Migrant farm workers


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Migrant farm workers

  1. 1. Migrant Farm Workers. By: Mari Perez
  2. 2. What is a Migrant Farm Worker? <ul><li>Migrant Farm Workers are agricultural workers who move around a lot due to different growing seasons of cotton, fruit, and vegetables.( job availability) </li></ul><ul><li>Most Migrant workers have families which are mainly very poor. </li></ul><ul><li>Migrant workers are a very invisible group that people look down on and don’t see how much they need them. </li></ul><ul><li>Facts from notes: </li></ul><ul><li>Farm worker babies dye the most. </li></ul><ul><li>The average farm worker lived to be 49. </li></ul>http://phsj.org/wp-content/uploads/2007/10/migrant.jpg
  3. 3. Work Conditions. <ul><li>Farm workers had to pay for the water they drank </li></ul><ul><li>They were paid based on how many baskets of product they had picked. Most of the time the land owners would try and rip them off. </li></ul><ul><li>They couldn’t go to the bathroom , eat lunch, or take a brake without being told to. </li></ul><ul><li>They worked from dawn to dust. </li></ul><ul><li>Facts from notes: </li></ul><ul><li>During harvest time when ever there was a moonlight there were forced to work all night and still go in early the next day. </li></ul><ul><li>When the planes sprayed the fields with bug poison, the workers were still in the field. With them inhaling it this later on caused sickness, birth defects, and death. </li></ul>http://socialconcerns.nd.edu/academic/spring/images/immokalee.jpg
  4. 4. Living conditions. <ul><li>Since most of these families were poor they lived in little shacks made out of scraps of metal and wood with dirt floors. </li></ul><ul><li>Usually a group of twelve families all lived together. </li></ul><ul><li>They didn't have electricity or running water. Facts from notes: </li></ul><ul><li>Usually there was a group of little shacks by the fields that a lot of migrant workers lived in. </li></ul><ul><li>Kids would play with anything they could find but mostly played with dirt and built forts. </li></ul>http://research.pomona.edu/zootsuit/files/2009/11/Immigrants-2.jpg
  5. 5. Education. <ul><li>Since the kids of the farm works moved around a lot they had to switch schools. And they only had bits and pieces of curriculum. </li></ul><ul><li>Most of the time if a family had more than one kid they would pick one kid to go to school and not have to work in the fields. These kids had a lot of pressure to do good in school and become someone. </li></ul><ul><li>Facts from notes: </li></ul><ul><li>In school these kids were often picked on and outcast because of what there family did. </li></ul><ul><li>They weren't allowed to speak Spanish and if they did they were hit with a ruler. </li></ul>http://www.latinamericanstudies.org/latinos/farmworker-children.jpg
  6. 6. Cesar Chavez Past. <ul><li>He was a migrant workers child and he attended 37 schools in is childhood. As he got older his father got hurt and he had to quite school and take his place in the fields. Later on in his young teens he joined the army for two years. When he came back he went back to working in the fields. But he felt like he had accomplished nothing and felt the need to help his fellow workers. And that opportunity came when a man named Fred Ross ( a community organizer) wanted someone to help him organize migrant communities to get better working and living conditions. </li></ul><ul><li>Facts from notes: </li></ul><ul><li>When he was 10 in parents owned a farm but lost it during the great depression. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1948 he married a woman named Helen Fabela and they had kids. </li></ul>http://www.syndicjournal.us/wp-content/uploads/2010/09/215.preview.jpg
  7. 7. Caser Chavez <ul><ul><li>He made people aware of the struggles and disadvantages of farm workers , like for better pay and safer working and living conditions. In the end he succeeded through nonviolent tactics. Cesar and the union sought recognition of the importance and dignity of all farm workers. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Facts from notes: </li></ul><ul><li>In 1962 Chavez founded the National Farm Workers Association, later to become the United Farm Workers </li></ul><ul><li>The farm workers and supporters carried banners with the black eagle with the words “strike&quot; and “long live our cause”. The marchers wanted the government to pass laws that would permit farm workers to organize into a union and allow bargaining agreements. </li></ul>http://www.hispanic-culture-online.com/image-files/cesar-chavez-biography-1.jpg
  8. 8. What we have now. <ul><li>Chavez fought for the legal rights of farm workers, and for clean drinking water in the fields, as well as the right to have access to use bathrooms. </li></ul><ul><li>Facts from notes: </li></ul><ul><li>There are programs a school that help migrant kids stay in school. </li></ul><ul><li>They have better wages and benefits. </li></ul><ul><li>They have safer conditions and shorter working days. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: People used to work 16+ hours a day and now they work 8 to 10 hours a day. </li></ul>http://www.peoplesseminary.org/images/013102a_000.jpg
  9. 9. The flag. <ul><li>Cesar Chavez believed that the National Farm Workers Association needed a flag to represent what they stood for. The eagle stood for the rebirth of the union. </li></ul><ul><li>Facts from notes: </li></ul><ul><li>Richard Chavez ( his brother) designed the eagle and Chavez chose the black and red colors. It took many tries to get the right designed that he liked. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;A symbol is an important thing. That is why we chose an Aztec eagle. It gives pride . . . When people see it they know it means dignity.“ </li></ul>http://www.inventioninfo.info/logfiles/wp-content/uploads/2011/04/1301643027-93.jpg