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  1. 1. photorealism<br />By Lyndsay Maresca and Danielle Warren<br />
  2. 2. Pop Art<br />Ironic Use of Media<br />Based on photographic images: little to no interpretation or distortion<br />Everyday subject matter<br />Andy Warhol, Marilyn Monroe (1962)<br />Chuck Close, Kate (2005)<br />
  3. 3. MINIMALISM<br /><ul><li>Lack of emotional content
  4. 4. Basis in geometry </li></ul>Barnett Newman, The <br />Word II (1952)<br />Richard Estes, Paris Street Scene (1972)<br />
  5. 5. Historical Events<br />VIETNAM WAR<br />1955-1975<br />
  6. 6. WATERGATE SCANDAL1972-1974<br />Political Unrest<br />Distrust of Government<br />Who can we trust?<br />
  7. 7. Public reaction<br />People did not take the movement seriously, as they believed it was nothing but a copy of a photograph<br />Photorealism is not art because there is no emotion behind it<br />Why not just take a photograph?<br />
  8. 8. Characteristics:<br />Very detailed to the point where they appear real<br />Colors and shapes are not distorted and the subjects are extremely realistic<br />Based off photographs <br />Comment on consumer culture and everyday activity<br />
  9. 9. Technique:<br /><ul><li>Most artists make a small copy of a photograph beforehand and then use it was a guide to their larger picture
  10. 10. Artists pay attention to the detail, such as:
  11. 11. Composition
  12. 12. Perspective
  13. 13. Form
  14. 14. Light
  15. 15. Shadow</li></li></ul><li>Technique:<br /><ul><li>To copy their image onto into a larger scale, artists use tools such as overhead projectorsor the grid method
  16. 16. The grid method is when the artist divides a photograph into sections and draws each section out one by one separately
  17. 17. Airbrushing
  18. 18. Brush strokes are practically invisible</li></li></ul><li>Ralph Goings<br />Common motifs: Diners, Pick-up trucks, hamburger stands<br />Highlight everyday objects<br />Paint objectively: allow viewers to come to their own conclusions<br />
  19. 19. Pie and Iced Tea (1987)<br />
  20. 20. Sabrett II (2003)<br />
  21. 21. Tux (2003)<br />
  22. 22. Audrey Flack<br /><ul><li>Began as an Abstract Expressionist
  23. 23. Was challenged with being a female
  24. 24. She felt she had to work harder to prove herself as a female artist
  25. 25. Subjects focused on iconic women figures who were not only beautiful but intelligent and strong
  26. 26. Her paintings included imagery of human emotion such as loveand suffering</li></li></ul><li>Audrey Flack<br />Used different types of media such as:<br />Acrylic paint<br />Airbrush<br />Oil paint<br />Or a mixture of the above<br />Her use of color was very vivid and intriguing<br />Saw color as wavelengths of light instead of a material substance<br />Her subjects are mostly feminine but still hold a the strong and capable feel <br />
  27. 27. Marilyn (Vanitas) 1977<br />
  28. 28. Crayola (1972-73)<br />
  29. 29. Chuck Close<br />Large portraits<br />Near microscopic detail<br />Allows the face to tell its own story<br />
  30. 30. Mark (1979)<br />
  31. 31. Leslie (1973)<br />
  32. 32. Richard Estes<br />Studied fine arts at the Institute <br /> of Chicago<br />Worked as a graphic designer <br />Art focused on New York street scenes<br />Main subjects are:<br />Store fronts<br />Cars<br />Glass windows<br />Other reflective surfaces<br />His works tied in with Pop Art because of the aspects of popular culture in his art<br />
  33. 33. Richard estes<br />Paintings normally took place under these circumstances:<br />Urban areas<br />Always in daylight<br />Litter-free<br />Used more than one photograph to create his art<br />Took panoramic photographs of scenes<br />
  34. 34. Richard estes<br />While painting, he moved from general forms to specific detail<br />Some paintings were done with acrylic paint then painted over with oil paints<br />Did his work free hand instead of using projectors<br />Paintings did not focus on the emotions of the people in them<br />
  35. 35. Telephone Booths (1968)<br />
  36. 36.
  37. 37. Sculpture<br />Duane Hanson:<br />Made with Fiber Glass<br />Ordinary people<br />Real clothes<br />John De Andrea<br />Naked women<br />Distressed expressions<br />
  38. 38. Duane Hanson, Tourists II (1988)<br />
  39. 39. Duane Hanson, Traveller (1988)<br />
  40. 40. Duane Hanson, Queenie II (1988)<br />
  41. 41. John De Andrea, American Beauty (1986)<br />
  42. 42. John De Andrea, AmberReclining (2006)<br />
  43. 43. Photorealism Today<br />As close to reality as possible:<br />High-Definition TV/Movie<br />Advanced CGI Techniques<br />3D Movies<br />