Galatians.Ppt Chapter Ii


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Galatians.Ppt Chapter Ii

  1. 1. Exploring Paul’s Letter to The Galatians Chapter II By Paul J Goodhall
  2. 2. Paul’s Authority <ul><li>Galatians 2:1-14 </li></ul><ul><li>Before Paul could defend the gospel message he had to defend his own apostolic authority, which he did in the first two chapters of this letter in Galatians 2:1-14 Paul defends his authority based on. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Paul’s Authority <ul><li>Galatians 2:1-14 Paul defends his authority base on. </li></ul><ul><li>His miraculous conversion Gal 2:2 </li></ul><ul><li>He had not consulted with flesh and blood Gal 2:2 </li></ul><ul><li>He had been taught by Christ himself through divine revelation Gal 2:2 </li></ul><ul><li>He had participated in the church council at Jerusalem Gal 2:2 </li></ul><ul><li>He had received the right hand of fellowship from James, Peter, and John, who seemed to be pillars of the church Gal 2:9 </li></ul><ul><li>He confronted Peter face to face in Antioch. Gal 2:14 </li></ul>
  4. 4. Paul’s Authority <ul><li>Paul emphases the fact that he was not ordained by man, but his apostleship was ordained by The Lord Jesus himself and that he had received the gospel directly from God and there was no other gospel Gal 2:8 </li></ul>
  5. 5. A Closer look <ul><li>Galatians 2:1 Then fourteen years after I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, and took Titus with me also. </li></ul><ul><li>The identification of Galatians 2 with acts 15 has its strengths in the fact that the subject of discussion is the same in both cases and in fact that peter and James as well as Barnabus are given prominence in both passages. </li></ul>
  6. 6. A Closer Look <ul><li>Galatians 2:2 And I went up by revelation, and communicated unto them that gospel which I preach among the Gentiles, but privately to them which were of reputation, lest by any means I should run, or had run, in vain. </li></ul><ul><li>Acts 15 gives the impression of a large public gathering whereas Gal 2:2 pictures a private session a harmonization might be possible on the assumption that the friction cited in acts 15:5-6 may have forced the leaders of the church to dismiss the council and move into a private session such as described in Gal 2:2 </li></ul>
  7. 7. A Closer Look <ul><li>Galatians 2:2 </li></ul><ul><li>On the bases of the understanding reached there Peter and James would then quite naturally have taken a leading role in the final public phase of the conference recorded in Acts 15:7-21. </li></ul><ul><li>The problem with linking Galatians 2 with Acts 15 is Paul’s failure to mention the so-called apostolic decree recorded by Luke in acts 15:20,28, 16:4 and 21:25. regarding the harmonious relations between Jewish and Gentile believers and the gospel. </li></ul>
  8. 8. A Closer Look <ul><li>Galatians 2:3 But neither Titus, who was with me, being a Greek, was compelled to be circumcised: </li></ul><ul><li>If Titus had been compelled at the conference to be circumcised the rite could not logically be withheld from other Gentile believers. </li></ul>
  9. 9. A Closer Look <ul><li>Galatians 2:4 And that because of false brethren unawares brought in, who came in privily to spy out our liberty which we have in Christ Jesus, that they might bring us into bondage: </li></ul><ul><li>The apostles stood with Paul on this matter acts 15:19 the culprits were the false brethren who had slipped into the ranks of believers they born the name Christian but opposed to granting that liberty from which Paul's gospel proclaimed freedom from bondage to the law. </li></ul>
  10. 10. A Closer Look <ul><li>Galatians 2:5 To whom we gave place by subjection, no, not for an hour; that the truth of the gospel might continue with you. </li></ul><ul><li>Paul’s gospel proclaimed freedom from bondage to the law including freedom from circumcision Paul’s resistance to these judaizers was not dictated by stubbornness nor a sense of superiority he saw that the circumcision issue involved the truth of the gospel. </li></ul>
  11. 11. A Closer Look <ul><li>Galatians 2:5 To whom we gave place by subjection, no, not for an hour; that the truth of the gospel might continue with you. </li></ul><ul><li>To impose on a gentile the sign of the covenant to Abraham and his descendants was to set aside the simplicity of saving faith. </li></ul>
  12. 12. A Closer Look <ul><li>Galatians 2:6 But of these who seemed to be somewhat, (whatsoever they were, it maketh no matter to me: God accepteth no man's person:) for they who seemed to be somewhat in conference added nothing to me: </li></ul><ul><li>Thought: Paul's comments should be an awaking call to the Christian today how many times have we heard some one proclaiming that some one in our assembly is a mighty or great man or women of God Paul says this is error. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Peter And Paul’s Calling <ul><li>Galatians 2:7 But contrariwise, when they saw that the gospel of the uncirumcision was committed unto me, as the gospel of the circumcision was unto Peter; </li></ul><ul><li>The apostles could find no fault with Paul’s Gospel they added nothing to what he had already received by revelation from the Lord but they perceived that to him had been committed the gospel to the uncirumcision this call did not rule out a ministry to Jews when Paul laboured in the synagogues where both Jew and gentile were assembled. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Peter And Paul's Calling <ul><li>Galatians 2:8 (For he that wrought effectually in Peter to the apostleship of the circumcision, the same was mighty in me toward the Gentiles:) </li></ul><ul><li>Peters calling charged with proclaiming the same gospel of grace was to specialize in reaching the circumcision. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Peter And Paul's Calling <ul><li>Galatians 2:9 And when James, Cephas, and John, who seemed to be pillars, perceived the grace that was given unto me, they gave to me and Barnabas the right hands of fellowship; that we should go unto the heathen, and they unto the circumcision. </li></ul><ul><li>Paul’s privilege as preacher of the gospel to the gentiles is called a grace I Cor 15:9-10. Eph 3:2. </li></ul><ul><li>Peter’s Aramaic name Cephas is appropriately used here the success of the two men in their respective spheres attested the divine call to them </li></ul>
  16. 16. Remember The poor <ul><li>Galatians 2:10 Only they would that we should remember the poor; the same which I also was forward to do. </li></ul><ul><li>The proof of Paul's good faith in acceding to this request was that he raised a substantial fund among the gentile churches for these people I cor 16:1-4 which he and others took to Jerusalem on the occasion of his last visit. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Peter’s Dissimulation <ul><li>Galatians 2:11-12 </li></ul><ul><li>But when Peter was come to Antioch, I withstood him to the face, because he was to be blamed. </li></ul><ul><li>12 For before that certain came from James, he did eat with the Gentiles: but when they were come, he withdrew and separated himself, fearing them which were of the circumcision. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Paul’s Independent Authority <ul><li>Galatians 2:11-21 </li></ul><ul><li>Paul’s independent authority is vindicated in the encounter with Peter at Antioch this is the third occasion on which Paul came into contact with peter. </li></ul><ul><li>The first time he simply met peter. </li></ul><ul><li>The second he discovered their unity and equality. </li></ul><ul><li>The Third time he moved to differ with him and rebuked him. </li></ul><ul><li>This confirms the fact that Paul's purpose through out this letter to the Galatians is to demonstrate his independent apostleship </li></ul>
  19. 19. Peter’s Dissimulation <ul><li>Galatians 2:11-12 </li></ul><ul><li>The separated in Greek meaning to mark off by bounds </li></ul><ul><li>Peter separated himself from his Gentile brethren by degrees as the original suggests, perhaps absenting himself one meal one day then two the next then finally cutting himself off. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Peter’s Dissimulation <ul><li>Galatians 2:13 And the other Jews dissembled likewise with him; insomuch that Barnabas also was carried away with their dissimulation. </li></ul><ul><li>Peter’s example influenced others The word dissimulation AV dissembled ordinarily rendered hypocrisy, means a lack of correspondence between one’s external acts or demeanour and his state of heart. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Peter’s Dissimulation <ul><li>Galatians 2:13 And the other Jews dissembled likewise with him; insomuch that Barnabas also was carried away with their dissimulation. </li></ul><ul><li>In Pharisaism the outward acts were good but the state of the heart was often corrupt. </li></ul><ul><li>In Peter's case his inward convictions were sound for he endorsed Gentile equality in the church but his conduct belied his convictions </li></ul>
  22. 22. Barnabas’s Dissimulation <ul><li>Galatians 2:13 And the other Jews dissembled likewise with him; insomuch that Barnabas also was carried away with their dissimulation. </li></ul><ul><li>There is a sad not here when Paul mentioned Barnabas it would seem that Paul expected more of Barnabas than other Jewish believers and expressed his regrets concerning this great man </li></ul>
  23. 23. Truth of The Gospel <ul><li>Galatians 2:14 But when I saw that they walked not uprightly according to the truth of the gospel, I said unto Peter before them all, If thou, being a Jew, livest after the manner of Gentiles, and not as do the Jews, why compellest thou the Gentiles to live as do the Jews? </li></ul><ul><li>Peters behaviour was sending out the clear message that he was breaking the unity of the church as such if he continued therein this would have a negative effect on the church. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Justified <ul><li>Galatians 2:15 We who are Jews by nature, and not sinners of the Gentiles, </li></ul><ul><li>16 Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified. </li></ul><ul><li>To be justified means to be declared and considered righteous in God’s eyes Just as if I had never sinned </li></ul>
  25. 25. Christ the minister of sin <ul><li>Galatians 2:17 But if, while we seek to be justified by Christ, we ourselves also are found sinners, is therefore Christ the minister of sin? God forbid. </li></ul><ul><li>James 1:13-15 Let no man say when he is tempted I am tempted of God for God cannot be tempted with evil neither tempteth he any man 14 but every man is tempted when he is drawn away of his own lust and enticed 15 then when lust hath conceived it bringeth forth sin and sin when it is finished bringeth forth death. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Making Oneself A Transgressor <ul><li>Galatians 2:18 For if I build again the things which I destroyed, I make myself a transgressor. </li></ul><ul><li>Transgressor in Greek “Parabates” one who stands beside, then, one who oversteps the prescribe mark </li></ul><ul><li>Men who would build what they have previously destroyed become transgressors. In preaching the word of God one can not take a backward step without condemnation this applies not only in preaching the truth but living a holy life. Preachers who let down the standards of holiness make themselves transgressors </li></ul>
  27. 27. Dead To The Law <ul><li>Galatians 2:19 For I through the law am dead to the law, that I might live unto God. </li></ul><ul><li>The law is not dead it is very much alive, cursing and condemning the sinner and ministering dead it is not the law that is dead but the child of God through repentance he has died by being baptised into Christ he has already been crucified the law has no power over the dead man. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Five Wonderful Truth’s <ul><li>Galatians 2:20 I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me. </li></ul><ul><li>I am crucified with Christ: </li></ul><ul><li>nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: </li></ul><ul><li>and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, </li></ul><ul><li>who loved me, </li></ul><ul><li>and gave himself for me. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Legalism versus Grace <ul><li>Galatians 2:21 I do not frustrate the grace of God: for if righteousness come by the law, then Christ is dead in vain. </li></ul><ul><li>Legalism is the teaching that we are saved by works and the keeping of the law legalism brings the individual under bondage and fear. It takes our eyes off Jesus and fixes them upon ourselves. </li></ul><ul><li>Salvation is the gift of God and given to fallen man by grace. </li></ul>
  30. 30. End of Chapter II <ul><li>This Bible study can be found online at </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Email [email_address] </li></ul>
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