Martin Kippenberger<br />Neo-expressionism<br />
Background<br />Born 25 February 1953,Germany<br />Family moves to Essen<br />Spent six years at strict school and shows great artistic talent from a young age.<br />Dreams of being dancer<br />Drops out of school<br /> Fired from first job for drug taking<br />Goes to therapy at a farm near Hamburg and is cured<br />Goes to the Hamburg Art academy, quits after 16 semesters<br />Dreams of being an actor<br />Known for wild range of style’s and media, as well as hard-drinking persona.<br />Died aged 44 from liver cancer in 1997<br />
Inspiration<br />Art<br /> Architecture<br />Music<br /> politics<br /> history <br />his own life<br />Kafka, “Amerika”<br />
The Happy ending of Franz Kafka, America 1972<br />Based on Kafka’s novel America <br />‘a circus in town, looking to employ reliable hands, helpers, doers, self-confident handlers and the like. Outside the circus tent, in my imagination, there would be tables and chairs set up for job interviews’- Kippenberger<br />“You develop a gaze so that you can discover it for yourself.”<br />
InfluencesAfter being asked “which artist do you feel close to” Kippenberger replied “whenever I see an artist that is good looking, I feel drawnbecause I figure the head perfectly matches the work. But of course that can be boring. Giacometti was very good looking, his sculptures were very good looking, but I still feel there’s something missing.” <br />“As far as Léger goes, I like him absolutely.”<br />“… And Zobernig, I like him a lot. Everyone feels drawn to the remarkable things in life”<br />
Leiber Maler, male mir [dear painter, paint for me] 1981<br />Kippenberger hired a sign painter from Berlin to make paintings based on images he supplied. This being one of his favourite topics<br />Series introduces other favourite topics; equal treatment of commodities ,brashness, culture<br /> and himself<br />Kippenberger is in two of the painting’s however partly disguised, you can only see the back of him in this piece and seen from a distance in the other.<br />
LeiberMaler, male mir [dear painter, paint for me]<br />
Heavy Bruschi [Heavy guy]<br />Kippenberger asked assistant to make images from all his catalogues<br />Was unhappy with unfinished canvas’ so had them photographed, printed to original size and then framed<br />He destroyed originals and presented them in skip<br />Creating an idea of relationship between employer and employee<br />Creates a violent seen of destruction that mocks cultural, political and spiritual rebirth, by creating a loop.<br />Making the pictures ‘into a kind of double kitsch’<br />
IinstallationderWeissenBilder[ installation of the white painter] 1993<br />A series of white paintings on canvas<br />Canvases embedded in wall to look like part of the gallery walls<br />Based on a question and answer between kippenberger and a young boy who described kippenberger’s work with positive answers ‘sehr gut’ or very good <br />These descriptions were transferred onto canvas in white paint<br />Installation is made up of 10 paintings in 5 different sizes<br />Critises the plain white gallery spaces that exhibit conceptual art<br />
Why Kippenberger is a significant artist in 20th/21st century<br />He produced a wide range of work from the mid 1970’s using a remarkable range of media and never sticking to one particular style.<br />Irony he created in his work by questioning his subjects. <br />His bold concept's behind his work and re-occurring themes such as<br />Playing with the idea that the artist is an individual who’s work is independent <br />Criticizing society, politics, work relationships<br />His performative personality<br />
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