• Biotechnology is a broad term covering the use of biological discoveries for the development of industrial processes and the production of useful organisms and their products
Traditional Biotechnology• Fermentation techniques – Bread, cheese and beer• Animal and plant breeding – Hybridisation
Modern Biotechnology• Isolate single genes• Manipulate to give desired characteristic• Example; plants that repel specific and targeted insect pests
Genetic Engineering• Transferring single genes between differing plants and animals• Removing a gene from its original position and placing it into a new position
Current and Potential Biotechnology Applications Health• More specific therapeutics; reduced side effects• New and improved vaccines and diagnostic tests• Improved production of pharmaceuticals• Testing and treatment for genetic diseases
Current and Potential Biotechnology Applications Agriculture• Improved food storage and nutritional quality• Improved pest and disease resistance• Selective herbicide tolerance• New vaccines and diagnostic tests for animal and plant diseases• High yields and quality
Current and Potential Biotechnology Applications Forestry• Faster tree growth• Improved fibre and wood quality• Disease resistance and saline tolerance
Current and Potential Biotechnology Applications Mining• Leaching of ores• Mine site rehabilitation
Current and Potential Biotechnology Applications Manufacturing and Bio-processing• Improved production of high value products• Production of gas, liquid fuels and commodity chemicals
Current and Potential Biotechnology Applications Environment• Conversion of waste to energy• Contaminant testing• Treatment of solid waste and waste water• Exotic weed and feral pest control• Biomonitoring• Bioindicators
Current and Potential Biotechnology Applications Food Processing• Improved quality
Current and Potential Biotechnology Applications Beverages• Improved maturation and preservation techniques• New and novel foods
Biotechnology is the application of scientific knowledge to transfer beneficial generic traits from one species to another to enhance or protect an organism.Leaders in biotechnology’s development are applying scientific processes at the gene level to affect expressed and inherited traits.
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