Boundaries and territory <ul><li>T otal area of approximately 245,000 km² </li></ul><ul><li>No one in the UK lives more than 120 km (75 miles) from the sea . </li></ul><ul><li>The only land border connecting the UK to another country is between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. </li></ul>
Relief <ul><li>Most mountainous – Scotland and Wales; </li></ul><ul><li>Most of the UK is made up of gently rolling hills with isolated areas of high ground such as Dartmoor in the south-west of England or the Mourne Mountains in Northern Ireland. </li></ul>
The Pennines, <ul><li>a large chain of hills with moorland tops rising to between 600 and 900 metres, splits northern England into northwest and northeast sectors. They run down from the Scottish border to the river Trent about halfway down the country. </li></ul>
The Pennines <ul><li>Three National Parks: </li></ul><ul><li>the Peak District National Park </li></ul><ul><li>the Yorkshire Dales National Park </li></ul><ul><li>the Northumberland National Park </li></ul><ul><li>The Pennine Way is the first long distance footpath in Britain ( 429 k m) </li></ul>
The Lake District <ul><li>The Lake District , also known as The Lakes or Lakeland , is a mountainous region in North West England. A popular holiday destination, it is famous for its lakes and its mountains (or fells ), and its associations with the early 19th century poetry and writings of William Wordsworth and the Lake Poets. </li></ul>All the land in England higher than three thousand feet above sea level lies within the National Park, including Scafell Pike, the highest mountain in England. It also contains the deepest and longest lakes in England.
The Fens <ul><li>low-lying marshlands and wetlands in the east of England </li></ul>
Most of the Fenland lies within a few metres of sea-level. As with similar areas in the Netherlands, much of the Fenland originally consisted of fresh or saltwater wetlands which have been artificially drained and continue to be protected from floods by drainage banks and pumps .
The Midlands The Industrious Heart of England <ul><li>T he Midlands is the traditional name for the area comprising central England that broadly corresponds to the early medieval Kingdom of Mercia. It borders Southern England, Northern England, East Anglia and Wales. Its largest city is Birmingham, and it was an important location for the Industrial Revolution of the 18th and 19th centuries. </li></ul>
The West Country <ul><li>The West Country is an informal term for the area of south western England . </li></ul>The area is mostly rural, with only a few sizeable towns and cities, such as Bristol, Exeter, Plymouth, Swindo n and Gloucester. Tourism and agriculture, especially dairy farming, play a significant role in the economy. The landscape is principally granite moorland in the west, and chalk and limestone downland and clay vales in the east. Men-en-Tol
The Southeast <ul><li>M ore densely populated than any other part of England. </li></ul><ul><li>A mixture of lowlands and chains of small hills. </li></ul>
Kent – the Garden of England <ul><li>Because of its abundance of orchards and hop gardens, Kent is widely known as "The Garden of England" – a name often applied when marketing the county or its produce, although other regions have tried to lay claim to the title . </li></ul>
The Downs <ul><li>Some of the downs is home to Exmoor ponies </li></ul>Two roughly parallel ranges of chalk hills in southeast England. The North Downs extend about 161 km (100 mi) from west to east; the South Downs, about 105 km (65 mi). Both are sheep-rearing areas.
The White cliffs of Dover <ul><li>The White Cliffs of Dover are cliffs which form part of the British coastline facing the Strait of Dover and France. The cliffs are part of the North Downs formation. </li></ul>