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Citing sources

Citing sources



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    • Using and Citing Multimedia Lynee Richel, Learning Resource Center [email_address]
    • What this presentation will cover
      • Fair Use for educational multimedia
      • How to cite online multimedia
      • How to seek permissions
    • Fair Use Guidelines
      • American Distance Education Consortium
      • Fair Use Limitations
      • 1. Time
      • 2. Portion
      • 3. Copying
      • 4. Distribution
    • Limitations
      • Motion Media
        • 10% or 3 minutes
      • Text
        • 10% or 1000 words
      • Music, Lyrics, Music Video
        • 10% or 30 seconds
      • Photos and Illustrations
        • 5 images? Questionable
    • Other requirements
      • Copying and distribution limitations
      • Attribution and acknowledgement
      • Notice of use restrictions
      • Future uses
    • Fair Use Guidelines
      • American Distance Education Consortium
      • http://www.adec.edu/admin/papers/fair10-17.html
    • How to cite multimedia
      • Guidelines from the Library of Congress
      • Modern Language Association Format
      • The following format examples are taken from The Library of Congress’ Learning Page.
      • “ The Learning Page – Getting Started: Cite Sources .” Library of Congress. 8 August 2006. U.S. Govt. 21 February 2007 <http://memory.loc.gov/learn/start/cite/index.html>
    • Citing an entire website
    • MLA format for a website
      • Site’s title in italics.
      • Editor’s firstname, MI, last name.
      • Publication information if available.
      • Name of sponsoring organization.
      • Date of access and URL
      • Example:
      • Library of Congress. U.S. Govt. 20 February 2007 <http://www.loc.gov>
    • Citing cartoons and illustrations
    • MLA format for illustrations
      • 1. Artist’s lastname, first and middle initial
      • 2. Title of work in quotation marks
      • 3. Format (cartoon or illustration)
      • 4. Title in italics
      • 5. Publishing information (book, magazine, etc)
      • 6. Title of online collection in italics
      • Editor of collection if available
      • Date of posting if available
      • Name of project in italics
      • Name of sponsoring organization
      • Date of access and URL
    • MLA example for an illustration
      • Franklin, Benjamin. “Join or Die.” Illustration. The Pennsylvania Gazette 9 May 1754 . Prints and Photographs Online Catalog. 2 Dec. 2005. American Memory. Library of Congress.
      • 20 February 2007 <http://memory.loc.gov/pp/pphome.html>
    • Citing film
      • To view the short film, “Krazy Kat, bugologist”, click on the URL below.
      • http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/oahtml/animatTitles01.html
      • Then click on the link to “Krazy Kat, bugologist.”
      • Options to view in RealMedia, MPEG and Quicktime
    • MLA format for film
      • Film title in italics
      • Directors first name, middle initial and last name.
      • Names of writers, performers, producers.
      • Name of distributor.
      • Year of release
      • Title of online collection in italics
      • Date of collection’s posting or recent update
      • Name of project in italics
      • Name of sponsoring institution
      • Date of access and URL
    • MLA example for a film
      • Krazy Kat, bugologist. Writer George Herriman. Animator Leon Searl. Piano composer and performer Philip Carli. International Film Service 1916. Origins of American Animation, 1900-1921. 31 March 1999. American Memory . Library of Congress. 20 February 2007. <http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/oahtml/oahome.html>
    • Citing Photographs
    • MLA format for photographs
      • 1. Photographer’s lastname, firstname, MI
      • Title of photograph in italics
      • Original date
      • Title of collection
      • Date of posting for collection
      • Current location of original print
      • Name of project in italics
      • Sponsoring organization
      • Date of access and URL
    • MLA example for a photograph
      • O’Sullivan, Timothy H. Incidents of the War. A Harvest of Death. C1865. Selected Civil War Photographs from the Library of Congress, 1861-1865. 15 Jan. 2000. American Memory. Library of Congress. 20 Feb. 2007 <http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/cwphtml/cwpcam/cwcam2c.html>
    • Citing Sound Recordings
      • To listen to an audio recording of the song,
      • “Coming Round the Mountain”, click on the link:
      • http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/afccchtml/cowhome.html
      • Next, enter a Keyword Search for “coming round the mountain”
      • Click on the first hit, the title “Coming Round the Mountain”
      • Listen to the recording in MP3, Real Audio or wav format
    • MLA format for audio & music
      • Composer, conductor or performer last name, first name, MI. (Depends on emphasis). If given, second performer is listed by firstname, MI, lastname.
      • Title of recording in italics
      • Title of performer if not stated in #1 above
      • Date of performance
      • Name of medium (LP, CD, etc)
      • Title of recording company and year of issue
      • Title of online collection in italics
      • Editor or compiler of collection
      • Date of posting of collection
      • Name of project in italics
      • Name of sponsoring organization
      • Date of access and URL
    • MLA example for a recording
      • Scott, Mrs. Ben and Myrtle B. Wilkinson. Coming Round the Mountain. 31 Oct. 1939. 78 rpm. Sydney Robertson Cowell, n.d. California Gold: Northern California Folk Music from the Thirties. 19 Oct. 1998. American Memory. Lib. of Congress. 20 Feb. 2007 <http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/afccchtml/cowhome.html>
    • MLA Adapted Style- Radio & TV
      • The following example of citations for radio and television styles is an adapted format from the libraries of the University of California at Berkeley.
      • See the URL at:
      • http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/MRC/mla.html
    • MLA format for Television and Radio Programs
      • Title of Program in italics
      • Series in parentheses and in italics
      • Writer, producer, director or performer first name, MI, last name. (The list’s order depends on emphasis)
      • Network.
      • Local affiliate and city.
      • Date of broadcast.
      • Name of sponsoring organization.
      • URL and date of access.
    • MLA Example for a TV/Radio show
      • The Art of Hip-Hop (Soundcheck). John Schaefer (Host) and Jeff Chang (Interview). NPR. WNYC, New York City, 12 Feb. 2007. http://www.wnyc.org/shows/soundcheck/episodes/2007/02/12 . 20 Feb. 2007.
    • Seeking Permissions
      • Always a good idea!
      • Photographs and images are particularly important.
      • Template letter at
      • http://www.landmark-project.com/permission_student.php