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Tropical Fish Guide Preview

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Download @ http://www.christianhomeschoolhub.com/pt/Ichthyology-Study-of-Fish-Teaching-Resources-and-Downloads/wiki.htm

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  • 1. A GDEN GUI DE ® $  
  • 2. ONTENTS C F                     CG  QUU           6 F                      GV                         WR                           CR                    6   RFC G         2 UR                    2 G                    27 BC                       2 F YG                     C                    URC F RC F          6 FW                7 R QUU B      C F              Boy-togued Fsh  Freshwater Butterfyfsh  Eephtfsh  Caracs  Hatchetfsh  Gymotd Ees o Kfefs  Eectrc Ees or Kfe Ees  Carp ad Mows  Gyrocheds  oacs  Spy Catfsh  Cachthyd Armored Catfs  Suckermouted Armored Catfsh  Bajo Catfsh  Gass Catfsh  Pmeodd or dpose F Catfsh  Bagrd Catfs  abyrth Catfsh  Upsdedow Catfsh  Ectrc Catfsh  Hafeaks  Sckebacks, Seahorses, ad pefshes  fsh or Tooted Carp  Fou r-eyed Fsh  vebearers  Gassfsh  Tgerfsh  Sufsh  Fgerfsh  Acherfsh  Agus Fsh  eaf Fsh  Cchds  Mudskppes  abyrthfshes  Sversdes  Soes  Spy Ees  uffers R FR               X                         
  • 3.  C       ve ie h r oldfish was kpt captive  hn or h  housand years ago, the eep in  h ha rown steadiy in popularity. e e nd d roit o the par o enthusast ur ing the  e eades has resuled i more nfo aon a eq uipe beoming avaiabe r the mill ion  hoby  l l ver the world Srese a poblems of everyday iving ar sl r   wath nderwate pectaces i yr  l iving room. A aquarum toked wth fish an pants provides astg and cntnus en teraine nd the gratficato ta co rom creatin yor wn miiature underwaer word s wihou o Fih  r nique pe hey do not make oises, run   lre us o d or chew up yor avort air o er For e rce o on  or o a o et oo you a bu a beauu roca  a or ho rohbt oter ets ge r l l l w quari. Many owner have taught hei pe to e rom heir fingers or to swim to the rae t re i their han or to be petted. f her ffpig re ied nd od, pes can more than y  hir ro  bd. An quarium adds o  home's eo an  aintene i  iffiut  quru m hould e arrangd with care prior o purchasing ny sh Whe eolgi prnciples are beng onsidee eroul estlihin and maintaining an quar  ee h re h  iple hoby. Ori i  q ehnii n dy the 4
  • 4.  aquaium as iv ttaimet t a ms  sd sss nd n  i indis   sid wd  Exincd, ssin c iss is ih b  iion in g sid nks s  sc f od o ns Tis is  sib   incs  ib i  nd nisd s. 5
  • 5. C    G   Q        h rt tnk poib I n enr th  p h hv he ettr thy do Ao it  h i t ke  re tnk en Different pei r  hi tiviti wh n p dn A p t bby ppe rquire oni ly  p thn tn  th   odh p n id to tht it  l ot ipoib t rit ddin nw inhbitn t th tnk n  tr vo   oo ti ized h  lt tnk n whih on hd nvt  tn  n   w nk i too niv or th  ok r  rin  wr d or  ti  iiv r ondhn r        NON-TOXIC SEALANT shud b us o pv o sp aks Of  sag a b   sd p c, bu h a aks u  pps b usd sa m xcss saa ca b  ff h  azo bad B cafu  o scac h g ass o asc 6 Pu h aquaum  a d, ca pac ad a  sa o  a s fo a as w ks T ag  aquau  aad wa o ah wk b usg  a ks  a d aquau c smms b sad b fg  a k sow    Sa a sas  aquau  saa a ca b bug  a p sop
  • 6. AQUARIUMS Z   of aquarium var. Recangu n k with tain e-stee frame and ga id are he kd o recommended hee are reatve how k providing he greates urface area p o   wer for the echange of oxygen d caro dioide f a ga pane i roken it  e pce. n k made of  ga cannot be re ire ic qurium a re eaiy crached a n wi   ns sois bc disd. Wdn nks  b id d id, nd  od wi sin  i  i G VE f a ta ga ta is dtrmid by th fmua (i ichs) bw: widt x gth x ight 1 s m mst b w  t s ssa t ad ds t t at Ora mts a a tak  sac If thy a aady  a, t may b asist t ma s t m f at as t ta is bg fid t ts figu ad kp it whr it  t b st. 
  • 7. C  e decided eoe eecing he nd and e o aquarum. Keep n mind tha each ga  o water wegs approxmatey  pond,  the sand mut be surdy Its ocaton us e pr anen, the surface eve . Movng or ting a an k hat i  even parta y u l o water o r gravel ten esul i leak.  eap  a  1 ga   e iiec a cea AV havg t ue ei d Put the aqurium ea a a utet.  t a the aquaum  top  a tev t  a hfi wh t wat may vhat a  t at ad aima  t muh gh ge aga tv  the ga ad  th wate. he aga d ot ham  fih but ar t aacive tg ag a be a o tat tugg,  ae ta away fom wdw. h tmeatu f the m u be tat ad the su   aft  a mu  a td, uehd pay pat um, a tba me a b da gu t fi a at E AR. Bf wg wih h aquaium, wah yu had wih ap ie peat dy rub th oap ad dirt frm ude yu gei wih a iff bruh. ie a te way up your ar if it will be erge he r yor had ad equipmet  a rg lt oluo which boh le ad diife. ialy rie agi wh fh wr eve allw eer o h otio ar t
  • 8. TO SIPHON, f h ub ( s  pasc ub) fu f war  a humb v ah  f h ub Pu  d  h aquaum a a mak su h h  s bw  v f h u b   aqua um N mv  us, a  wa su fow f A spg ub mad spa f aquaums ca  puas a  p s TT  NW TNK O KG befor you pu i n pc his s wi prevn h soking of vl ube furnir nd rugs he gurnte on  new nk m be honored, bu  wrped piec of furnure or  sind rg  re not covred by  gura e Seec  wrproof surfc were coo waer cn be hosed or poured ino e nk e su  boom of he ank is dry before fi   ing i, or you wi  no be b o deemine i he nk s reay eaking  low e nk o si for  east weve ours fer h es, scoop or siphon e wer rom e tnk Do no  i h n k wih weig inside i R nse wi  sa souton e oug  nk does no l k, quarium may swa a firs Pu waerproof m eria under quarum o cac tis moisur 9
  • 9.      ,  h ui i s propery opr, svs urs  cening. y providing  grear suac  r  oxygen o ener he k, fiering so in crss sh capciy. There re wo bsic ypes  rs chrcolfloss n undrgrv. A CORER FR octe i si th aqurium, i  pltic x otiig urium chr a ao e crbo) o the w hlf a fiter fl o t top. The chro cas the wat  borb my impur itis th flos rmoe bri Wat is circute through thes two, which beome oil a mus be chage eey w wks. way rie ew chrco thoroughly Store uue  arb i  airtight cotie wh it ca br poio frm th air tivat igh quali harals ma  e a ru svra imes by imy riig  ryig them i a ea  Buy fiter flo, ot gass woo Prtie of gls  og i  iur th fih gils or c b trfr to ope ye from thei ha ve ck the flo it  filte This reucs th pert ig ffiiey f th filte  ut a strai  th pum
  • 10. OTSID FI LER Sr carcoa cartridg  OSIE FIR  o  ati bo, with flo i th uppr af ad aroa i t owr hf Watr i uckd u o or mor iho tub, drod ito th bo hgig outi th aquarium, ad d through th haroa ad th flo bfor rturig to th tak O pho tub mut rah mot to th bot tom to ik u ay ttd wt h ho tub houd hav a ihd or rd d o tht h ar ot kd  o to th co  thi ty i  o c do ot tk   d th tak, ad i ot ky o o rt of flo id. udrgravel  ERRV  R SUSR FIERS co   vt of mod Th ar ighy dr ab tr, oig of pat  t on ntr oor o a  ar covr y on or t c o grav Watr an dbrs ar suckd troug t grav Oygoig b tria that gow o th t omo th dbri rduc g it to a hrm t th tays udr th t Th a ad omwht pur th watr  dob har oa rt  h b  a rasd e sur not to u fn grav  t tr. It  t trough sts of pastc at of tr. 1 1
  • 11. T  PP s t compnn       d ov  w vl, outsd  t urum tung connects h filt o h pump.  twn hem r should b n ol nd dst  lt h prvns bck prssur no h pump r trv ls ough h ubng to  filr. utsd filtr my co wh r own mgnc-drv mors n no d pp  yps o pmps r vll. Br by g  pmp, ch to m rn t cn ndl t gllon vlu o ou r tn Rmm t t pmp wll  wg 4 ous  dy.  s ws t nvs n  hghquly pump, whch shod v  gurne for  mnmum o  y  go p w ous sverl of  nxpnsv o  MEH  RT  taks f r ta 5 ga s vvs a mba  utsid ad udav fits s iats t aa atdg  t udgav st i ut abut a fut f t wat v t ad s t ara gav  a wit fs Bfr u ig g av v t fit v botto of ta it a  f at ad sha th sbgd at t v ai bubbs v fit wit gav ad sw yu figrs trug t to s air cts s gav  si g s   rgrav  12  
  • 12. Gravel fine sand mediu bs gav fo sub saa f s gu a  shape ad abou • c  sz G     u he nk in is permnen ocaion beore dding grvel or wer e  nk cnno be moved aer hese re added Use naura grave  his is he usua nd amiia r floor covering  mos esar fish ooed gaves a e aracive bu re no recom meded because ey may ade or coud he wer u seiid, washed quarium gave wihout l i me or me s s  prec uio, wsh he grave gn Use  ce n plsic, gass, or ena me con a ne  ney pucased pasc pai is us igh o aquaium use se gae in o apwar oninue o rinse u e waer runs rom he pa i cysa  cea or gd measure, ash he gve five moe i mes na  y, inse e gve in cod er beoe pouig i ino e a nk Sope he gae upd ar e back o e ankom e o o ices  is ay, ay deis a   ing  e bom w   see n e on were  can be seen nd easiy siped o need  Soping so gives deph nd inees o e aquium 
  • 13. T   ged tapwate  s sal l est.  ow he wate to aeae or sevea  days in te ank Ts wil ae o season t. Tapwate is geneay treated wh chor ine, which i riaes a fis's g s  he gs a e a damaged, hey may be unabe o asmae enough oxygen, and he fish w   e ounaey, corine and a ew oher a rml gaes w escape he wae dring te agng period. nea  compouns, how eve wil ncrease in concentraion as waer evao ates Man aquariss keep a sppy o aged wa stoe o se  emegncs O    allo he wa e o dibble loly dn  on pane of gla Do n dmp in all he ae a onc. l he ank alay hen add h decoraio (p 6) en ad ae o hin one or  ins o h   RS for e in an aqarm: a ic is oen con amiaed ih amopheric poisons. ak or am wa a may be poiou or abr harfl bacera ad aae. minalid war case  acks he eenial  mnerals fi ned. at tha has bn od  ron, zn, coppe, or ead sse s poionos o fis. lowih war in salise ak ndcaes oerrodng an overfeedng To emed, iphn e a parially and 14 eace wh fres aer add ne aoal o h fies d wat  rs a afe eing p a ne ank i pobaby de o baceria. eve inrodce fi ino sch wa. If he aer i no cry a lea in o eeks, emo aer and ar ove n an old ak cldy ae may be de o a filer no fuc ioning poperly. I is mos ofen caed by a dee groh of miooganims ha are d compoing debris in he ank. Make cerai he h ae n fed oo mch and ha hey are o oecroded. es han a galon of aer pe h of fih s croding. lodines f hi or canno be remoed y o dinar files, hogh  diaom file ill do o. Sphon off af e aer; elimina he excs food ando fih Add ne ae and en check o ee if roblem ha been remedied.
  • 14. R W s cased  ms  mcscopic pans aae. he aae ae  am  ae  aace  ae amns I a  he agae die and decay hey o he wae ilizing he oxygen eeded by he sh If h wae has becme opaqe, make a mpee chane  wae and ean h ae. I he wae s js bnn  n ee, e excessie wh  agae an e discaed  edc  he amn  igh. Agae an fish ca be ndced and as ae pas ha w cmpee wi h aa  es n he wae D W s eea a sg  decay.  d s  dae sa d s sce d eiminae  COCO O HYDR E OS caed p, indicaes whehe he wae is acid, ne a,  akaine ad wae s akaie s wa s ea  acid nwin he p  e wae s especay impoa whe beeding sh. A sdden chane o p im pies ha smehin s wn  he ank sch a oecod g o eeedi Sh dai caions ae ma. is ae aaiabe  mea sn and sen he p  n chang  he desed p qiky Wai seea hs  wae o sabiize o ge new accae eading Acaed cab keeps wae ea esin chacas bffe he e o a specfic p   , degee  adess  ceases de  cacim ad manesm cmpds, pss by m dead sai shes  sme knds  namens. Ex cessiey had-50 pp  me-can be sofened by di ing  wh dised wae  me a 0 ece. CIRCUIO O R s mpan  he aquam  habian. ubbles m fies d no add xygen  he ae he oxygen i abobed a he uface hen cicaed hgh e an k.  s  15
  • 15. C       a anced aquariumconaining oy fis wae ave ad ass a  en oec or e advanced or expeienced obbyis o be ners te esult is oten dead decayg ans ta mess up e ank ants are mortant in te eoreica ly baaned aquarum. s tey gow tey uil e e wastes rom te fis but because te waer s circu aed by a ump ad filer te amout o oxyen su ed by e ans beoes sican I e fis are ed greens e lve  ans can be eiminaed rom an aquarium wou am. tifical aquarium plans look autentic and are longlastng. eck or exposed wires a may rus and contamnate te water. I possible uy ans tat a re onsucted entiey o nonoxic asc suc as poyetylene  eaive a angmen o lve plans or a mixtue o live and artificia ans is easi ad aso ro vides fis w ood and wi a ae o sawn e aquarum ants temseves are a grown obby wit more tan 1 0 seies ro wic o sele. quascag nvolves bending coors sades t ue and sie. rg astgrowing ans a re an cored at e ack o te tank smaler ones at te sdes enter and ront Rocks can be bended wt e ans o aeve a auraooing underwae wold J ust mak cetain to leave sace or te fis o swim. gig or aneag fis can ruin an aquascape n ony a ew ours. In addion fis medcations suc as metyene ue o sa t more tan  teasoon per al lon can kl pants. 16
  • 16. Plns  re sod rooed, buced or oi uy ony crisp pns wi no brown ded rs Keep em mois uni  you e em o your qurium vod us  scs fiers re bes Pns eed  o l 0 ous o  dy OOD N re oen mos be uifu  ocae eac pn by diin  wide, sow oe n e rvel Hod e pln by is o nd n ou e roos in e ole beore refiin i ncor e pn i necessry Te swo en base o e sem soud be jus bove e surce o e rve  u e i n   ew dys o   ow  o roo Te pns ob in noursmen rom te rve, so in oder an ks pce e pns were e rve s been eri ied by e fis Rooed pns row we  n nks wi nderrve fi ers, b e roos be come ned i e fie pe en e nk is dismned fo ceni, e pns may be injred, resin i ei sunin or de ip o old, brow eves SCR CE S ar pi ad hard o kp ali i pla ar propa gad from bulb plad u udr h gral h ough bril la gro loly bu ay bc 2  long. ub o alga or dir ha may collc o h la A mid ir drop o 1 0 dgr  bficial or hi pla bu o for dlica fih Th plan i ud b a a omha io lad crpic I ruir a la 1 0 hour of ubdud ligh pr dy MD  PN Aponogeton fenestra/is to 21 t 1 
  • 17. CRYPTCRYN yptooyn ffi t  . GY AAZN R E. ee t 4 in. 1 HAI AS   AS Eleochar acular to 1 ft. CRYTCRY oes well wiou grea amouns o brig ligt a in anks wi floaing plans lighly acid so age waer i be. any pecie are aailable. ome plan produce re leaes ha grow aboe te surae o te wate Z SR a typical rooe plan grows new plans y ending out runner ese soul be pused below te grael Amazons are an effec ie ecor  soon a yong plans deelop roo ey can be sipped rom runners an transplaned Te Pigmy mazon (to  in) will carpe a 0gallon ank e regular mazon (o  in) soul hae at eat 5 gallon n wic o prea ne plan may ae as many as 0 leaes n new ank eups wi ard waer Amazons are delicae f e leaes icolor increae e daily ligh duraion  SS grows in thcke 6 o 2 inche hig. I sprea by runner Hair Gra a only stems no leae t suries in warm o oo water YRI i a rooed plan ha oe be wen plane in all bunche In good igh t gro el. Hygropila ay e propagaed eiher by cuings or by leaes C ER SRCK ows 6 o  nes tal in ligly acid wae wi pleny o gt But only plant at ave a go r ytem
  • 18. NN PN Nymphode qua ee 2 r re in. ar RR VAR R  RA Vallisneia pira/i    ATER SERA S fl  1 0 n BRADEA SAGTTAR S bl  10  BNNA PLNT u   a eu       e gave  w m gw rm   w ve ulig a e ems appra  urae Panaing fi ike  ea b  em an  ave r is lan aive  pn an slow waers  sueaser U S e waer emperaue ul be 70   ge . WR WISRI grows o 1 0 hes all i n ligly ai waer t require lile ligh Te brigh gr eave may grw ig u  t aquarium ORKCRW ISRI a ppuar aquarium plan  a tapeleae gra ha orms a en underwaer ore in eier warm r ol waer  e ark green ripe ha runs own he mile f ea lea Te leaes will gro  e surae o a ank f praialy any ize GII ries in warm  oo aer  eebles Vall e b dier in haig a ip la So pi a  or a  ines; oer go u aller. Al o bes n e ie gav in ha ae 1 9
  • 19. C PT   popu th th td  tg pnts y r ppgtd om ngs mny o hm t pod ucng ots R v th bnd secung th bunch nd snp off the bottm tps  th sms Strp the eves frm h ow c  th stm nd ncho them i buhes of tw to ur sems n op of t grave hy w gw st nd nd mg gu ry Us th upp uttngth op, growng par of the pnt nd thw wy th bttom prt n new we, dd n quium pnt vit mi nd inr supp vib   ps ABOA t fin av    a fansap patte q wate le tan 72   tt ffient i a aration i alls apa a  t lavs v  ttm lfis an nib t w t t.   an  wat ntn wil a kill ts n tv lant. a t at te bac f e tan or ealty plants gw qicly-t a len  e feet Sva pe o Cabmba ar oce  m t  O or Anacai is a ary popla plan a does nt man riical wate co n.  o e qre wate a 72 o 5  s . is ay nibble on i t generally it gros as enoug to eplen isel an  add an nc o ore to s leng aily. Locae i a h bac o the ank ad p te oliage en. 20 O a t ey av ace fa aat n t tm. t s a lw gwe an s at least 0 s  ligt aly. lain os nt w  is lant t t  ORWORT  a a ml aiy. n nat t a  elw t fac n  wat. n a aqam t a e ane  fw pee pve ug  a fi. ot o  v  WIOWOSS is a colaer plan oing well n aer be lo 2 degree F The ar soul b ell aged  an cored i a poous ock i ill aac o suace. I  leave n wrl an te stms g ros at n ft wat.  nes  t 0 s f lgt aily Reov t tne a n   a.     .
  • 20. ABOMBA OR FAO abba aliniana  o 4 ft. og BACOPA aa alniana W LLW tiali acili ABULIA LEA R ANACHAR lda da (a ia dn o 1 0  o E callrchods o 1  og HOR atpyll dr phla ssslfla f     1
  • 21. DWARF FOULEAFD CLOVE Marsilea hirsuta MILOIL O FOXAL Myriopylum spcum  UDWIA Ludwigia naan vs o   i o WIG survive t most aer teeratre i aar i r c  ar At we temraur60 t 70 degree t undeide  he leaes  te ecies ius rated urn a retty rd me o te eave are adaed r grwt aoe the surace (emere hers ar eow he urac (umre Gen adeuate ace ee at ece te  Thy roduce yeow flower ew ants ar trted rom cutig laned  soi r iized with fih wses Sv secis of his bo p r il i p hops R OR-D OR    d p  o   os mpr ure I  owy e atrac iv whe pnted t the ront of h aquarm The evs re o o sm OI turs lg e d eoms brit i idquate i If  receve  hors o li per day i is atgrowi  rs  dee rig g evra ecies of Mioil are avaa n  Th preer  ters d r es kd y t ders srrd  y rtg fih r Mo ith Caa Hro d Aia d  h dir 
  • 22. G      l    h w   l h   m    l        ow   th  th   h   h l low I   h       -l t    wt l l   l l     WATER SPRTE   flo  o  bch Ev  co  h v     v o h  c d prodc  p h tpy  hy fl W  Sp o   o q   dd  o  NIELLA  o oo    o b  o k  o fi  N/la,  h o  o jy  o  AT PRIT DUCKWED   o     o on       o  c c  qky o  o c o      v    o  o oo   o   RYSTALWOR o      o   o  y K  h         mna minor  bo   o Ricci fluian E Nie/la racl 
  • 23. sastoe slte qarz ptfid wood Se Se r Ornaments occ ock gass arbe NT   o  l   oo   l o  oo             t o o    o l Ao g hll n ol  l ol    oo h w Co  l  Nooo          o  l-loo  , ho  t C o l  wt   Al     o o. of     o l   h w lkl n  h iol. Rock cotinng tl w     o     h    golog tuto R oo h o     l  w     o w    o     w 24
  • 24.           C      G                 h   w             o       h   Lv           t                       8         gowh f ot lt. A  fl         h       l       h   t          wh        v      h  tt      flt. o      hw  h h                   t  l  l  8        florst igh adst gt sd viw of quarium sowig positio 5
  • 25.    P      lds nd s thr nds f quru sh d nt rq r wtr wrr thn rm tprture f tpls r th hc, hwvr, n quru tr s nssry hse htrs  re q upped wth trstts s tt th wtr s kpt t  nstnt tprtur Whn th hter s pertn,  sl t l lws  st t unt, ht th wter t th corrct tpertur, then turn the dustmnt nb untl th l t blnks lug in th heter ny wn t s prprly subrd Bfr sphnn, npl  t t  tr wl l lt plstc, s sur t wll wy fr t sds f  plstc tn rg fish, lik cl ds, wll bup hetrs nd bre thm hr tns ust  quppd wth th nbrbl type f etr tht s nw n t mret  trtr f th wter sd b chcd l t  trt Bs t tprtur s crcl fr any trpls, t s wse t buy n nxpnsv scnd thtr s tht th ccurcy  n n b hecked ginst th thr 6 on eroes hnn
  • 26.    P P   G     sopp  ist wil  el p i esimating te total ost o o aqai sep. Wrie down e pre esie ea iem Using is lis sold a lso eimi ne e need or exr rips o e sore o pik p oote iems To is l is o can finally add e s ad eir assortmen o oods, wic sold e ps aot wo weeks ate. fdg g h suc p ri d std fitr r d ss iri tig s (i dd ds d oi fitr ir pmp r p ki tr rdss ts ki (opio pts d its orts ro ig bb r rmom sipo pi  spog di rig   mr oi p 30 
  • 27.       A auau m animal's welbein depends not onl o the al it o its enviomnt but a lso on the ood it a VRYING HE DE is impor a o any animal ew oods oai al the essentials o a laned diet, and s do o ed the same ood moe than a ew imes consecutively, even i the fish oviously lie it Many ommerial and ive oods re vaille, and un dreds o ypes o packaged oods an e ound on store seves hoose those with the highest pecentges o poteins, ts, mineals, and vitmins oday tere is no exuse or not having a vaiety o oods evn as many as a dozen OVERFEEG is the most com mon misae o eginners Feed fish reuenly at leas wo times daiy, ut eed smal amounts Me etain tt a solutely ll o te ood is con smed at ech eedingsay, wihin ten minutes Letover ood ouls and soils the waer nless e ottom eeders e gi to eat i, this ood sould e reoved y sihoning eve se a ontiner o ood over te water unless te ow cn e contolled eectly inkle nces o ood over the surace F IS   O OODS 8
  • 28. IVE OOD  Dphn  i s s va I TH KICH r ma oo ha  e or h. Shreddd cad piach   ood veable ppleme. Fie bab cerel ar alo e clle. a beef har or live d h o hrmp ca be shdde o h prpe cos e. Fo bab o  h ap  mll piece of hard boiled  olk  e le. Seez oe o o rop hroh he lie o he ak ece of fod hould b o r ha half h ze of h sh' moh. EIG  IH m be a coveece bu  reard g  ca be raed o commecial bab food b he ro slol. he groh o el hached h  speede b fdg hm  fuoaa broh of mcr copic pla ad amal os pe hop car ura  alera  ug he eg olk alread decrbed above. er  ar e e ached brie shimp. Es f brie hrimp d direios  hachi hm a be boh   p shop  FIH re uuall fed a lea wic dai. e meal co i of a hih-uali aple foo The he ca be o of he olli: live bie orm hawed a lec shrimp mel meal pelles bab uppe or mlli vgabe flakes ad able fods codiier dail o liv brie himp commercial liud be food hedded hie h caed piach o cal foo chpped or hedded bf h choppd earhorm Live food are o froze or fezedrid for covie fedig. The c b ubied occaioall for he al hg h froz food  oom emperaur; do o refrze. I o o  vacao p  "vacaio feeder11 o he ak. eah h c suviv for more ha  k ho food If rds vol o fed our h caio hm o  vfeed. 9
  • 29. I  H H     N  On at fis sold  prcasd, and t good lt sold  mainaind. t is imporant o  al o ognz  alt fiss appaan Know t anaom and bavior o  various sp cis kpt Std t diagam and also  carts on   ck a e once vr da or an angs a may ndcae an inss. vn in t st card-or aqarim, prolms ma appar sddn Sick fis ms b trad im diat  da's dla ma man t dat o t fis Kp on and som good mrgnc gn al oics to tat t most com mon fis disords. sk a liabl da o assist o in slcing s boadscrm mdicins, o wic r ar man I HH FISH the fis stad straght ut The are t fay or h cs t the bd ect acte fish that hae cear es bght crs ad a s s d  ds crats. steded r red gs ndcate nect.   c the fish that gers sh beh decratns whe oth ers  the sae seces are n cear ew egng t e ed. Ee such sh es as Gu ams are ar and das aut mad whe dsture R   th aquarum ass we wdw shg o fish ag cnuses ad frhtes the s causng them t dash t jecs ad jur g themsees rats ca s sut  tea dsds 0 he ace cm ge t t bu rom a tank cta  e e dead fish s ms eag The daer ma hae ge thrugh a o hs aqa ums scg ut a dead fish just te mutes ere y waked t hs stre. Thse r mag ma e    two dead fish  a tak es t ecessar mean that a  the hatats ar . I  th dad fish hae ca se sgs  sease the water ma be c tamnated  a dead fish s as thh t was ealth and ther fis n the aquarum are bng at ts bd chaces are tat t ded  d age  erhas as a resut  shg. urg ther g jure fm ther surce (. 5), fish ma be brused r g t shck.
  • 30.  s osal  2 el spi  os  l al l  l R F FIH ieaize OR KIG CTO gve he deale a is   kids of s o v e deale suld e gete wih the s as he athes tem so ha hey ae  hamed o eessai figheed If  s ums ad ands o te fl, we yu hands efoe piig i p Dry ads wi  off some f te hs p eive slime nd eave i ss epe o isease he wae  whih the s ave fm the h t our me mus e ae frm the a  wi hey were iv ig If the sh y sele ae om s ans e y shod ave  eas si oais. o may s in e eus i ied s, eeially i agges sive seies ae mixed with shy he e sed f ahing he sh shud e lean If te deal e does o ave a eaate e o ea an, ave i diped i  disifeig soio s   o meee  o  move  amf moog isms his diieing shul e doe ewee ea a S SIC BGS r hii sh ae eran that enty of a s traed ae he water i eah ag wih shud l e a lwn-u an D nt aw e ales ma t fi the ag y reathng in  is ered air  u  arn dxde and te fih may uffate ere tey rea thei destnatn e ar hud me eer rm an ai an or fom e oom 3 1
  • 31.   PC G  POO ake oe as cec o signs o isease efoe taking te fis ro e stoe e caefl no o ji le e ag Do not al low yon cien to cay  fo ey a rop or sway te capves and a e s soo as possle place te plastic ag n a own pape ag. Te darness wi l ep a m e rig ened ceatres urry oe Remember e fis ave a led aoun o oxyge  O floa te pasic ags n e seasone aqai o eqa ie te temperaures of e wo waes a a lso o a ow te fis o becoe c qaine wi er new surroudgs fer fiee nues ope e bas and sowy over a rod of abou en nus dip waer from e a o e as. fer e bas coain msy aquaru waer ne e fis and free em o er new oe sose o e waer ro w ey we js eoved. Soe a uarss reom men isoaig new secmes or a wee r wo beore nrod u e no a n sa  se mmu a  a sre a ad equpm are aa  b is s a d precaoary step aans nrodung a dsease 32 oat as  qar to eqae teeat
  • 32. DO  WORRY OU CCG  SSE m pt fih. T w a a  tamta  m a  ad c b cacd y y ag th incd fih RE CR  ai tha tag a Ta xa tm t p h tan ca, at a cnant tma , ad t h w . n t am  tat  a p c  m a-c tm mcn  ag h mt cmm da. S  ES d n tat ig h da ma i a a a fi  a ant  aaim   ana mdici, ch a aiic. QR  UM SS a Diatoms, c  a  cang n ga g and c. T  n nc c c  a.   ca    i ca  a  . Algae ca   .  n    gn an n aa m c g  an    m, c  mt  t a c id  fi   aa. Hydras ay  a i cat i    y a ca  c  at  . G  . ues  Planar a      n n   n an      an   at tm  RMES a cm md i h a cti   h cha  335  ach n t i a a a cn  c. g   a i m mt  dmin n  a g imi a   c   a   mc a m   c n   d an w h c n th aa  n th mdici c  mm  h fih c i h  t m cn  d i cct  in    tat a tad ac cn an cn x  m   n   an a mccc amnan  h fina gni. DRUGS that a cmm d t tat th va i  da f aium fi a  y hh chy ), chttacyin aut mc, xttacci ta ci), icii, tty, ad ttcci.   acia, iat g, aachit g, d t b.   ct   fmi 37-4 fmad y), mac ydch d mpac) mm mcuchm), cc ac, ptam dchmat, pta um pmaganat, in ycid iin) i tat, ad di cd  a) 33
  • 33. H EALTH C H AR SORRS I Tm fmt M wh  d cl  l   TATM  c k  c k il  l  c c: tt fm m d;  h xc} mc  tl   d c   c     c  Bl    c ffc m v c c  ck  f ca T F Wd fm IEAS Vl iss lw  Lmc  x v  s  B F M  (Cccc) F al Bc l   F t m v  c  dwdl; ll wl h; fc m a h; l  ll dk  lh l f c ad    fi  c   fc d l a   c am a ab fi    cl m m    dm fd flk fd ttd wth ca         t  f  da h fd d d h wt t 88  F       l  a l ca a wa   wam w   d F.;  a tm d a lcd d m m d ma  hd YOS clflwhd h ma  wh  d   f; fl da l  c   fi   c   d d d h v m d
  • 34. teri G Diss Pop-eye, Exophthalmu Dropy (Psudmnas, ArmnasJ Tbculss lMyxbacrim) Fuucu CAernasJ Fga a Fuu (SpogniJ Ey Fug c, W Spt chthyphirus P  Vvt, Rst (Qodnu) Simy Ski Dea (caued b Chon Choeo sto TrhnaJ a th Neo t Diss PsophoJ Wii iss MxomJ Dcu Dea H a Ski  Gil Fus IGrdotus G ks Icyoy s Pcic) Blc   o u Ey tct Hemstmum Caa a Ao Wm (LnJ Fh "s (AgusJ fi ri ou  crts f wer; i; os f pptt; i b flm yes  y  clou fi we; e my t t fi is o bottom ys m prtre ul los   ppti olo ulrs y  pou l o quilibu ll   u pu  ul il  it o  ots usul o wu rs    cotus  cmm s ov u   t cs spri o  o  oiu o  ust-cl  oor lt it,  bu it o ff-i i  t o ski  ov oy or fes quilbrm  s: cts t cs sm symtms s b look li y     s out, ub  jts i otus sm as bv b sc t il whch bm ſtam1 s v ffiult bt  il v qul t-sp s m o to b st  oy ri b i ys et cou oo o Gls  b o vl  ob ttces tll r b to  
  • 35.          P  C      Evr r l ln of h r h   fom rdin ho n h fr. A oo  h  h rh  iz tl for ll n, h r  n l hvy lt  l l wth wt nd on . h r l n r ord rton l wth trofo n h d o h non  r   rln     i o f   n v n of h  ot of th h o   l  o rl rn      h  o l    w   ll  h wl  i r nr h l rd h i  tn th   t  h lo    l   nw nl  h     l pn to th hoy n   wh whl o hr nv o n h n h l T K  U   ) con   t     i u ryng  h w   a e   a su  n xd q  b   n     d    pimu  v  bd   tank    N  ai  d n e m or n   z a i     n  l u   e  l  g  ad a  
  • 36.  HW     N  I  Snais wer once conerd o e e es scve ger or a qarm oy agaeeang  a cafis are sed in roica aqrims eca se o e disadvanages o snais. Even wi no specia ood or care one sna i can in a sor ime rodce nmero osrin Soon ere are  iea  y ndreds o snais og ey do consme neaen oods ey  so conribe eir own wases and ey aso ea h eggs id or oored snas may ca rr dangeros s diseases esie ese negaive eares snais an add ees o e aqarm  e  keep e g ss and ecoraos cean YERY NI a desab a o profi hey ned a abdae o food ey w o h aqa pas  v an oasoa ttu ea o som ooked spah HORN I, vy pop a fo t wam  od  aas ae bh d. Fsh a ahs. WDERIG I shod b voded. I as ats ad ods a poso a o s LAD SNAIL P cu o   RMSN NAIL Pob cu o  %  YN URROWING NI pows  searh o ood re vt rave o akn. Wat shod no dro beow 70 ds F. CUE DDE I a epoay pofi  mos aaso h po o b  osdered ess. Fsh a o ea h hadsheed babes. MYSRY SNILS pu o   ,WNDNG SNAL L oa  o   MY SNAL Mod ubcu o   37
  • 37.  Q H AFRCA AQATC FROG s ts t f  wat t w t p t  t ta. ds ad dt f fis fs t d a  a t aam as  a tpa fis s at ats. s ama s s  aas  pa ts SAAMANDES a t  amp a aas,  t a t wat asa.  at fis s st wms sas, a wa sma fiss. s ampas a t ad  tam at d m fis MAL TADOLES a sa  add t a aam  a fsa. s as, w t w at fis  t a at m. st fs mst t t  t wat t ask a  jmp t f tak I  as taks t a a    s    FRESHWATER GOST SR a nt t sm.  t wd,  a aa a ds. a  sms w at ms fis fds. Ti m s  t ank's , t t w t t  at pas. a fih w ble hm p.  an ns a sa AFRIA AQUAI FRO Xou  JEE E OR SALAMDER Mo  38 FRESAE OS SHP G s
  • 38. TUL UIUM    oly h o   ol   ho  vty to  h   o ool dstoo.  tt wll h  v fo o h  y DO NOT p   lo p  o   o hy  o p  h  fol qcky o o f h ommrcl   o • w hmr oc foo  lly r    fl off l o o o Th w r co oo mch  hch lo h   H R n  q   wch h w   oh fo  o erc   f   p r eerl ch low h flco h llow h r o 8 o f lh ech y fo k If h   o h l  h o   o coo   r mp o  7 o 8 er F F h   lc  h food do foo  f  h co ch w smp, swat snals, wms futs hrd old , and lu.  ul wll at  f t  n m pany wt t tutl I fd daly t wll nt t fs tug t lng, flwng fns f  slw mvng fs my  oo mu o sst  co ey  hy l  o  o gr mel of oo  kg h   po e hy rrey eo  Sol y o of h   l of m Fo ol y, lc h     oc or h h wo m ly Fe   ch   wl  o  fore foo Sof h  r y  h  r mo f   cc lee   e  c pcc of p  wl y k  poo  9
  • 39. RW Osoossm biirom o 2 i  R   I A  F I S  FA  I  I ES NYTND H (so lossida is faily of reswaer ses eloi o t sa orr as rris is dstrutd o Sout erica, Soutst sia Boo, Suatra, us rali a d frica l l o te eers   lar. WN  sis iod  So Ac s jvnis, on    inchs on I    o ovd fo  fsh h wi ow  20 i ch o n c, h o   s n usu  h  v o h n n s. h ins o hisoic sh ks  sci nsng nd nsu u s. Youn scs  cfu; d ons s b iod  n d  A n o  s   1 0 ons i b ndd wn h ons ows . n  oo   h scs shos of is c  fu,  ovn u  h w shoud b  o  ds F Aowns   v fods, such s odi, b h c b   k chnks o w s o b. ns  sid  c hi s nd bbis in i h . 40
  • 40. HW IH (atodotid Tis amily ontains oly oe ges ad on speis ocig i westn ia H IH is a lape Speai its age pectoa l fins, it ca gl ide ov te sce o te wate. I te id is et o an aqaim, ti s is  i kely to "fly" ot. oe te lare, tned mot. s s a eat ca raeisti o fis tat ive in e ppe strata an eed at e srace. e ank sold be spacios (20 gallons o o) dmly l it, ad moderately lated, speialy t a ew oati ng plants. Te wate so d e s ig acid, sot, and 7 to 8 degees F. Feed tes s by spinkling ood on te srace. nks o  bee or fis, flying insets, eartwoms, mea wo and ive fis are rel ised ecase tey ae  nivoros, tteflyfis sod e kept oy wit ti own species FRESHWAE BERFYF aoon oz to 5 n. 4
  • 41. ELEPHATFISH naton r to  in NIH (om) HNIH, nave o th wm, fhwt  topc fa, e not ed commec l t  occsonay mpoe fo se n pet sho hogh the  penve, the ot mak thm o  teet O o th al e  lte h n epansh may sow playf eavio. Wth t psingl fl, ong noe, t w  ig  feel on n h of foo t gene go eae  oo hnce lv fos mt e  . es of t ml moth n Elephth n wow ol m l l t oe  phanfih n  lag tk wth g wte t  tempet of  to 80 eges F. i  noma p n wh om pnts. Sin h h  notnal, povde ak a n whh t  h  of  h, late nt  t  n ggeiv eho, the Elehnth  o  goo ommnt h n  not omm o  mt t 4
  • 42. CHCIN Ch) Characins oun in outh an Cntl   in i, opis on o h lgt l is  eshwate quaiu shs. Mot  th hv  n adipose n an teeth. l  la ls Charns sae ggs hroughout th n hy are no  vebearers. With ew epions th  o care or eher th ggs or th offspng h sma scho ng, or shoaling, spies a ng t ms popular aquarium sh beus o thei l peaeul temperent, hrinss, n   handing. Mes o th ly usl o   seilit qurius ith sot slightl i  IND CVIH natvs o v  h   an us Poosi, Mio, hv such highly vop snses o sell an touh ht thy arly up into nything. They swim with thi had i le slghtly ownwa ting any oo onat. Blin Cav sh sveng, ut povi  vari it o o tht wil l sin to th to. Thgh suitl  muiy fish whie young, adu my beco ag gressiv. Th wate teptu n th aqu y ang o 0 to 8 egres  4
  • 43. N h ff thi  l l n  n  hn thy  n lg shol  n  oy  hy ly nnhsiv ggs an il l  h  thy  not v at spning Fo his sp is, h ptu t ptu  5  F., ut tpatues o s lo  65 n   high s 85 olt. CIN TT  liv  ny q to op n llin with th sltt pl hy sl th ll Non t p. 52) u  hs sps h  ns n th vntl si  th oy. Cinl  lss oon h o pnsiv thn N. P TT isply  ushi hvo n ny th hns At uh pyng n h ing th l ls h l t th pwning pl h h hn hi  lt ou t nh v h u  th t. n nu h p y spwn on n ovhangng l o a .  ptivity  sll pan o sn gls angl oss th quu ill suffi. Th gls ust  sn so tht th ggs ill h. Th pa s jup out o th  n ing o th sur  nur o s wthou spnng At these piinay jups, th tul spning jups  a, ith ggs posit n l iz in sa l l grups. Aou 0 to  5 ggs  li ov  pio o n hou o so. As ny   n ls   i n thi ti  l h is y n sho no  nts n th ggs ut th l uns p ily  n plshs t on th ggs ith hi 44
  • 44. OOFN Ayx boinnis    A RA opeina nodi     ARDIA RA Cin li o  Y2 .   nt t  hytn h s t n th ys n th yung ith l l   lh nt th wt thlins shul  s t  h nt lsh Tts o st in nutl wt t   s. F. Cov th n s tht h sh o nt u ut Ri flsht is  ll wth g lu n ht thn h s
  • 45.   ntv  n  Vz sd be csed we    t c they  hen es suscepe t s   t a h  the enon  h gl lt n t th n o the enon  vll  ng c l a cynoo. Du ng th t l shws off th tny t t  tn Ol l  l hv  tn y n th vnt  ns. n tng  cp  petopho   st  th  ct. n th cp    tt n l v o n ne o  t hy cn tlz egg elle y t  ng t t l s v. Bc th   nt oss wt ng t ggs  yng thy   t  hn  . wtl Chcns  wll n  n  q t pcl n  conty n t  wt tn t 0 t 8 gs F. n wth  y l    v     gy  cl whn ng t y c ggv wth g n ng th s tv ls ggsv h By th  t h t th c  o  l gh gy. Co ng o occ n yung  whn thy c ll   ghtn l  ntcly ten wn    v lnty  c  th ctv gg sctts  n wt ht  2 t 8 gee F choo  hs h  ov wth zng p  natch  t     v t. hy qe th    th tt . 8 Lgnn B t   tn   gnng n olty. 4
  • 46. SWRTL CHRCI Coyopoma e o 3 . BLCK TETR Gymymb ez o Y2 . FED BLCK E ri fee
  • 47. GDN TT hv n ntns gol shn ut to show n n ll ustton Rq unts o oln ts  pul shooling sps o Bs n  th s s o oth tts   st n goups o ou to ght pt n g oo tns n whh thy n shoo A ntu l non nt s pov y ns lusts o plnts pl  no. Both ght sunny) n  s) s shoul  vll. h wt shoul   slghtly  sot n low n l. Opu t ptus ng o 7 to 8 gs F  th   . l o h tt  o outh n Cntl A a.  of t g Hr   t th s o th udal n Most  of t g yphessobrycon o ot IVTIP TT  pu sho o southst n Bzl loos hnso gnst    goun wt ovh g htng to phsz t lvtp ns. A  stn s so l 4 OLDE ET gra rrong to   in SILVERTP TRA gr nan to % in
  • 48.     th L lt Bn n Bno   to 4 nh lon hn l   n   tn h    ntly hou in shool whi yn ut  h y n th n  ny h pt n th  th h. Fls in tl o it  v. Th tpt  th wate hul n o 68  78 s F. lnt th tan pinly o th t  t nil on plnt  n upo h t h  oo pptit n il l ol    o Fn hl  t. GOGH is a mdsaa swimme a ooks vey messive i age soos  a aqua u m wt a dak boom ad sked w as Is bea uy aoaes a o te ada  ea   I sawg te aes ok fis ad o  om sde to sde  kes o ats imum wae emea ue is 7 o 80 degees  e Gowg soud be ed e bas det s sees s sestve to eo eta sease  3. LLIT ERA He gaus gacs o    gr ov to 4 in 49
  • 49.   I GH lo l  Bon  h n, ily n h Azon on A aul ouniy sh,  l i   wid y o oo. t   soaling sh,  idra w n n lan in whh o rir h w ho  o n ightly aci   7    F. Bu o is irsn hi sh  wll n h oany o Non Cardinas, lolh n ohr uch ho ls. h rip a    hn h l. Ma  os hav  sll wh so on th na n. hy vo   nl n tht n y sn    O ro t ow Azon  nn n ouriy n op ondton whh r  ily  n n o w a 78 to 8 gr F. h  no ng r hoznl ln an l     nly   does bes in schoos. MMYO egaus t  Y n 50 E   
  • 50. P  J  is varial in its olos. tui tnsivy this spis is ivi into si suspis y so auhoriis. Most o th hav   tint ov thi oy. o hav a la spo n th shou l gion. rpas shoo ro th i to th lowr strat. Th war shou  so nutral n 7 to 8 grs F. F th  stanr vri  it. hy y nip  ns H-N CHCN a  arly oun n qui aus thy o not r sussul ly  aptiviy.  oaind howvr his spis is pa l in a ounity tan o at least 2 glons. h shoos il hov in th low strt u thy  r l  api ovns jupng out o th tn n silllly ong or lain ro  p th i nutral wat t aou 7 g F n  h  asi i inlui pls  hi thy n nil. 5
  • 51.   s ls l l R T r R th  ng t Ro  n whr this sps s liv  hv gne. Th Fl Ttr ls n quiu wth plnty  hiing pls us  s sly rightn n wil l los its rlliant ls ung suh sssins.  s  peul sho l  shln s qng nutl wt  7  75      ro th ruvn z wh hy v in sh ungl wtrs. Nns shul thror  house in  sei-r aquriu th h oto n ses n r lors. Bl ts su n  tp t the ss  th quriu t silt th nturl nvronent ut ep th tis su t lst hl n nh ro th wt lvl t th   h tn us th y n th pap  ll sh. Lght th quariu imly r abov. I nssry s ths   flng plnt t reu th ntensty o the l ght. 5
  • 52. NON R yobryon nn t 1  n e e n th Nns ung hata, th wat s p sh quntly y s, sh an  pov o  ntns n h qua    t  tp at y antanng s tp atu t 7 t 78 gs F. n ts p t 65 Vw o ov,  p  Nn s a thn th . h s n ggstt. Nons  shoas, h shoos swng n th  t lw sa. h sh s paeu wh h s  th s sz. F  var t Nns  suspt t Nn ta Dsas p  53
  • 53. MON  Hyphessycn plchipnns  J  n.  e   h  onoo  y l n  q uu h. n  tn  ho o L t oos pi y tiing with  hoo o B  h Lon Tt i    ut tv  unty h tht n  it   thn  ot tt. t  hghly ntiv to hn n th pH t tu n hn  th t  th  upt th fih y o into hoc loing it oo o vn yng t hang ut   g uy thng th h u ly t  t thy  t tn unvy    th zo Bn  lul hn young ut ad with ag. S  uthoiti ni th Roy Tt t   supi o th  p Tt (p.    iffnt ony in having   ot on t hou  dult  hv ng  ot h l n B u not   th n whn hning th  wth  n h t pt  th t hu  2 t 82 g F. V th  54
  • 54. ROSY TETRA H. raceu o 1   N H   rubrotga t 3Y2 ln. G   s    ss sps thn s s  th nus. p   shs  u  t tn sh. h n shul  sup l h s slhtly  t  2  8  s F.  ns lus  plnts t n huh h n t v  nul nvn n  h h n shy s B   hnl n u ls hh h sh s ns un  sns   hn 55
  • 55.      n   t th  z u l  th n t th   nl   c n n tl  ll  h Th   n th h l thn 1 t 2 nh   th th i n th innin  th     thi tt n n th n  nt   l   n pnh t ttu n t nt n tin t th il  t. h  t njoy upotin lant hn t  t t t th  n til ln. hl  t t  h l sh  n n  t nth n th l tt. T t t t hl n   to 8 g F. t      n  t  .   T nt nl l n n h t  l  t l h ntl int n        t    t  ght  n n is esh. T h not en  in gt nubes in cp t n  l n n quu  T e euiul sh that  qui uitl o  ouniy tan wih h o the sae z   ienie by thei extened ual  n n y the splenid oloain, which beco eilly  hen they  couing he eale.    p Ta oes est in  spu tn ut nc thi owh i ow,  y be bt   th tpoily n liedsze ea. Fe th   it he opiu epur o h h   t 78 e F. 56
  • 56. SVE DOA ety chretuelleri    D HOOK M pus   6  EMEO ERA emtbcn pa/meri o 2   e 57
  • 57. PIH lys t inst, o vyon ees t hv he ls aou ho shols  thes ouh Amercn fish seetone even he larg t  victis in a aer o mnus by s cng out lag tes wh her raorsha rp eeh. wners ho tir o watchng her Pranha ear apar ohe fish or innr somtimes se hem ree n he nearest pon, lae, or canal. In he wld, he Pranha be cos  hret to nave spees, nd a uhres e justifiy concern in warmer saes that t gh become esab she. or hs reason, a perm my be req ued o ep hs fish n your se. Ch wh sae oca s beore you oban a spn. Pranhas a e no advsed pes or mos hobyss. Panhs rav n schools n he wld, bu n con nn, hey y tun on her own n In one insne, to Pinhas o the same speces  ve n the se tn paceully or more hn  yea n  hl. Thn on rning the ha an gills o on  th  oun floing on the su. p n one Pranha n a an! Povie a Pirnh h  pace o hde and eel seu, or y, his fish w ea ony when it snss no nge. Try eeing chuns o nonaty ee, uch as ht, y, nd lves. Ra fish s sometes accepted.  he pet does not consume e mte, ry  vng earhworms, mealwors, tue ors, o godfish (a avore. ep th te teperaue a about 78 egrees F. Whn cthng a Pirnha, rememr tha it n easily bte hoes n nets and fingrs. It may be nd nt to huan flesh and no aac hans sub ege in he an or a weey ceanng but ths pc is nt recomene. 58
  • 58. I NH oosti tti        (a knn a so tti} NINIH ar name or eir lack-a nwte markings  o e caracerisic ailow s ing posiio oug icae uring sipping tese s ecome quie ary aer tey are esa     A coo o i  cct o t  o   . Ho t i  o    o  o  i   c o i o   o.   o  o i ci  72 o 78  F.  i o c  o i ii i o oto. PEGUIISH 5
  • 59. ENCILFISH annoso  to 2 n. REEE ELFSH . rfasa to 2 n. DWRF ECILFISH . agatus to    PENCI a nativ to outh Aica, whr hy nhait qit shwae sras and las. Fo ping ths sh h aquaiu wa shoul  g an is tepeatu a nain at 72 to 78 gs F. Th aquau shoul be wl  suppli wth pants hs tposhap sh swi in spurts. o spcis est in a hadup poson hrs in a ho zonal posiion At nigh the srps on thei sies ae in indistnc boches o n mx h  iffent spcies n th sa aquau, r hey ay bece quals. Keep each speces separat n n goups o the o o 60
  • 60. ' TE o th lowr Azo gi l ivs up to its na by sting n swi ig   htisti 45g haown posi tion.  wlls in th low stta o th tan n wil l solt is i  titoy whih i t inss in siz s t stblishs itsl n gows lag. l l lss ggssiv nighbos will b has ro this ti toy. This hstnr is  jump, so th an ust b ov. Th bst wt tmpatu is 75 to 8 gs F th t ing tim to  ti ough oo is tn  h vai it povi Vgtbl tt is l ish. P T  mong th ost li t  shy o th quiu topials Ca must b n to  tin thy gt nough oo . a l l bits o oo  p to lag huns. Ag wt n plnty o oot plnts  nssay o suss with ths sh n th tpatu o th wat shoul b intain btwn 72 an 82  gs F. n goups o two to ou, th ontasting blanwhit h prn o the a sls is isply uit fftivy SPTTED H EADSANDER lo pntt ' t 4 inNRAS HEADSTANDER 61
  • 61. E  TIPE HETNE s on o  spil o o hns that inhit rsh wts o Cn tl n outh Ari n Ar Bus o th intrstng shp n sting ngs, thy r vortes o aqursts. Thi n os o thi peu r hit o stn n lso swiing n a heown ositon Th R Hstn postions its pnilshpe oy wth ts the r rown o l stps he own in th wt whn lae It thivs et n groups o two to ou n s paeul  t with oh fish o th s siz. in t s on o vegetton noug th gowth o a y p ng h tn wl l it. ttu spnh n wt lnts ay  susttut o  lga Augnt th de wh ohr oos oe h poso o th R Hestners outh whih s retd upr l  ss. Ths affets th atng hvo o whn th fish ees on th oo t ust invrt itsl. EPIN ts vgttion, so provson its tn sprsely wth vi pnts on whh it wl l nil t will  lso gz n th low stta ping  ho osls o lv nd dry oos Th vetil strips  long its sides inese in nue y vi ng n two as the fih grows This fish is a jp hn th tn st  ep ov oe ndvda s ay eoe pesy, nppin to shs th fins o othe sps. hools o oth spis o hnstners ept n the s qi  ipssv. Th fish a ut th sae siz n r optile, an th ontst o th hozontl n vt strpe s stiing. 6
  • 62. RED OR STRIPED H EADSTANDE noo noo t 7 n. LEPRIUS porn  o  n. 3
  • 63. TCHEI Gastropli) Ts s ar nativ to South Amria, whr thy  iv in th uppr strata o sot, sghy a watr I aarm, th sh wi ithr hi or use thi strong winglik ptora ns to rais thmslvs halway out o th watr wh gliing quikly a long th sura p th aquariu ovr s that thy o no fly out o th tan Hathtsh n plenty o surae water in a ong tank withou osrutons On a ra o th tan shou provi shagiving pants in whh th sh an h. Wth out this ug a ightnd Hathtsh may fly into th gass an injur ts. Hthtsh ar paul, ut thy o not  iv lon n aptivity. Community tans ar not rommen aus ths sh ar shy an wil  not g nough oo. Thy o est in groups o rom thre to si n wtr at a tpratur o 7 to 8 gres F. F thm oos that float o rmain in th top strata in luding pnty o iv oo Au mas appar thin nr than aut ema es when vewe rom aov Thse sh are susceptble o th ommon h Disas sri in th hart on p 35 MBLED TCHETI ar the most ommony n ountr o th hathetsh. In th sha o a ump o plants thi silvr o go highights o parll i , an he ark irrgula straks aong t sis o th oy a r quit istint. In an unavr ae nvironmnt, h sh beome ra  a n a ou. This is th most hary spis o th import hathts, an t aso has a ong l i span than  othr spis in th group 64
  • 64. V TCTI a not as ul as a   l l Mal athts. o iniviuals wil l a pt y sh oos u many an l iv al n th wil thy util iz thi flying il ity to at passing inscts. n aptivity, thy an   ui fls that a  st a lost rown in a jar o wat to pvnt thei sap an thn spinkl on th sua o th sh to pick thm up Thy wil l also at tui wos rin shrimp, an a vaity o sh oos ilve Hathesh a known to liv or han a ya an a hal. hey houl  pt i slighty  l a l i n t MRLE HCHEISH nege tgta  2 . SILVER HCHISH tpeecu e t 2 n. 65
  • 65. GYMN EL  KN yoti ynoti els, ro Souh an Centr l Aeri, r losly rlat to harans p. 43) Arin a  ti nesh r silar n appearane ut r ot lat, eloning to th ily Nooptr Mers o oth ail is, r or i th s y r ourn l n ar vious prators By ving th hghly vlop logte   gymno eels an move eihr ars or  wrs wih qul s. BN KNEH l orsl, pelvi, a u s, n the peorl ns ar small an transparent. Th anal n s proinent n hghly evlope. Th anus is loate uner the hea. ltri orgns  le h sh to surviv  th uy, r wts o its tura l hitat. I th tn is rne th Be ish w ll just to tg uring th ay rather thn t night. F  iv ls n chuns o ood ane Knesh  re nialst hen t s is t eep th spees sot Th tperur o th wtr shoul e 72 to 8 gs F. Th l ie spa o  l l aror B n i sh t ts ov t ys BE KEFIS mnt arapo o  2 n. 66
  • 66. EECRIC EL ectpus eecticus to 7 ft. EECC EE O KNIE EE Eecopoidae) Elecric eels lack dorsal ad veal fi ns. e po pel emselves wit tei lage aal fi n e sam mae as gmnoid ees (p 66 Tei elecic o gans, sudied exesivel, re locaed over abou 8 pece of ei body Te issues ri ese or gans ae posiioed oe beid e oe i co ns, like e plaes i a bery Eerical ipuses, eac asing onl a fraci of a secod, ae dis caged in waves a move fo oe ed of e fis o e oe Te a mou of volage geeraed depends on e oal numbe of plaes o "eleco plass" i e eel's body Receors o e fis's ead eceive efleced ipu lses ad aid e fis i fidi ood o in sesin dage EECC EE om Sou merica, a e no eco mended for e privae colecor Ec eel euires a ank of a unded gallons or ore eca use e lack scales and ave a sl imy ski, adli em is o eas. Heav ubbe ves us be wr, fo tis fis as abou 6, plaes ad an eerae up to 800 vols. I n a large auaim w a fie-gavel oom idig places, ad sof, si aid wae, te Elecic Eel is lo-lived. Usua y ol l ive food is acceped  i e fis is ugr, i wi l l ea cunks o aw eef o fis 6
  • 67. CP N INNOW yprinie) ypiis omprise the arges miy o reshwer fish. They are native o sa, ri, urope, n North meri n have been introue to us tai n oher reas by man  typi ypri ni ha an engae, ova o round boy. The a ua fi is usua y orke, an here  n aipoe fin Scaes ae aben n he hea, bu thoe on the body are disin and oen are svery. Barbes are req ueny presen, bu they are  i mie t two prs. yprnids o no have eeh in thei jws they hew with pharyngea  eeh, whih  toohe paes oae i thei throt. te being hase by her me, a ripe emae ters her eggs The couring mae hen eriies the. If no i mmeiaey sepa raed rom hei spw, the oupe wi gobbe heir eggs. Ferie ggs wi  hth in two to our ays. Fry an suvive n iusoria (p 2 or one to wo weeks Thereaer hey shoud be ed ommeray prepa red ood or by h.  ay  y t psses be. The geu s ommony ivided in hree group: hose w o barbes, those hat have wo barbes, and hose with ou r brbes egaress o eir gropng, a   bab are ative scho ing fih Smei mes he arger individuas in a cho are agresve oard sma er fish. Bbs preer  we ighe aquarium in whih thee re at ea evera pans The waer shou  e we ere n kep  70 o 80 egrees F. ny  ew o th mos avaabe species in ths rg genus re trete here. 68
  • 68. SOT BAR O BB 8 ccu    PTTE BB are iffiult to ienty beause thei spots vary n number, size, inensity, a n arrange ent epening on he indvdual's age an orgin. r hese fish  aan ter u  or maxmm size, a roomy ank wh waer a 7 o 78 degre F n plenty o o are neede. Y BB inhabit ol (64 to 4 degrees F, slo moving wars o sreams in norhern India. In heir natual habiat, hey aain a lengh o six inhes or longer but arely exeed hal this sie n an au  ium Males  ispay a bril lan red r rosy oo in the spring spaning seasn. he emale s compara tively ab. Fee these fish the sanda r basi iet. hey l ive  hee o ou r years 69
  • 69. CG  are hardy, aciv fih from Cy  ea  wide variey of food and ofen oin cavnger on he boom o ick up food missed by oher sh Shady spos houd be rovided in e tn in which he waer s kep a 7 o 78 degree F In ome hipmens of his secies, e fih d isplay yl owih inad of brigh orange n nly te ml ehibi brigh colors C B mong te large of he b rb go ther nme from their coor paern Two pai rs of rel  re evien Thi specie does bes in ank of mor han en ga o The waer soud be 2 o 7 egrees  and sou d coain ome pan PE BBS are aso arge eqa ng he ie of he lown Barb Even e young of his pecies re     fo col ing Keep the waer er t 72 o 78 degre F hese African  re niive o he condiions of heir enviro men nd require more anion a do mo se ce of h gens SIX-BDD BS ar at n youn nc ty ar otn n a an onton by t tm ty ra tr tnaton A t rommnd doage of  generl onic (p 30 before hey a re in toduced o heir new ome ee em an  bun ance of live foods a rs o buid u eir resis ace Te waer shou ld be 7 o 78 derees , sof, nd brely acid nce esab ished, hese shoaers from Sumra are peaceful commuiy s Their beuy increases oe e six bads, oe runig through he eye and he las a he base of he ai 70
  • 70. CUMMIN BB bus cummingi    CLOWN BRB . rtti o 4  T P BRB SIXBNDD BRB . exz to 2V . 1
  • 71. T   r a lled Spanner Barbs by h Brsh.  nv o h Malay ennsula a n ndo nsa. Som ndvduas hav red-nd fins. n young "T" Barbs, vea and orona l bars r dsnc, bu a maury, hese bars ar no usually wl l dened. "T" Barbs ar acve fish nd rq ur spac. Schools o wo o our fish re dl or h he argr ommuny aquarum. BLAK RUBY BAR   oo oo   oc a    o a  . For os o hr l e, unotnaly, h show  l r o olor nd resmbl th dra  m ls. A majory o maes n a ak rsus  n or frqun dsplays o coor bu may also gve rs o fightng and o npped fins. Kep hs spes  waer 7 o 8 degres , wh cl umps o floang pla ns. lack Rubs are suspbl to fngus dsases dscbed on p. 35. "T BARB abus /ateristriga to   BLCK UB BB  grofsciatus o  i
  • 72. CH ECKEBOAD BARB 8 oligolepi o 2 . DWARF BARB 8 phutuio o  %  SUBE'S BARB 8 chuberti o 2%  CHECEB B a r pacful shoalrs ha wll  a vard d and also on grae a h boom o h ank A b of vgaon addd o hr d nhancs r checerboard parn Kep h lghng subd u ad h mperaur of h wr  6 o 7 dgrs  hs ba rbs a sus ce o o (  W BB may be placd n smallr anks han oher barbs bu mak cran h war s ad quaely arad  Plan h ank sparsely o gv h h ch c   h aer empra ure a 78 o 8 degres  war arbs ar nav o Inda and o ylon. CBE B ar no ound n h wld. hy ar a vary dvlopd by a prossona l brdr and now sod commrca lly n gra numbers hy ar hrdy, pacul communy fish. 
  • 73. INI BB  r  mong th largst o th barb. n an quarum o 30 ga lons or mor,  young n o Brb my attan a lngth o 9 nchs n bout s onths. Tno Brbs are longlvd nd ctv. Th oldr thy get, the mor colorul thy bom. h bas d t ust b augmntd wth vgtb mattr vry day. vd jumpers, ths fish mng to scp by jumpng through th sml lst rv n  tan k ld. As wth ost barbs, trms o t perture rsult n una lthy fish tht hv dd o otn l ttl olor. Kp th watr tmprtur t  to 80 dgrs F HNE O CN  are eacul, hrdy shoalrs ro hna. They l suvve n ter rom    ges . ert  b p.  w dvlod ro ths ss. . emifaciolatu o  n 4 TIO BARB abu chwanneldi o 1 2 n
  • 74. TIER ARB 8 ona o 2 n. HERRY BA 8. iHey  2 in TIGE  MTN BB ar h mos popa of a h barbs or aquarums hy ar hardy nd an h olor al yar Kp th n ag hoos On on or wo o h argr  ndvs n a shool bom fin npprs Th only rmdy for ths s o sola hm hs fis wl dsplay hr fls olorng f hy ar provdd wh a goo bs d , so war and plny o araon A bno form s so avab HEY BB, rom Cylon, vary n  hs of thr srkng hrry olor lhough ardy, hy an a so bom q u hy   plad wh aggrssv sps hs rrng bhavor an b supprssd by kpng hm n larg shools and al lowng only fish o h sam sz o mngl wh hm Kp h wa  7 o 8 dgr F n a w-pand ank 5
  • 75. GLI eq ie living conditions diffent  a ohe cypinids descibed in this boo. N te toicals, they do best n wate at lowe t peatues, suviving in conditions that a Neon et o exampe, col not. Godfish can  ond i n acya d ponds   in pint-si ows. A two-inch Godfish eqie at least wo gal lons o ate. In less wate, its gowth wi l be snte nd its lie span shoened. In a avoable envion ment, howeve, a Goldfish wi l l ive o s ong as   yeas  thee ae too many Godfish in an aqai they il l be seen gasping at the suace o ai  the fish ust be ep in a naeated containe, select he on that has the lagest suace a ea . Mo oxygen will be absobed though this geate ae A ow with no aaion us be cleaned at eas n  e. Even in aated filteed tans, Gold s  ssy. he hold e on w o h  GLDFISH r r  gao aqar
  • 76. VR S  GIS  fis per five gallons o water. I only an ndergrave fiter is sed, it will clog rater qickly. A cor fiter is better, ad an oside filter is still more desi able. An ndergravel fier may be til ied in cn jnction with eiter a corner or an otside filte Goldfis shod always be paced in water tat as been aged a least tweyor ors. tting tem i e aae a resu i a cemcal or tempeatre sok. ean nca ed glass ice or i k boles ca be sed or agig e wate. Gold fish are sensitive to extremes o acid or al kal in ter composition. ever se a eate or Gold fis do best at room emperares. Water at a te peatre a bove 8 degees F wi ll, in act, encorag inectios, especia ly ngs diseases Goldfis that begin o lose ei color probably need more vegetatio ad l ig. Diect sligt is best. ese fis commoy ose some o teir color with age, howeve 
  • 77. VA R  E I ES  F LDFS ot  Vt Alwed to eat thei fill, Goldfish will oveeat to obesty eep  m at a o fiss stomah s noma ly oly slightly lage tha its eye. eed t oy enogh t fi l l abo "  eyes" Golfish lie t nibble on plats, so keep them sppl ied with a kind they aot pi to piees. Ais s a goo plant o Goldfish Do ot feed them exlsively o oe ind of boxed ood ollow the basi  iet eom meed i this book p 28 Golfish a beome eoial  ewome plae whee othes have beome estab she may get a l l of his fis ipped off o be hase to eat l l o the Goldfish that ae to o-ihabit eah ta shoul be pae togeh wthn oe mothbefoe hei teitoies ae too mly established 78
  • 78.  (C aras  C carasss) laced in otside pools, Godfish do q uie well, ex isting on insects, algae, wate plats, o the food yo spply them. Unless the wate gets too hot o eees, is po  ted, o is i soe ohe wa exee, the fish sa l ly svive. Godfish hive sigly i  aqaims, bt otside, they d o best in schools. Despite thei geat va iet of coo and fo, all Godfish belog to he sae speiesCssis  ts ts Tey wi  gow to a sie deteined by thei evioet. In age poos, hey may each a legh o two feet. ll o the vaieies wee eveloped eithe by the iese o Japaese except the oet. Its oigin is eica . evelopig new vaieies of Goldfish has become a highy speia ied field. 9
  • 79. NI are a grop o active, hary, nemaning rinis hey are sl im an streamline, b ipe emls are a bi rger than ma les an hav is en bel lies Dnios shol be ep in large shools. he opti wat emperare o h  72 o 80 s F PL NI are nive o streams an rivrs o rma. hey enjoy snshine, an i  wel-light aqarim, hey reflec a ainbow o colors rom thei fins n bo. hei eary sheen may var o shs o sil to o pin, or bl e. ep h an ea  winow wher i eceives snshi ily  conrol h incoming l ight nogh to e strict he growth o algae. he large schools shol b eoinanly eales. E NIO are somewhat el cae an o not bre s easil in caivity as o oth members o h gop For this reson the ar on onl oca sionl i n soe. 80 E DNI 8 nigoascia o 1  in. ER N achyaio alboliau o 2% i.
  • 80. IANT ANIO nio lri o 4 n. ZBRAF rchydnio rero   n ZBI  Zb i is boldly stip Nt hw th stps cnti dw th al n F st Ida this ctiv shal is n  th st pp  h qai sh  bcs  t adc it is ixpnsiv Zbsh y l iv  t t thr ya hy r vy hady i pt i schls o bt six sh i a y tan Zbash  nstiv to sddn changs in th wt bt thwis ty  mably tolat p th t  th wtr t 72 t 80 dgs F nd d h t bsc dit  qari sh. ig th bdi sn mas ay cqi  hd s d h Fls ly n-dhsiv g NT NI  pc hady city  t bc  th siz d t ix th wit l thz spcis A ag t icy pltd s dty Fls y div ggs 1
  • 81. LG X pazorhh1 kaop    G      n h    n tn nt hh       f th gvl n th to.  pvnt th h  iin t not  ft tt in h q   n h Fln   nvt     n    il ct iv . I  n  lv  th t  tin  n  n t tl n. t th hih v  n B  h n  n  ll n   t f i niv t hi   nt n in qi. On in  n il  cful ith h i.  in h  tn ll ht h th. h i    75   8
  • 82. Y   t    t     t t N tht t l t   nl  nln t       th u Flyn B ls  t th tp  th a Thn  th wat  t hll thy l   dp swtly  l  th    thy sn Marls on th  t  t tn ll nt sh r ah n h   t t  th tl ht Flyng Bas sw  l hls   nvuls on lgn    sh   As th  ssts ths sh  r lly  fly ou  th wa. It  th tnt t  th tn ov Th  y   l lv  svl y   l l t  FYN  ou danca t 3Y  3
  • 83. TI HK  ntiv t hin. hy v  lac, shaklik ody wih ight oang  n p ns hn thy   yng n y.  t p  s n stng p t n intn scking gn, i th n sp ing p ti vrit olg, hih in aqi s shl  pvi in ditin t thi s it.  gn tt y  sstitt   g  c. T  t i    t r trt, c t  rc    ic t i   ri.  t  t, tr tr t  trr   t 5 gr F ii   rrl tr r    r irt c. Thes "shks"  cypinis  rs  t inn  ily n  nt lt t   whh  tilgns hs CK K p n t  1 00 gln   y  t  nth  ny 0 inchs  sl  , thy ly xc  2 inchs. Thy  vy ay nd ill at ms ods. Alga is n snt  pig th n g hth. B hs  ggsiv vn whn yg n   p t h  ql siz n t pt O p y   e l INN HINE  ctiv inn th v n sts n ist n sthn Unt tts. y   o  g gns  inns th  hy n  nvnint siz   lg   nn hins q i cl    gs F.) et t. y i    s . 84
  • 84. DLD "K" abeo bco/or o  in. orulus crysopheadio o 0 in. RD-FNND HNR otopis utresis to 3 i. 85
  • 85. Q  nive t he y enn  e e ms ppur  the numeru rsbs ie r quriums. They re peceul shles n becme shy i kep wih ressive species p py he n k wih hicky e pnts in s ne r l we    0 derees F. Feed hem e sic ie This species esi ly becmes inece w  isse p 35) T  hve  bi  xin e ke  fi ns in  scissi ke hin e esn  wen einin  mve. he min is emphsie y hei clin. Tis y peie nees we  bu  derees  he yn s hve n  s rnspen  AQIN ASBOA abora heteroorpha to  ln 86 ISOAI AA abora tri/ineata to 5 ln.
  • 86. me LG hodeus serius  3 n feme wh ovpostor xended TTG  prly i n wter bve   bew 60 erees F. They re n remmene r trpi l fish tn ks. They re mmny kept in q urium in Eurpe where they re nive bu they   rre in he Unite tte. Bitterl in n hei lse relives in Asi hve nique breen hbi Abut April the me hnes rm ilver  re n he emle's vipsi r xtens. he mle elets  suibe helthy mussel n his me insers her vipsir in he mssel' inrren siphn epsitin ever l es. he my repe his severl times er a erd   ew ys er eh yin the mle sure he we rn he m ussel with serm. E h  n e mssel's ils e ertilie by the i in the water tat is dan ove tm. Mussel respire by rawing wate ito t incurnt siphon, passing i ver he ils hen u he exurrent si hn he es evelp n hth in the i ls Aer u 30 y hth ins hae a bsrbed he  n e yl  s. Then hey emee levin he musels nh rme. Bth he yun n he s h be e evl wih  ive s. 
  • 87. WHITE O anichhys a/bonubes o 12  WHT C re h rdy cyprinids. The species ws discovered n 1 932 in  st-mving strem on ie Cld onin ner Cnon Chin. he Cinese Boy o who ond he s presented is l ive cch  his emperor, LinhYen  ioloists lter nmed te new species Tnicys (, mening boy, nd icys, s) bones ming wite clod) Whie Clods do bes in lrge scos They cn lere  emperre rnge rom 0 o 90 degrees F. b shold be ep  s nery  derees s pssibe. tre mes ve  onger ors l n n  re sl im mer nd more coor l tn te em es Feed he l ive oo in dition o te bsic die  brin  heir riches clrs 88
  • 88.  yrinchei  ie he  Ee m hin is he ny pp im sh in he sine ens in his mi G T is  suckin csh sin is sckin  isc in he ei prcess nd ls o nchre  he rpily win wter  he stre ms in which i ives. s fish brethe by  kin wer in hruh hei muh . The Ae Eer  kes wer in hruh  sli beween he ee  he bse  is l ips  l   run is mh Ale Eers re veerins he  re eer l ly kep i q uriums  e  le off he  ss sies d ff the decrtios. The m  lso ee s sv egers o the ded bodies  oher fish. hen u Ale Eters re peceu; oer es my fih ech her n  ls ck  other sh h mves slwy. Ab ne   five evelps his hbi I hey reese heir hld n  nher fish  irclr re sp is le where he disc ws ttche his m becme inece Isle hese nesirbe  le Eers r r eedin hem mre. I cresin he  mou  l  ht i  the r  m wl eour he  rwth  mre le Keep the wter slihly bsic n  b  erees F ALGAE EAE inochilu mon t 8 n
  • 89. CH (Cobiide) biis compris n d or am i y o fish.   he members ve tree or mor pa irs o brbs nd no jw e; t fi s  s s re sma   . Coi ids e d ped  i on  bottom; may r urowers. ome  b o  iv n oygn-epetd wers by risig o  sur a gupig air. Te inesine is ui izd s an cessory respioy or n. This does o mean  erin nd cen wer  re  essa ry, owvr. Lches hide during e day. Provide se s cve  i ke ocks, o simir stering ortios undr whic tey c n reire. An rmy domsc pe my  ndon is nour  bits b ui is de pue rm e norma is cerly stab isd i is wise  sprinkle  bi o ood in e wtr bere rnin  he quium    s  nig h. oces hve  we deveped sense o sme   d cn esi nd hei  in he k UH CH hve wrmke bo es n mv hh he we  i ke snkes. Beuse o ei u s shpe nd mkins ey re pop qur m h e he eye is  siff spin th cn punc ue he s kin,   my cch in ns. ih s spine he fish cn dig in e boom. ts ys a re potte by  rnspret covrig . e a s ot pot rom njuy by srp objecs, owever n so i is est  prvie  so bottom, s as sa .  gs ppers n fis's boy tra wt rpe sup. Gt vce o fis spec is  growt prssts. his do bs in oups o  est ree. They i wd oether une one rock or ornmen.  90
  • 90. KUHLI LOACH cahophhalus kuhli kuhi    MYERSI KUHI HALF-BANDED KUHLI SHLFORD'S PRICKLY E KHL . shelfodi t 3 in is iin lce is l ite he sh eode in every iecin. eep he emerture o the wer     erees F. Fee the bsic diet. oe he ifferences in he five Kuhls  l  ustrte.   e   in he se y. 91
  • 91. SKUNK LOAC otia ha  4  CLOWN LOCH . macacahu    U H rm Thi ln eme e  he en  he y In  brihtly i q urium hey eep hien uner jes r sty in he shws  ree  heir wn s recmmene. re u ve piees  lene cn she l hve een se su esul ly. Fee hem he bsic ie wih plenty  l ive  n chunks  me. W H he ms rul n ms ppu r  he les re impre rm u mr n Brne In isply nks hey en sw m peeully in schls  brbs h  re simirly mrke  n  u he sme sie r slihly rer. Clwn Lhes s  rm lihs  fi rs bu su ly lse his enen. 92
  • 92. SR D H 8 yno  5 in RNGFNND LOAH . od t 5 in TP  are rrel impore. When he e ey el   n  re expsive. Like ther meer  heir enus the reer s slih  s lcler wer t  o 5 erees  he o wel  in  rups. A nih he ca e see r in excite ly up n own n bk n orth  lon he . e iniviuls beme fin nippers. ONENNE OCHE, o reentl vible re sensitve to  tons pa rtiu  r es . 33). er  ivis a re o ri t ost oer s ese s a te tpia  s ke i ke bo  ot oas t ter atra   oresse sp a oer o ars i tem s otis. 3
  • 93.  T (Drdide G T re een rrely ecue ey r n mmn nd cuse ey ide nder e  re d u ring e dy ey cme u  searc ciey  d  nig rvide   tm   e c cn ury ielf eiy l l  te cfi in i  miy rm  Americ e ny ple lng e ler line f teir i dy  pine prrude fm ec plae On e  r ry  e d  nd peca  s e i pines a can iflict  ai prik Hadle tee  i c re e cfis smetimes em  crk ing und en capture Te a ael use eir me a i  bae t ma tese nise l ing  ill k sma  er s and ea em ey il l l scvenge, s d er cfis ide em i e ic d NG CFSH cana inisimu t  in 94
  • 94. T  T C ihhyid  h  rrd fish Cryr is h prdominn nus h d irn spcis in  gnus  r so simi  h hy  r difficu o inify. En h cns qurium   bnfi from  ig a ls  aclig Cryr a s hms s of  im digging in h grl i n ch     hy il  no hri l l on jus lf s h  ri bnd d i shoud  i n hy  r pi lly fnd o  iv fds. B sur h fd sink  h m ps h  h r in in h uppr sr Shrp sons i inur h ouhs f hs prbing csh so   bom wih mh roundd r In hir ni Souh Amri s cfish i in  w in oxygn nd wih m uddy boos Thy h ovd h ri of daig uddnly o h surf  k in  g u l  of air nd hn hurry ig bk o h boom Th ir is frd hru h isin rspirion ourrin in h h sula rizd issus of  hindgu  propr n ironmn for hm onsiss of wr h is nur sof agd  d  o 0 dgrs F In n   fish  r  lir nd so mor nric A shrp spin is lod o  or l fin of my pci. B c ru l n o sng his in in n As  prik fom o of s spis is pi nful h hur sin f  n hu o r 95
  • 95. U TI also ca l ld Bronze as, a re  ms olar o te Corydoras. Oder cmes  exrmly ardy da or a ny a   rim f  larger  rs o make  mal of one, e ca s kd  ns snag n  rdaor's mo. Usal ly  cafis s  o Occasionally, a cas ecm manenly ked in e aackr's roa In c cass, o  rdaor and e rey die Ad l mal An Catfis a r f l lrode an  ma s. A ma l lr a bno vay of is s cis is o avaial. T a  ino genr ly r casd a r vnils ao alf a n inc ng Te in oe  cary  ms qr AEN AF da anu o 3  o r o 2  96
  • 96. AGASSIZS CAFIS oyd iz  3 n =  =  GZ' CT i    nd  h h  d  i Agi 1 01 3) h   p  igy  vd Univeiy Ag  nn  hi r ih h ren nd exin ype  h  eid ry in ying i   hi n nvinen Agsz' h eny he y o he  h f he   Ahgh n i h ing sh, hey y r f fod n he o i  rp,   h If hey  re n verrod  ae well     ir ss f   r f 97
  • 97. SKUNK OR ACHED ATFH do cuus    MYR' CATISH  mi t %  MAKD CATFISH . m t 2  U H D TIH ' TH ese ree pecies confue  maeurs aempin o idenify eir es. Furer relers may le em incorrecly. Teir dierences are sown clearly n e llran abve weve'r All ree are care fr ideic y A air  oo    p  someimes of diere speces soon ecome inima riend in   aquaum. One a lways ceks o see  e oer is in si.  one example of eir desi or compan osp, ony one kunk Cafis ws kep in  cmuniy  nk for ou si mons. Ten n or  ded o e qurim. I   reee i  re euim y  oriina cfi  y i irced e wcomer exciedly  n w re fer  y  e side of is compnin 98
  • 98. G TH  t   t  mny ther ordoras In , ey   i neretiny, e  idniying, i rgu d nd  e side my de r drken rdin  the fishs m Ulke ms tfih   th gus, s peies my leve te lwe ter strt  serc v r d n plnts nd ks ELEGANT CATFSH  an t ¥2 ln DWARF ATFSH  h t 1 % ln       el  fi  Becu  ir smll ie, ey    c m ped i e ml lr q urers B ur    e  i c  r fis v  m s n s u  l ic i e mir . O s   extremy gsiv my ic n es m l   s,  kee e i midmnnred fish 99
  • 99. P T are iking sped, ence ei name. Tr pessg a sm l  q uae o d, zen ubx woms agast e  pa o glas sde, about al n ic abv e gavel . A e e me, upp a n oe fis wit eou  t keep m ouped a bove. You wll dsover  a l l  nal a l  membes  e o cmmuni ji in e fea EBC  ie a   , ave a n uer "am" at  ps eve man ex ea l disease v e oua i a a k m b n td wt  (p 35) but e afi i  m a  n ea lt. T a e o a l   mmune o dis ease, wever, nd e sck, e sem t be m dcul t cu an ms er fis. OPD CFH oryoras li o    mlaniius t V2  1 00
  • 100. RBUS CI . bui a 1 3 in. PEPPERD CAISH  ps t 3  PPPE CTFIH ave a sg o sma l, a po ver ir bo. o bg, ma s sw m ectl a ro  o a a . A ma a  a ma  n pai r off Wt r mots, te la n a y ossble sawig sts. g sawg, t two jobast to bast. T ma as ggs  a ot om wit  vta s a  t t are rt ze b sm jt b t ma . T  ma t sts t ggs to a sas tat wr rvousl elet. U' CTIH i a wa  sis tat ma b asil agg i a t. I tis as t t  nseo careu a sbmg i  t wat ere  ats is to b a. I t ats m st be al, e i m tat t ss a  a s a pai u puncu 101
  • 101. UUTD D T (ori iiae Sever iverse oms omise his fm i y f  moe fish ha l ive in sm l l swift-flowing sems o notn Soh Ameia . The use heir "sker" mouths o ahng o or holng ono sionry obets a n a lo fo eing. The "su ing" moth is sbemial o oet ownwr for fe ng on vegan on th botom. As hey ee on lns in heir natl envonmen hse tfish so onsme may y nima ls For his eason he veetabe it o those in aviy ms e splemn wh othe oos In l membrs o he f my hee o moe rows o bony sues r pes exen fom he h  lon he engh  he boy Ple hese fish in nks o g er h is ihy plne n is 65   egree F TWG T  re unfruney sho ive  n shy in cpiviy o voi obaining  ha -s rv sci men purhse oly om a ks h ve n obvius gowh o g en a lga.   lae ae no bnnt in you a nk  so s or hoe lee r sn h (boile bo one mine o the wer regulary ni  g rwh is bne TWIG CAFI alow//a ac to  in 10
  • 102. HIAJL CATFISH oici v to 4 in DARF OTOCINCL Otcinclus ffins to 2 in WPT T  re siy couge in he g rve on he oto o n quriu Keep eir er el erte n clen. Do not house ese sh ih essy ni s, such s Gols, t e n  ening o he n k req uently. If i is nece sry o   coplete cening, sve lf e er. uerge  ny  gecovere roks o plnts so  hey o n  ry ie the qriu is eing clene .  no sru the sies or oo o e n k co peey en o  ge Aer e quri u  i ene, eve he igs on lon n usu o en ou rge  rpi regrot o te  ge  n oer plns in he nk U  re he ses coon  q uriu sucker csh They re in sll, rless scven gers n  re no estrucive is, ey il no e plnts or i up te otto. These l ittle cfis speciize i cening  lge o plnts eep he i sl l groups o  lest or Tis is  el ice spe ies, n i ere is no sufficient vegele foo, i i  ie  uiy 1 3
  • 103. TU TH g ow rge hey shou o e kep in anks sma  e hn 25 ga ons Be use hey eoe agessve o oe  ta k is reom ende I an e u in  ank with ommunts o rger fish Pefied woo  oen used in he au  ecr ecue i surace is ide o suppo  s o so ge nd aso euse this fis  i kes o ouflge ise on he "woo" suae wie eg r eig Use wer h hs een age  es e h ese fih a re iffiu o ah hey wi d ro one hidng pae o nohe an even i cornee gins he gs hey wi a emseves o  rmy wih hei  suker mouh and wi no swim n he ne hey mus e sid ong he gas  ge hem u o he we se  so ea o rek eir suion nd e hem into he e. Once in he ne he afish ommony snags s hgh osa  Be caeu no  njue he fish  emovig i e Biseouhe Cafish is cosey ree  Peosous u is es dtushed y s omi e ws ECOTOMU ypstms plecst 8 in RE-MOHE CATFH strs dichper o 6 i. moth and wskers
  • 104. AO AFSH nephals cracides t  n  T {Bunceph   T a re urmred atfish rm uh merc . her hea s we a nd  he nme  he enus, Bunocephalus, means "hi y hed  rrn  the umps ha eted a  s dwn he sides A s, spars pnted bttm is ssntia e cuse  he fish's diin ehavir. Banj Ctfish  r cur, s prvide pent f datme hdin paces. he a re mnvrus feedes. Keep the em perau  he wter  0 t  eees F G TH Siuride G T sty in h mdstrat, suspended i sm   scs. eceu nd swmvn, h d pr  m e wth active speces. Te snatch ther d as t snks  n is wa t te ttm. The sh  ds. uiex wms encsed in stere ue r cheescth n dne   we  ws them t feed fee. In apprprie  n, Gass Ctfis eet ainws f cr. GLAS CATI ryptpteres bicirrhis t 4 n 1
  • 105. PD  DP  TH (Pimlodid imlodid catsh rang hrough souhrn xo Cntral Amrca, nd South Amric . All m brs of th f mil hav a long, slim ody  ca ua fin is forkd, nd th dorsa  n, whic   las o rc spin, is s fr forwrd on th bod h adipos fin is larg imodids uul l posss thr pir of bbl h w c  long th oy D TH  nocturn l, whic is pica or mmr   mily  rgr nd mor c rd hir n k i,  mor hy njoy it oot plnts, rock pils, and dcorons   idl pacs for dig during th day. h cfish do bst in tr hat is nutral, gd nd 0 to 0 dg rs F I n oldr fih, h srips dsppr PDT TH a r particulrl fon o worm but will gobbl up mst mat fos  w l ov at so much at hr stomachs bulg, rsing ir whol bod wll abov th grvl  f not fd wl l noug, howvr, th ma tack othr s  ur spcimns os thir spos nd com l uish  ry om oung hv no pots. H TH r odditis  you   spr shl low nk 0 galons or mor, th ma b prcsl h sh o pl you. Not   nd hd nd th ducklik sou. h mou u nd  snou s rg nough o ngu lf chu of food o codrbl iz. Giv his spc   m cr  hr mmr of hi fmily 106
  • 106. SLENDER R RAEFUL) AFS Pmeodea gas o 5  POLKAO ASH ilods claias  1 0 in SVELNSE AFS oubm ma o  8  UMLEE TFSH eiocassis siasis t  n GI CIH agriae BUBB CTI om  Ol Wol a re mi  a  o e  o   06), but tir ki i a  wi o a l or bo lae. Peaeu l a lo i i a omi a ee afi will ma  a ma  a  o fi i ugr 07
  • 107. T T (Crii ''G" T re  pe r  st Asa sevra years o Those tat esap or ee se ee by heir os no pose a h to he evironmens hey have inva. These unusu fish have both is n pimitive un  i ke as Ss th ta i  a  us their stu peoa  fi ns as "es" to prope themseves hey c   e y "w k"  n. In hs ay hy spe when the aters e nha  bee u sut  urin ruhts hey stay os y iin in mu an beathi amospheri a  r  n  u  he er, he r iht ars i n oin prey hhe es ises o fish ie the own size hey son minae hateve te they nh bi. In omuniy tanks these atfish  attk a n t ohe fish hee te mus be kep isoate They have rvenous appettes. The epeture  h e n be 50 t 95 eees F. Cover the aqur ium but eave suffit a i  spe a bove o pr t fis to sa  beath.  n may stats  is ow i ea  pssess h fish, so note ther a pea a Thei oor va itns in ue rays n rons 08 "WALIN CAFI li bchus  8 n
  • 108. UPIW CTIH Mohoide C PKT CTIH  e e  nd expn ive but the e dible o  le m munit tn. The  e hd nd peul but th shoul d b pvied with hii plas T wte temp tue hould ne om  to 0 dee F. hi spe ie oionll wim invetd o u pie down UPW H ve  d el n  lightoloe bk oppoit te uu  coloing o  fish Ti i  n dpttion t thi it o wim mn u pde down.  the fih mtue the wim inveted moe eq uetl. In  diml li, wel l pnted q ui u m,  hol o hee fih wil l  ze on lge d avenge ove u. Note the lge ee  thi spie  nd lo o the one  bove AICAN POKADOT CATFI ynntis ngeics t 8 n PIDEDOW CATFI  grivntris t 3 in
  • 109. T TH (Mlaperurid C TH e ol speces  is am l, ha elecrc orgas imilar o b weake a ose o elecric eels (p ). Te sock is srog ough o lecrocue i fish, o umb lrge oes and o rle  n war haler. ese fish a re viciou d wl l aack a l l oter fis. Te ms be solad The waer ould be eral a 2 o 0 dege F Provide lea plats or grees also mea  nd ve oods WRLING HALFBAK mnys ssill t  n  (Hemrmphide TG  iv-err impore ro Soueast Asa a    l    la males ae b stl  "fi  o ess  w a figte os s s a  a  ooea mmbr   t s ss   ome aams,  e  a    s F; a ree o rs o a tbsp  s sl t pe ga o o water. Tes sa s mus e gve l ve oods. The "be k" s eas     ed so b ca    s fis a  sotved. 1 10
  • 110. TCKBCK astota) PD TCKBCK a  baswat fis a    sta s o t tat ao t ot en oast of Not mia.  wat so b co to wt 1 tabsoo o sa sa t  a  wat. ts tmat so  5 to   s F At t  sason t oo ma buis a  -s o taton tot wt stc sectos. H a  s mat t t t a . a ist s  as s a  tizs tm. T ma otts t s a t t o. Ts ss s q  asom so kp t soated.   PP Satiae PP a e i e sam fa m as sea oss a oft a  cos ma fis   sa oss e a  o wt bo ats. Mas ca te s a  t o i fos o ti b. Sa sa  m  st  a t t wat    ank. Fo ow  dietos o  ba to t a sa t of a bo 1 1  Pfis a    foo s a s b s m  Dni, a o  -bas Te fis suc t oo to  sm sot Pfis ot w m vica y a may a so jump ou f t w nthus sfer t 6  1 1 1
  • 111.   TT CP (Cprnnide  l es ou e ben t e e rder s l iveberin fi (p 1 1 ). Moe an 200 sp ma o m olorul  our n opil an wrm waer n al ntnnts eep usrla ifi ave a ln bod (fom 1 V o   ) n  fla ad T do ot av al or a n ad pse fi n  Kll a re no reommd r ommu ni nk r fr beinnin  uars PH  nve o Spa in and lr live in e upper wer levels  nabi brak  marine wes Keep wo ault mal ol iv-n) fr ea mature mle (bl u-rn) T ma pwn in e plan Feed m motl l v os  t s aa o  uggh gadua add 1 -2 eaoons  a al  f e lln  wr  n e tn k SPAI LLSH panus rs to  ln R E D LYREA  L phosemo bau o   1 1 
  • 112.  T a  f  ta 20 c f Aysemin tat a   t  Afc'  cst east of Dah G  Mt  t c a   fficult o d nat T a  tb nd he sprn a a  t l The R Lyta l  a    l  t ta k wt wel l  plnd h      a a K t    cs   a l l  rup cntn manl f fa le Htcl  n   mre slwl han  t f t e f h ame nus Th a  uu a var oul cloed subpc. K  l l  a   t t  t a  fis Ma l l act  l  w   l but actc l t .  t bc fs a bt t  t   ua t acct t f b k  t  ltt  a    .  a t  2). T d t  n lhtl ac a a h s rt th a ta  a al t er al. Th atr t patu ul  t  5  s F ca us ath st t l fan hts shul b  lt tu      f at. F t tt w t         a o ca c l  Kp tw  t a   ah a l Mal a fit.  a t lat L a l nd plt f l v f.   at t th e hn, a l va t  avaab LYRAL A tl to 2 in 1 1 
  • 113. TU PYI s  lvely, q urrelsme ttom dwele  s es kep soleoe u e . Te aqua um suld b a, he we ged nd d  A yelw varet s a  s va  lae. T peae beg ta s mm pa o d tves)  b  w ss a ve w s wte Ate t pt ste td ue mtue lt T ae a  te vgl  u s ve l t  w e a re r spp ale w w  e emaes Remve ele ggs t wt w a gass tbe  ple em   ha   w st wae t w a p  5 pet  bl  a  Se te     (70    e  tee t sve w T sl t a  p  de fla   w   d a ls bg  emp t eggse ls. Remve lgs  a me we t ne. U GU re q urelsme, r etes. les e jewel-ke l vetes are m. Gve tm e same e as av v the a! SEEBLE APYSE phyoemion adnei o 2V in BLE GLS 1  
  • 114. LI ACHAX helus naus to 4 in ANIN PEAL ISH yas el to 3 in IMOUH PANCHAX ays dag • (ormey . chaer) to 2Y in IN PNCHX  fom elon n  ni, l ive ma o st ve in ntue hence require iv s  aau ms. t s  essve. Keep onl i la fish over the t nk! This spees lives in   wate stt  spawns n floin pln GNTI P  ive in pons h  ry up  summe. The uls e, ut ther eggs, urie in e u, h when ra ns ome in o on ition ees, ee thm l ve fos. Pepare pet p 1  4)   fte the fish hve spawne, emove the n sphon off the we Sea l the mp (no et e in  plast ag n stoe  n rkness or hee o five months. Then submere he pe i n wate,    the es wll hath. The voaous htch l ns mtue in  ou eiht eeks hey l ive n a out eht mnths. Ml es fih EMOH PNCHX shu l be fe minly  ive fs. Two t thee fmales   oe mle i shool peaefu ll in  communit nk 1  5
  • 115. GOE R OIA BLUEIN (OIA BLUE A ana gd Ia 2 in GD  native to sohestern United Sate,  re agg ressive, so so d no be kept with shy spe cie. idstrta dwel lers, they spwn in plnt C G  re sot, ardy Florid fi ales kep in te sme qa rters ecome a ntgn ti Aftr spwnin, ma les protet nd cre fo  rood e youn e gae dul re omnivr LORIDA BLUEFINS o bt in rom we pnted tanks the water not wamer than 0 degres F. They l ive and spawn i pnts in the top a n d middle str  Femles may ly severa l ggs diy for more han  month a  d wil at them if the  re not re moved Protd eggs hah in about two weeks DK a r paef  hard fish ide l or com mnit ta k.  Japa t ie i pais an a re va   for atig mosquito ava. lsters f eggs stick to the fema's ven n ar frtil ized here. Ty ar then rubbe off onto plnts Shipments of dfor hmpbakd) spimns  nhea lh nd usl stri a re fond oasionaly n pet p 116
  • 116. MEDAA OR RICE FISH Oyzias lips  1Y2 n GOLDEN PHESA la ccidtls  32 n GD PT is rw hece t  cmmu it fish. he wter shud be ut 72 egrees F. reedig is the sme s r Argetie Per Fish (p. 1 1 5), but m erios ast  moth r tw ger t  ives i  wer wter strt. Fee it  ive ds UD  (Aepide UD F re ifficut to keep i  quri u m . he ee  schos s the s k i m jus beeth the surce With teir bugig ees te c see either i a i r or i wate. A sow-te t k f at east 50 g os is eee he wter su   e 72 t  5 d g rees F. Fee them  vaie iet he sexua   rgs  these fis re tite t the et r t he right  "eft" feme ca cou e o with  "right" me d vice vers he  re veerers UEYED FISH na/ps aps t 1   1 1
  • 117. B (ecl e vees a e nav  Nh and Suh  an he es I ndes. Th ae s ls a ina sha llw was, usua s ehe  deep waer r  dens plans n wc  an a ke refug. a a  eas f bis t anag, lvba es a e e ms pula f a l l aq ua u  fis xp Gldfish. The ael exeed hree es n lengh, mng he del f ms me aquai u ms Thr ifespan s nl w  e a s b es fish e s fic ha hey pdu man neans  her me, hus pepeuang hemselves veaes ear e yung a  ve, he erl zed eggs develpng n he fale's vay Infan  cang  veaes s n p 1 0 PIK TOP MINNOW, fm S an Cnra l mer c, s xcnall lage r a pel l d. I equres a ank f 5 ga lns w h wae a 5  5 de gs F. and w  e easpns f sa sal ad p gal. O l vebas ae nivus, bu he Pike Tp innw s arnvrus Is rapay and l a rgehed uh ma ke i a he  de enselss nghs, pacularl yung sh Ev f l w Pkes ma e assaud . The spees s p lc bu  wl gbb up s wn unpe ung. P ks a e an n lng a i. Undenu e hes uce slns. PKE OP MINNO elnesox belizns    All lvebea ale evep  "p" Wt  r exten f te anl et per  eae' c
  • 118. ABUSIA (OSQUITOFISH) aua affin mle, t 1  in. mle,t 2Y in. WF TPOW eteaa fa ae,   n. eae,   % n GMU s  sh nt s   trdcd hogh h wld t      sqs spel  wh   yel lw evr ar a threat. These tny fish can et daly thei wn weight in mosq ito lavae r pupae. Thugh dra b, Ga mbusias a re iteesting and easy to eep n an aquaium. Thee should be at least the emales or each male. Females are simlar to th emale gppy bt have dak specks n th tail Isolati s ecessay becus these fish bite the fis o other fish. aets eat their yong. Gmbsas were the fi st o the l iveearers offered or sa le t hyists. A abld v riety has bee developed. DWRF OPMINNOWS natves o stheasten ited States, are the smallest o all lvebeig ai als and e als oe o the sma lles  all l ivg vetebates. These activ fish are sitable or eve the sma llst aqarim. The deal water temperatur s 70 degrees . t can ra ge rm 55 t 5  case th bryos develop n separat stags, nl a ew babes are born ach day r one r tw weeks. A nth ater th last baby s born, brths may beg g. I wel l ed, the parents wll t cns th ffpg 1 1 
  • 119. GPP ar t favorits of a l l t tropical fis  a r pacfl fri l a r a so prolic tat  pai r c fi l l a aarim wit offsprig i a sort t  ar va l  or mos io corl a or l v oo for otr s  aqarim a l   av  rt  as.  basic it Mal gppis a r orvr ortig. f a ema rmas statioar a  prtr cotcts r v t is goopoim s is rt  iz   sprm s prsrv i te a' ov t a so v aftr mals a re rmove a fmal s capal of aving s or more broos Gstatio avrags a mont bt ca  muc logr peg o t ime of a alt f t fmal  a  coitio in  n  A prgat ma l a b tfi b t grav spot (ark ar bi r al fi ust  ror t t bl l W viw from abv r is appar swl l. T prpar r fo  ivr kep t mal i s low (abot  i. ag atr at  to 0 r . rov otg pts at ast two is tk  to w t wbor c scrry or v t otr wi ll at tm  otr fis m b kp i t sa me ta  f tm av to s prs tir gr strbg a prgat mal  a rslt  prmatr lvrs   e fma may av a ma as 200 bbs; t avrag s 40 o 50. Yog fmals av sma lr l ittrs All  t br a r  bot a rtr of a  c lg Fe tm sm l l ma ls at last tr tims ay Gppis l v a bot two ars. rrs av e vop m  ltits o fi colors a pattrs. Ma lbs br wat t l ev a r cllt pc ms a  t o gpp sows t isplay tm 1 2
  • 120. GUPP Poecl etcl (fey Lebstes) me,  1 %  feae, to 2% i Co Ro Hk Vilai Vrred Fag A HAP P fl rbs  swrd .sa oo swrd sr c laye 11
  • 121. BLAK-BELLED LIM a eaogae  cilia m/angar  2 in CK- IM'    h   l  rvid p o h fl h  l h  o Ji Cr fr th  f th l ivr. Thy ldm hv or thn 40     h yo row lwl MOLIE, fro Centrl nd South mria, r oftn sold iexpensively s fish for beinnes. This is n fortun, for un less iven spel cre, th fih will prish To rd n aqurm for Mollie, ll i wih lhtly lklin, d wr, ddng tw t hr tpoons f e salt pr gallon. Keep the temper tr ew 3 nd  dre   wth l l iv rrs, pvid h si dit, t i ddii m rtin th vgetble mttr is vill dy Witht  l, h fih wl l  nhlth  dsurd, pregnat female will misry o i h plti s n whih hi pmnt of Moll i  riv n tores are often poplated with nworn ry If the dult re wel l ed thy will not et thir young. Mol les re ensiiv to ommon fih ds (p 34, s ret ewly qird fish with thyl blue o ll of e may vailble vareti of l lis wl l nterbreed, but ther offsprng my b ril ommercl ly rsed varties su l ly lc th hih dorsal fin f wld spemn. Mny liv f  thre y 122
  • 122. GREEN SILFIN MOLL oecl ltp (mey Mol/es) to  in OTH VATIE O THE BACK OL Seo o Oe  to 2 in BLCK MOLL  spheps to 2 in e  2 in 13
  • 123. SRDI Xphophoru e/eri  5 n. WRD wee orted oiginll  Mexio. They wee th gree vriety. Sinc thn, thir flshy penc nd ny vitions hve d th o o the ost populr of ll quriu fish. ro vide one to two gl lons of wter per fish. The we should b sl ightly hd (pH of .2), nd its t ture should be intined betwen 2 nd 8 de ge F. Cvr th t,  thes fih  r cco plished umpes. eed the the bs dit t let twice dily. Usul ly only les hve th exnded ti l fin or swrd. ndividuls vry in temperent, but les quenly fight. Keep on ml with  thn two  les n h tn reeding is th se s fo gues (. 1 20) oods of ore thn  hundrd  r o uncon, but prents my quickly duce this nube by t ig thir young.  lck of horones  us s dult eles to ever o les. New vieies   th  ul Hbrds   dvelopd by cssing with oth Swordtils n  lso with ltys (p. 1 26) Shde  red,  on ple,  vry fr  ue d t  velv d   bi  124
  • 124. VIEIES OF SORD
  • 125. LT ru macuatu o 3 n PY, ro Mio nd  l, r pl onity fish C r nd brdin is th s  for othr livbrrs. Slctiv brdin hs pr dd ny vritis. Thos il strtd r only  w o th ost coon. h shd o  lo y vry s wl l  th ri V, ro h  ron s th ly, h  lonr dorsl fin nd  or lond bdy Cr n rdin r h s s for othr livbrrs VARIATUS VITIS OF VITU 16
  • 126. Go W no RIEIES F TS os  ossib 127
  • 127. GH (ntropomid) NDN IH  umeou i frsh wtr o Inda d na ry reg ios In qrims, us m diu mhrd wtr, wll d wth two to thr t spoo of sa  per ga o of wr Iil ly th fish r timid, t thy come q t m Hchlin r so y hey are dcu o feed. nly mls hv th l  di o th rys  thir fi h y orn vse nde he   e  m adde.   h  IER FI are a ece ima. Yu pec men (a u 3 nce ae eee Gn de q spc ( 0 ga on tk ad pley of food, ey gro ucky. Keep hem h h f ql e ger t ae n cmora e ad el ed oe er coo, ecmg aedu ac .   c Tge i may ea seea  eec Gd da  y and e aa ungy  mre H (trrchid S are c eced in ue aes of h merica ce cue, i  pace ea , ey lose ter ye e e age g ce ee  hae e a a  a a e oom o r peca  . Kee em  sunh of he a me e. I ea ihe s, nw memrs ae o oead gg ac n e a  a eek. a le pec  he egg ad  yu g. aer kep a rom emerure  uae I sud  nr neua in pH. 1
  • 128. INIAN GLASSFIS hada raga to 2  SIAMS TIG FISH atdes mceps o 16  ss eee o l • i BLACKBANDE SUNFISH esgstus chaetodo to 3   29
  • 129. MONO acus ageteus  5 i. ARCER xtes ;acuat t 4 i INEI onodacyldae ONO, fom he backh coaa ae o ea en fca o aaya, eue a pacou tank con taning aged ae o whch ee eapoon of al per ga on hae been added. hee h do be in choo. Quck moemen oude he a nk may aue hem o pac and injue emee hey can be kep th oe backihaer h eed hem an abundance of  e food, and keep he empe ue of the ae a 7 degee . HEIH oxoidae) E, nae of backih ate in he I do ua an egon, canno be poded ih condi ion in  nomal ank to pemit waching hem p" don nec fom aoe he ae hey ae accuae o a dance of abou e fee and een ao fo he reflecon of g n wae a hey make hei am. Keep hem n aged aer o hch o eapoon of a  pe gaon hae een added he empeue f he wae oud be 78 to 80 degree  10
  • 130.  H Scaophagidae C come om opica  IdoPacfic esuaies Keep hem in ae ha has a emeae o abo 7 degee .  a ea  g k a a sa he hae ee  g ad  ae   ee ch o goh heeae add a ha o a u  eao o ea a   a meame   .  8 de  ached.   hdomee aa abe a pe shops ges h meaeme Scas ae peace ad ecome ue a me eed hem he basc de addg da  de  egeae mae aao odo oe esu  i ch deae  3 a kig o  h ae aabe. he  e ae eomous. F H addae  H, fom Souh meica, ooks emakaby  i ke a dead ea floag o  he ae. hough he sh apea de ae ad hames i  acua predao ad mus be ed eomous amous of  e ds.  ea h ca  ea  o egh n G day. Kee e emeau e o he ae a 72 o 76 degee . Yog ae hi secks. 13
  • 131. CICI (h dae hd uuay m eihe u  ea  me a, hae we deeed   ad  y e   ea de  he head. he head, eye, ad a e ae age, ad the aea  e  dded  he md de. he ate ay  te da ad aa    ae py. de h dee a a hump ad ugh sa; they d  e he muh n epao. F mt hd, a ak mae tha   ga s is ampg. Gae hud be medium to oae o deoat, ue weahoed, heay objets. age h d w bea k heae . ih id ae beeed by may  be he m   te  iget f a h he beha a e wh the pee ad the ddua.  beedg a  te the mab y by kg ja ad uggng a eah he. If ne ae bea k h e, t may be aaked by he he. I he "k"  aab, the pa  etabihe a pawng teity  eea  day ey ae a awg e  ea t. I boh exe, a  ue dee a e e. he fema e depo a aye  egg  he eaed  ufae, ad he mae pmy ee them. th paet fa the egg, emg ay ha a e fe e  eted wi ugu. t 8 degee ., hah ig u i e day. he pae i up the ahngs  thei muth ad moe them o pts in the gae. I he pe, hey u he yug by a hewg a. he feemmig babe ae hoo aoud ei ae  a ba by wa de away, a ae uk  u a e ad u  bak i te ho . hd d  mae f e bu  aquarum mabe ar mat ra 
  • 132. . moi o 4  BLUE AARA eques pulche orerl  /tifos o  . BLUE S, from Souh merca, oy grubbng n e gravel Ts kcks up arge amouns of dir, s kep e waer fi ltered w an auxlry ousd or corer fier Ad about a ird fresh waer bi mony. Ecep when ey are excied, he oder fish do o have e dark verca bars tha ar promien   h yung. EYOLE ILIDS  ve n sreams n norern Souh meria. Tey ca be kep  comuny as, for ey se d dg   e  uo ans Tese re shy fis a need dn aces Te "kyo" bc may  may  be cospcuous. lea  waer s requed; ea emperaure 80 degres  POS are na med for he o lit her hey w firs fudPoro legr ral. Teir riginal pp uary c imbed ecause o er ease n breedng ad ter devoion in pa renood. Pors dg, sp ca ly at breedng ime emperaur o e  shoud e 70 to 80 ders  1 33
  • 133. GZ W CCHL ar h h of tr o ropa  Sth Ari I quaru th are uproot pant hih prov e  h pa for th. h tr hou b ot iht aid. Fa a  egg in av or n  groth of pat. Aftr h frtii th gg th a i baih b h parnr. Rov hi f th tan Fa  a ther  rst spa but  or ubequent brood Spi eai otrac h isea (p 3) A edication grau  YLLOW W CCHL, ao fro South A ia ar a ative peafu h hn a  pt i  uit t. he prr ft  ight  atr at 0 dr F  a th f h  th r th t prnt h  i ft aowe o sha i th osi horth r ng o h oung 1  AGASS Z'S DWARF CCLD pisg gssizi e   i. ee    i ELLOW WAR CCH  pertns , o 2  e, o 1 % 
  • 134. srns /as o 1 2 i. A O R IZ' DWAF CICID Oscars are ot foud i atue Ma-bed  m pots rom Thailad ar brght, becomg ve bighte whe fed smal Goldish RM, sti  h th meri ih   tntey fe s s t et heir eggs s th re t y the em wn-eting rent  rer he gg rifiy y  wing ir e to ire ter (nt es! e them m whie eggs Hhng rs  thee y   i  t yr hey  r it  h isee ( 35). OR, frm the lrge ers  he h m n trpis hs ime n plty  re yrs he reeng f w   tter  ees hs t thm mr n emn Owe  mnly st f he ine  igene n ndity  these es Osr re hey er d grw    e f rge mrss f rere fod  smlr e  hey ee i the  h mner n re mel prens Wer ndt re n o ri , u  y n ih g wi reqire  est 0 gs in  yer whe   grwn Her re nt eessry f t 35
  • 135. JCK   fu me  //au) to   CHOCO CIHI . nds to 1 n. JCK DMPY, o Cnl Ac  na  af t wgh ng ca hi ggsn imin n an cn 2 gallons   s a nl n  conit an . th wachflns  cn  kep with Dempseys of qal si. Jac Depy a fond of ggng n soing pnts.  gal cn  l n  onng    ning  s gan onainos. Colors inn  ing o fing ts. Pet co q i a an  l  lng  n . CHOCOL CICHLID, fro h Aazon gon o South ca a ong h os qlo o al  cch is. Atrs a shocke n  shy nchong a gow (if spac alow) no  ten-inch onste hat os not vn ge aong t ts own n. On n   l n coushi. F lag mos of food sc  ahwos chun of  ha an sal   fish . h a t ho e 8 o 8  g F  s  n o  n oo. 136
  • 136.   re o o te verg s o Grow duls eed  00g o tk d   sa suppl o l ve foods. Te e occsoll see  puc quus turl lgh eh er corsg bck d red, wch  soe  rees y ted to b  faded orage Soe v rees aso lck te lrge lps cracterst o  speces her e s Cerl Amer FM re pev le  er tve ht  the Ao Rver. Tey are ofe foud scoo g  gefi .  , a e o ca aso be mxed  cpvty. a er quau evy d keep  wel aeraed  cea  wae a 80 degrees  e sy, flgy dus ake ussfc o pares Eggs soud be ea ed a ficay (p.  3 chlgs re delce FEIV  etivu  6 in. 1 37
  • 137. FIOUH ndvduas vary n mpa men fom ugnacous o eacfu  I s d o pa om rees u once esabl sed, hey a re good parens If hy become exced ey may dsen a rg ed membraos ara o n be ow e roa remous are om ena  me ca  Mx COC, from enra Amerca, are ypcal scapy ccds. Ther dggng and mau  ng f ans qucly upses a ncey araged aquarum Sma ler fish are aacked In naure, onvcs are sred. ommerca bees roagae a bos , aves of orhern Souh Amerc, a peacefu l wen young, resemb ng Dscus (p.   On a hary de young Severums grow qucl o powerfu adut  Natve adut are gay wth red spot. An abno varety  now com mon od in  sops. 1 EUH chlaoma meei o   SEVE  eveum o   CVC
  • 138.  KRBOA R D  I   L  D eaa mauaa o 4 in. ONGE D top/us macuatus  3 i K CCID rna pdoa   i CHCK CC ar not oo n in stos. ai spawn in avs, and roods a s ss  r now and tn. s fis ar d in ba aag tanks tat ar spars pant KE CCH is on o th many ongatd iids rom tropica  Sout ra I ngus ususpt  pry swty e ta o a ovrszd viti vua y disappas as t ma is downd in gups. iks spawn in pts, and mas assum a r ing sponii itis Cov t ank. NG CH a  navs o dia Co meria brdrs us on taspo o sa  pr ga on of watr, wi is ainaed a 80 degrs F. Es ar aid on coa d suacs i t sua ccid mar, ad  osw mmg ry ar at ad on sor trads. Te youg d on parnta s i (p 1 44) 1 9
  • 139.  TT Geopagus juupa o   EYPIN MOUHBROODER emhpcms mu/ico/o (oey apochoms muo/o o   DES, ate  te troic  orer Sout merca, abua y ue er ed su to te bttom ad scp up a uu f rael  Tey st out ood partices  e rae, ic is en seed r e  cer ecause  i, r e aquaru  , rud peb be Su rae es are uderae. Tese peac u mubrdr ccasay breed in catii. AN MOBOODES d  breed i t uua cc d ma  rsece a e d a pi ad en orceuy coaxes  ae o it ter er es ar aid, e femae bbs tem up an re tem    oa ac ecyed by egg   te mae's aa , e emale comes ce  e a t uck u ay eroked egg e e reease erm ad ere e e te  ccur, ree e ae or  eek e f a cubes te eggs   u, ad dun  me, e des  eat y a ceg acton se cea ad aerae te e or abut a w ae aci, t reem ry ue t f mae's mut a a pace  reuge 1
  • 140. FIN J WLIS ae pugacou cc d a  ack ohe fis. ey a o dg  e oom ypc o e goup, hoeer, ey ae mode pa ents. ey eed easy  auaum nd  he uua c d aer  eedg me e cage om a da geen o a abey ed eous ae may aack ad k  u  g ema e y e me e a e om a ood ae o months od hey  re aa ug eac oe ae compo o s ot crca , but  empeau e houd be aou 78 degees F. FI PP ILS requre a ea he aquarum th aer hat  of a g ac a 80 degee   eapoo o ea a  pe gao  ecommeded o e e eg pag  ccd e,  e egg eg paced o ad u aceuch a e de o a pa o e a mae poecs he youg ad ma eom o upe y er mate' peece a  mu e emoed eoe se hurts hm he youg ae ey decae. ARCAN J WLS mchoms maculatus o 5  ARCAN PURPL CCLD lts l o 4  141
  • 141. NGEIS rpy /r  5  G  nown o nyon who h wn an aquarium Tee cic id are peclovin an odesrucive ccaioa  a arg ge be come aggriv The triv in  normal cn diions o a we l-maaged roica   communiy a k in whic er are oe quit h h wa sou  be 7 o 8 degrees  a d barey ci hosnd of ngelfih are bred auay by commrcia h al n  om aquriu i   wrdin pince o wac wo we-pid nge pawn on an maon Plan or on a rip of la a i lihly ngld gain h ga h rearin of h amily by he pa ren can a lso b oberved. Som  poo parn, owv. gg ca b rr aricia l by pacig e af or he egcov la in frsh ap war a  14
  • 142. been l   eh h se epeue  h spnng n A bubbls suld rule  ps h g  n h he Hhng   u n   hree ys. s sn s her yl  sa  s dsslved he ewy hd re-swm ry shuld be fe be shr mp ad e e fds  s n nusul f  fele i lds  bed siply   heselves f eggs.  ele gg e pue peedly y eplig  pne ne f h p y b srl. Angels e f epes ies nd y qu  ng. Fee he   e enu fr e bs  ely q spens re sy bu ey sn bee e enug  ae d r he g es Mny vees  Angelsh ve been vel pe f h gnl lv sn. 1
  • 143. C o h Azon gon  o h  van  hys. h wa ms e so c n H, an 80 egrees . Had, a  ka ne wa w  k l hese fish. resn a rd of e waer wh new ged wae hee  me a mon ne  spoon of se sa  p gon es reven sckness. If new pecmen are nfced wh "woms"  ooa ns around ead, rea w anbocs  33 provde seury dus need a nk of 0 g ons o mor eed  vred de wh peny o  v foos n freq uen sm   eas. Dscus   cefu sh u pars shou d  so aed a beedng ey spawn   ke ohe cchls n ce fo h broods rfic  earng s  ws fo s soon s e young are ee-swmmng ey feed on  s me secred from  a rns' kn browsng off fi s one parn nd hen h oer. fe abou a week, begn feedng newy ace brne shrmp rns n fresh we.  SUL mphodo equaa o 8 in. RN Z (y o S. eaa BLE LTZ  o S a R KE  S  o 8 n
  • 144. LACKCHN MOHROODER  m/ to   MDSKPER amu ru to 2  CKCHI OTHBOODE r   ks and rivs of Afria  his spis is f ransplan for rig in ponds s  food  In aqariums, gmn hir di ih   aouns of an maer Eggs ar feril d  hey ar laid hen incaed and ar for s i he Egypian Mohbroodr (  40x  m inbaes h gg DSKIPPE (ro  DKIPPER  bging ys h g  when hes  m o of h r o  mangrov s mps wh hey iv. hy    r jmp on hir peor nsskipping ros  mudas hey pause in m uddy poos  w i gi s hy may vn imb ono ogs or rok  bask bu jump back ino poos when aarmed an ks should be ovrd and parly errsrial ih oos o war four o six inches dep Add wo aspoon of sea sl pr gllon of r 
  • 145. MNG PE nb testdne to 8 n. HH ih  i  p ophri ir io   rh  or r ov h il. h    hi  i p h  d  h   i dr h  h  hi   il   i h do  hv  ir  h  h i  h lr h h er h  vlp pirry ie ov h  Lihh r vi    r. Th  r   ir.     e oi  h ol iv r  h v r. h  r pee hh  d   h  i il  h r onivorus. Mo peie  h i id ue  for rdi MBNG PH o ru prh  re   h i i  pivi he prdor  l hro l p. ropl l i hev  hi i p  o  h i h w y. E flo rdoy il hhi A, or ihi ih le r r  owrd hr l B dion he h h  b  h i hh in lve food h epe r o h  hd  80 dere . o o      e oh le he r r  .  h i  er     p      did       y   hi  
  • 146.  s FIGTIN FI  spls to 2 in om Asian pope age pub  figing coe been mal Be Or he year of lciv bredng any varieties of fi and color a bn avd o ti ecie Do no e  stfinne immaur le fr a fmale ae only a e ek ol ll gh ech ohr Fale ner gh l p hei bubbl n i rr and fry in plac il h eae h nt A  s mac wih y l  ally o hus h ml lass eggs wih h male immediaely ril is eor e eggs si he mal cachs hm in is mouh a nd "blow em io e es er spawig is compld  mov ema le. Place er i mdicad wa o hal ay orn fins. a les car or spawn nd also o youg uil ey ar reesimmin h mov ma le Youg fiss firs ood is inusoria d o eas ar old a wo yas 47
  • 147. DF HO GOIS nae  eaern nda, hae ganed popuay reeny Tey ae eaeu u hy, eedg dg ae  ape ea  r magned danes a e e ee e u e    a maea  .  ee nmay ae a dak e ag er aks.  spawnng me, e ema's p fade, and e mae' deepens n coor. I GOIS ae y n mea n e "gan f e guam wrd,  Kg ua m g  ce e eng. Tu  , ay mae are  ne udes ue a aeed n ag a s. gg uua  ly a u n  ne m e a en pawnng e a es ay a seam f  u es e e ne perd a y. DWA R F HNY U RA I Colsa chuna  2 in 18 C facat   n.
  • 148. TCP GURI olisa labiosa to JV in DAF GURI . /alia to 2 in HILIP GOUMIS occasa y sow up wh oh er guram smes bu are  usua  y fr sa  arge umbers Te a rrw k a arud e  s ma kes er ps apea r eaer a ey ae  a cmmuy ak    gs r arger a ke we  e o a basc e ese are peace   fis aes acr er bue es apa a  surce as g wg eggs fla up o or ae sp no e es DF GOMIS are sy bu eeu  desr e e me csrs  e e s  gy, weag o  ees  eaes a gae, a wgs or re rceme es  e speces ce a rger surce are    a aer e e  b e me    ms es as  s   a meer s eep, a rems a og aer e yug ear e bsc e mus be aug mee w vegeao 49
  • 149. KSSN OURAM eosom emmcki o    ARADSE  copous opeculis to 4 n ISSIN OMIS are know or eir habi of eening eir ik fley i a kiig Ti king is no be ieved o be ie wi e for even immature Kising Goura mis eem  ejoy "kising." Keep ese  in anks of a eas 20 ga on an saisfy eir uge peies by serv ing meas at eas we daiy egea be mtter su  be added a  supement a eas oe meal. iig ourais ega i  yi  awing ebrae  abyrise bu ey  o bui   a bubbe ne. arge sh may prue a uand egg a flt r y uni ang. PISE FISH have su uirbe empra ents a eir puariy a ray iminie Te emeraure of e waer u o eee 7 de grees . eay foods ar a sea   eir bas iet. Paradise is figh eir by oig jaws n e uua ii asi or by biing eir op nen' flans. aes aak r  a guar eir net viiouy.  abno variey o is speies is  so avaable 150
  • 150. PL GO are pleasng pes. Thog h  firs, ey ecome qe ae and easy o keep n medimsied commny anks. They wl l eldo aack ohe s. The mle s a genleman  corsip, no drvn he female oo hard and no nppng he ns. Remove he female a nd o s afer pawnng s compled so a e male can gard hs large le nes n peace. This specie i o ced Lce Gourmi or Moic Gou rmi Prim e me hve red chet OONLGHT GO are a food sh n he naive Thailand. ar and disposiion a re he same as for he pvos species,  large specmn may pck on smaller more dole peces. Ths fish are al mos fl l gron before hy reach sexa mariy and breed. Their shimmering mea l l i silver color res ls rom e reflecion of ligh fro heir nmeros iny scales MLI URAMI T mcrolp o 6 in PARL URAM Trcogater leer o 4 in. 
  • 151. SAKESK GR SESN ORM, amog e rges of e grams are consderd o be e mos acefu ad gee o he group.  amy o hese fish can be rased n a ank wou worry o caba sm. Tey are bubbe nes bders. e modfied pevc fis or eelers are commo o a grams Tey ca be moved  any drecn o e   fish s ad sene hi nvronmn.  ORM, e mos oar o   l e gr ams are hardy inxpesve roific ad easy o rase Tey are someims   ag scs o predomay females. coers may occr b ween maes bu uua ly o arm ress. du maes av a long poed dorsa fi  emales e dorsa fi s rouded.  e oras breed by rodcg a arge bbb es ad e spawg  he sa labyrfis aso Te bbbe s gves e fry an adeqae sy o oxyge. u Gour r ot ut   aquaru to  Hy hh y b rou to a of th young fh Gou ao u a ovrouto of na hy ut b rov th th ba  t, ho v  th vr oor a ttr vrt th ot coo  th O Gou 15
  • 152. BUE GOUAM  rop to  i OA L  N E OURAI (a variety o the Blue Goura mi) "CROAKNG GOURAM op vttat o 3  . •' "OIG" GOI i  am ad y e mae    Dg    o d y ae mae  ma  a a g o pg ud y gu g  a.  mae fen c i  n de lae fe a  a ma  d   p gae    a m    5
  • 153. V (Antherindae) AF ASALAN AIW FI a re peacefu acve cer o cmmnty tank ne teapn  ea a per ga  aer  benefial ggs are lad n pan n evra cnecuve mrnng, and  n eaen, ey ac n ne r  weeks. O olidae) WA O re inative, otoel i flatfish ou ouders  r nora l i shape u as the ro th tur onto their side, their  lso iri so ht it s on top. Their outh also twists. Fed thes fish te s det Provide the with sad i whih the a dig nd aoufle temseves Ue one teapon o se sa lt per allo of water to provide roper salinit. 5 DWARF AUSRLN RA I NBOWFSH Mlanoan  macculoc to 3 in ARF FOUNR chu aciatu   
  • 154. SPINY EE acrgn a  8 in G PR  P  sc} P  h  l d   h    ls hy re cn l  h h, h h d h l ih us h sno prorudn. eed m xed fods. r fs ar orms and iny fishes. o h   e,  s fis can si ou o n ps PU } PFFR bc ipp od ohr fish s h  od hen h shold be ep in isol s. h  shl b sly spon  se sl f ch ll f .  flow p co d h  l  s on is sde i  ro  scu re ome s wel s sme egeion n hch  nibl. d m sch i foods s snis, ml rms if s nd hos 15
  • 155. F O R M O R E I N F O R M A  ION Aquarium Journa, Sa Facsc Aquaum Sc, Sha Aqua um, Sa Facsc, Caf Aquarium Magazie,  & L Rub, Mawd, NJ Axd, mms, Scuhp, Vdwk, Pk, Exotic Tropical Fishes, T Pubcas, Ic, gwd Cfs, NJ, 1 96 1  Axd, b R a  d Lad Scuz, Handbook o f Topical quarium shes, Mcaw-  C, I c, N, 1 955 The Compete Aurist's Guide to reswater Topica Fshes d b J b, d Ps, N,  70 C, DA a RL m, Txtboo of ish Diseaes, TF Pub ca s, I c, gwd Cffs, NJ,  970 Dg, VA, Pa rasitoogy of Fishes TF Pubcas,  c, g wd Cfs, NJ, 1 96   ds, Rb J, Ana bantoids Guamis an Reated ishes T Pubcas, Ic, gwd Cfs, NJ,  9   ds,  J, Intron t  te Cchids, TF Pubcas, I c gwd Cs, NJ,  97 1  I  s, Wam F, Exotc quarium Fshes, T F  Pub cas, Ic, gwd Cfs, NJ, 1 971  Jacbs, Ku, Lvebeaing Aquarium ishe, Th MacMa C, N, 1 97 1  Lager, Kar , Jh Bardah, ad Rbert er, Ichhyo gy, Jh W & Ss, I c, N, 1 962 Pt b ry Gude eies, Th P Lba, Ld, ars, NJ Sch, Jg, Rivuins of th d Word, TF Pubcas, Ic, gwd Cffs, NJ, 1 98 Scd, a,  bout Beeing Troica ises,  Pubcas, Ic, gwd Cfs, NJ,  966 Sp, Sph , sh and Invertebrate re, Jh W  Ss, I c, N,  970 Sba, uh, qriu Cre- Cee sive H nbook, Su Vsa Ld  P u & C, Ic, Nx pg,  97 Sba, uh, reswar Fshe of the Wor, Vsa ks, Lgac Pss Ld, Ld,  963 Sda, J, Encyopeda of Wter P ns, TF Pubcas, g wd Cffs, N, 1 967 Zm, S ad  Shmak, Fishes,  Pss, N, 1 955 
  • 156. A bramites m icro cephalus, 1 A anthodoras spinosissimus, 9 Acanthophthalmus kuhli, 9 1 k . sumatranus, 9 1 myersi, 9 1 semicinctes, 9 1 sh elfor, 9 1 Ac b  1 33 A  h irus fasciatus, 1  Aequidens pulcher, 1 3 3 mron ii, 1 33 portlegrensis, 1 33 A  1  A  1   33 37 A  89 Ampu llari, 37 A b 1  Anabas test uineus, 1  A b l 1 1 7 Anab leps anableps,   7 A ncistrus olichopterus, 1  A      1   1 3 Anoptichthys ;ordani, 3 Anostom us anostomus,  A 1  Apeltes qurcus, 1 1 1 Aphanius iberus, 1 1  Aphyochrx rubripinnis,  Aphyosemion ustrle, 1 1 3 bivittatum, 1 1  grneri, 1 1  sjoesteti, 1 1  Aoo  -   1 1  Apistogramma agassiz, 1 3 pertense, 1 3 ramirezi, 1 3  Aplocheilus lineatus, 1 1  Aponogetum fenestra /is, 1 7 A   l   o  1    1  lc 1  3  I    X A   co co o 3 coos 1     1   1 1  7      7    1 3  7   7    9    l        c 8 o  s 1 7-3 s   c     7   o l   7     o 9 7  7      o  7 w 1  1  3 Ac 1 3 Ac      1 3 A        1 3 1 Aow  Astonotus oce latus, 1 3  Bacop co linina,  1 B 1 7 Bb 8 Ac s   7 bc b 7 ccbo 73 c   7    7 cow 7 7 1      7 7 1  7 3   8 3 -   7 o 9 S c     s  73 s   7 7 1 o  9    7   71 , 7  7 o 7 Brbus binotatus, 9 conchon i us, 9 B s c  cummingi, 7 1 everetti, 7 1 fasciatus, 71 hexzon, 7 1 lateristrig, 7  nigrfasciatus, 7 2 oligolepis, 7 3 phuunio, 7 3 schuberi, 7 3 sch wanenfeldi, 7 sem fscioltus, 7 terzon, 7 titteya, 7 5 B    c    8 Belonesox belinus, 1 1 8 B 1  1 7  bo    1 7  1 7 Beta splenens, 1 7 B    87 Boof   B    o 1 1  Bo-o  s  Soia horae, 9 hymenophysa, 93 macrocanthus, 9 moest, 93 Brach ydn io  lbolineatus 8 nigrofasciaus, 8 reri, 8 1 B oc  1  B unocehus oracoieus, 1  B   fs  1 Cbob croinian, 2 1  l  c   9  arassius  urtus, 7   7 9 carassi us, 7 9 rnegiell strigat, 64 arp, 8 oo  1 1    s   Ac  1 9    o  1  s 9 A 97 o c   c        9 1 57
  • 157. N      N Catfsh nt'd bagr,  07 a j o 1 05 briste-moute, 1 04 b u m b  be 1 07 wr, 9 eectr, 1 1 0 egnt, 99 g lss, 1 05 byrt, 1 08 opr, 1 00 masked, 98 Mye s, 8 ooc n c  u s , 1 03 pppr, 1 0 1 p  m   o   , 1 06  p ecostom us, 1 0  pol ka-o, 1 06, 1 07w  Rbuts 1 0 1 ;  s lbck, 1 00  s  ove ose, 1 06 , 1 07  s k u  k , 98  seer,  06, 1 07z  spy, 9  sur m o uted : rm oe, 1 02 ; t  l k   g , 94 j tw g , 1 02  ups-ow , 1 09 ! w  l k   g , 1 08 w   pt   , 1 03 w Cvfs, b    , 4 3J  Ctropo m  e, 1 28  ehllm emem   1z  ee hle  23  hn n 1 29  Cre, 43 C  , 43   l f - be, 51 swor   , 46 hen el 44 hl n 6 1 C  l oe,   wtr, 1 4 C om, oge, 1 39 h lm hene 1 36 ehe m  1 37 fesm 1 37 mee 1 3 8 ngfm  38 fsm 1 36 eem 1 38 1 5 8 Cc l  , 1 3 2 Ers, gode, 1 1 6 Afrc purple, 1  1 Eh n n Agassz wrf, 1 3 1 8 cckebo, 1 39 enel 1 8 cocote, 1 36 Ecl gy, 2, 4 kol, 1 33 el, 66, 67 pk, 1 39  l etr, 67 Rmre s wrf, 1 35 k   f, 6 7 yl low wrf, 1 34 spy, 1 55 Cc l , 1 32 Elsem eege 1 29  bh s 1 08  l ctopoe 67 C e, 1 08 Eeh ee Cou, w  e, 88 67 Cobte, 90 Eleh l 1 8 ls l 1 48  lep tf s  , 42 fs 1 8 Ele lhes 2 1 b 1 9 en 2 1  1 49 Elehnh Covct, 1 38 le 82 en nl 45 Es ge 1 1 5 s 95 Esm  n 83 ene 96 El mls 1 3 g 97  98 Fwell  1 02 e legn 99 Festv u m , 1 37 hs 99 Fgt gs, 1 46 , 1 47  1 00 F   ato, 1 0, 1 1 meln  1 00 ngfs, 1 30 mee 98 F   m o u t  , 1 3 8 mes 98 Fs, tomy, 3  le 1 0 1 ctc   g , 3 1 b 1 0 1 t, 28, 29 Coors, elgt, 99  sses, 34, 3 5 nm se 4 6 rugs, 3 3 en m l 1 39 foo, 28, 29 enh l le 1 39 yge, 30, 3 1 ne fn 1 8 pests, 3 3 nleb bel 1 1 5 pevetve re 3 Cyp e, 68 slect  g , 30, 3 1 Cpoo, 1 1 2 sou rces o 3 6 tas, 1 2 1 Dce, F l o  b l ue, 1 1 6 Flgfs, mer c  n , 1 1 6 Dn mlb 8 1 F l o u er, wrf 1 54 D   os, 80 8 1 F l    g fox, 8 2 Dne m le Fnnl gl 21 1 29 ou e f  s  , 1 1 7 Demgen sll Fes wter b uttef s 1 1 0 4 1 D H , 1 5 Frog , Afrcn aquat, 3 8 D rtetr, 1 40 Fn hss 1 1 6 Dscus, 1 44 Dseses, 34, 3 5 Gmbus, 1 1 9 Do l , s   ve, 56, 57 Gmb ffn 1 1 9 Oode, 94 Gm 8
  • 158. ol 6 o    Gatoeecus es 6 Geoagus uua  40  l ,  8  l o  l     , 49 Gatoemus etes   ol ,   6 ol    7 ol   4 6 76 77 78 ooo   m    8     o  b l     o ,   3    48  o,  48   8  ,  0 ool     ol     3 l              l    49   l  b l         0    Gymocoym bus teetz 46 o l, 66 o 66 Gymotus caao 66 ol, 89 ol, 89 Gyoceus aymoe 89  lb   0  l,   0 , 64 6    l l      0  6   6 6 3 Heastom us temm ck  0 Hemcoms bmcutus  4  Hem gamm us mstog 48 cauottatus 9 gacs 49 aus 48 oce fe 0  oastomus 0 Hem aocom s m u tcoo  0 Hem ous sem taeatus       0 Heta fomosa   9 Hygoa oysem  8 Hyessobyco castus  fammeus  mes  ucs 4 ossceous 4 ubostgma  Hyostomus ecostomus  04  D  3 6 l A  4  Joaea foae   6 K  l l      K  l  67 K b 66 Kytoteeus bcs  0 abeo bcoo 8 b   46  ,    eocass s samess  07 em m o   o, 6 6 o  , 6 63 , b lbl l   L  m  meaogaste   mo a sessfoa   b   8  90 9   9  93  oca aa  03 o   0  ucaa gooe    6  uga atas   Lymaea oata 7  l,      3 Macogatus acueatus   Macoous oecuas  0 l   0 Maateuus eectcus   0 Masea  sut   ob l ,   ,   6    7 Meaoes tubecuata 37 Meaotaea maccu oc   4 Mesog stus caetoo  9 ,  oo 6 7 Metys scetmuee 6 lo l    o, 6 8    8   9 o,  09 Moge yogast 38  o l l       3 oo,  30 Mooc us oacatus  3  ool,  30 Mooactyus ageteus  0 o, 4  Mouus cysoekao 8 o o,   9  o    b oo b   4  ,  0  ,   Myous ao 6 Myoyum scatu   N ,  3  Naostomus beckfo eques 60 magatus 60 tfascatus 60 Nematobco ame 6 N, , 38 Ntea gacs  3 No    l  , 36 Notos utess 8 N ua sagttfoa  8 Nymoes aquatca  9 Oyas ates   7 , ,  3 so loss , 0 Osteogossu b cosum 4 o l  s ,  03 Otoccus ffus  03 1 5
  • 159. P c  1 5 Pla tla co ynna l  1 9  Panhx lnats,   5 latpnna 1 3 ynns anls 10 an t hl  1 sphns 1 3 a 1 09 P oo   Pll 1 1 8 P f    1 5 or, 1 33 Tapo , 3 8 P   f     A   5 Ptphyll slaa 1  Tan hhys alons 8 P vcaco m   p   c ffr, 1 55 mp, 6   1  ck, 6 7 Pc   f     6 Ranfsh, af      ar, 55 P    f 5 A salan 1 5 Bo A  , 9 rc  , c   m       6 m 1 3 5 c     ,  5  Prop  m ,   5 o, a    , 6 m por, 56 57 phthal s co    86 fam, 5 2 s 1 5 Rsoa htoph 6 g  o    g  , 9 pH, 1 5 tlnata 6 go, 8 Pa  o   7  v   , 1 37   , 5 1 'Ph ysa at, 3  ook m 56 mo 5 Pl ll als, 1 7 Rhs s s, 87 o  , 52 5 3 P los s, 1  R  lns 3 roy 5 5 5  Pm o,  6 c f 1  7 rpa, 5 1  ! Ppf     1 1 Rlff ntals, 1  7    vp, 8   Pa a 5 5 Rsvltll n 58 pa,    lans ons, 7   y, ck, 7 Ttan lvls 1 55   Pa 1 6   m m yo 5 To, 1 55           Thy lq 5 9  Amao o   ata slata,  9 po, 1 8  cop    Sc    gf    , 1 8 1 9 !  p       Scopgo 1   T lap  lanoh       c   pophs as,  3  opm   o f     coma    S o  1 1 pk  1 8  ypocoy   Sp 5 1 Toxs a lat  3  cy o  asl n 59 oo 1 3    c k  Svr  m  1   Thost la,  5 1  f for. f c  ov, "Srk ck, 8 85 lps 1 5         , 8   8 5 ptoa ls,  5     1 9 S    rf , 8 85 thops  5   o    Smp fa   o, Thpss vttts 1 5 foa     3 8 r 39    1  S    a  5 oor    S v o  5 6 Vllsn spa ls,  9 y op       S v 1 5 Vaas,  6 L           S       7 mgo  6 c c  7 So  5      6 N        3 So 1 5 roo  7 o la,   War,   1 5 S     Sck ck    W c  o   , 88 pock 1  S  f 1  V    1 9  ck   9 Xnops ls,  8  p   v  py my   Xphphos hll,      omo    So      1  5 1 5  1  yphyson alats, 1  1  P  y, 1 6 1 7 q fsat, 1  vaats,  6 Pcoom , 1  ynath a,   1 ola la 1   ynnaths spf 1  1 Zf  , 8   H  J

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