Protecting and Sharing Your Work
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Protecting and Sharing Your Work

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A *brief* introduction to intellectual property,copyright

A *brief* introduction to intellectual property,copyright

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  • Smiths from Missouri only heard about it when a friend travelling in Prague saw them on a grocery store poster

Transcript

  • 1. Protecting and sharing your work
    Intellectual Property and Copyright
  • 2. What is intellectual property?
    • An idea, invention, or process that derives from the work of the mind or intellect (http://www.merriam-webster.com)
    • 3. Key forms of intellectual property
    • 4. Copyright
    • 5. Patents
    • 6. Trademarks
    • 7. Trade secrets
    Source: A Gift of Fire: Social, Legal, and Ethical Issues for Computing
    and the Internet by Sara Baase
  • 8. What goes into intellectual property?
    Time
    Energy and effort
    Real capital
    Education
    Experience
    Source: “Why Intellectual Property Rights Are So Important”
    by Cameron Chapman
  • 9. U.S. copyright law gives copyright owner exclusive rights to:
    Make copies of the work
    Produce derivative works
    Distribute copies
    Perform the work in public
    Display the work in public
    Decide how others can use the work
    Source: A Gift of Fire: Social, Legal, and Ethical Issues for Computing
    and the Internet by Sara Baase and http://www.x4l.org/resources/
    surfx4l/The%20Basics%20of%20Copyright_HTML/page_02.htm
  • 10. In its simplest form this means that you cannot copy someone else's work without their permission.
    Source: Shrewsbury College of Arts & Technology
  • 11. With digital technology and the Internet…
    We can all be publishers
    Which makes us copyright owners
    It also becomes very easy to copy (infringe) copyrights
    Source: A Gift of Fire: Social, Legal, and Ethical Issues for Computing
    and the Internet by Sara Baase
  • 12. Klein’s work is on left & Galliano advertisement is on right
    Source: http://www.epuk.org/The-Curve/456/visual-plagiarism
  • 13. American family's web photo ends up as Czech ad
    Source: http://www.guardian.co.uk/media/2009/jun/11/
    smith-family-photo-czech-advertisement
  • 14. Facebook Statement of Rights and Responsibilities
    Sharing Your Content and Information
  • 15. Case study
    Facebook and copyright
  • 16. Facebook and ordinary photo tagging
    The court held that “[t]here is nothing within the law that requires [one's] permission when someone takes a picture and posts it on a Facebook page. There is nothing that requires [one's] permission when she [is] “tagged” or identified as a person in those pictures.”
    Source: http://blog.internetcases.com/2011/03/12/
    facebook-privacy-photo-tagging-attorney-chicago-lawyer-social-media/
  • 17. Court To AFP: Pics Aren’t Free Just Because They’re On Twitter
    U.S. District Court Judge William Pauley wrote in his opinion that Twitter’s terms of use “does not clearly confer a right on others to re-use copyrighted postings.”
    Source: http://paidcontent.org/article/
    419-court-to-afp-pics-arent-free-just-because-theyre-on-twitter/
  • 18. Some tools
    Is it Protected by Copyright? http://librarycopyright.net/digitalslider/
    Copyscapehttp://www.copyscape.com/
    TinEyehttp://www.tineye.com/
  • 19. Fair-use doctrine
    Copyrighted material can be used without permission of the copyright holder if…
    It contributes to the creation of new work (e.g., quoting part of a work in a review)
    It isn’t likely to deprive publishers or authors of income from their work
    Source: A Gift of Fire: Social, Legal, and Ethical Issues for Computing
    and the Internet by Sara Baase
  • 20. Fair-use doctrine
    Possible fair uses
    Criticism
    Comment
    News reporting
    Teaching
    Scholarship
    Research
    Source: A Gift of Fire: Social, Legal, and Ethical Issues for Computing
    and the Internet by Sara Baase
  • 21. Four factors to consider for fair use:
    Purpose and nature of the use
    Nature of the copyrighted work
    Amount and significance of the portion used
    Effect of the use on the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work
    Source: A Gift of Fire: Social, Legal, and Ethical Issues for Computing
    and the Internet by Sara Baase
  • 22.
  • 23. Video sources
    http://cyberlaw.stanford.edu/documentary-film-program/film/a-fair-y-use-tale
    and
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CJn_jC4FNDo
  • 24. U.S. copyright laws
    Everything you write is copyrighted automatically for your lifetime +70 years
    Similar laws exist in other countries
    Source: “How to Spread Your Ideas Globally Using Creative Commons
    License” by Esther Wojcicki
  • 25. What is Creative Commons?
    CC is a nonprofit corporation dedicated to making it easier for people to share and build upon the works of others consistent with copyright.
    It provides free licenses to enable sharing while crediting the creator.
    Source: “How to Spread Your Ideas Globally Using Creative Commons
    License” by Esther Wojcicki
  • 26. Creative Commons
    Permission is pre-authorized – no one has to write to ask for it
    Empowers the spread of your ideas and your name more easily
    If you don’t license your work to be open, it automatically defaults to all rights reserved copyright
    Source: “How to Spread Your Ideas Globally Using Creative Commons
    License” by Esther Wojcicki
  • 27.
  • 28. Video source
    http://creativecommons.org/videos/a-shared-culture
  • 29. Available for
    download:
    http://bit.ly/mYWPK5
  • 30. Questions? Comments?