Active Learning: From the Outside In

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Workshop at Northland College, January 8, 2009

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  • HANDOUT: TRYING TO BE GREEN. HANDOUTS ONLINE AT SLIDESHARE.NET. YOU’VE GOT ONE PAGE ON WHICH YOU CAN MAKE NOTES ABOUT THE THINGS YOU WANT TO GET FROM THE HANDOUTS. E.G., “LINK TO BRANSFORD BOOK”
  • Active Learning: From the Outside In

    1. 1. Active Learning [email_address] http://slideshare.net/lynda.milne 651-649-5741 Faculty Development Day Northland Community & Technical College January 8, 2009
    2. 2. Understanding Strategies That Work <ul><li>Definitions </li></ul><ul><li>Science </li></ul><ul><li>Application </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Creating new solutions </li></ul>
    3. 3. What we won’t see or talk about… <ul><li>Students and instructors in motion </li></ul><ul><li>Activity for the sake of activity </li></ul><ul><li>Abandonment of lecture and presentation </li></ul><ul><li>Learning that stops at “knowing” </li></ul>
    4. 4. Active learning is… <ul><li>Anything that involves students in doing things and thinking about the things they are doing – C. Bonwell & J. Eison </li></ul><ul><li>Anything that students do in a classroom other than merely passively listening to an instructor's lecture. - Paulson & Faust, California State University, Los Angeles </li></ul>
    5. 5. Active Learning: Internally <ul><li>Activity in the brain and body, involving </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sensory attention, stimuli, perception </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Retrieval from memory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Storage in memory through repeated practice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creation and restructure of schema </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Response to challenge and new information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creativity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meaning </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Huitt, W. (2003). The information processing approach to cognition. Educational Psychology Interactive. Valdosta, GA: Valdosta State University. Retrieved November 5, 2007 from http:// chiron.valdosta.edu/whuitt/col/cogsys/infoproc.html
    7. 7. <ul><li>Bransford, J., Brown, A., and Cocking, R. (2000) National Academies Press. </li></ul><ul><li>FREE at http://www.nap.edu/openbook/0309065577/html/ </li></ul>
    8. 8. Active Learning Externally <ul><li>Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehension </li></ul><ul><li>Application </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Synthesis </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bloom, B., 1956 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Remembering </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding </li></ul><ul><li>Applying </li></ul><ul><li>Analyzing </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluating </li></ul><ul><li>Creating </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anderson, L.W. & Krathwohl, D.R., 2000 </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Active learning is… <ul><li>Acquisition of new knowledge and skills that… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Links to (even if it challenges or reassesses) prior knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is retained (becomes available from memory) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be applied flexibly and appropriately to new situations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Source: Cognitive processing models (e.g., W. Huitt, 2003) </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Active learning requires… <ul><li>Sensory inputs </li></ul><ul><li>Repeated exposures </li></ul><ul><li>Organizers / patterns </li></ul><ul><li>Relevance to individual’s prior knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Challenge / attention / interest </li></ul><ul><li>Rehearsal and elaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities for individual concept formation </li></ul>
    11. 11. Huitt, W. (2003). The information processing approach to cognition. Educational Psychology Interactive. Valdosta, GA: Valdosta State University. Retrieved November 5, 2007 from http:// chiron.valdosta.edu/whuitt/col/cogsys/infoproc.html -Interesting -Known patterns -Organization -Repetition -Elaboration Practice/review
    12. 12. Active learning: Applying what you know <ul><li>The Case of Mr. M. </li></ul><ul><li>Eric Mazur, Harvard physics </li></ul><ul><li>http://mazur-www.harvard.edu/ </li></ul>
    13. 13. Why does it work? <ul><li>What Professor Mazur found in his own classroom research in the early 1990s has been repeated in hundreds of classrooms and across many disciplines. Active learning strategies work to engage students and ensure that they learn. </li></ul><ul><li>Would your advice improve on or expand Mr. M’s own solutions? </li></ul>
    14. 14. Redefine AND Create! Consider revising your ideas about active learning…here and in your classroom.
    15. 15. Remember: It works! <ul><li>As you think about the advice you’ve given Mr. M., </li></ul>
    16. 16. Thanks!

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