Diabetes diabetic
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Diabetes diabetic

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Diabetes
Diabetes
A disease that effects your body’s ability to produce or use insulin
Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas that regulates the metabolism of glucose and other nutrients.



Types of Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin, a hormone needed to allow sugar (glucose) to enter cells to produce energy.
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition that affects the way your body metabolizes sugar (glucose), your body's main source of fuel.




Incidence of Diabetes in US
Total: 25.8 million children and adults in the United States—8.3% of the population—have diabetes.

Under 20 years of age

•215,000, or 0.26% of all people in this age group have diabetes
•About 1 in every 400 children and adolescents has diabetes
Age 20 years or older

•25.6 million, or 11.3% of all people in this age group have diabetes
Age 65 years or older

•10.9 million, or 26.9% of all people in this age group have diabetes
Men

•13.0 million, or 11.8% of all men aged 20 years or older have diabetes
Women

•12.6 million, or 10.8% of all women aged 20 years or older have diabetes

Causes
Type 1: genetic predisposition and environmental factors
Viruses may trigger the disease in genetically susceptible individuals
Produce no insulin in the pancreas
Type 2:
Obesity; poor diet
Lack of physical activity
High blood pressure

Symptoms
Type 1:
Unexplained weight loss (even though you are eating and feel hungry)
Insulin Shock
Loss of consciousness (rare)
Diabetic Coma
Hypoglycemia(low blood sugar)
Blurred vision
Fatigue


Symptoms continued
Type 2:
Increased thirst and frequent urination.
Increased hunger/weight gain
Fatigue
Blurred vision
Diabetic Coma


Diagnosis and Tests of Diabetes
Random blood sugar test
Fasting Blood Glucose (FBG)
Glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test
Prevention
Type 1
Unknown way to prevent
Researchers are working on preventing the disease or further destruction of the islet cells in people who are newly diagnosed
Type 2
stay at a healthy weight/Eat healthy
Increase physical actives
Lose weight
Lower your blood sugar

Treatment
Type 1
Taking insulin
Exercising regularly and maintaining a healthy weight
Eating healthy foods
Monitoring blood sugar
Type 2
Blood sugar monitoring
Healthy eating
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Diabetes diabetic Diabetes diabetic Presentation Transcript

  • Diabetes A disease that effects your body’s ability to produce or use insulin Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas that regulates the metabolism of glucose and other nutrients.
  • Types of Diabetes Type 1 diabetes is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin, a hormone needed to allow sugar (glucose) to enter cells to produce energy.  Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition that affects the way your body metabolizes sugar (glucose), your body's main source of fuel.
  • Incidence of Diabetes in US  Total: 25.8 million children and adults in the United States—8.3% of the population—have diabetes.  Under 20 years of age  •215,000, or 0.26% of all people in this age group have diabetes  •About 1 in every 400 children and adolescents has diabetes  Age 20 years or older  •25.6 million, or 11.3% of all people in this age group have diabetes  Age 65 years or older  •10.9 million, or 26.9% of all people in this age group have diabetes  Men  •13.0 million, or 11.8% of all men aged 20 years or older have diabetes  Women  •12.6 million, or 10.8% of all women aged 20 years or older have diabetes
  • Causes Type 1: genetic predisposition and environmental factors Viruses may trigger the disease in genetically susceptible individuals Produce no insulin in the pancreas Type 2: Obesity; poor diet Lack of physical activity High blood pressure
  • Symptoms  Type 1:  Unexplained weight loss (even though you are eating       and feel hungry) Insulin Shock Loss of consciousness (rare) Diabetic Coma Hypoglycemia(low blood sugar) Blurred vision Fatigue
  • Symptoms continued Type 2: Increased thirst and frequent urination. Increased hunger/weight gain Fatigue Blurred vision Diabetic Coma
  • Diagnosis and Tests of Diabetes Random blood sugar test Fasting Blood Glucose (FBG) Glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test
  • Prevention Type 1 Unknown way to prevent Researchers are working on preventing the disease or further destruction of the islet cells in people who are newly diagnosed Type 2  stay at a healthy weight/Eat healthy Increase physical actives Lose weight Lower your blood sugar
  • Treatment Type 1 Taking insulin Exercising regularly and maintaining a healthy weight Eating healthy foods Monitoring blood sugar Type 2 Blood sugar monitoring Healthy eating Regular exercise Possibly, diabetes medication or insulin therapy
  • Outlook Caused by the body’s inability to process and use sugar. If the body does not produce enough of the hormone insulin, cells “starve”. Two specific conditions are insulin shock and diabetic coma.