Chapter 8

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Chapter 8

  1. 1. Chapter 8<br />Definitions of the following terms:<br />Cachexia<br />Colonoscopy<br />Hematochezia<br />Hernioplasty<br />By: Litrina Valera<br />
  2. 2. Cachexia<br />Defined as:<br />Loss of weight and generalized wasting that occurs during chronic disease.<br />
  3. 3. Cachexia<br />Cachexia causes weakness and loss of weight, fat and muscle. <br />All of this is happening to a person who isn’t purposely trying to loose weight.<br />Mostly seen in patients with cancer, AIDS, tuberculosis, and congestive heart failure.<br />
  4. 4. Treatment for Cachexia<br />There is no exact cure for Cachexia, nor are there any specific approved FDA approved drug.<br />Some patients are prescribed steroids such as corticosteroids, or even drugs that act like progesterone, which increase appetite.<br />Medical marijuana has been allowed for treatment in some states such as Michigan, Washington, Oregon, California and Colorado.<br />
  5. 5. Colonoscopy<br />Defined as:<br />A flexible fiberscope passed thru the anus, rectum and colon. It is used to examine the upper part of the colon.<br />
  6. 6. Reasons for A Colonoscopy<br />If a patient has a gastrointestinal hemorrhage, or any unexplained changes in bowel habit.<br />A colonoscopy is also used to diagnose colon cancer, but more used to diagnose inflammatory disease. <br />Polyps or small growths can be removed during this procedure.<br />
  7. 7. Hematochezia<br />Defined as: <br />Passing bright red blood in the stool.<br />
  8. 8. Causes of Hematochezia<br />Most commonly caused by hemorrhoids . <br />Can also be caused by colorectal cancer, which can be fatal. <br />In newborns, hematochezia can be caused by swallowing the mothers blood at the time of delivery.<br />Can be due to upper gastrointestinal bleeding.<br />
  9. 9. Hernioplasty<br />Defined as:<br />surgical repair of the hernia.<br />
  10. 10. Types of techniques<br />Open “tension” repair – when the edges of the defect are sewn back together without any reinforcement or prosthesis. Not as effective because hernioplasty tends to reoccur.<br />Open “tension-free” repair- placement of a synthetic mesh in or over the defect, to strengthen the region. Can cause chronic pain.<br />Laparoscopic repair- similar to “tension-free”, but the mesh is placed WITHIN the space instead of in or over it. Lowest pain.<br />
  11. 11. Reference<br />Medical Terminology, A Living Language<br />Wikipedia.com<br />Google.com<br />
  12. 12. I hope this presentation was informative to you as it was to me!<br />Thanks ! <br />Litrina Valera<br />

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