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Fundamental Elements Of Music
Fundamental Elements Of Music
Fundamental Elements Of Music
Fundamental Elements Of Music
Fundamental Elements Of Music
Fundamental Elements Of Music
Fundamental Elements Of Music
Fundamental Elements Of Music
Fundamental Elements Of Music
Fundamental Elements Of Music
Fundamental Elements Of Music
Fundamental Elements Of Music
Fundamental Elements Of Music
Fundamental Elements Of Music
Fundamental Elements Of Music
Fundamental Elements Of Music
Fundamental Elements Of Music
Fundamental Elements Of Music
Fundamental Elements Of Music
Fundamental Elements Of Music
Fundamental Elements Of Music
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Fundamental Elements Of Music

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A good presentation of the basic elements of music.

A good presentation of the basic elements of music.

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  • 2 Lectures
  • Transcript

    • 1. SURVEY OF MUSIC FUNDAMENTAL ELEMENTS Listening to Music , Chapters 2 & 3
    • 2. FUNDAMENTAL ELEMENTS OF MUSIC <ul><li>Rhythm </li></ul><ul><li>Pitch </li></ul><ul><li>Timbre </li></ul><ul><li>Texture </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamics </li></ul><ul><li>(Form) </li></ul>
    • 3. RHYTHM <ul><li>Rhythm: The organization of time in music </li></ul><ul><li>We listen for regular beats </li></ul><ul><li>We listen for accents among the beats to define meter and measure </li></ul><ul><li>We listen for strength of accents to determine phrase </li></ul>
    • 4. RHYTHM <ul><li>Tempo governs the rhythm’s pace or speed </li></ul><ul><li>Tempo may be steady or uneven ( rubato ) </li></ul><ul><li>Syncopation is accenting weak beats rather than strong </li></ul><ul><li>Rhythm can be dominant or subtle – implicit or explicit </li></ul>
    • 5. RHYTHM <ul><li>Time Signatures </li></ul><ul><li>Rhythmic notation </li></ul>
    • 6. Music’s Rhythm Code
    • 7. Music’s Rhythm Code
    • 8. PITCH <ul><li>Pitch: The highness or lowness of a tone in music </li></ul><ul><li>Most instruments, including the human voice, are designed to produce various pitches </li></ul><ul><li>Pitches in rhythm are called notes </li></ul><ul><li>A sequence of notes in music is a melody </li></ul>
    • 9. PITCH <ul><li>Two or more pitches sounding together create harmony </li></ul><ul><li>Pitches perceived to sound good together are consonant </li></ul><ul><li>Pitches perceived to sound bad together are dissonant </li></ul>
    • 10. PITCH: KEYS <ul><li>Pitches are organized in musical scales , and scales define keys </li></ul><ul><li>In Western music we have 12 major and 12 minor keys </li></ul><ul><li>Within each key, there are positions: some at rest and some in tension </li></ul>
    • 11. PITCH: KEYS <ul><li>Positions within keys are: </li></ul><ul><li>Tonic </li></ul><ul><li>Supertonic </li></ul><ul><li>Mediant </li></ul><ul><li>Sub-Dominant </li></ul><ul><li>Dominant </li></ul><ul><li>Sub-Mediant, and </li></ul><ul><li>Leading Tone </li></ul>
    • 12. PITCH: KEYS <ul><li>Key Signatures </li></ul><ul><li>Modes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ionian </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dorian </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phrygian </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lydian </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mixolydian </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aeolian </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Locrian </li></ul></ul>
    • 13. Music’s Pitch Code <ul><li>Clefs anchor the note locations on the staff </li></ul><ul><li>This is how performers know what note is supposed to be produced. </li></ul>
    • 14. Music’s Pitch Code
    • 15. TIMBRE <ul><li>Timbre: The characteristics of the sound itself </li></ul><ul><li>We often use terms from the visual arts to describe musical timbre </li></ul><ul><li>Timbres often hold strong associations in our minds </li></ul>
    • 16. TIMBRE <ul><li>The sound of solo or section instruments is also an aspect of timbre </li></ul><ul><li>Certain composers were so good at creating and combining tone colors, we say their “instrument” was the orchestra </li></ul>
    • 17. TEXTURE <ul><li>Texture: The consistency of musical sounds </li></ul><ul><li>Monophonic texture means only one line of music sounding alone </li></ul><ul><li>Homophonic means one line leads and the others support it </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple independent lines happening together is called polyphonic texture </li></ul>
    • 18. FORM <ul><li>Form: The structure of a musical composition </li></ul><ul><li>The primary elements of form are repetition , contrast, and variation </li></ul><ul><li>Forms range in scale from very small to very large </li></ul>
    • 19. FORM <ul><li>Eight Basic Categories of Form: </li></ul><ul><li>Strophic </li></ul><ul><li>Binary </li></ul><ul><li>Ternary </li></ul><ul><li>Rondo </li></ul><ul><li>Theme & Variations </li></ul><ul><li>Sonata </li></ul><ul><li>Fugue </li></ul><ul><li>Through-composed </li></ul>
    • 20. DYNAMICS <ul><li>Dynamics: The volume or loudness of the music </li></ul><ul><li>This may refer to contrast among sections of a piece, the mix within a piece, or the overall presentation </li></ul>
    • 21. FUNDAMENTAL ELEMENTS OF MUSIC <ul><li>Rhythm </li></ul><ul><li>Pitch </li></ul><ul><li>Timbre </li></ul><ul><li>Texture </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamics </li></ul><ul><li>(Form) </li></ul>

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