People who live in the Mediterranean Sea have common characteristics like similar cultures, customs, religion and beliefs.
The sea unites these countries in terms of transport, fishing and commerce.
Two of the most important civilisations of the ancient world were the Greeks and the Romans. As we all know the Greeks civilisation flourished first, expanding all around the Mediterranean and the known ancient world. They colonised Italy forming the well known Magna Graecia in the 8 th century B.C.
THE ROMAN CIVILIZATION
The history of Rome spans 2,800 years of the existence of a city that grew from a small Italian village in the 9th century BC into the center of a vast civilization that dominated the Mediterranean region for centuries. Rome became the seat of the Roman Catholic Church and the home of a sovereign state, the Vatican City, within its walls. Today it is the capital of Italy, an international worldwide political and cultural centre, a major global city, and is regarded as one of the most beautiful cities of the ancient world.
OUR SUBJECT TODAY IS NOT HISTORY, BUT ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION AND SOIL EROSION
Soil Erosion in the Mediterranean Sea
What is soil erosion? It is the removal of soil by the action of water or wind, compounded by poor agricultural practices, deforestation, overgrazing and desertification
TYPES OF SOIL EROSION
Frozen- Melt erosion
Rain splash erosion
Snow Melt erosion
Surface Creep erosion
Slips and Land slides erosion
Damaged roads, buildings and cropland
PICTURE OF TODAY’S EARTH!
Nutrients from earth
Reduced ability to produce food
Spread of disease - pandemics
Collapse of local ecosystems
Preventing Soil Compaction
Pave camps and tracks
Work soil when dry
Importance of Soil
For the livelihood of plants, animals and humans
To sustain healthy plant growth
For the agriculture
To protect vital natural resources
How can we solve the problem?
Sustain or improve crop yields
Reduce drainage costs
Retain nutrients and chemicals where applied
Reduce hazards when working on eroding soil
Help improve water quality
Everyone should be sensitised to save our planet. It is in our hands.
THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION THE STUDENTS OF SAINT GEORGE’S LYCEUM LARNACA: ELENI PASTELLIDOU ANDREAS DEMOSTHENOUS ANDREAS KONSTANTINOU