The Fight for Slavery in California Part 2
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The Fight for Slavery in California Part 2

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The Fight for Slavery in California Part 2 The Fight for Slavery in California Part 2 Presentation Transcript

  • “ The Fight for Slavery in California” JAMES McPHERSON Hist 141 Summer 2011 By: Le Thi My Ho
  • Major Dates
    • 1820 Missouri Compromise
    • 1845 Annexation of Texas to the United States
    • 1846-1848 Mexican-American War
    • 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo; transferred California to the US from Mexico
    • 1854 Kansas-Nebraska Act
    • Utah in 1852 and New Mexico in 1859 legalized slavery
    • Minnesota in 1858 and Oregon in 1859 came in as free states
    • 1860 Abraham Lincoln won the Presidency
  • Civil War Ingredients
    • Slavery due to the expansion of the cotton frontier into Eastern Texas had reached the “natural limits” of its growth in 1830s
    • Many opposed Pennsylvania Congressman David Wilmot’s “Proviso” – ‘any territory acquired from Mexico “neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall ever exist in any part of said territory”‘
    • Disunion within the nation
    • Southern feared of losing control of the federal government to antislavery forces, and Northern resentment of the influence that the Slave Power  already wielded in government
    • Disagreements between Abolitionists and others over the morality of slavery, the scope of democracy and the economic merits of free labor versus slave plantations caused the Whig and “Know-Nothing" parties to collapse, and new ones to arise
    • Southern concerns included not only economic loss but also fears of racial equality
    • "Northerners came to view slavery as the very antithesis of the good society, as well as a threat to their own fundamental values and interests."
    • Majority of Confederate soldiers fought to protect slavery , which they viewed as an integral part of southern economy, culture, and manhood.
    • Union soldiers believed the primary reason for the war was to bring  emancipation to the slaves
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  • GOLD RUSH!!!
    • Early 1848 Gold was discovered in the riverbed on the American River near Sacramento
    • December 1848 - Two hundred ounces of pure gold was sent to Washington as proof
    • Spring of 1849 – California population boomed due to the discovery of gold
    • "There is no vocation in the world in which slavery can be more useful and profitable than in mining“
    • "California is by nature peculiarly a slaveholding State." If it were not for the agitation to exclude slavery, "thousands of young, intelligent, active men...would have been in that region, having each carried with them from one to five slaves.“
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  • Affects on California
    • The Southern fear that admission of California as the sixteenth free state would tip the balance of power against slave states in the Senate and set a precedent for additional free states from the Mexican cession giving the Northern/Union the upper hand
    • Democratic Party vs. Chivalry’s Proslavery
      • The Chivalry made repeated efforts to infiltrate slavery into California
      • 1852 Permitted slave owners to “sojourn” indefinitely in California with his human property
      • Divided the state in two, with the Southern portion reverting to territorial status and open to slavery like New Mexico and Utah
    • Violent and disharmony among California politicians
      • David Terry killed David Broderick
    • Despite everything, California remained one state and slave free in the end