PROCESSES QUALITY OF CONSULTATIVE QUALITY OF FREE PROCESSES EXPRESSION, QUALITY OF LISTENING
  • 19. Symposium on “Human rights in Education: Freedom of Expression in the Classroom” European Court of Human Rights   Strasbourg, France, 24-25 November 2011 M little child cam back from y e school very upset. I asked him w H said to m hy. e e: “...m teacher gave m all the y e answ ers... but I didnt ask any question”T H E M EANING O F PART ICIPAT IO N