Modern Latin America
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Modern Latin America

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Modern Latin America Modern Latin America Presentation Transcript

  • Hist 141 Assignment 9 Summer 2011 By: Le Thi My Ho
  • Latin America's Wars of the 19th Century
    • The causes for wars in Latin America during the 19th century are numerous and create a vivid, plaid tapestry that influenced the region
    • 10 Causes for War in Latin America-Race War :
      • race war , the ideology of independence, the controversy of separation versus union , boundary disputes, territorial conquests , caudilloism, resource wars , intraclass struggles, interventions caused by capitalism , and religious wars
    • The Monroe Doctrine of 1823 did outline a policy for intervention in Latin America in order to prevent a monarchic counterrevolution against republican governments and to deter the expansion of European colonies in the New World
  • Latin America's Wars of the 19th Century
    • The Haitian War for Independence (1791-1803) began as a struggle between the privileged white planters and the less privileged affranchis (those of mixed blood) and rapidly became an all-out race war when the third and largest racial element, the pure blacks, ultimately dominated
    • Latin American wars for independence were an outgrowth of deep-seated political, economic, and social frustrations
  • Latin America's Wars of the 19th Century
    • Within colonial Latin America a class system existed which exalted the Europeans, gave lesser privileges to the American-born , pure-blooded whites , and repressed all others
    • The overwhelming majority of political, military, economic, and ecclesiastical appointments went to peninsulares (persons born in Spain, also called godos in Buenos Aires and the Caribbean and gachupines in Mexico)
    • Further down the class ladder were the mestizos, Indians, and blacks , and each was treated progressively worse
  • Latin America's Wars of the 19th Century
    • A factor that caused regions within a viceregal colony to seek independence from the colonial seat of power was economic competition within that colony
    • During the colonial era, many administrative entities within the Spanish colonial empire had been held together primarily through their loyalty to the King
    • Formidable geographical barriers of mountains, jungles, deserts, rivers, and vast distances created isolated pockets of population
  • The Second World Mexico
    • January 1, 1994 – The North American Free Tade Agreement went into effect and the Zapatista National Liberation Army started a renewed insurgency
    • 2000-2005 Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador was mayor of Mexico City who created social and food support programs for the elderly
    • Half the population of the country is living in poverty with ever increasing numbers of illegal immigrants into America
    • While drugs are not primarily produced in Mexico,, other countries use Mexico to smuggle drugs into the United States
  • The Second World Columbia
    • The only south American country with both Pacific and Caribbean Coasts
    • Split by 3 Andean Mountain ranges that create distinct cultures on each side
    • The leading source of almost all the cocaine and half the heroine sold in the U.S.
    • Home to the Revolutionaly Armed Forces of colombia ( FARC ), a terrorist guerilla organization
  • The Second World Brazil
    • The largest country in South America
    • It is the world's fifth largest country , both by geographical area and by population
    • The Brazilian fastest growing economy is the world's seventh largest economy by nominal GDP and the eighth largest by purchasing power parity; political and economic leader in Latin America
    • Almost half of Brazil’s exports go to developing countries
    • The largest producer and exporter of clean-burning ethanol in the world
  • The Second World Venezuela
    • Since 1999 - Hugo Chavez is the current 56 th President of Venezuela
    • Follows his own political ideology of Bolivarianism
    • Disagrees with U.S. foreign policy and allies himself strongly with the governments of Cuba, Argentina, Jamaica, Bolivia, Ecuador, and China
    • Oil is Venezuela’s main economic staple
  • Ricardo Lagos
    • Latin American Political Leader and Economist
    • A serious economist and human rights advocate who refuses to be confined into one discipline or role
    • Earned a law degree from the University of Chile and a doctorate in economics from Duke University
    • Former Chilean president (2000-2006) whose administration achieved strong economic growth while adopting democratic and social reforms
    •   In 2007 he was appointed to his current position as the United Nations Special Envoy on Climate Change
  • Shawn Hernandez
    • Born on February 11, 1973 ; Houston, TX
    • An American Professional Wrestler of Mexican and Puerto Rican descent
    • Ring Names : Hotstuff Hernandez; Hernandez; Double Iron Sheik #2; Mr. Texas; The Masked Super Tex
    • Trained by : Tugboat Taylor; Texas Wrestling Academy; Rudy Boy Gonzalez
    • Debut : November 1996
    • Hernandez is currently under contract with  Total Nonstop Action Wrestling , where he is currently a member of the Mexican America stable with Rosita Sarita and Anarquia, with whom he currently holds the TNA World Tag Team Championship