WHAT IS A WINDMILL?A windmill is a machine which converts the energy of wind into rotational energy by means of vanes called sails or blades. Of the 10,000 windmills in use in the Netherlands around 1850, about 1000 are still standing. Most of these are being run by volunteers though there are some grist mills still operating commercially.
The Dutch have become very innovative when it comes to keeping out the water. They have built dykes, fortifications and last but not least wind and watermills to create new land.
The oldest mill is a watermill that dates back to the 8th century. These techniques were used to pump dry hundreds of lakes and swamps and to prevent land from flooding. Today, windmills are characteristic of the Dutch landscape and a symbol of the Dutch struggle with water.
The most famous windmills of Holland Kinderdijk Kinderdijk is the most famous group of polder mills and is World Heritage listed. This UNESCO site with nineteen mills gives you a great impression of how floods were prevented. Besides being home to this creative form of water management, Kinderdijk is a
The mills of Schiedam The mills of Schiedam are the f ive largest windmills in the world. These gigantic windmills, some over 40 meters high, played an important role in
Zaanse Schans Last but not least, you should visit Zaanse Schans. Some 250 years ago, well over 600 mills formed the first industrial site in the world. They performed a wide range of industrial duties, such as producing shelves, paint, mustard, oil and paper. Today it’s an openair conservation area and museum, which
By: Aby SacaraNaia Omagogeaskoa Ione NizaSara Ateka