εξελιξη πληροφοριακων συστηματων στη διαχειρiση καινοτομιας
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εξελιξη πληροφοριακων συστηματων στη διαχειρiση καινοτομιας

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Computer Aided Inovation

Computer Aided Inovation

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εξελιξη πληροφοριακων συστηματων στη διαχειρiση καινοτομιας εξελιξη πληροφοριακων συστηματων στη διαχειρiση καινοτομιας Presentation Transcript

  • ΕΞΕΛΙΞΗ ΠΛΗΡΟΦΟΡΙΑΚΩΝ ΢Τ΢ΣΗΜΑΣΩΝ ΢ΣΗ ΔΙΑΧΕΙΡΗ΢Η ΚΑΙΝΟΣΟΜΙΑ΢ Computer Aided Innovation (CAI)
  • Innovation • Social phenomenon through which individuals express their creativity • Key to improve global competitiveness • Technological change strongly influences economic growth • Researchers tried to formulate a method or an algorithm that would make the innovation process more focused, efficient and even automated • Several methods and tools that help innovation process
  • Computer Aided Innovation (CAI) • Software tools that can be used to create an innovation • There are no software tools that can replace thinking skills and abstract thinking • TRIZ software tools – Provide vast collection of TRIZ concepts, techniques and examples, and problem modeling means – Tools for problem formulation, problem and system analysis, and databases with all the TRIZ principles and TRIZ components
  • TRIZ (The Theory of Inventive Problem Solving) • Altshuller united the way that innovations are created (after researching over 400,000 patents) • He came to the conclusion that the processes to solve different problems from diverse technological fields follow certain common basic rules -> 40 inventive principles and are used for solving inventive problems • belief: “someone else has already solved a similar problem to yours”
  • Παρουσίαση των εξής… • TrendPerceptor: A property-function based technology intelligence system for identifying technology trends from patents • “Open CAI 2.0” – Computer Aided Innovation in the era of open innovation and Web 2.0 • A new comprehensive patent analysis approach for new product design in Mechanical Engineering
  • TrendPerceptor: A property-function based technology intelligence system for identifying technology trends from patents
  • TrendPerceptor (1) • Research and Development • Technology Intelligence • Technology Intelligence tools – Advantages – TRIZ • TRIZ trend analysis • TRIZ trends • TRIZ experts
  • TrendPerceptor (2) • Content analysis of technical documents – Keyword or Key Phrase Patterns be defined in advance – Relies heavily on the knowledge of experts – Effort & Time should not be consumed in gathering processes – Eliminate these dependencies: TrendPerceptor
  • TrendPerceptor (3) • TrendPerceptor assist experts: – Identify trends in invention concepts from patents – Perform evolution trend analysis of patents for technology forecasting • Properties & Functions – Grammatical analysis (NPL) – Network analysis (Network composed of the identified Properties & Functions) – TRIZ trend analysis (predict further improvements) • Final Output: Evolutionary potential radar plots
  • “Open CAI 2.0” – Computer Aided Innovation in the era of open innovation and Web 2.0
  • Open CAI 2.0 (1) • CAI-tools: Were and are primary focused on EDI (Employee – Driven – Innovation) and closed innovation • Next evolutionary step of CAI especially used for the early stages of NPD (New Product Development) -> Open CAI 2.0 based on Web 2.0 technologies
  • Open CAI 2.0 (2) • Technological point of view: – Web 2.0 opens the access to CAI to a larger audience of non-professional and untrained users • Strategic point of view: – Shifted from closed innovation and EDI to new open innovation. Interact with people and organizations outside the company • Lead to the growth of intermediaries called Open Innovation Accelerators (OIAs)
  • Open CAI 2.0 (3) • Open Innovation paradigm as strategic driver – Cooperation with: universities, start-ups, suppliers, spinoffs and competitors. – Companies should use external ideas as well as those from their own R&D departments and both internal & external paths like spin-offs or licenses to the market, in order to advance their technology. – Plentiful external information for the innovation process from customers, suppliers, competitors, university labs, research institutions, patent agents, technology consultants, media, conference organizers.
  • Open CAI 2.0 (4) • Web 2.0 as technological driver – Cloud Computing – Desktop-like usability (RSS, XML, JavaScript) – Interactivity (RSS) – Semantic Web (Tags)
  • Open CAI 2.0 (5) • Open Innovation Accelerators (OIAs) as new intermediaries – OIASs defined as providers of platforms that offer companies the possibility to innovate in cooperation with external actors from the periphery
  • A new comprehensive patent analysis approach for new product design in Mechanical Engineering
  • NCPA (1) • Without Patent Analysis… • Patent Analysis – Time-Consuming task in R&D management – Focus on key patents • Patent Family & Patent Citations – Business intelligence, technology management, strategy
  • NCPA (2) • Patent family & patent citations enhance NPD • Patent Analysis Model called: New Comprehensive Patent Analysis process (NPCA) – Integrate patent family and patent citations in NPD – 5 Phases
  • NCPA (3) • Patent Family (concept of priority): is a group of related patent publications (including applications and granted patents) describing the same invention • Patent Citation (concept of patent intelligence): serve as an information exchange between sciences and technologies
  • NCPA (4) • New Comprehensive Patent Analysis process (NPCA) – 1. Selects an appropriate patent database after carrying out an industry analysis and expert interviews – 2. Selects industrial basic patents and creates a patent family – 3. Filters the members of a patent family to obtain the most representative patents, and focuses product design on these key patents – 4. Employs a patent citation to trace back to the relevant technical information of “key patents” for the purpose of product development design – 5. Uses the TRIZ theory to analyze technological performance of patents and constructs technological performance maps of patents for product development design
  • Για μελλοντική μελέτη • Forecasting the design of eco-products by integrating TRIZ evolution patterns with CBR and Simple LCA methods • Inventive problem solving based on dialectical negation, using evolutionary algorithms and TRIZ heuristics • Fostering continuous innovation in design with an integrated knowledge management approach
  • Forecasting the design of eco-products by integrating TRIZ evolution patterns with CBR and Simple LCA methods • Products that impact the environment minimally to ensure sustainable living • Forecasting model to acquire innovative ideas more easily to design eco products, followed by evaluation of weather the new design is more effective than currently available ones – Solve design problems by using Evolution patterns of TRIZ – The ability to generate new ideas is accelerated based on Case based Reasoning (CBR) – Whether a new design is better than currently available ones is evaluated using simple life cycle assessment (Simple LCA) method.
  • Inventive problem solving based on dialectical negation, using evolutionary algorithms and TRIZ heuristics • TRIZ and Evolutionary Algorithms (EA) both support innovation process • Strategy based on dialectical negation in which both approaches converge, creating a new conceptual framework for enhancing CAI innovation problem solving • Two basic ideas create the Dialectical Negation Algorithm (DNA): – Inversion of the traditional EA selection – Incorporation of new dialectical negation operators in EA algorithms based on TRIZ principles
  • Fostering continuous innovation in design with an integrated knowledge management approach • The trend to produce more new knowledge-intensive products or services and the rapid progress of information technologies arouse huge interest on knowledge management for innovation • The strategy of knowledge management is not widely adopted for innovation in industries • Help the designers to innovate more efficiently based on an integrated approach of knowledge management • A prototype of distributed knowledge management system for innovation is developed
  • References • TrendPerceptor: A property-function based technology intelligence system for identifying technology trends from patents, by Janghyeok Yoon, Kwangsoo Kim, online available from http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.080255131340&partnerID=40&md5=d4faff0e609f27db86b647b5822ddf73 • ‘‘Open CAI 2.0’’ – Computer Aided Innovation in the era of open innovation and Web 2.0, by Stefan Husig, Stefan Kohn, online available from http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.079953721651&partnerID=40&md5=c141721d22d3a0cc565c62bdfea90f05 • A New Comprehensive Patent Analysis Approach for New Product Design in Mechanical Engineering, by Kuang OuYang, Calvin S. Weng, online available from http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.080051597312&partnerID=40&md5=e747ed5de27524270e61797dc7c5d37 e • • Forecasting the design of eco-products by integrating TRIZ evolution patterns with CBR and Simple LCA methods, by Cheng Jung Yang, Jahau Lewis Chen, online available from http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.080255131392&partnerID=40&md5=70b48187a6b30078e0cb86294e770bd5 Inventive problem solving based on dialectical negation, using evolutionary algorithms and TRIZ heuristics, by Roberto Duran-Novoa, Noel Leon-Rovira, Humberto Aguayo-Tellez, David Said, online available from http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.079953703982&partnerID=40&md5=36c9cf84a19ca9c4209723ea06d9adc8
  • References • Fostering continuous innovation in design with an integrated knowledge management approach, by Jing Xu, Remy Houssin, Emannuel Caillaud, Mickael Gardoni • Use of formal ontologies as a foundation for inventive design studies, by Cecilia Zanni-Merk, Denis Cavallucci, Francois Rousselot, online available from http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.079952445055&partnerID=40&md5=b7b97a83f15da2b252370c1eadde40e7 A research agenda for computing developments associated with innovation pipelines, by Denis Cavallucci, online available from http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.079953688537&partnerID=40&md5=ad6e8adc9a9a7533247657a8813fd29c A Product Design Approach by Integrating Axiomatic Design and TRIZ, by ShiawTsyr Uang, Cheng-Li Liu, Mali Chang, online available from http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.079960508428&partnerID=40&md5=154fcc45441bfb8e0c176a47ae63ea49 Matching of Different Abstraction Level Knowledge Sources: The Case of Inventive Design, by Wei Yan, Cecilia Zanni-Merk, François Rousselot, online available from http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.080053139382&partnerID=40&md5=acf2e533b97398e0885ded10757e5dba An automated method for identifying TRIZ evolution trends from patents, by Janghyeok Yoon, Kwangsoo Kim, online available from http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.080052037906&partnerID=40&md5=fad670af211843f46b548eb475620985 • • • •