The Chechen Wars

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  • 1. The Chechen Wars: A Brief History
    • Russia
    • Chechnya
  • 2. Where is Chechnya? Source: Wikipedia.com
  • 3. A Violent History
    • First Chechen War: 1994-1996
      • Result: Chechnya’s de facto independence from Russia
      • Casualty estimates range from 50,000 to 100,000
    Photo by Mikhail Evstafiev
  • 4. A Violent History
    • Second Chechen War: 1999-2002
      • Triggered by the Dagestan War (1999) and the Russian apartment bombings
      • Military casualty estimates range from 5,000-11,000
      • Civilian casualty estimates range from 15,000 to 25,000+
    Source: Kavkaz Center
  • 5. Involved Parties
    • Russian Federation
      • 80% ethnic Russians
      • Russian Orthodoxy is dominant religion
    • Republic of Chechnya
      • 1.1 million residents (2004)
      • Population is 94% Chechen; most of whom are Sunni Muslims
  • 6. Non-Combatants
    • Anna Politkovskaya
      • Slain Russian journalist and human rights activist known for her reporting on and opposition to Chechen Wars
    Photo Source Unknown
  • 7. Non-Combatants
    • Aleksandr Litvinenko
      • Former KGB agent and Russian intelligence officer known for his opposition to the Chechen Wars
      • Exiled to London and later poisoned
    Photo Source Unknown
  • 8. Hostage Crises
    • Moscow Theatre
      • Oct. 23, 2002
      • Chechen separatist militants take 850 hostage during a sold out performance
      • 2 ½ day siege; theatre gassed by Russian Special Forces in effort to quell hostage-takers
      • 129 hostages & 33 terrorists killed
  • 9. Hostage Crises
    • Beslan
      • Sept. 1, 2004
      • Islamic rebels took 1,200 hostage inside a school in Beslan, North Ossetia
      • Russians stormed school; response was later criticized as disorganized
      • 334 civilians killed, including 186 school children