ap gov chap 1

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ap gov chap 1

  1. 1. Chapter One The Study of American Government
  2. 2. Two Key Questions <ul><li>Who governs? Those who govern will affect us. </li></ul><ul><li>To what ends? How will government affect our lives? </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is Political Power? <ul><li>Power : the ability of one person to cause another person to act in accordance with the first person’s intentions </li></ul><ul><li>Authority : the right to use power </li></ul><ul><li>Legitimacy : what makes a law or constitution a source of right </li></ul>
  4. 4. Kinds of Democracy <ul><li>Direct democracy : A form of democracy in which most, or all, of the citizenry participate directly. </li></ul><ul><li>Representative democracy : A government in which leaders make decisions by winning a competitive struggle for the popular vote. </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Framers’ View <ul><li>Government would mediate, nor mirror, popular views </li></ul><ul><li>People were viewed as lacking knowledge and susceptible to manipulation </li></ul><ul><li>Framers’ goal: to minimize the abuse of power by a tyrannical majority or by officeholders </li></ul>
  6. 6. Theories of Government <ul><li>Marxism : Those who own the means of production, controlling the economic system, will control the government </li></ul><ul><li>Elitism : A few top leaders, drawn from the major sectors of the United States polity, will make all important decisions </li></ul>
  7. 7. Theories of Government <ul><li>Bureaucratic : Appointed civil servants control the government, without consulting the public. </li></ul><ul><li>Pluralist : Competition among affected interests shapes public policy decision-making </li></ul>

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