Fundamental Elements Of Music
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Fundamental Elements Of Music

on

  • 45,614 views

A good presentation of the basic elements of music.

A good presentation of the basic elements of music.

Statistics

Views

Total Views
45,614
Views on SlideShare
45,447
Embed Views
167

Actions

Likes
9
Downloads
832
Comments
1

21 Embeds 167

http://clc.act.edu.au 31
http://musicdemo.edrna.com.s3-website-us-east-1.amazonaws.com 27
http://hausmanm.ism-online.org 17
http://www.pearltrees.com 14
http://appery.io 13
https://blackboard.wichita.edu 12
http://musica10mo.blogspot.com 11
http://www.slideshare.net 11
http://dcm.malloweducationresources.ie 6
http://dcm.malloweducationresources.ie 6
http://rccc.blackboard.com 5
http://www.pinterest.com 3
http://www.search-results.com 2
http://127.0.0.1 2
http://moodle.daviscollege.local 1
https://blackboard.uncp.edu 1
http://cnm.blackboard.com 1
https://rccc.blackboard.com 1
http://pinterest.com 1
https://online.ivytech.edu 1
http://www.symbaloo.com 1
More...

Accessibility

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
  • pa comment naman po
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment
  • 2 Lectures

Fundamental Elements Of Music Fundamental Elements Of Music Presentation Transcript

  • SURVEY OF MUSIC FUNDAMENTAL ELEMENTS Listening to Music , Chapters 2 & 3
  • FUNDAMENTAL ELEMENTS OF MUSIC
    • Rhythm
    • Pitch
    • Timbre
    • Texture
    • Dynamics
    • (Form)
  • RHYTHM
    • Rhythm: The organization of time in music
    • We listen for regular beats
    • We listen for accents among the beats to define meter and measure
    • We listen for strength of accents to determine phrase
  • RHYTHM
    • Tempo governs the rhythm’s pace or speed
    • Tempo may be steady or uneven ( rubato )
    • Syncopation is accenting weak beats rather than strong
    • Rhythm can be dominant or subtle – implicit or explicit
  • RHYTHM
    • Time Signatures
    • Rhythmic notation
  • Music’s Rhythm Code
  • Music’s Rhythm Code
  • PITCH
    • Pitch: The highness or lowness of a tone in music
    • Most instruments, including the human voice, are designed to produce various pitches
    • Pitches in rhythm are called notes
    • A sequence of notes in music is a melody
  • PITCH
    • Two or more pitches sounding together create harmony
    • Pitches perceived to sound good together are consonant
    • Pitches perceived to sound bad together are dissonant
  • PITCH: KEYS
    • Pitches are organized in musical scales , and scales define keys
    • In Western music we have 12 major and 12 minor keys
    • Within each key, there are positions: some at rest and some in tension
  • PITCH: KEYS
    • Positions within keys are:
    • Tonic
    • Supertonic
    • Mediant
    • Sub-Dominant
    • Dominant
    • Sub-Mediant, and
    • Leading Tone
  • PITCH: KEYS
    • Key Signatures
    • Modes:
      • Ionian
      • Dorian
      • Phrygian
      • Lydian
      • Mixolydian
      • Aeolian
      • Locrian
  • Music’s Pitch Code
    • Clefs anchor the note locations on the staff
    • This is how performers know what note is supposed to be produced.
  • Music’s Pitch Code
  • TIMBRE
    • Timbre: The characteristics of the sound itself
    • We often use terms from the visual arts to describe musical timbre
    • Timbres often hold strong associations in our minds
  • TIMBRE
    • The sound of solo or section instruments is also an aspect of timbre
    • Certain composers were so good at creating and combining tone colors, we say their “instrument” was the orchestra
  • TEXTURE
    • Texture: The consistency of musical sounds
    • Monophonic texture means only one line of music sounding alone
    • Homophonic means one line leads and the others support it
    • Multiple independent lines happening together is called polyphonic texture
  • FORM
    • Form: The structure of a musical composition
    • The primary elements of form are repetition , contrast, and variation
    • Forms range in scale from very small to very large
  • FORM
    • Eight Basic Categories of Form:
    • Strophic
    • Binary
    • Ternary
    • Rondo
    • Theme & Variations
    • Sonata
    • Fugue
    • Through-composed
  • DYNAMICS
    • Dynamics: The volume or loudness of the music
    • This may refer to contrast among sections of a piece, the mix within a piece, or the overall presentation
  • FUNDAMENTAL ELEMENTS OF MUSIC
    • Rhythm
    • Pitch
    • Timbre
    • Texture
    • Dynamics
    • (Form)