Suitability to meals served
Manner in which meals are to be served
Beauty and durability
Refer to the table cloths or placemat that are used
to cover and protect the table surface. Linen,
cotton, nylon, cotton blends, plastic, raffia,
bamboo, cork and sinamay are some of the
materials for table covers
Before shopping for table cloth, measure the table. For a
formal table cloth, add 16” to 24” to both the length and the
width of the table for the drop. An informal cloth needs less
drop – usually to 10 to 15 inches. The only kind of table cloth
that should touch the floor is the banquet cloth. Hems should
be narrow, with even, straight stitches. Hand sewn hems are
more elegant than machine stitched.
Placemats should be large enough to hold the
entire place setting, but they should never overlap.
Mats range in size from 12 to 14 inches deep and 16
to 18 inches wide. They come in a wide range of
colors, designs, materials sizes and shapes, and the
most versatile of all the table covers. They are
acceptable for every occasion except the formal
dinner or tea table.
Refers to eating and serving utensils and a few
decorative pieces. They are classified into two:
A. Flatware. It is the name given to utensils used for
eating and serving food –knives, forks and spoons
used by each person and the serving pieces. They
are made from stainless steel, silver or silver plated
B. Halloware. It is the name given
to items like teapots, bowls, trays
and candle holders that are made
from a metal substance such as
silver plated steel, stainless steel or
A new comer to the table scene, they are
found in a wide variety of fabrics and synthesis.
Usually runners are placed on either side of the
table to hold numerous place settings or they may
be crisscrossed for four placed settings.
Napkins vary in size. Those that are used for dinner
are usually larger than those used at breakfast and lunch.
Napkins are used to wipe your hands and face clean
while eating and to protect your lap from spilled food. They
vary in size depending on the occasion. Cloth napkins for a
formal tea party are quite small measuring about 12 by 12
inches and are used only for the lips and finger tips.
Larger napkins are used for breakfast, lunch and dinner,
about 17 by 17 inches. For formal dinners or banquet,
napkins are 24 inches square.
Dinnerware refers to the dishes in which food
is artistically arranged and served. It should be
made of good design and color. Poor design and
color can make the most appetizing dish
Glassware refers to drinking glasses, juice
glasses, sherbet glasses, sauce dishes salad and
dessert plates. Drinking and juice glasses come
in different sizes. They usually come in varying
patterns and colors.
Glassware used for beverages are classified
into two. A stemware has a stem and a pedestal
or foot. Tumblers are glasses without stem.
Lead glass or crystals. The most expensive and most
beautiful glass. It has a brilliant luster and emits a
clear, bell like ring when tapped. Most crystals are
Lime glass. Can be inexpensively produced and other
popular glass dishes are made from it. It is most
popular for daily use. It is usually molded or pressed
and emits a dull sound when tapped.
Milk glass or borosilicate. A heat resistant, milk –
white or colored. It is durable, has luster and sounds
dull when tapped.
is an important item of a display, usually of a table
setting. Centerpieces help set the theme of the
decorations and bring extra decorations to the
room. A centerpiece also refers to any central or
important object in a collection of items.