La phrase anglaise : le noyau = 1 + 2 + 3 (1) (2) (3) (contexte)SUJET VERBE conjugué COMPLEMENT AUTRE COMPLEMENT/ DOBJET phrase subordonnée I am doing my homework at the moment. I do my homework every day. I did my homework yesterday. I have done my homework so Im free now! I was doing my homework when he arrived, so he waited for me to finish. I had done my homework when he arrived, so we went out. I will do my homework tomorrow.
Les Pronoms Personnels Sujets : Singulier Pluriel1ère personne (je /nous) I we2ème personne (tu = vous) - you 3ème personne :1) il/elle (humain) 1) he / she2) il/elle (non-humain) - c 2) it3) ils/elles (humains et non humains) 3) they
3 Auxiliaires de conjugaisons: BE - HA VE - DO: Attention!les auxiliaires sont 3 verbes avec un sens : être - avoir - faire Quand ils sont utilisés comme auxiliaires de conjugaison ils perdent leur sens et ne servent quà faire partie de la conjugaison des verbesForme affirmative : SUJET VERBE avec ou sans aux. suivant aux la conjugaisonForme négative : SUJET AUX/not AUX VERBEForme interrogative : AUXILIAIRE SUJET VERBE
BE auxiliaire accompagne le verbe dans le Présent/Passé en -ing (=continuous) Present Continuous (en -ING) Past Continuous (en -ING) I am working Singulier was working she / he /it is working Pluriel we/you/they are working were working are not working were not working are you working? were you working ? contractions m not wasnt isnt ou s not weren(t arent ou re not
Have auxiliaire accompagne le verbe dans le Présent/Passé au "perfect" Present Perfect Past Perfect have worked havent worked had worked have you worked? hadnt worked 3ème she / he /it has worked had you worked? personne singulier
Do auxiliaire accompagne le verbe dans le Présent/Passé "simple" (forme interrogative et négative seulement) Simple Present Simple Past (=Prétérit) work worked dont work Do you work? didnt work 3ème she / he /it works personne doesnt work Did you work ? singulier Does s/he/it work?