Roman Forumlocated between the Palatine and the Capitoline hills, was the political and civic center of the Roman Empire. It stretches along the Via Sacra, for about one kilometer, till the Coliseum.
Roman ForumDating back to 125 BC, its definitive organization, begun by Julius Cesar, was completed under Augustus and finished in 29 AD with the conclusion of Divine Julius Temple to him dedicated.
Roman Coliseum an elliptical amphitheatre in the center of Rome, the largest ever built in the RomanEmpire, and one of the greatest works of Roman Architecture and Roman engineering.
Roman ColiseumWith 50,000 seats, it was used for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles such as mock sea battles, animal hunts, executions, re-enactments of famous battles, and dramas based on Classical mythology.
Arch of Titus (detail)Constructed by the emperor Domitian shortly after the death of his older brother Titus.
Circus MaximusAncient hippodrome and mass entertainment venue, situated in the valley between the Aventine and Palatine hills, it was the first and largest circus in ancient Rome.
La Bocca della Verità"the Mouth of Truth“ is an image of a man-like face, located in the portico of the church ofSanta Maria in Cosmedin, its most famous characteristic is its role as a lie detector. Since the Middle Ages, it was believed that if one told a lie with ones hand in the mouth of the sculpture, it would be bitten off.
The Pantheonoriginally built as a temple to all the gods of Ancient Rome, has been rebuilt circa 126 AD during Hadrian’s reign.
The PantheonThe Pantheon is the oldest dome structure in Rome; since the VII Century is been utilized as a Roman Catholic Church.
Piazza di Spagna - Fontana della BarcacciaFontana della Barcaccia de Bernini in the Piazza di Spagna – in the background the steps rising to Piazza Trinità dei Monti.
Piazza di Spagna – Via CondottiVia Condotti, the most elegant shopping place in Rome, begun as such with the opening of Bulgari’s atelier in 1905 . Now, in addition to Valentino, other designers such as Armani, Hermes, Cartier, Louis Vuitton, Fendi, Gucci, Prada, Chanel, Dolce & Gabbana and Salvatore Ferragamo all have stores on Via Condotti.
Campo dei FioriPiazza which name, no longer appropriate, was first given during the Middle Ages when thearea was a flowering field with some vegetable gardens. Nowadays its a marketplace where, every morning from Monday to Saturday you can buy fruits, vegetables, spices, fish and tourist items like T-shirts .
Piazza del CampidoglioPiazza designed by Michelangelo by 1530 for Pope Paul III. The building behind the top of the steps (with the tower) is the Palazzo Senatorio – Romes City Hall.
The Cordonataa shallow stepless ramp, designed by Michaelangelo as well, leads from Via del Teatro Marcello up to the church of Santa Maria in Aracoeli (Heaven’s Altar).
Castel Sant’AngeloThe Mausoleum of Hadrian, known as Castel SantAngelo, is a towering cylindricalbuilding, initially commissioned by the Roman Emperor Hadrian as a mausoleum for himself and his family; now a museum.
Rome and its churchesView from the Altare della Patria – the National Monument of Victor Emmanuel II.
Piazza della RepubblicaIt is situated at few meters from Termini Station, facing the Dioclecian Baths. One of the most important streets of Rome, Via Nazionale, begins at this place.
Saint Peter’s BasilicaSee of the Catholic Church, is the largest amongst all Christian ones, holding 60.000 people,
Saint Peter’s Basilicaand it is situated at the same local where the first one was erected in 132 AD — in the place where St. Peter was crucified and buried.
Quirinal PalaceSteps leading to the Palazzo del Quirinale, built in 1573 by PopeGregory XIII — once home to popes, now to the President of Italy.
Via ApiaIs one of the main military roads of ancient Rome. Its name honors the memory of Apio Claudio Cego, Roman politician that begun its construction in 312 BC.
Terme di CaracallaThe Baths of Caracalla were public baths, built between AD 212 and 216, during the reign of the Emperor Caracalla. The extensive ruins have become a popular tourist attraction, and stage for majestic theatral and musical events.
Villa Borghese The Galleria Borghese houses a substantial part of the Borghese collection ofpaintings, sculpture and antiquities, which was begun by Cardinal Scipione Borghese – an early patron of Bernini and an avid collector of works by Caravaggio.
Villa BorgheseTemple of Asclepius - A reproduction of an ancient Greek temple, which was installed at the villa as a decorative landscape feature during the 1800s.
Monumento Nazionale a Vittorio EmanueleBuilt to honor Victor Emmanuel II – first king of unified Italy – is located between the Piazza Venezia and the Capitoline Hill; inaugurated in 1911 was completed in 1925
Piazza del PopoloAn Egyptian obelisk, built by Ramses II and brought to Rome in 10 BC, stands in the centre of the Piazza. It is the second oldest and one of the tallest obelisks in Rome (36 m including its plinth).
Via Veneto Built by the end of 8th Century, owns part of its fame to have been the center of themundane life in the years 50 and 60, thanks to the several bars and hotels that hosted celebrities and, mainly, as scenery for Fellini’s La Dolce Vita.
Via Veneto with elegant cafés such Bussi and Rosati and the famous smart hotels Majestic, l‘Eden,l‘Excelsior and l‘Ambasciatori Palace at the early years of 20th Century , had its bullish erain the years 50 and 60; today remains charming and sought for, but back as an usual street.
Via VenetoLegendary bar that evokes “La Dolce Vita”: Sinatra singing at the piano and stars strolling by this glamorous and elegant bar. Still today one can dive in Via Veneto’s magic through the fascinating Harry’s Bar.
Photo imagery – from Internet, with credits to authorsMusic: – Arrivederci Roma - Jackie Gleason OrchestraResearch, compilation and format : Delza Dias Ferreira firstname.lastname@example.orgCollaboration and English version: Flavio Musa de Freitas Guimarães Brazil – São Paulo – V / 2009 www.culturesandart.com