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Stalingrad Powerpoint

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  • 1. The Battle of Stalingrad Topic: The battle of Stalingrad Key Ideas: Importance of Stalingrad, Operation Blue, Operation Saturn, Operation Uranus Key Conclusions to me made: it was a turning point in the war where Germany lost
  • 2. The Battle of Stalingrad
    • What:
    • A battle between Germany & its allies and the Soviet Union, for Stalingrad
    • When:
    • Winter, 1942-1943
    • Effects:
    • Germany lost their old reputation as being invincible
  • 3. Pictures of the Battle of Stalingrad
  • 4. Key Fact 1: Importance of Stalingrad
    • - Major industrial city on banks of Volga River
    • - Also Russia ’ s center of communication
    • - (Vital transport route between Caspian Sea and Northern Russia)
    • - Control of the city would cut Soviet transport links with Southern Russia using the Volga River
  • 5. Importance of Stalingrad (continued)
    • If Germany won Stalingrad, it would also allow them to get the rich oil fields of Caucasus
    • It was also Stalin’s city.
    • Hitler wanted to capture the city that had the name of his enemy
    • City’s capture would also be a propaganda achievement. It would have been good for Hitler, for people to know he had beaten his enemy
    Stalingrad 1942 Caucasus oil fields 1942
  • 6. Operation Blue
        • - Code name for the attack that Adolf Hitler ordered on the Soviet Union ’ s oil fields in the Caucasus region in 1942.
        • - Failed due to the sixth army – was effectively destroyed at the BATTLE OF STALINGRAD.
  • 7. Operation Blue (continued)
        • The operation was divided into 2 groups.
        • Group A were to attack south towards Rostov, and wipe out through the Transcaucasus heading for the Caspian Sea while taking oil-fields at Maikop.
        • Group B ’ s primary task was to provide strong Northern flank along the Don, while cutting the vital Soviet freight traffic on the Volga.
  • 8. Key Fact 3: Operation Saturn -December 1942 until February 1943 -Red Army Operation on Eastern front of WWII -The first stage was to cut off the Germany’s Army Group A. -24th Dec tanks raided Tatsinskaya(The closest air base to Stalingrad) -29th Dec Germany had no choice but to retreat.
  • 9. Key Fact 3: Operation Saturn (Continued) *90,000-prisoners, 5000-returned to Germany *By January the Hungarian Army was destroyed (Second Stage) *Germany had to retreat. *Krusk, Karkov, and Rostov were captured on Feb 1943. *Stalingrad was 400 miles off West, they had to delay the offensive until 25h February.
  • 10. Operation Uranus - A german force was encircled during Operation Uranus. - Zhukov and Vasilevsky were the two leaders. - Zhukov’s Plan was to collect enough resources to keep Paulus German 6Th Amry busy while Soviet troops build 5five new tank armies. - The Germans is surrounded in Stalingrad, The Soviet now attacks the weak fronts held by poorly equipped Romanian armies.
  • 11. Operation Uranus (Continued) - Germans Sixth Army had lost more troop because of the Soviet ground attacks (January 31, 1943). - The Luftwaffe promised to help resupply the Germans but never did because of the lose of transportation vehicles and weather conditions. - By February 2nd 250,000 German Sixth Army troops has surrendered to the Soviet.
  • 12. How Did This Affect the War?
    • It was a turning point in the war
    • German troops were stopped during their progression across Russia
    • Unexpected German defeat gave Soviet Union hope
    • Germany lost their old reputation as being invincible
  • 13. Conclusion
    • Re-state event
    • The Battle of Stalingrad was a war fought between Germany and the Soviet Union for Stalingrad.
    • What was the result of the event?
    • More than 1 million casualties
    • It was the bloodiest war in human history
    • How did it affect the war?
    • It was a turning point in the war, where it went from Germany winning, to Germany losing
  • 14. 3 Discussion Questions for Class
    • If Germany hadn’t been stopped in this battle, how do you think it would affect the war?
    • If Stalingrad wasn’t named after Stalin, do you think Hitler would still want to attack it?
    • If one of the operations didn’t happen, do you think that Germany would’ve been stopped during their progression across Russia?