The People of the Portuguese and Spanish Colonies

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  • 1. The people of the Portuguese and Spanish Colonies in America Hist 140 Theme 3 Part 3 Sumer 2011 By: Le Thi My Ho
  • 2. Catarina de Monte Sinay
    • Period: 17 – 18 th Century
    • Colony: Brazil
    • Social Group: Bahia
    • Gender: Female
    • Occupation: Nun and Entrepreneur
  • 3. Catarina de Monte Sinay
    • Dedicated her life to being a “Bride of Christ”
    • Young novice at Desterro Convent of Bahis, the only convent in Brazil
    • Her model of saintly behavior: Madre Vitoria da Encarnacao
    • Smart and skillful in business and financial dealings that in a period of over half a century she had built up a working capital of 4,404,000 reis – a considerable sum equal approximately to half of the wealthy convent’s total annual income
  • 4. Antonio de Gouveia
    • Period: 16 th Century
    • Colony: Brazil
    • Social Group: Azorean
    • Gender: Male
    • Occupation: Priest and Adventurer
  • 5. Antonio de Gouveia
    • Practices Astrology, Medicine, Alchemy, and Fortunes Telling
    • Confident and Charming Character
    • Banished to Brazil and later deported to Lisbon to be incarcerated
  • 6. Enrico Martinez
    • Period: 16 – 17 th Century
    • Colony: Mexico New Spain
    • Social Group: Spanish
    • Gender: Male
    • Occupation: Printer and Engineer
  • 7. Enrico Martinez
    • A printer from Seville, Spain who went to Veracruz, Mexico in his 30s to see the new world and make his fortune from it
    • Struggle against the obstacles faced by educated people in colonial society because he brought with him more than the immigrant’s usual repertory of negotiable talents
    • His energy and intellectual curiosity led him to challenge several important facets of colonial society
    • As a printer, he was cautious; writer, he edged toward new ideas but fearfully drew back; as an engineer, he was innovative and accurate in his analysis but less skillful in its execution; as a politician, he combined an admirable defense of what he believed right with a less commendable inflexibility and ineptness in attaining it
  • 8. Diego Vasicuio
    • Period: 16 – 17 th Century
    • Colony: Peru
    • Social Group: Native Peruvian
    • Gender: Male
    • Occupation: Native Priest
  • 9. Diego Vasicuio
    • Work to preserve the ideas and beliefs held by his people
    • Missionaries wanted to convert the natives to Catholicism including Diego
    • At 90 yrs old - charged for heresy by the Catholic church
    • Worshipped the god “Sorimana” and holder of its figurine
    • Was able to keep his faith by tricking the Catholic priests
  • 10. Isabel Moctezuma
    • Period: 16 th Century
    • Colony: Mexico New Spain
    • Social Group: Aztec
    • Gender: Female
    • Occupation: Princess and Mestizaje Pioneer
  • 11. Isabel Moctezuma
    • Aztec Princess Tecuichpotzin who married young and had 6 husbands
    • Converted to Catholicism and baptized as Isabel
    • 4 th Husband – Conquistador Alonso de Grado, died shortly after their marriage when she was 17 yrs old
    • Hernando Cortes included her in his heir before arranging Isabel’s 5 th marriage
  • 12. Francisco Baquero
    • Period: 18 – 19 th Century
    • Colony: Buenos Aires, Argentina
    • Social Group: Mestizo
    • Gender: Male
    • Occupation: Shoemaker and Organizer
  • 13. Francisco Baquero
    • A Master Shoemaker but wasn’t successful
    • Worked to create a Union with regulations to control quality and customer base
    • Formed a Union of Negro and Mulatto Shoemakers but got rejected
    • Traveled to Madrid to fight for a segregated union