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Download available @ http://www.christianhomeschoolhub.com/science-1st---12th.htm

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Plant animalstudentmanual preview Plant animalstudentmanual preview Document Transcript

  • A Collection of Learning Experiences PLANTS AND ANIMALS Plants And Animals Student Activity Book Name__________________________________________________________ This learning experience activity book is yours to keep. Please put your name on it now. This activity book should contain your observations of and results from your experiments. 8
  • TABLE OF CONTENTS Activity Sheet for L.E. #2 - Flowers .........................................................................2-3 Activity Sheet for L.E. #3 - Seed And How They Germinate ...................................4-7 Activity Sheet for L.E. #4- Seeds And How They Travel .........................................8-9 Activity Sheet for L.E. #5 - Root And Stem Study ...................................................10-11 Activity Sheet for L.E. #6 - Leaf Study.....................................................................12-14 Activity Sheet for L.E. #7 - Twigs And Buds ............................................................15-19 Activity Sheet for L.E. #8 - Evergreens....................................................................20 Activity Sheet for L.E. #9 - Plants Need Light..........................................................21 Activity Sheet for L.E. #10 - Trees...........................................................................22-27 Activity Sheet for L.E. #12 - Fish .............................................................................28-29 Activity Sheet for L.E. #13 - Reptiles And Amphibians ............................................30 Activity Sheet for L.E. #14 - Birds............................................................................31-33 Activity Sheet for L.E. #15 - Insects ........................................................................34 Activity Sheet for L.E. #16 - Mammals ....................................................................35-37 Activity Sheet for L.E. #17 - Tracing Your Own Tracks ...........................................38-41 Plants & Animals Student Assessment ...................................................................42-47 Glossary ..................................................................................................................48-52 1
  • Activity Sheet for Learning Experience #2 Name_________________ FLOWERS Draw a picture of your flower. Petals: How many petals does your flower have? __________________________ What color are your petals? _____________________________________ How does it smell? ____________________________________________ Stem: How long is the flower s stem? ___________________________________ How does it feel? _____________________________________________ Leaves: How many leaves does the flower have? ___________________________ How do they feel? _____________________________________________ The name of my flower is _______________________________________ 2
  • Activity Sheet for Learning Experience #2 Page 2 Label the parts of the flower. Word Bank Ovary Ovule Stigma Stamen Pistil Stem Sepals Pollen Petal 3
  • Activity Sheet for Learning Experience #3 Name_________________ SEEDS AND HOW THEY GERMINATE Draw a picture of the dry bean seed. Draw a picture of the wet bean seed. What does the bean seed look like inside? 4
  • Activity Sheet for Learning Experience #3 Page 2 Label the parts of the seed. Word Bank Embryo (tiny plant) Seed coat Food storage (cotyledon) Draw a picture of the bean seed as it germinates. 5
  • Activity Sheet for Learning Experience #3 Page 3 Draw the location of the seeds in the fruits. Count the number of seeds in each fruit. Name of fruit Name of fruit Name of fruit ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ Number of seeds ________ Number of seeds________ Number of seeds ________ Name of fruit Name of fruit Name of fruit ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ Number of seeds ________ Number of seeds ________ Number of seeds ________ 6
  • Activity Sheet for Learning Experience #3 Page 4 Number of Seeds Graph your results. Write the name of the fruits in the first row of the graph. SEEDS IN FRUITS 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 Fruits of Plant 7
  • Activity Sheet for Learning Experience #4 Name_________________ Look carefully at the seed picture cards. Discuss with your partner how you think the seed travels (air, water, people/animals). Write your answers below. Be ready to give your reason for why you think it travel that way. How do you think this seed travels? Card 1 - _____________________________________________________ -----------------------------------------------_____________________________________________________ Card 2 - _____________________________________________________ -----------------------------------------------_____________________________________________________ Card 3 - _____________________________________________________ -----------------------------------------------_____________________________________________________ Card 4 - _____________________________________________________ -----------------------------------------------_____________________________________________________ Card 5 - _____________________________________________________ -----------------------------------------------_____________________________________________________ Card 6 - _____________________________________________________ -----------------------------------------------_____________________________________________________ Card 7 - _____________________________________________________ -----------------------------------------------_____________________________________________________ 8
  • Activity Sheet for Learning Experience #4 Page 2 Card 8 - _____________________________________________________ -----------------------------------------------_____________________________________________________ Card 9 - _____________________________________________________ -----------------------------------------------_____________________________________________________ Card 10 - ____________________________________________________ -----------------------------------------------_____________________________________________________ 9
  • Activity Sheet for Learning Experience #5 Name________________ ROOT & STEM STUDY 1. Draw a picture of your root. 2. My root is ________________ cm long and _______________ cm wide. 3. Can I eat this root? _____________________ 4. How do roots help a plant? ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ 10
  • Activity Sheet for Learning Experience #5 Page 2 5. Draw a picture of your stem in the box below. 6.. My stem is _______________cm long and _____________ cm wide. 7. Fill your glass halfway with water. 8. Your teacher will add four drops of food coloring to your water. 9. Your teacher will cut the end of your stem. 10. Observe! The next day .. What does your stem look like? 11. How do stems help a plant? ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ 11
  • Activity Sheet for Learning Experience #6 Name________________ LEAF STUDY Draw a picture of each of your four leaves below. Measure the length and width of each leaf. / ___________ cm long ___________ cm wide ___________ cm long ___________ cm wide __________ cm long __________ cm wide ___________ cm long ___________ cm wide 12
  • Activity Sheet for Learning Experience #6 Page 2 Compare the edges of your leaves to the pictures below. Group your leaves on your desk by their edges. Smooth Edge Saw Edge Pointed Lobes Rounded Lobes Mitten Shaped Wavy Edge Heart Shaped Star Shaped 13
  • Activity Sheet for Learning Experience #6 Page 3 Place your leaf under this sheet and use your pencil to rub over the leaf. This is called leaf rubbing. 1. _______________ -------------_______________ 2. _______________ -------------_______________ 3. _______________ -------------_______________ 14
  • Activity Sheet for Learning Experience #7 Name__________________ TWIGS & BUGS Look at the parts of a twig in the picture below. Put an X by the name of each part you find on your twig. bud My Twig scales scale scars leaf scar lenticles (air holes) growth ring Draw a picture of your twig next to the picture above. 15
  • Activity Sheet for Learning Experience #7 Page 2 Look at the pictures below. Use the words above the pictures to describe your twig. My buds are: _____________________ Pointed Rounded -------------------_____________________ On short stems With no stems My buds have: _____________________ -------------------_____________________ _____________________ -------------------_____________________ 16
  • Activity Sheet for Learning Experience #7 One Two Three Page 3 I have _____________________ -------------------_____________________ buds on the end of my twig. Opposite Not opposite The buds on the side of my twig are _____________________ -------------------_____________________ _____________________ -------------------_____________________ each other. 17
  • Activity Sheet for Learning Experience #7 Page 4 Observe the buds trying to open every few days. Draw a picture of what you observe. Date _________________________ Date______________________ ----------------------_________________________ -------------------______________________ Date _________________________ Date______________________ ----------------------_________________________ -------------------______________________ 18
  • Activity Sheet for Learning Experience #7 Page 5 Date _________________________ Date______________________ ----------------------_________________________ -------------------______________________ Date _________________________ Date______________________ ----------------------_________________________ -------------------______________________ 19
  • Activity Sheet for Learning Experience #8 Name__________________ EVERGREENS My evergreen needles look like this: My evergreen needles feel like . . . ____________________________________________________ -----------------------------------------------____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ -----------------------------------------------____________________________________________________ The cones from my evergreen tree looks like this: 20
  • Activity Sheet for Learning Experience #9 Name__________________ PLANTS NEED LIGHT Draw a picture of how you think each plant will grown in each bag. Draw a picture of how each plant grew in each bag. 21
  • Activity Sheet for Learning Experience #10 Name__________________ TREES Plants take in water from the ground through their roots. They take in a gas called carbon Plants turn water and carbon dioxide into food (sugar) using sunlight and chlorophyll. Chlorophyll gives leaves their 22
  • Page 2 Activity Sheet for Learning Experience #10 The sugar feeds the plant. Oxygen is given Many plants stop making food in the fall. The chlorophyll goes away. We see the red and yellow colors of the leaves. The colors were there all summer. The green covered 23
  • Page 3 Activity Sheet for Learning Experience #10 The leaves fall off the trees. The tree stores The End. Pictures by: 24
  • Activity Sheet for Learning Experience #10 Page 4 Observe your tree and record your data below. Picture of your tree close-up Trace a leaf from your tree. Draw in the veins. Picture of your tree from a distance The tree leaf is _________ cm in length _________ cm in width 25
  • Activity Sheet for Learning Experience #10 Picture of the seed of my tree. Page 5 Animals that live in/near my tree. ________________________________ ----------------------------________________________________ ________________________________ ----------------------------________________________________ Rubbing of tree bark. The trunk of my tree is . _____________ cm around. What is the color of the bark of my tree? ________________________________ ----------------------------________________________________ 26
  • Activity Sheet for Learning Experience #10 Page 6 Think about the tree you are observing. Draw a picture of what your tree would look like throughout the seasons. Spring Summer Fall Winter 27
  • Activity Sheet for Learning Experience #12 Name_________________ FISH Write down what you learned about fish with a partner. 1. ___________________________________________________________________ ------------------------------------------------------------___________________________________________________________________ 2. ___________________________________________________________________ ------------------------------------------------------------___________________________________________________________________ 3. ___________________________________________________________________ ------------------------------------------------------------___________________________________________________________________ 4. ___________________________________________________________________ ------------------------------------------------------------___________________________________________________________________ 5. ___________________________________________________________________ ------------------------------------------------------------___________________________________________________________________ 28
  • Activity Sheet for Learning Experience #12 Page 2 Draw a picture of the betta fish in the box below. Label the parts of the fish. Word Bank Gills Fins Scales Eyes Mouth 29
  • Activity Sheet for Learning Experience #13 Name_______________ REPTILES & AMPHIBIANS Complete the H chart below to show the differences between reptiles and amphibians. Reptiles Amphibians Both 30
  • Activity Sheet for Learning Experience #14 Name_________________ BIRDS Follow the directions below to create your book . 1. Fold your two pieces of paper as shown in the pictures below. Fold Fold Fold Fold 3 cm 3 cm 2. Add glue to the inside of your 3 cm. fold pieces of paper. Fold Fold Add glue here Fold Fold Add glue here 3 cm 3 cm 31
  • Activity Sheet for Learning Experience #14 Page 2 3. Attach the two pieces of paper together. See picture below. 3 cm Fold Glue Glue 5. Your paper should look like this: 3 cm 3 cm 3 cm 32
  • Activity Sheet for Learning Experience #14 Page 3 If you flatten the box and make one last fold to the right, you have created your book. 3 cm Fold 3 cm Fold 33
  • Activity Sheet for Learning Experience #15 Name________________ INSECTS Draw a picture of your insect. Label as many parts of your insect as you can. Is my creature an insect? __________________________________________________ Why or why not? ___________________________________________________________________ ------------------------------------------------------------___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ------------------------------------------------------------___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ------------------------------------------------------------___________________________________________________________________ 34
  • Activity Sheet for Learning Experience #16 Name_______________ MAMMALS Measure the length and width of each print. Find the animal who the track belongs to using your Track Finder book. 1. Length: ___________________ Width: ____________________ Name of Animal: ________________________ Length: 2. ___________________ Width: ____________________ Name of Animal: ________________________ 35
  • Activity Sheet for Learning Experience #16 Page 2 Length: _________________ 3. Width: _______________ Name of Animal: _______________________ 36
  • Activity Sheet for Learning Experience #16 Page 3 Length: ______________ Width: _______________ Name of Animal: ______________________ 4. 37
  • Activity Sheet for Learning Experience #17 Name________________ TRACING YOUR OWN TRACKS Draw an outline of your hand in the box below. Tape print of each finger to the correct finger below. Right Hand 38
  • Activity Sheet for Learning Experience #17 Page 2 Left Hand What is your fingerprint formula?__________________________________ 39
  • Activity Sheet for Learning Experience #17 Page 3 Examine the demonstration below on how to make your fingerprints. With your pencil, rub a small patch of graphite onto a piece of paper. Rub your finger back and forth across the graphite. After your finger is blackened, use a piece of tape to lift the fingerprint from your finger. 40
  • Activity Sheet for Learning Experience #17 Page 4 There are basic patterns of fingerprints that are always found. The three basic patterns are: Arch Loop Whorl 1. Arch This pattern has lines that start on one side of the print, rise toward the center, and exit on the other side of the print. 2. Loop This pattern has lines that start on one side of the print, rise toward the center, turn back, and leave on the same side from which they started. 3. Whorl this pattern has many circles that do not exit on either side of the print. 41
  • Name: ______________________ Plants & Animals Student Assessment Date: _________ Directions: Read the question carefully and answer based on your knowledge about plants and animals. Circle the correct answer. 1.) Which part attracts birds and insects who, in turn, help the plant to reproduce. A.) Stem B.) Roots C.)Leaf D.)Flower 2.) Which part carries water and minerals to the leaves? A.) Stem B.) Roots C.)Leaf D.)Flower 3.) Which part collects water and minerals from the soil? A.) Stem B.) Roots C.)Leaf D.)Flower 4.) Which part uses sunshine to make food for the plant? A.) Stem B.) Roots C.)Leaf D.)Flower 5.) Which part holds the plant in the ground? A.) Stem B.) Roots C.)Leaf D.) Flower 42
  • Plant & Animals Assessment Page 2 6.) Which word do we use when a seed sprouts and begins to grow? A.) Photosynthesis B.) Plant C.)Germination D.) Flower 7.) You need to feed your pet dog, but you do not need to feed your plant? Why? A.) Plants are not living things. B.) Plants get food from the air. C.) Plants only need water. D.) Plants make their own food. 8.) Which part stores food for a seed? A.) Cotyledon B.) Seed coat C.) Embryo D.) Soil 9.) A _____________ holds seeds for a new plant. A.) Leaf B.) Fruit C.) Root D.) Petal 10.) Water, wind, and people/animals are all examples of _____________. A.) How seeds sprout B.) How plants grow C.) How seeds travel D.) Living things 43
  • Plant & Animals Assessment Page 3 11.) Which of the following are useful for identifying a type of tree? A.) Bark B.) Leaf C.) Tree Finder book D.) All of the above 12.) Which word describes a tree that stays green all winter? A.) Maple B.) Trunk C.) Bush D.) Evergreen 13.) You are likely to find a bud on a ______________________. A.) Twig B.) Leaf C.) Animal D.) Root 14.) You can group animals best by thinking about their _______________. A.) Mammals B.) Reptile C.) Fish D.) Insect 15.) An animal with a head, thorax, and abdomen is an _______________. A.) Mammal B.) Reptiles C.) Fish D.) Insect 44
  • Plant & Animals Assessment Page 4 Use the words in the box to label the picture. Stem Roots Flower Leaf 45
  • Plant & Animals Assessment Page 5 16.) Cut out pictures on the next page and paste them in the correct boxes. Write two characteristics for each animal group. Fish Mammals 1. ________________________ 2. ________________________ 1. ________________________ 2. ________________________ Insects Reptiles 1. ________________________ 2. ________________________ 1. ________________________ 2. ________________________ Birds Amphibians 1. ________________________ 2. ________________________ 1. ________________________ 2. ________________________ 46
  • Plant & Animals Assessment Page 6 47
  • GLOSSARY Abdomen: the lower portion of an insects body, below the thorax. Adapt: to adjust to new conditions. Amphibian: an animal that lives on land and in the water. Animal: a living being that moves on its own. Aquarium: a tank in which living aquatic animals or plants are kept. Arch: a name given to a fingerprint pattern that has lines that start on one side, rise, and exit on the other side of the print. Bark: the outer covering of a woody stem, branch, and root of a plant. Beak: the mouth part of a bird used for cracking seeds, catching insects. Bill: the mouth part of a bird, slender in nature, used for catching fish or extracting nectar. Bird: a warm blooded vertebrate that is covered with feathers and limbs that are wings. Bud: a growth on a plant that develops into a flower, leaf, or branch. Camouflage: the disguising of things so as to not be seen by a predator. Carbon dioxide: a gas present in the atmosphere and exhaled by the body. Characteristic: a feature. Chlorophyll: the green coloring of leaves and plants needed for photosynthesis. Classify: to arrange or organize into groups. Cold-blooded: animals such as fish and reptiles whose body temperature changes due to their surroundings. Compare: to examine for similarities or differences. 48
  • Cone: the fruit of the conifer (pine, fir, etc.) Conifer: a cone-bearing evergreen tree or shrub (pine). Contrast: to compare to show differences. Cotyledon: the part of a seed containing stored food, used by the embryo for its initial growth (food). Deciduous: trees that shed their leaves every year. Defense: to protect/resist against attack. Edge: the side of a leaf blade. Embryo: the small plant contained in a seed. Evergreen: trees that have green leaves through the entire year. Feathers: one of the structures that form a bird s covering. Fibrous root: a system of roots that consists of many branching roots that grow from the bottom of the stem. Fingerprint: an impression made of the inner surface of the fingertip. Fins: an organ on the body of fish used for swimming, steering, and balance. Fish: an aquatic, cold-blooded vertebrate having gills, fins, and scales. Flower: the part of a seed plant that includes the reproductive organs. Formula: parts of a compound shown in symbols Fruit: developed ovary of a seed plant. Function: purpose for which something is designed or exists. Galls: abnormal growth on a plant caused by insects, fungi, or bacteria. Germinate: to begin to grow, the sprouting of a seed. 49
  • Gills: breathing organ of a fish. Growth ring: rings on the inside of a tree truck or twig that shows its years of growth. One ring one year. Habitat: the natural environment of a plant or animal, where its basic needs are met. Hind: in the rear or back. Insect: a segmented vertebrate with a body divided into three parts (head, thorax, abdomen, and three pairs of legs and two wings). Lateral bud: buds found on the sides of twigs that open when the terminal bud is pruned or damaged. Leaf: green part of the plant that makes food for the plant with sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide. Leaf scars: scars left on the twigs of tree when they fall off each year. Leap: to spring from one point to another. Lenticles: air holes found on the side of a twig. Loop: a name given to a fingerprint pattern that has lines that enter, rise, and exit on the same side from which it started. Mammal: a group of vertebrate animals that feed their young with milk from the female mammary glands. Human beings are classified as mammals. Midrib: the central or middle vein of a leaf. Needle: a needle shaped leaf found on a conifer. Observe: to see or notice. Ovary: contains the seeds of the plant, develops into a fruit to protect a seed. Ovule: contains the female germ cell that develops into a seed after germination. 50
  • Oxygen: a gas found in the atmosphere, release oxygen as a byproduct. Pattern: behavior of a person or thing. Petal: one segment of the corolla of a flower. Pistil: female organ of the flower that produces the seed for the plant. Plant: a living organism that grows in the ground that makes its own food through photosynthesis. Pollen: powdery grains that are the male reproductive cells of a flowering plant. Pollination: occurs when the pollen from the flower s stamen comes in contact with the pistil of the flower. Print: a mark made by the pressure of one object on another. Root: underground part of a plant used to support the plant and gather food and water from the soil. Reptile: a cold-blooded scaly vertebrate, such as a turtle, lizard, or snake. Scales: a thin, flat, plates covering certain animals, as fish, snakes, and lizards. Seed: the fertilized and ripened small body produced by a flowering plant containing the embryo capable of producing a new plant. Seed coat: the skin or coating of a seed. Seedling: a seed that has germinated and become a young plant. Sepals: one of the leaf-like parts of the outermost group of floral parts, mostly green in color. Spiracles: a hole for breathing on the abdomen of an insect. Stamen: male organ on the flower that produces pollen. 51
  • Stem: the part of the plant that provides support for the leaves and flowers, stores food, and acts as a pathway for liquids to move up and down the plant. Stigma: hollow, sticky opening that connects to the ovary, usually found in the center of the flower. Straddle: to stand or sit with leg(s) on each side. Stride: the distance covered by a step. Strategy: a plan for reaching a goal. Structure: the manner in which the parts of anything is organized. Sunlight: the direct light of the sun. Tap root: large central root of a plant that grows deep into the soil. Terminal bud: buds that grow at the end of a twig. Thorax: the portion of an insect s body between the head and abdomen. Track: a mark or series of marks left by a person, animal, or object in passing. Travel: to move about. Trunk: the main stem of the tree. Tuber: the outgrowth of an underground stem, such as the potato. Twig: branch of a tree. Vein: a strand of tissue forming the framework of a leaf. Warm-blooded: having a blood temperature that remains constant regardless of the temperature of the surroundings. Whorl: a name given to a fingerprint pattern that has circles that do not exit on either side of the print. 52