Kalki Metering Solutions V2
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Kalki Metering Solutions V2 Kalki Metering Solutions V2 Presentation Transcript

  • AMR, Energy Audit, Enterprise Integration, Metering Solutions & Products
  • Contents 4 Introduction 4 AMR Technology Landscape 4 Metering Protocol 4 Communication Technologies 4 AMR Solution Space 4 Kalki AMR HDAP Architecture 4 AMR Implementation Issues 4 Kalki Enterprise Optimization Platform 4 Conclusion 2
  • Introduction Kalki is a control, communication and computing technology company which works in the utility industry providing total Engineering and Protocol solutions to OEMs and end customers. Kalki’s solutions comprise of IEC/IEEE based standard protocol implementations, SCADA Software Implementations for Distribution Automation, Energy Management Systems, Metering Solutions, ABT Systems, Efficiency Computation and Automation Solutions, Enterprise Integration Solutions etc., for the Power Industry. This presentation gives a brief introduction to Automated Meter Reading, the Technology Landscape and the Standards Landscape that effect AMR and the Kalki AMR Architecture, and its pilot implementation. 3
  • Technology Landscape and Expertise 4 KALKI has project experience working with meters from – L&G – Actaris – ABB – L&T – Secure – LSIS – Satec 4 What kind of projects – Energy Management Systems for Industries, Sub-Stations – Protocol Development on the Meter Side (DLMS-COSEM/Modbus) and Client / Reader Side (DLMS-COSEM/IEC 102/1107) – Energy Trading and ABT (Availability Based Tariff) for Indian Power Generators, by integrating ABT Meters with ABT Software, which provide reporting, and energy pricing, loss/profit etc., – Comparative reports of various parameters and readings, trends etc., 4 KALKI has a profound knowledge of the most used meter protocols: – IEC 62056-21 – IEC 62056 - DLMS/COSEM – Modbus – ANSI – IEC 60870-5-102 – IEC 1107 4 Projects – Kalki design, develop and license Source Code Library for DLMS-COSEM Protocol, Modbus Protocol and IEC 102 Protocol (Together with TMW). – Kalki is developing an AMR solution with support for IEC 1107 / IEC 62056-21 and ANSI protocols for the Indian market – Kalki implemented meter reading software for a number of OEM’s as part of their SCADA 4
  • Implementation Roadmap 4 Distributed Metering Topology is suggested 4 Multi-Protocol FEP to be optimal 4 Do not go for one technology solves all problems 4 Standardization the key 4 Each AMR implementation should be based on the following study: 4 Geographical Reach required 4 Customer Type to be covered 4 Technology Availability in the given region 4 Metering Frequency 4 Billing Frequency 4 Cost / Benefit Analysis of the metering option 4 Implement a Multi Protocol / Multi Communication Link based AMR solution 5
  • AMR Solution Space 4 AMR Software and Hardware Providers 4 AMR OEM Solutions 4 Meter Manufacturers supporting AMR 4 Proprietary Technology Based Solutions 4 Metering Technology Developed with AMR / Remote Metering as a feature 4Power Measurement 4 Integrators Solutions 4 Integrating Standard Meters with Standard Interfaces with Remote Metering Software and Communication Mechanisms 4 Custom Solutions for specific requirements 4 Implement Custom Hardware to provide remote metering capabilities 6
  • AMR Architecture 4 Multi – Tiered Architecture 4 Supports Single Distribution Networks 4 Supports State Wide AMR Implementation Networks 4 Supports Campus Wide Metering 4 Multiple Communication Medium Support 4 Multiple Meter Communication Standard Support 4 Enterprise Application Integration Support 4 For Billing Solutions 4 For Collection / Payment Alerts through SMS 4 Integration with GIS for enhanced reporting 7
  • AMR HDAP Architecture Contd… AMR Metering Center AMR Secondary AMR Secondary AMR Secondary Network Metering Network Metering Network Metering Center Center Center AMR N-th Network Metering Center AMR AMR AMR AMR Node Node Node Node 8
  • AMR Metering Center Schematic AMR – Outbound Link AMR – Inbound Link AMR - FEP AMR - FEP Database AMR / SCADA Application Server Server Billing Work Stations Work Stations Billing Work Stations Work Stations Hand-Held / PC Synchronization Stations 9
  • AMR Intermediate Control Center Schematic AMR – Outbound Link AMR – Inbound Link AMR - FEP AMR - FEP AMR / SCADA Server Work Stations Work Stations Hand-Held / PC Synchronization Stations 10
  • AMR NODE Comm. End Point / Kalki Sub-station Gateway Meter Node Meter Node 11
  • AMR FEP 4 4 – 32 Meter Communication Channel Support 4 Inbound and Outbound channels 4 Multi Protocol Support 4 Ethernet LAN Support 4 Can be linked over VSAT / Fiber Optic LAN 4 Diskless Operation 4 Real-time kernel 4 AMD Elan Processor 4 Local Data Concentration upto 64 MB 4 Supports Redundancy 4 Multi – Communication Channel Supported Modem Pool 12
  • AMR SCADA 4 SCADA Server for Meter Network 4 Single Line Diagrams 4 Alarms and Event Notifications 4 Historical Data Analysis 4 GIS Integration of Metering Network 4 Consumer Based Analysis 4 Usage based analysis 4 Connection based analysis 4 Trending 4 Control Options for HT customers 4 Integration of AMR SCADA with Distribution Management 13
  • AMR Application Server 4 AMR Metering Management Server 4 Central Metering Database Management Application 4 Billing Software Integration Module 4 Metering Network Configuration Module 14
  • Meter Node 4 Communication Node – 4 GSM Modem 4 PSTN Modem 4 CDMA Modem 4 Radio Modem 4 Ethernet Node 4 VSAT 4 Fiber Optic Back-Bone 4 Communication Multiplexer 4 Multi-Meter Multiplexer 4 Meter Electrical to Optical Converter 4 Meter 4 RS-232 4 RS-485 4 Optical Port 4 Radio Interface 15
  • Communication Bottlenecks 4 Network Bottlenecks 4 General 4 Proper Meter Polling Schema based on techno-commercial aspects 4 Error and Dropped calls management 4 Network Loading on Public Networks 4 PSTN 4 Adequate Dial-Up Lines at Control Center/Leaf Node 4 GSM/CDMA 4 Adequate Channels at Metering Center for simultaneous connection 4 Adequate Channels at leaf nodes 4 An E1 line for GSM/CDMA can support 30 channels. Most providers provide limited channels in each cell. Hence the number of simultaneous calls (especially data) is limited 4 Polling Schema directly effects cost as well as capital investment in infrastructure 4 Network Layout and Distribution Critical 16
  • Communication Bottlenecks 4 Lack of standardization for AMR 4 Meter’s support proprietary protocols 4 DLMS/IEC 62056 / IEC 60870-5-102 / MODBUS etc., are not supported 4 Without standardization, very difficult to implement AMR in INDIA, cost- efficiently, and needs specific solutions to specific problems 17
  • COMMUNICATION 4 KALKI has demonstrable project experience in providing integration solutions to SCADA and/or RTU to communicate to a central station based several communication channels, like: – Radio – Vsat – PLCC – GSM – GPRS – PSTN – CDMA – Fiber 4 Projects – Kalki’s products like KSGL or KPG are used in various OEM projects with integration to Radio, VSAT, PLCC, GSM, GPRS, PSTN, CDMA, Fiber etc., – Kalki works with major OEM’s in integrating their SCADA, RTU, Bay Controllers, IED’s and RMU’s over various communication media above for their DA, SA and Load Dispatch Integration requirements. 18
  • AMR Consulting and Solutions 4 Metering Protocol Converters: – Kalki shall design and develop custom or general purpose protocol converters that enables your specific meter to communicate with a standard protocol to the external world. 4 Metering Integration Kalki provides Meter integration with your SCADA or Billing Software. 4 Metering Consulting and Development Services – Project Startup Assistance – External Reviews – Knowledge transfer and training – Protocol Implementation Design Document (PID) – API requirements for customer systems & architecture – Designing of specific interfaces based on the current H/W and S/W setup – Validation Testing 4 Meter Protocol Validation and Training – Preparing test plan – Conformance testing – Training (Basic and Detailed) 4 Meter Protocol Life Cycle Support after development – Interoperability testing on site – Consultancy and Problem investigation service at factory and customer sites. – Turnkey Protocol Implementation, Validation and Life Cycle Support 19
  • AMR Consulting and Solutions (Contd.) 4 Metering Solutions. Automatic Meter Reading and Remote Metering Solutions from KALKI enable utilities to monitor, manage, control and optimize their metering systems. The metering solutions from KALKI are based on KALKI’s HDAP architecture, which enable multi-protocol, multi- communication, multi-hardware remote metering. The system is capable of scaling from a small to very large metering requirements. 4 Remote Metering System Implementation. KALKI undertakes Remote Metering System Implementation. This services provide customers with a centralized metering and billing system, with complete power to monitor and control in real-time. This services allow customers to use the communication technology of their choice, including GSM, PSTN, RF, VSAT, and also provides them with integration support to their EMS and ERP for billing and other optimization purposes. 4 Metering Protocol Implementation. KALKI offers Metering Protocol Implementation based on standard protocols like IEC 60870-5-102, IEC 62056, DLMS, and IEC61850 or based on proprietary product. 4 Energy Meter SMS Gateway. KALKI offers a Gateway for Energy Meter to SMS, which enables meters to directly send SMS messages to mobile phones or Energy Billing Centers. 20
  • Public network options for utilities 4 GSM/GPRS/CDMA/Radio Solutions for Utility Applications Kalki provides GSM/GPRS/CDMA/Radio based communication solutions to the utility industry end- users and OEM's to benefit from this technology in their electrical networks, SCADA systems and for metering. 4 Mobile Integration Kalki provides GSM/GPRS/CDMA/Radio integration solutions with your SCADA or RTU's. This enables your SCADA, RTU and other IED's on the field or sub-stations to communicate over GSM/GPRS/CDMA/Radio to a central station, to send Alarms of critical failures to operators etc. 4 Gateway with Mobile / Wire-less technology options 21
  • DATA EXPLOITATION 4 Energy Management Software which can read meters in a sub-station and provide various reports 4 Energy Monitoring Suite which provides, reporting, trending, trading, analysis, etc. 4 Energy Trading and Enterprise Optimization Software Solutions 4 Integration Capabilities to work tools like Cyme etc., for network modeling, voltage studies, etc., 4 Customized Solutions based on customers’ specification. 22
  • Enterprise Optimization Platform Solutions 23
  • Energy Optimization Portal 4 Energy Optimization Portal Kalki power generation group's (PGA) Energy Optimization Portal is the leading solution which helps Integrated Utilities or Power Generation Companies to have Local and Enterprise View of their Power Generation, Power T&D and Energy Trading data in real-time online and make real-time decisions and analysis. 4 Software Modules – Plant Management Module • Performance Calculation module • Intelligent Alarm Management System • Merit Order Rating • Maintenance Management System • Soot blowing optimization – Energy Market Module: • Availability Based Tariff Module • Scheduling • Trading • Tariff – Network Management module: • Network Analysis Module • DER / DSM • Fault Analysis • Security Constrained Economic Dispatch – Modeling and Simulation: • Boiler simulation • Forecasting module • What-if analyses – Analytics: • Report Engine – Configuration 24
  • ABT Solutions for Energy Trading in india 4 Availability Based Tariff Solutions Kalki's Availability Based Tariff Solutions support the CERC regulation on ABT scheme to be adopted by Indian power generation, transmission and distribution companies. The ABT offering from Kalki, is a comprehensive solution and complies with the CERC requirements. 4 Kalki's ABT system is currently being used by a major power producer in south India. Kalki also provides the ABT solutions and consulting services to a number of OEM's and end-users in India. 4 Our Offerings include: 4 ABT Implementation Consulting and Road Map Planning 4 ABT System Implementation and Commissioning 4 ABT Training 4 ABT Life-Cycle Support 4 ABT Optimisation solution 4 Coupled with our plant performance calculation solutions, out ABT optimisation solution enables a generation utility to identify the most efficient manner of operating the plant thereby maximising revenues and minimising losses. For further details on ABT as well as our solutions please check out our white papers on generation solutions. 4 If you would like to know more about ABT solutions, please contact our Technical Sales. 25
  • About MSO Power Generation Applications (PGA) Modeling Simulation & Optimization (MSO) Integrated decision support Modeling, simulation system for utilities & advanced control 26
  • Energy Optimization Portal • Integrated decision support platform • Web-enabled application • Multiple locations, multiple layers • Enables global optimization • Modular, flexible, scalable • Support for open standards • Ease of device and data integration • Minimal roll-out time, vendor lock-in 27
  • EOP – Solution framework ABT Optimization Forecast Network Management Perf . Calc MOR AMS Other Comp. Station EOP Perf . Calc LAN / WAN users MOR EOP Server AMS Other Comp. Station EOP Perf . Calc Third Party Soln. External Data MOR Internet Users AMS Other Comp. Station EOP 28
  • EOP – Modules 29
  • EOP – Plant Management • Central production monitoring • Dispatch instructions to stations • Demand forecasting and market coordination • Maintenance / outage coordination between stations • Unit commitment and merit order rating • Operation & maintenance coordination • Integrated knowledge repository • Online efficiency monitoring • Alarm analysis • Maintenance management • Losses minimization 30
  • EOP – Plant Management 31
  • EOP – Plant Management 32
  • EOP – Plant Management 33
  • EOP – Energy Market (ABT) • Data acquisition from special energy meters • Monitoring of load survey parameters • Exception reporting in terms of min & max values • Availability declaration by SGS, ISGS and Hydro • Entitlement and allocation for DISCOMs • OAC dispatch obligation & scheduling • Flexibility to modify tariff components • Capacity, energy, wheeling and UI charges calculation • Invoice generation using different tariff versions • Bilateral exchange on between DISCOMs • Incremental energy cost calculation for trading • Integration of carbon credits and other CDM 34
  • EOP – Energy Market (ABT) 35
  • EOP – Energy Market (ABT) 36
  • EOP – Analytics & Configuration Fully web-enabled reporting engine Reports can be exported to other formats User can configure new reports Supports ‘what-if’ analysis Web-enabled configuration Configuration data stored as XML System configuration using CIM/XML 37
  • EOP – Analytics 38
  • EOP – Advantages Modular architecture Generation Flexible implementation Energy market Transmission Open standards support Integrated Decision Complete web access Support Easy maintenance Supports existing infrastructure Distribution Integrates with CYME & 3rd Party SW 39
  • DATA CONCENTRATOR 4 KALKI’s current product line of high end protocol converters can be easily expanded to fulfill the needs of data concentrators. 4 They are a data concentrator in the sense that they do have an internal database, and all instantaneous data are stored in real-time in it. 4 Historical data storage needs to be expanded to couple with the needs of Automatic Meter Reading and Metering Applications. 40
  • KALKI‘s Generic Architecture Allows to Integrate Standard and Custom Protocols in all Products Category S Protocols Protocol Master Slave Protocol Master Slave IEC 60870-5-101 Y Y Modbus RTU Y Y IEC 60870-5-103 Y Y Modbus TCP Y Y IEC 60870-5-104 Y Y IEC 61850 Y Y DNP3 Serial Y Y ABB SPA Y DNP3 Network Y Y Alstom Courier Y ABB RP570/571 Y Category C Protocols Protocol Master Slave Protocol Master Slave IEC 60870-5-102 Y Y GE SRTP Y Y MMS Y Y Harris 5000/6000 Y Y ICCP/TASE.2 Y Y ABB SPA Y ABB RP570/571 Y Alstom Courier Y 41
  • Reference: Expandable Data Concentrator 4 500.000 data points, 128 RS232/RS485 ports, 4 Ethernet ports 4 Generic protocol conversion architecture 4 Any to any protocol, many to many protocol conversions 4 Interface support for direct data connection to – RDBMS – SCADA Real-time database 4 Virtual IED emulation, virtual serial ports 4 Publish subscribe mechanism 4 High priority for event reporting 4 Transparent channel technology 4 Hardware interface supports HDLC, FO, CAN 4 Interfaces with PSTN, VSAT, GPRS, GSM, Radio 4 Integrated GPS, GPRS, CDMA modules 4 Disturbance collection and archiving 4 IBM MQ client interface for enterprise systems 4 Redundancy 42
  • Reference: Gateway Family - General 4 The Gateway Family of products enable utility’s to easily and seamlessly modernize their substations infrastructure in a systematic and graded manner, without loss of control and monitoring capabilities 4 The Gateway Family support up to 4 Serial and 2 Ethernet ports, and a maximum of 50.000 data points. 4 All product come with device server capability as well as transparent port capability. 4 The products have been used as: – Substation gateway – Secure communications (AES / DES / 3DES / SSL) – Protocol conversion – Data concentrator – Metering gateway for AMR – Device server / terminal server – Transparent port for IED parameterization 43
  • Reference: Gateway Family - Features 4 Embedded Linux/Thread X with real-time characteristics 4 Real-Time thread execution environment 4 Supports full-fledged TCP/IP Stack 4 Support fully functional Linux PPP Stack 4 Support for SNMP V2.0 4 Support for FTP/Telnet Servers 4 Protected with SSH Public Key/Private Key 4 Support for Web Server 4 Transparent Channel Support for Connecting Parameterization Tools for IED’s 4 Supports Many-to-Many Protocol Conversions, with each conversion runs independently of the other protocols 4 The Conversion Engine supports online diagnostics over TCP/IP port 44
  • Reference: Gateway Family - Applications Protocol Converter Remote Control Center IED/RTU Proprietary Protocol or Different Protocol Required by Control Center Modem / Router Local HMI Protocol Converter 45
  • Reference: Gateway Family - Applications Sub-Station Data Concentrator Remote Control Center IED/RTU Proprietary Protocol or Different Protocol Required by Control Center Modem / Router Local HMI Data Concentrator Meters 46
  • Reference: Gateway Family - Applications RMU / Feeder RTU / Transformer Monitoring and Automation CDMA/GPRS IEC 104 / DNP3 Network Protocol Network over TCP/IP Leased Line PLC/RTU With Proprietary / GPRS/CDMA Standard Protocol Modem RMU Distribution Control Center Meters 47
  • Reference: Gateway Family - Applications Automatic Metering & Management Solution GSM/CDMA Modem Automatic Meter Reading and Network Analysis Gateway / Meter with GSM / CDMA modems Concentrator Leased Line or GPRS/CDMA with IEC 104 / DNP3 protocol with customized metering profile upload capability Meters with DLMS / IEC 62056 / Modbus or proprietary protocol 48
  • EMS 4 Energy Management Solutions 4 EMS Additional Modules: – Expandability from a small commercial Kalki's Energy Management Solution balances establishment as a stand alone system to a the sources of energy and the consumption of multi-location network energy to achieve the lowest cost. Our EMS – Asset / Facilities Management for solution is intended to put the customer in control maintenance of their energy consumption through monitoring – Network GIS Module and billing with correct allocation of costs to the areas of business or departments that are – Remote Alarms, messaging SMS to mobile, consuming most energy. alarm management 4 EMS Basic Modules: – Open database connectivity to integrate with existing business systems – Cost Allocation Module 4 EMS Auxiliary Support: – Demand Prediction and Management – Data acquisition support – Trending – Energy Meter – Remote Metering and Energy Auditing – Electrical Control Devices – Load profiling, management , shedding and scheduling – Supervisory Support – Power quality, reactive compensation (VAR – SCADA Control) – Single Line Representation – Billing Module – Alarm Management – Data acquisition and supervisory control – Tagging and Status checking (SCADA) – User inputs – Database Management Support – Real - Time – Historical – MIS 49
  • Integrated Product Development Services for Communication and Data Acquisition 4 This Product Business Units develop Communication and Data Acquisition Products for Automation OEMs and System Integrators 4 The main domain and application focus is the Utility Sector: – Substations (11 – 440 KV) – Power Generation – Power Transmission – Power Distribution 4 A team of 25 high qualified professionals based in Bangalore cover all product development areas: – Product Design / Customization – Realization – Product Life Cycle Management – Protocol Consulting and Training – Protocol Testing an Certification Support 4 Customer Base – Over 30 References – 15 Countries – Asia, Europe and Americas 50
  • The Offering Covers the Development of Hardware and Software Products 4 Hardware Products – Protocol Converters – Gateways – Front End Communication Processors – RTU’s (Substations, Top Pole) – IEC 61850 Process Bus Adapters – Field Data Concentrators – Automated Meter Readers 4 Software Products – Universal IEC 61850 SCL-Based Sub-Station Configurator – Low-Cost HMI for Sub-Stations – IEC 62056 (DLMS/COSEM) Source Code Library – IEC Protocol Test Tools and Scripts – OPC/DDE Drivers 4 Based on these products, the Application Business Units realize and implement advanced solutions for the Utility Sector 51
  • Base Technologies PLATTFORMS PROTOCOLS OPERATING SYSTEMS NetSilicon 7520 NetSilicon S9360 IEC 61850 (UCA) Linux INTEL XScale IEC 60870-5 101 – 104 RTLinux AMD Elan SC520 IEC 60870-6 (ICCP) Embedded Linux IEC 62056 (DLMS/COSEM) Thread X DNP3 (Serial, TCP) µC Linux Modbus (RTU, TCP) LANGUAGES Proprietary RTOS SPA (ABB) Solaris RP570 (ABB) C, C++ Dec Unix Courier (Alstom) Visual C++ VAX/VMS IEC 1107 C# ANSI Java 52
  • Conclusion 4 AMR is easy to comprehend, but requires extensive study and understanding of the customers, technology and feasibility benchmarks for implementation 4 AMR implementation should also essentially have a SCADA/GIS and Reporting Solutions to provide complete feedback mechanisms and benefits 4 KALKI AMR is an architecture that tries to overcome many difficulties in AMR deployment 4 KALKI AMR Architecture Ideal for Metering 4 Supports Multi Protocol and Multi Communication Channel 4 Kalki has over 9 years experience in utility industry and utility protocols 4 Kalki is an ideal research and development partner for your AMR needs 53