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Citing sources

Citing sources

Published in: Education, Technology, Design
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  • 1. Using and Citing Multimedia Lynee Richel, Learning Resource Center [email_address]
  • 2. What this presentation will cover
    • Fair Use for educational multimedia
    • How to cite online multimedia
    • How to seek permissions
  • 3. Fair Use Guidelines
    • American Distance Education Consortium
    • Fair Use Limitations
    • 1. Time
    • 2. Portion
    • 3. Copying
    • 4. Distribution
  • 4. Limitations
    • Motion Media
      • 10% or 3 minutes
    • Text
      • 10% or 1000 words
    • Music, Lyrics, Music Video
      • 10% or 30 seconds
    • Photos and Illustrations
      • 5 images? Questionable
  • 5. Other requirements
    • Copying and distribution limitations
    • Attribution and acknowledgement
    • Notice of use restrictions
    • Future uses
  • 6. Fair Use Guidelines
    • American Distance Education Consortium
    • http://www.adec.edu/admin/papers/fair10-17.html
  • 7. How to cite multimedia
    • Guidelines from the Library of Congress
    • Modern Language Association Format
    • The following format examples are taken from The Library of Congress’ Learning Page.
    • “ The Learning Page – Getting Started: Cite Sources .” Library of Congress. 8 August 2006. U.S. Govt. 21 February 2007 <http://memory.loc.gov/learn/start/cite/index.html>
  • 8. Citing an entire website
  • 9. MLA format for a website
    • Site’s title in italics.
    • Editor’s firstname, MI, last name.
    • Publication information if available.
    • Name of sponsoring organization.
    • Date of access and URL
    • Example:
    • Library of Congress. U.S. Govt. 20 February 2007 <http://www.loc.gov>
  • 10. Citing cartoons and illustrations
  • 11. MLA format for illustrations
    • 1. Artist’s lastname, first and middle initial
    • 2. Title of work in quotation marks
    • 3. Format (cartoon or illustration)
    • 4. Title in italics
    • 5. Publishing information (book, magazine, etc)
    • 6. Title of online collection in italics
    • Editor of collection if available
    • Date of posting if available
    • Name of project in italics
    • Name of sponsoring organization
    • Date of access and URL
  • 12. MLA example for an illustration
    • Franklin, Benjamin. “Join or Die.” Illustration. The Pennsylvania Gazette 9 May 1754 . Prints and Photographs Online Catalog. 2 Dec. 2005. American Memory. Library of Congress.
    • 20 February 2007 <http://memory.loc.gov/pp/pphome.html>
  • 13. Citing film
    • To view the short film, “Krazy Kat, bugologist”, click on the URL below.
    • http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/oahtml/animatTitles01.html
    • Then click on the link to “Krazy Kat, bugologist.”
    • Options to view in RealMedia, MPEG and Quicktime
  • 14. MLA format for film
    • Film title in italics
    • Directors first name, middle initial and last name.
    • Names of writers, performers, producers.
    • Name of distributor.
    • Year of release
    • Title of online collection in italics
    • Date of collection’s posting or recent update
    • Name of project in italics
    • Name of sponsoring institution
    • Date of access and URL
  • 15. MLA example for a film
    • Krazy Kat, bugologist. Writer George Herriman. Animator Leon Searl. Piano composer and performer Philip Carli. International Film Service 1916. Origins of American Animation, 1900-1921. 31 March 1999. American Memory . Library of Congress. 20 February 2007. <http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/oahtml/oahome.html>
  • 16. Citing Photographs
  • 17. MLA format for photographs
    • 1. Photographer’s lastname, firstname, MI
    • Title of photograph in italics
    • Original date
    • Title of collection
    • Date of posting for collection
    • Current location of original print
    • Name of project in italics
    • Sponsoring organization
    • Date of access and URL
  • 18. MLA example for a photograph
    • O’Sullivan, Timothy H. Incidents of the War. A Harvest of Death. C1865. Selected Civil War Photographs from the Library of Congress, 1861-1865. 15 Jan. 2000. American Memory. Library of Congress. 20 Feb. 2007 <http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/cwphtml/cwpcam/cwcam2c.html>
  • 19. Citing Sound Recordings
    • To listen to an audio recording of the song,
    • “Coming Round the Mountain”, click on the link:
    • http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/afccchtml/cowhome.html
    • Next, enter a Keyword Search for “coming round the mountain”
    • Click on the first hit, the title “Coming Round the Mountain”
    • Listen to the recording in MP3, Real Audio or wav format
  • 20. MLA format for audio & music
    • Composer, conductor or performer last name, first name, MI. (Depends on emphasis). If given, second performer is listed by firstname, MI, lastname.
    • Title of recording in italics
    • Title of performer if not stated in #1 above
    • Date of performance
    • Name of medium (LP, CD, etc)
    • Title of recording company and year of issue
    • Title of online collection in italics
    • Editor or compiler of collection
    • Date of posting of collection
    • Name of project in italics
    • Name of sponsoring organization
    • Date of access and URL
  • 21. MLA example for a recording
    • Scott, Mrs. Ben and Myrtle B. Wilkinson. Coming Round the Mountain. 31 Oct. 1939. 78 rpm. Sydney Robertson Cowell, n.d. California Gold: Northern California Folk Music from the Thirties. 19 Oct. 1998. American Memory. Lib. of Congress. 20 Feb. 2007 <http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/afccchtml/cowhome.html>
  • 22. MLA Adapted Style- Radio & TV
    • The following example of citations for radio and television styles is an adapted format from the libraries of the University of California at Berkeley.
    • See the URL at:
    • http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/MRC/mla.html
  • 23. MLA format for Television and Radio Programs
    • Title of Program in italics
    • Series in parentheses and in italics
    • Writer, producer, director or performer first name, MI, last name. (The list’s order depends on emphasis)
    • Network.
    • Local affiliate and city.
    • Date of broadcast.
    • Name of sponsoring organization.
    • URL and date of access.
  • 24. MLA Example for a TV/Radio show
    • The Art of Hip-Hop (Soundcheck). John Schaefer (Host) and Jeff Chang (Interview). NPR. WNYC, New York City, 12 Feb. 2007. http://www.wnyc.org/shows/soundcheck/episodes/2007/02/12 . 20 Feb. 2007.
  • 25. Seeking Permissions
    • Always a good idea!
    • Photographs and images are particularly important.
    • Template letter at
    • http://www.landmark-project.com/permission_student.php

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