The Portuguese Empire


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The Portuguese Empire

  1. 1. Hist 140 – Theme 3 Part 1<br />Summer 2011<br />By: Le Thi My Ho<br />The Portuguese Empire<br />
  2. 2. History<br />Name derives from the Roman name PortusCale;Portus – Port; Cale was the name of an early settlement located at the mouth of the Douro River, which flows into the Atlantic Ocean in the north of what is now Portugal<br />Inhabited by Neanderthals and then by Homo Sapiens, who roamed the border-less region of the northern Iberian peninsula<br />Its territories consisting largely of mountain, moorland and forest were bounded on the north by the Minho, on the south by the Mondego River<br />The Treaty of Windsor 1386 created an alliance between Portugal and England that remains in effect to this day<br /><ul><li>Portugal's technological developments in navigation and exploration led to great advances and expansion in geographic, mathematical, scientific knowledge and technology, more specifically naval technology</li></ul>Fishing and overseas commerce have been the main economic activities<br />
  3. 3. History<br />In the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal was considered a world power during Europe's "Age of Discovery" having possessions in South America, Africa, Asia and Australasia<br />Portugal gradually lost much of its wealth and status<br />The Dutch, English and French took an increasing share and control of their spice and slave trades <br />1578 The Battle of AlcácerQuibirin Morocco<br />1588 Spain tried to conquer England<br />1755 Earthquake weaken and destroyed Capital City <br />Effects from the Napoleonic Wars<br />1822 Loss their Largest Colony Brazil<br />The new republic government instituted sweeping democratic reforms and granted independence to all of Portugal's African colonies in 1975<br />A founding member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), and the European Free Trade Association (EFTA)and later entered the European Community (now the European Union) in 1986<br />
  4. 4. Portuguese Empire<br />July 25, 1415 Mark the beginning of the Portuguese Empire, when the Portuguese Armada departed to the rich trade Islamic centre of Ceuta in North Africa and during the RECONQUISTA: the gradual Christian reconquest of the Iberian peninsula from the Moors<br />During the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal was a leading European power, ranking with England, France and Spain in terms of economic, political, and cultural influence<br />1434 The beginning of the Portuguese exploration of Africa<br />Profits could be made in trade which followed the exploration of new lands, settlements, and empires<br />
  5. 5. Portuguese Empire<br /> 1494 Treaty of Tordesillas- divided the world equally between the Spanish and the Portuguese, along a north-south meridian line 370 leagues (1770 km/1100 miles) west of the Cape Verde Islands, with all lands to the east belonging to Portugal and all lands to the west to Spain.<br />Became the first global civilization to fully start the process we know today as globalization<br />Ruled a vast empire with many millions of inhabitants in the Americas, Africa, the Middle East and Asia<br />1580 The Spanish and Portuguese Empires came under a single rule<br />Deprived Portugal of a separate foreign policy, and Spain's enemies became Portugal's<br />1812 British intervention in the Peninsular War restored Portuguese independence<br />1975-76 Portuguese Empire ended when all of its colonies got their independence<br />
  6. 6. Colonial Brazil<br />The period from 1500, with the arrival of the Portuguese, until 1815, when Brazil was elevated to kingdom alongside Portugal as the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves<br />The economic exploration of the territory was based first on brazilwood extraction, sugar production, gold and diamond mining in which slaves were brought to do the work<br />1822 Brazil declared its independence from Portugal<br />Built up by the Portuguese in Latin America, kept its territorial unity and linguistic integrity after the independence, giving rise to the largest country in the region – Brazil, an emerging superpower<br />
  7. 7. Colonial Brazil<br />Independence From Kingdom of Portugal <br />Declared 7 September 1822 <br />Recognized 29 August 1825<br />Republic 15 November 1889<br />Current Constitution 5 October 1988 <br />