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New african civilization

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  • 1. It is the second largest continent.Africa has huge rivers which are: The Nile River The Zaire The Zambezi The Niger Rivers
  • 2. North – SaharaEast – Indian OceanWest – Atlantic OceanSouth – South Africa
  • 3. RainforestLocated along the equator where the heaviest rainfall occurs.About 8% of Africa is covered by Africa.The ample moisture of the area supports plant growth including dense forests.
  • 4. SavannaStretches across Africa on north and south of the rainforests.Savanna or grassland dotted with trees about half of the continent.Rainfall can be unreliable in the savanna climate zone.
  • 5. DesertCovers 40% of Africa.Grasses and shrubs hardly grow in many African deserts.On the north in the giant Sahara Desert.
  • 6. MediterraneanLies at the northern and southern ups of Africa.
  • 7.  Converted himself and his people to Christianity.
  • 8. The kingdom of Ghana developed in West Africa at 400 BCE.Ghana was an empire based on trade and agriculture.Had a central government.
  • 9. The people in Ghana was able totrade with others using gold dust.
  • 10. TimbuktuGold from the south, salt from the north.
  • 11. However, Timbuktuthen was taken over by the Tuaregs. Fellow Muslims described Sonni Ali as a tyrant. Timbuktu was attacked and captured by Sonni Ali in 1468.
  • 12. Djenne This wealthy city became next the target of Sonni Ali. Songhai dominated the trans-Saharan trading routes.
  • 13. Askia Mohammad Improved system of government. Strengthened Islam. Encouraged Islamic scholarships.