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Fundamental Elements Of Music
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Fundamental Elements Of Music

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A good presentation of the basic elements of music.

A good presentation of the basic elements of music.

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  • 2 Lectures
  • Transcript

    • 1. SURVEY OF MUSIC FUNDAMENTAL ELEMENTS Listening to Music , Chapters 2 & 3
    • 2. FUNDAMENTAL ELEMENTS OF MUSIC
      • Rhythm
      • Pitch
      • Timbre
      • Texture
      • Dynamics
      • (Form)
    • 3. RHYTHM
      • Rhythm: The organization of time in music
      • We listen for regular beats
      • We listen for accents among the beats to define meter and measure
      • We listen for strength of accents to determine phrase
    • 4. RHYTHM
      • Tempo governs the rhythm’s pace or speed
      • Tempo may be steady or uneven ( rubato )
      • Syncopation is accenting weak beats rather than strong
      • Rhythm can be dominant or subtle – implicit or explicit
    • 5. RHYTHM
      • Time Signatures
      • Rhythmic notation
    • 6. Music’s Rhythm Code
    • 7. Music’s Rhythm Code
    • 8. PITCH
      • Pitch: The highness or lowness of a tone in music
      • Most instruments, including the human voice, are designed to produce various pitches
      • Pitches in rhythm are called notes
      • A sequence of notes in music is a melody
    • 9. PITCH
      • Two or more pitches sounding together create harmony
      • Pitches perceived to sound good together are consonant
      • Pitches perceived to sound bad together are dissonant
    • 10. PITCH: KEYS
      • Pitches are organized in musical scales , and scales define keys
      • In Western music we have 12 major and 12 minor keys
      • Within each key, there are positions: some at rest and some in tension
    • 11. PITCH: KEYS
      • Positions within keys are:
      • Tonic
      • Supertonic
      • Mediant
      • Sub-Dominant
      • Dominant
      • Sub-Mediant, and
      • Leading Tone
    • 12. PITCH: KEYS
      • Key Signatures
      • Modes:
        • Ionian
        • Dorian
        • Phrygian
        • Lydian
        • Mixolydian
        • Aeolian
        • Locrian
    • 13. Music’s Pitch Code
      • Clefs anchor the note locations on the staff
      • This is how performers know what note is supposed to be produced.
    • 14. Music’s Pitch Code
    • 15. TIMBRE
      • Timbre: The characteristics of the sound itself
      • We often use terms from the visual arts to describe musical timbre
      • Timbres often hold strong associations in our minds
    • 16. TIMBRE
      • The sound of solo or section instruments is also an aspect of timbre
      • Certain composers were so good at creating and combining tone colors, we say their “instrument” was the orchestra
    • 17. TEXTURE
      • Texture: The consistency of musical sounds
      • Monophonic texture means only one line of music sounding alone
      • Homophonic means one line leads and the others support it
      • Multiple independent lines happening together is called polyphonic texture
    • 18. FORM
      • Form: The structure of a musical composition
      • The primary elements of form are repetition , contrast, and variation
      • Forms range in scale from very small to very large
    • 19. FORM
      • Eight Basic Categories of Form:
      • Strophic
      • Binary
      • Ternary
      • Rondo
      • Theme & Variations
      • Sonata
      • Fugue
      • Through-composed
    • 20. DYNAMICS
      • Dynamics: The volume or loudness of the music
      • This may refer to contrast among sections of a piece, the mix within a piece, or the overall presentation
    • 21. FUNDAMENTAL ELEMENTS OF MUSIC
      • Rhythm
      • Pitch
      • Timbre
      • Texture
      • Dynamics
      • (Form)

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